VERSES
206
PAGES
151-176

Name

This Surah takes its name from vv. 46-47 in which mention of A'araf occurs.

Period of Revelation

A study of its contents clearly shows that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Al-An'am, i. e., the last year of the Holy Prophet's life at Makkah, but it cannot be asserted with certainty which of these two was sent down earlier. Anyhow the manner of its admonition clearly indicates that it belongs to the same period. As both have the same historical background the reader should keep in view the preface to Al-An'am.

Topics of Discussion

The principal subject of this surah is "invitation to the Divine Message sent down to Muhammad" (Allah's peace be upon him), which is couched in a warning. This is because the Messenger had spent a long time in admonishing the people of Makkah without any tangible effect on them. Nay, they had turned a deaf ear to his message and become so obdurate and antagonistic that, in accordance with the Divine Design, the Messenger was going to be commanded to leave them and turn to other people,. That is why they are being admonished to accept the Message but, at the same time, they are being warned in strong terms of the consequences that followed the wrong attitude of the former people towards their Messengers. (Now that the Holy Prophet was going to" migrate from Makkah the concluding portion of the address has been directed towards the people of the Book with whom he was going to come into contact. This meant that the time of migration was coming near and the "invitation" was going to be extended to mankind in general, and was not to be confined to his own people in particular as before.

During the course of the address to the Jews, the consequences of their hypocritical conduct towards Prophethood have also been pointed out clearly, for they professed to believe in Prophet Moses but in practice opposed his teachings, disobeyed him and worshiped falsehood and consequently were afflicted with ignominy and disgrace.

At the end of the Surah, some instructions have been given to the Holy Prophet and his followers for carrying out the work of the propagation of Islam with wisdom. The most important of these is that they should show patience and exercise restraint in answer to the provocations of their opponents. Above all, they have been advised that under stress of the excitement of feeling, they should not take any wrung step that might harm their cause.

Subject: Invitation to the Divine Message

Topics and their Interconnection

In this passage, the people have been invited to follow the Message sent down to them through Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) and warned of the consequences of its rejection. 1 - 10

The story of Adam has been related with a view to warning his descendants against the evil devices of Satan who is ever ready to mislead them as he did in the case of Adam and Eve. 11 - 25

This passage contains some Divine instructions, and contrasts these with Satan's instructions, and depicts a graphic picture of the results and the consequences of the two. 26 - 53

As the Message has been sent down by Allah (Who is the Creator of the heavens and the earth and everything in them), it should be followed, for it is like the rain He sends down to give life to the dead earth. 54 - 58

Events from the lives of some well-known Prophets - Noah, Hud, Salih, Lot, Shu`aib, Moses (Allah's peace be upon them all) -- have been related to show the consequences of the rejection of the Message, and the addressees of Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) have been admonished to accept and follow the Message in order to escape perdition. 59 - 171

As the Covenant with the Israelites was mentioned at the end of the preceding passage, the whole mankind has been reminded very appropriately of the Covenant that was made at the time of the appointment of Adam as the Vicegerent of Allah so that all of his descendants should remember it and accept and follow the Message that was delivered by the Holy Prophet. 172 - 174

The example of the one who had the knowledge of the Message but discarded it, has been cited as a warning to those who were treating the Message as false; they have been exhorted to use their faculties to recognize the Message; otherwise Hell would be there abode. 175 - 179

In this concluding portion of the Surah, some deviations of those who do not use their faculties properly to understand the Message have been dealt with and they have been admonished, reproved and warned of the serious consequences of their antagonistic attitude towards the Message of the Holy Prophet. 180 - 198

In conclusion, instructions have been given to the Holy Prophet, and through him to his followers, about the attitude they should adopt towards those who reject the Message and deviate from it. 199 - 206

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

أَوَلَمْ يَهْدِ لِلَّذِينَ يَرِثُونَ الْأَرْضَ مِن بَعْدِ أَهْلِهَا أَن لَّوْ نَشَاءُ أَصَبْنَاهُم بِذُنُوبِهِمْ ۚ وَنَطْبَعُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ فَهُمْ لَا يَسْمَعُونَ

French

N'est-il pas prouvé à ceux qui reçoivent la terre en héritage des peuples précédents que, si Nous voulions, Nous les frapperions pour leurs péchés et scellerions leurs coeurs, et ils n'entendraient plus rien ?

Sahih International

Has it not become clear to those who inherited the earth after its [previous] people that if We willed, We could afflict them for their sins? But We seal over their hearts so they do not hear.

تِلْكَ الْقُرَىٰ نَقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ مِنْ أَنبَائِهَا ۚ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُهُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ فَمَا كَانُوا لِيُؤْمِنُوا بِمَا كَذَّبُوا مِن قَبْلُ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَطْبَعُ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِ الْكَافِرِينَ

French

Voilà les cités dont Nous te racontons certaines de leurs nouvelles. [A ceux-là,] en vérité, leurs messagers leur avaient apporté les preuves, mais ils n'étaient pas prêts à accepter ce qu'auparavant ils avaient traité de mensonge. C'est ainsi qu'Allah scelle les coeurs des mécréants.

Sahih International

Those cities - We relate to you, [O Muhammad], some of their news. And certainly did their messengers come to them with clear proofs, but they were not to believe in that which they had denied before. Thus does Allah seal over the hearts of the disbelievers.

وَمَا وَجَدْنَا لِأَكْثَرِهِم مِّنْ عَهْدٍ ۖ وَإِن وَجَدْنَا أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَفَاسِقِينَ

Sahih International

And We did not find for most of them any covenant; but indeed, We found most of them defiantly disobedient.

French

Et Nous n'avons trouvé chez la plupart d'entre eux aucun respect de l'engagement; mais Nous avons trouvé la plupart d'entre eux pervers.

ثُمَّ بَعَثْنَا مِن بَعْدِهِم مُّوسَىٰ بِآيَاتِنَا إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ وَمَلَئِهِ فَظَلَمُوا بِهَا ۖ فَانظُرْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُفْسِدِينَ

French

Puis, après [ces messagers,] Nous avons envoyé Moïse avec Nos miracles vers Pharaon et ses notables. Mais ils se montrèrent injustes envers Nos signes. Considère donc quelle fut la fin des corrupteurs.

Sahih International

Then We sent after them Moses with Our signs to Pharaoh and his establishment, but they were unjust toward them. So see how was the end of the corrupters.

وَقَالَ مُوسَىٰ يَا فِرْعَوْنُ إِنِّي رَسُولٌ مِّن رَّبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

French

Et Moïse dit : "ô Pharaon, je suis un Messager de la part du Seigneur de l'Univers,

Sahih International

And Moses said, "O Pharaoh, I am a messenger from the Lord of the worlds

حَقِيقٌ عَلَىٰ أَن لَّا أَقُولَ عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْحَقَّ ۚ قَدْ جِئْتُكُم بِبَيِّنَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ فَأَرْسِلْ مَعِيَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ

Sahih International

[Who is] obligated not to say about Allah except the truth. I have come to you with clear evidence from your Lord, so send with me the Children of Israel."

French

je ne dois dire sur Allah que la vérité. Je suis venu à vous avec une preuve de la part de votre Seigneur. Laisse donc partir avec moi les Enfants d'Israël."

قَالَ إِن كُنتَ جِئْتَ بِآيَةٍ فَأْتِ بِهَا إِن كُنتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ

French

"Si tu es venu avec un miracle, dit (Pharaon,) apporte-le donc, si tu es du nombre des véridiques."

Sahih International

[Pharaoh] said, "If you have come with a sign, then bring it forth, if you should be of the truthful."

فَأَلْقَىٰ عَصَاهُ فَإِذَا هِيَ ثُعْبَانٌ مُّبِينٌ

Sahih International

So Moses threw his staff, and suddenly it was a serpent, manifest.

French

Il jeta son bâton et voilà que c' était un serpent évident.

وَنَزَعَ يَدَهُ فَإِذَا هِيَ بَيْضَاءُ لِلنَّاظِرِينَ

Sahih International

And he drew out his hand; thereupon it was white [with radiance] for the observers.

French

Et il sortit sa main et voilà quelle était blanche (éclatante), pour ceux qui regardaient.

ﭿ

قَالَ الْمَلَأُ مِن قَوْمِ فِرْعَوْنَ إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَسَاحِرٌ عَلِيمٌ

French

Les notables du peuple de Pharaon dirent : "Voilà, certes, un magicien chevronné.

Sahih International

Said the eminent among the people of Pharaoh, "Indeed, this is a learned magician

يُرِيدُ أَن يُخْرِجَكُم مِّنْ أَرْضِكُمْ ۖ فَمَاذَا تَأْمُرُونَ

French

Il veut vous expulser de votre pays." - "Alors, que commandez-vous ? "

Sahih International

Who wants to expel you from your land [through magic], so what do you instruct?"

قَالُوا أَرْجِهْ وَأَخَاهُ وَأَرْسِلْ فِي الْمَدَائِنِ حَاشِرِينَ

Sahih International

They said, "Postpone [the matter of] him and his brother and send among the cities gatherers

French

Ils dirent : "Fais-le attendre, lui et son frère, et envoie des rassembleurs dans les villes,

يَأْتُوكَ بِكُلِّ سَاحِرٍ عَلِيمٍ

Sahih International

Who will bring you every learned magician."

French

qui t'amèneront tout magicien averti.

وَجَاءَ السَّحَرَةُ فِرْعَوْنَ قَالُوا إِنَّ لَنَا لَأَجْرًا إِن كُنَّا نَحْنُ الْغَالِبِينَ

Sahih International

And the magicians came to Pharaoh. They said, "Indeed for us is a reward if we are the predominant."

French

Et les magiciens vinrent à Pharaon en disant : "Y aura-t-il vraiment une récompense pour nous, si nous sommes les vainqueurs ? "

قَالَ نَعَمْ وَإِنَّكُمْ لَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ

French

Il dit : "Oui, et vous serez certainement du nombre de mes rapprochés".

Sahih International

He said, "Yes, and, [moreover], you will be among those made near [to me]."

قَالُوا يَا مُوسَىٰ إِمَّا أَن تُلْقِيَ وَإِمَّا أَن نَّكُونَ نَحْنُ الْمُلْقِينَ

Sahih International

They said, "O Moses, either you throw [your staff], or we will be the ones to throw [first]."

French

Ils dirent : "ô Moïse, ou bien tu jetteras (le premier), ou bien nous serons les premiers à jeter" .

قَالَ أَلْقُوا ۖ فَلَمَّا أَلْقَوْا سَحَرُوا أَعْيُنَ النَّاسِ وَاسْتَرْهَبُوهُمْ وَجَاءُوا بِسِحْرٍ عَظِيمٍ

Sahih International

He said, "Throw," and when they threw, they bewitched the eyes of the people and struck terror into them, and they presented a great [feat of] magic.

French

"Jetez" dit-il. Puis lorsqu'ils eurent jeté, ils ensorcelèrent les yeux des gens et les épouvantèrent, et vinrent avec une puissante magie.

وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ أَنْ أَلْقِ عَصَاكَ ۖ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَلْقَفُ مَا يَأْفِكُونَ

Sahih International

And We inspired to Moses, "Throw your staff," and at once it devoured what they were falsifying.

French

Et Nous révélâmes à Moïse : "Jette ton bâton". Et voilà que celui-ci se mit à engloutir ce qu'ils avaient fabriqué.

فَوَقَعَ الْحَقُّ وَبَطَلَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

French

Ainsi la vérité se manifesta et ce qu'ils firent fût vain.

Sahih International

So the truth was established, and abolished was what they were doing.

ﯿ

فَغُلِبُوا هُنَالِكَ وَانقَلَبُوا صَاغِرِينَ

French

Ainsi ils furent battus et se trouvèrent humiliés.

Sahih International

And Pharaoh and his people were overcome right there and became debased.

وَأُلْقِيَ السَّحَرَةُ سَاجِدِينَ

French

Et les magiciens se jetèrent prosternés.

Sahih International

And the magicians fell down in prostration [to Allah ].

قَالُوا آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Sahih International

They said, "We have believed in the Lord of the worlds,

French

Ils dirent : "Nous croyons au Seigneur de l'Univers,

رَبِّ مُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ

Sahih International

The Lord of Moses and Aaron."

French

au Seigneur de Moïse et d'Aaron."

قَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ آمَنتُم بِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ آذَنَ لَكُمْ ۖ إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَمَكْرٌ مَّكَرْتُمُوهُ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ لِتُخْرِجُوا مِنْهَا أَهْلَهَا ۖ فَسَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ

French

"Y avez-vous cru avant que je ne vous (le) permette ? dit Pharaon. C'est bien un stratagème que vous avez manigancé dans la ville, afin d'en faire partir ses habitants. Vous saurez bientôt...

Sahih International

Said Pharaoh, "You believed in him before I gave you permission. Indeed, this is a conspiracy which you conspired in the city to expel therefrom its people. But you are going to know.

لَأُقَطِّعَنَّ أَيْدِيَكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُم مِّنْ خِلَافٍ ثُمَّ لَأُصَلِّبَنَّكُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Sahih International

I will surely cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides; then I will surely crucify you all."

French

Je vais vous couper la main et la jambe opposées, et puis, je vous crucifierai tous."

قَالُوا إِنَّا إِلَىٰ رَبِّنَا مُنقَلِبُونَ

Sahih International

They said, "Indeed, to our Lord we will return.

French

Ils dirent : "En vérité, c'est vers notre Seigneur que nous retournerons.

ﭿ

وَمَا تَنقِمُ مِنَّا إِلَّا أَنْ آمَنَّا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّنَا لَمَّا جَاءَتْنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا وَتَوَفَّنَا مُسْلِمِينَ

French

Tu ne te venges de nous que parce que nous avons cru aux preuves de notre Seigneur, lorsqu'elles nous sont venues. ô notre Seigneur ! Déverse sur nous l'endurance et fais nous mourir entièrement soumis."

Sahih International

And you do not resent us except because we believed in the signs of our Lord when they came to us. Our Lord, pour upon us patience and let us die as Muslims [in submission to You]."

وَقَالَ الْمَلَأُ مِن قَوْمِ فِرْعَوْنَ أَتَذَرُ مُوسَىٰ وَقَوْمَهُ لِيُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَيَذَرَكَ وَآلِهَتَكَ ۚ قَالَ سَنُقَتِّلُ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ وَنَسْتَحْيِي نِسَاءَهُمْ وَإِنَّا فَوْقَهُمْ قَاهِرُونَ

Sahih International

And the eminent among the people of Pharaoh said," Will you leave Moses and his people to cause corruption in the land and abandon you and your gods?" [Pharaoh] said, "We will kill their sons and keep their women alive; and indeed, we are subjugators over them."

French

Et les notables du peuple de Pharaon dirent : "Laisseras-tu Moïse et son peuple commettre du désordre sur la terre, et lui-même te délaisser, toi et tes divinités ? " Il dit : "Nous allons massacrer leurs fils et laisser vivre leurs femmes. Nous aurons le dessus sur eux et les dominerons."

قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوْمِهِ اسْتَعِينُوا بِاللَّهِ وَاصْبِرُوا ۖ إِنَّ الْأَرْضَ لِلَّهِ يُورِثُهَا مَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ ۖ وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ

French

Moïse dit à son peuple : "Demandez aide auprès d'Allah et soyez patients, car la terre appartient à Allah. Il en fait qui Il veut parmi Ses serviteurs. Et la fin (heureuse) sera aux pieux".

Sahih International

Said Moses to his people, "Seek help through Allah and be patient. Indeed, the earth belongs to Allah . He causes to inherit it whom He wills of His servants. And the [best] outcome is for the righteous."

قَالُوا أُوذِينَا مِن قَبْلِ أَن تَأْتِيَنَا وَمِن بَعْدِ مَا جِئْتَنَا ۚ قَالَ عَسَىٰ رَبُّكُمْ أَن يُهْلِكَ عَدُوَّكُمْ وَيَسْتَخْلِفَكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَيَنظُرَ كَيْفَ تَعْمَلُونَ

Sahih International

They said, "We have been harmed before you came to us and after you have come to us." He said, "Perhaps your Lord will destroy your enemy and grant you succession in the land and see how you will do."

French

Ils dirent : "Nous avons été persécutés avant que tu ne viennes à nous, et après ton arrivée." Il dit : "Il se peut que votre Seigneur détruise votre ennemi et vous donne la lieutenance sur terre, et Il verra ensuite comment vous agirez".

وَلَقَدْ أَخَذْنَا آلَ فِرْعَوْنَ بِالسِّنِينَ وَنَقْصٍ مِّنَ الثَّمَرَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَذَّكَّرُونَ

Sahih International

And We certainly seized the people of Pharaoh with years of famine and a deficiency in fruits that perhaps they would be reminded.

French

Nous avons éprouvé les gens de Pharaon par des années de disette et par une diminution des fruits afin qu'ils se rappellent.

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