VERSES
135
PAGES
312-321

Name

This Surah takes its name from its "first word "Ta Ha. " This name, like the names of many other Surahs, is merely symbolic.

Period of Revelation

The period of its revelation is the same as of Surah Maryam. It is just possible that it was sent down during the Migration to Habash or just after it. Anyhow, it is certain that this Surah was revealed before Hadrat Umar embraced Islam.

According to a well known and authentic tradition when Hadrat Umar set out to kill the Holy Prophet, he met a certain person, who said, "Before you do anything else, you should know that your own sister and brother-in-law have embraced Islam" Hearing this, he directly went to the house of his sister. There he found his sister, Fatimah, and his brother-in-law, Said bin Zaid, learning the contents of a scroll from Khabbab bin Art. When Fatimah saw him coming she hid the scroll at once, but Hadrat Umar had heard the recital, so he began to interrogate them about it. Then he began to thrash his brother-in-law, and wounded his sister, who tried to protect him. At last both of them confessed, "We have become Muslims; you may do whatever you like." As Hadrat Umar was moved to see blood running down from her head, he said, "Show me the thing you were reading." The sister asked him to promise on oath that he would not tear it, and added, "You cannot touch it unless you have a bath." Accordingly, Hadrat Umar took his bath and when he began to read the scroll, which contained this Surah, he spontaneously spoke out, "What an excellent thing!" At this Hadrat Khabbab, who had hidden himself at the sound of his footsteps, came out of his hiding and said, "By God, I have high expectations that Allah will get great service from you to propagate the Message of His Prophet, for just yesterday I heard the Holy Prophet praying to Allah, 'My Lord, make Abul Hakam bin Hisham (Abu Jahl) or Umar bin Khattab a supporter of Islam. So O Umar, turn to Allah, turn to Allah." These words proved to be so persuasive that he at once accompanied Hadrat Khabbab and went to the Holy Prophet to embrace Islam. This happened a short time after the Migration to Habash.

Theme and Topics of Discussion

This Surah begins with the enunciation of the object of the Revelation of the Qur'an to this effect:"O Muhammad, this Quran has not been sent down to you to put you unnecessarily to some great affliction. It does not demand from you to perform the impossible task of imbuing the hearts of the obdurate disbelievers with Faith. It is merely an admonition meant to guide on to the Right Path those who fear God and want to save themselves from His punishment. This Quran is the Word of the Master of the earth and the heavens and God-head belongs to Him alone:These two facts are eternal whether one believes them or not."

After this introduction, the Surah abruptly moves on to relate the story of Prophet Moses without any apparent relevancy and without even hinting at its applicability to the events of the period. However, if we read between the lines, we realize that the discourse is addressed very relevantly to the people of Makkah. But before we explain the hidden meaning of the discourse, we must keep in view the fact that the Arabs in general acknowledged Moses as a Prophet of God. This was so because they had "been influenced by the large number of the Jews around them and by" the neighboring Christian kingdoms. Now let us state those things which are hidden between the lines of the story:

  1. Allah does not appoint a Prophet by the beat of drums or My celebrating the occasion in a regular and formal ceremony, as if to say, "We are appointing such and such a person as Our Prophet from today." On the contrary, He bestows Prophethood in a confidential manner just as He did in the case of Prophet Moses. Therefore you should not consider it strange if Hadrat Muhammad has been appointed as a Prophet all of a sudden and without any public proclamation.

  2. The fundamental principles presented by Prophet Muhammad - Tauhid and the Hereafter - are just the same as were taught to Prophet Moses at the time of his appointment.

  3. Prophet Muhammad has been made the standard bearer of the Message of the Truth among the people of the Quraish all by himself without material provisions, just as Prophet Moses was entrusted with the Mission to go to a tyrant king like Pharaoh and ask him to give up his attitude of rebellion. These are the mysterious ways of Allah. He catches hold of a way farer of Midian on his way to Egypt and says, "Go and fight with the greatest tyrant of the time." He did not provide him with armies and provisions for this Mission. The only thing He did was to appoint his brother as his assistant at his request.

  4. You, O People of Makkah, should note it well that Pharaoh employed the same devices against Prophet Moses as you are employing against Prophet Muhammad -- frivolous objections, accusations, and cruel persecutions. You should know that Allah's Prophet came out victorious over Pharaoh, who possessed large armies and war equipments. Incidentally, the Muslims have been consoled and comforted, though not in so many words, that they should not be afraid of fighting with the Quraish against fearful odds, for the mission which is supported by Allah comes out victorious in the end. At the same time, the Muslims have been exhorted to follow the excellent example of the magicians of Egypt, who remained steadfast in their Faith, though Pharaoh threatened them with horrible vengeance.

  5. An incident from the story of the Israelites has been cited to show in what ridiculous manner the idolization of false gods and goddesses starts and that the Prophets of God do not tolerate even the slightest tinge of this preposterous practice. Likewise, Prophet Muhammad is following the former Prophets in opposing shirk and idol worship today.

Thus, the story of Moses has been used to throw light on all those matters which were connected with the conflict between the Holy Prophet and the Quraish. Then at the end of the story, the. Quraish have been briefly admonished, as if to say, "The Quran has been sent down in your tongue for your own good. If you listen to it and follow its admonition, you will be doing so for your own good but if you reject it, you will yourselves meet with an evil end."

After this the story of Prophet Adam has been related, as if to tell the Quraish, "The way you are following is the way of Satan, whereas the right way for a man is to follow his father Adam. He was beguiled by Satan, but when he realized his error, he plainly confessed it and repented and again turned back to the service of Allah and won His favor. On the other hand, if a person follows Satan and sticks to his error obdurately in spite of admonition, he does harm to himself alone like Satan."

In the end, the Holy Prophet and the Muslims have been advised not to be impatient in regard to the punishment to the disbelievers, as if to say, "Allah has His Own scheme concerning them. He does not seize them at once but gives them sufficient respite. Therefore you should not grow impatient but bear the persecutions with fortitude and go on conveying the Message."

In this connection, great emphasis has been laid on Salat so that it may create in the believers the virtues of patience, forbearance, contentment, resignation to the will of God and self analysis for these are greatly needed in the service of the Message of the Truth.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

قَالَ فَمَا بَالُ الْقُرُونِ الْأُولَىٰ

Urdu

کہا تو پہلی جماعتوں کا کیا حال؟

Sahih International

[Pharaoh] said, "Then what is the case of the former generations?"

قَالَ عِلْمُهَا عِندَ رَبِّي فِي كِتَابٍ ۖ لَّا يَضِلُّ رَبِّي وَلَا يَنسَى

Urdu

کہا کہ ان کا علم میرے پروردگار کو ہے (جو) کتاب میں (لکھا ہوا ہے)۔ میرا پروردگار نہ چوکتا ہے نہ بھولتا ہے

Sahih International

[Moses] said, "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a record. My Lord neither errs nor forgets."

الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ مَهْدًا وَسَلَكَ لَكُمْ فِيهَا سُبُلًا وَأَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِّن نَّبَاتٍ شَتَّىٰ

Sahih International

[It is He] who has made for you the earth as a bed [spread out] and inserted therein for you roadways and sent down from the sky, rain and produced thereby categories of various plants.

Urdu

وہ (وہی تو ہے) جس نے تم لوگوں کے لئے زمین کو فرش بنایا اور اس میں تمہارے لئے رستے جاری کئے اور آسمان سے پانی برسایا۔ پھر اس سے انواع واقسام کی مختلف روئیدگیاں پیدا کیں

كُلُوا وَارْعَوْا أَنْعَامَكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّأُولِي النُّهَىٰ

Urdu

کہ (خود بھی) کھاؤ اور اپنے چارپایوں کو بھی چراؤ۔ بےشک ان (باتوں) میں عقل والوں کے لئے (بہت سی) نشانیاں ہیں

Sahih International

Eat [therefrom] and pasture your livestock. Indeed, in that are signs for those of intelligence.

ﭿ

مِنْهَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ وَفِيهَا نُعِيدُكُمْ وَمِنْهَا نُخْرِجُكُمْ تَارَةً أُخْرَىٰ

Urdu

اسی (زمین) سے ہم تم کو پیدا کیا اور اسی میں تمہیں لوٹائیں گے اور اسی سے دوسری دفعہ نکالیں گے

Sahih International

From the earth We created you, and into it We will return you, and from it We will extract you another time.

وَلَقَدْ أَرَيْنَاهُ آيَاتِنَا كُلَّهَا فَكَذَّبَ وَأَبَىٰ

Sahih International

And We certainly showed Pharaoh Our signs - all of them - but he denied and refused.

Urdu

اور ہم نے فرعون کو اپنی سب نشانیاں دکھائیں مگر وہ تکذیب وانکار ہی کرتا رہا

قَالَ أَجِئْتَنَا لِتُخْرِجَنَا مِنْ أَرْضِنَا بِسِحْرِكَ يَا مُوسَىٰ

Urdu

کہنے لگا کہ موسیٰ تم ہمارے پاس اس لئے آئے ہو کہ اپنے جادو (کے زور) سے ہمیں ہمارے ملک سے نکال دو

Sahih International

He said, "Have you come to us to drive us out of our land with your magic, O Moses?

فَلَنَأْتِيَنَّكَ بِسِحْرٍ مِّثْلِهِ فَاجْعَلْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكَ مَوْعِدًا لَّا نُخْلِفُهُ نَحْنُ وَلَا أَنتَ مَكَانًا سُوًى

Sahih International

Then we will surely bring you magic like it, so make between us and you an appointment, which we will not fail to keep and neither will you, in a place assigned."

Urdu

تو ہم بھی تمہارے مقابل ایسا ہی جادو لائیں گے تو ہمارے اور اپنے درمیان ایک وقت مقرر کر لو کہ نہ تو ہم اس کے خلاف کریں اور نہ تم (اور یہ مقابلہ) ایک ہموار میدان میں (ہوگا)

قَالَ مَوْعِدُكُمْ يَوْمُ الزِّينَةِ وَأَن يُحْشَرَ النَّاسُ ضُحًى

Sahih International

[Moses] said, "Your appointment is on the day of the festival when the people assemble at mid-morning."

Urdu

موسیٰ نے کہا آپ کے لئے (مقابلے کا) دن نو روز (مقرر کیا جاتا ہے) اور یہ کہ لوگ اس دن چاشت کے وقت اکھٹے ہوجائیں

فَتَوَلَّىٰ فِرْعَوْنُ فَجَمَعَ كَيْدَهُ ثُمَّ أَتَىٰ

Urdu

تو فرعون لوٹ گیا اور اپنے سامان جمع کرکے پھر آیا

Sahih International

So Pharaoh went away, put together his plan, and then came [to Moses].

قَالَ لَهُم مُّوسَىٰ وَيْلَكُمْ لَا تَفْتَرُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا فَيُسْحِتَكُم بِعَذَابٍ ۖ وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنِ افْتَرَىٰ

Urdu

موسیٰ نے ان (جادوگروں) سے کہا کہ ہائے تمہاری کمبختی۔ خدا پر جھوٹ افتراء نہ کرو کہ وہ تمہیں عذاب سے فنا کردے گا اور جس نے افتراء کیا وہ نامراد رہا

Sahih International

Moses said to the magicians summoned by Pharaoh, "Woe to you! Do not invent a lie against Allah or He will exterminate you with a punishment; and he has failed who invents [such falsehood]."

فَتَنَازَعُوا أَمْرَهُم بَيْنَهُمْ وَأَسَرُّوا النَّجْوَىٰ

Sahih International

So they disputed over their affair among themselves and concealed their private conversation.

Urdu

تو وہ باہم اپنے معاملے میں جھگڑانے اور چپکے چپکے سرگوشی کرنے لگے

قَالُوا إِنْ هَٰذَانِ لَسَاحِرَانِ يُرِيدَانِ أَن يُخْرِجَاكُم مِّنْ أَرْضِكُم بِسِحْرِهِمَا وَيَذْهَبَا بِطَرِيقَتِكُمُ الْمُثْلَىٰ

Sahih International

They said, "Indeed, these are two magicians who want to drive you out of your land with their magic and do away with your most exemplary way.

Urdu

کہنے لگے یہ دونوں جادوگر ہیں چاہتے ہیں کہ اپنے جادو (کے زور) سے تم کو تمہارے ملک سے نکل دیں اور تمہارے شائستہ مذہب کو نابود کردیں

ﯿ

فَأَجْمِعُوا كَيْدَكُمْ ثُمَّ ائْتُوا صَفًّا ۚ وَقَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْيَوْمَ مَنِ اسْتَعْلَىٰ

Sahih International

So resolve upon your plan and then come [forward] in line. And he has succeeded today who overcomes."

Urdu

تو تم (جادو کا) سامان اکھٹا کرلو اور پھر قطار باندھ کر آؤ۔ آج جو غالب رہا وہی کامیاب ہوا

قَالُوا يَا مُوسَىٰ إِمَّا أَن تُلْقِيَ وَإِمَّا أَن نَّكُونَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ أَلْقَىٰ

Urdu

بولے کہ موسیٰ یا تم (اپنی چیز) ڈالو یا ہم (اپنی چیزیں) پہلے ڈالتے ہیں

Sahih International

They said, "O Moses, either you throw or we will be the first to throw."

قَالَ بَلْ أَلْقُوا ۖ فَإِذَا حِبَالُهُمْ وَعِصِيُّهُمْ يُخَيَّلُ إِلَيْهِ مِن سِحْرِهِمْ أَنَّهَا تَسْعَىٰ

Sahih International

He said, "Rather, you throw." And suddenly their ropes and staffs seemed to him from their magic that they were moving [like snakes].

Urdu

موسیٰ نے کہا نہیں تم ہی ڈالو۔ (جب انہوں نے چیزیں ڈالیں) تو ناگہاں ان کی رسیاں اور لاٹھیاں موسی کے خیال میں ایسی آنے لگیں کہ وہ (میدان) میں ادھر اُدھر دوڑ رہی ہیں

فَأَوْجَسَ فِي نَفْسِهِ خِيفَةً مُّوسَىٰ

Sahih International

And he sensed within himself apprehension, did Moses.

Urdu

(اُس وقت) موسیٰ نے اپنے دل میں خوف معلوم کیا

قُلْنَا لَا تَخَفْ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْأَعْلَىٰ

Sahih International

Allah said, "Fear not. Indeed, it is you who are superior.

Urdu

ہم نے کہا خوف نہ کرو بلاشبہ تم ہی غالب ہو

ﭿ

وَأَلْقِ مَا فِي يَمِينِكَ تَلْقَفْ مَا صَنَعُوا ۖ إِنَّمَا صَنَعُوا كَيْدُ سَاحِرٍ ۖ وَلَا يُفْلِحُ السَّاحِرُ حَيْثُ أَتَىٰ

Urdu

اور جو چیز (یعنی لاٹھی) تمہارے داہنے ہاتھ میں ہے اسے ڈال دو کہ جو کچھ انہوں نے بنایا ہے اس کو نگل جائے گی۔ جو کچھ انہوں نے بنایا ہے (یہ تو) جادوگروں کے ہتھکنڈے ہیں اور جادوگر جہاں جائے فلاح نہیں پائے گا

Sahih International

And throw what is in your right hand; it will swallow up what they have crafted. What they have crafted is but the trick of a magician, and the magician will not succeed wherever he is."

فَأُلْقِيَ السَّحَرَةُ سُجَّدًا قَالُوا آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ هَارُونَ وَمُوسَىٰ

Urdu

(القصہ یوں ہی ہوا) تو جادوگر سجدے میں گر پڑے (اور) کہنے لگے کہ ہم موسیٰ اور ہارون کے پروردگار پر ایمان لائے

Sahih International

So the magicians fell down in prostration. They said, "We have believed in the Lord of Aaron and Moses."

قَالَ آمَنتُمْ لَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ آذَنَ لَكُمْ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَكَبِيرُكُمُ الَّذِي عَلَّمَكُمُ السِّحْرَ ۖ فَلَأُقَطِّعَنَّ أَيْدِيَكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُم مِّنْ خِلَافٍ وَلَأُصَلِّبَنَّكُمْ فِي جُذُوعِ النَّخْلِ وَلَتَعْلَمُنَّ أَيُّنَا أَشَدُّ عَذَابًا وَأَبْقَىٰ

Urdu

(فرعون) بولا کہ پیشتر اس کے میں تمہیں اجازت دوں تم اس پر ایمان لے آئے۔ بےشک وہ تمہارا بڑا (یعنی استاد) ہے جس نے تم کو جادو سکھایا ہے۔ سو میں تمہارے ہاتھ اور پاؤں (جانب) خلاف سے کٹوا دوں گا اور کھجور کے تنوں پر سولی چڑھوا دوں گا (اس وقت) تم کو معلوم ہوگا کہ ہم میں سے کس کا عذاب زیادہ سخت اور دیر تک رہنے والا ہے

Sahih International

[Pharaoh] said, "You believed him before I gave you permission. Indeed, he is your leader who has taught you magic. So I will surely cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, and I will crucify you on the trunks of palm trees, and you will surely know which of us is more severe in [giving] punishment and more enduring."

قَالُوا لَن نُّؤْثِرَكَ عَلَىٰ مَا جَاءَنَا مِنَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالَّذِي فَطَرَنَا ۖ فَاقْضِ مَا أَنتَ قَاضٍ ۖ إِنَّمَا تَقْضِي هَٰذِهِ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

Sahih International

They said, "Never will we prefer you over what has come to us of clear proofs and [over] He who created us. So decree whatever you are to decree. You can only decree for this worldly life.

Urdu

انہوں نے کہا جو دلائل ہمارے پاس آگئے ہیں ان پر اور جس نے ہم کو پیدا ہے اس پر ہم آپ کو ہرگز ترجیح نہیں دیں گے تو آپ کو جو حکم دینا ہو دے دیجیئے۔ اور آپ (جو) حکم دے سکتے ہیں وہ صرف اسی دنیا کی زندگی میں (دے سکتے ہیں)

إِنَّا آمَنَّا بِرَبِّنَا لِيَغْفِرَ لَنَا خَطَايَانَا وَمَا أَكْرَهْتَنَا عَلَيْهِ مِنَ السِّحْرِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ

Sahih International

Indeed, we have believed in our Lord that He may forgive us our sins and what you compelled us [to do] of magic. And Allah is better and more enduring."

Urdu

ہم اپنے پروردگار پر ایمان لے آئے تاکہ وہ ہمارے گناہوں کو معاف کرے اور (اسے بھی) جو آپ نے ہم سے زبردستی جادو کرایا۔ اور خدا بہتر اور باقی رہنے والا ہے

ﯿ

إِنَّهُ مَن يَأْتِ رَبَّهُ مُجْرِمًا فَإِنَّ لَهُ جَهَنَّمَ لَا يَمُوتُ فِيهَا وَلَا يَحْيَىٰ

Urdu

جو شخص اپنے پروردگار کے پاس گنہگار ہو کر آئے گا تو اس کے لئے جہنم ہے۔ جس میں نہ مرے گا نہ جیئے گا

Sahih International

Indeed, whoever comes to his Lord as a criminal - indeed, for him is Hell; he will neither die therein nor live.

وَمَن يَأْتِهِ مُؤْمِنًا قَدْ عَمِلَ الصَّالِحَاتِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمُ الدَّرَجَاتُ الْعُلَىٰ

Sahih International

But whoever comes to Him as a believer having done righteous deeds - for those will be the highest degrees [in position]:

Urdu

اور جو اس کے روبرو ایماندار ہو کر آئے گا اور عمل بھی نیک کئے ہوں گے تو ایسے لوگوں کے لئے اونچے اونچے درجے ہیں

جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ جَزَاءُ مَن تَزَكَّىٰ

Sahih International

Gardens of perpetual residence beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally. And that is the reward of one who purifies himself.

Urdu

(یعنی) ہمیشہ رہنے کے باغ جن کے نیچے نہریں بہہ رہی ہیں۔ ہمیشہ ان میں رہیں گے۔ اور یہ اس شخص کا بدلہ ہے جو پاک ہوا

وَلَقَدْ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ أَنْ أَسْرِ بِعِبَادِي فَاضْرِبْ لَهُمْ طَرِيقًا فِي الْبَحْرِ يَبَسًا لَّا تَخَافُ دَرَكًا وَلَا تَخْشَىٰ

Urdu

اور ہم نے موسیٰ کی طرف وحی بھیجی کہ ہمارے بندوں کو راتوں رات نکال لے جاؤ پھر ان کے لئے دریا میں (لاٹھی مار کر) خشک رستہ بنا دو پھر تم کو نہ تو (فرعون کے) آپکڑنے کا خوف ہوگا اور نہ (غرق ہونے کا) ڈر

Sahih International

And We had inspired to Moses, "Travel by night with My servants and strike for them a dry path through the sea; you will not fear being overtaken [by Pharaoh] nor be afraid [of drowning]."

فَأَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ بِجُنُودِهِ فَغَشِيَهُم مِّنَ الْيَمِّ مَا غَشِيَهُمْ

Sahih International

So Pharaoh pursued them with his soldiers, and there covered them from the sea that which covered them,

Urdu

پھر فرعون نے اپنے لشکر کے ساتھ ان کا تعاقب کیا تو دریا (کی موجوں) نے ان پر چڑھ کر انہیں ڈھانک لیا (یعنی ڈبو دیا)

وَأَضَلَّ فِرْعَوْنُ قَوْمَهُ وَمَا هَدَىٰ

Urdu

اور فرعون نے اپنی قوم کو گمراہ کردیا اور سیدھے رستے پر نہ ڈالا

Sahih International

And Pharaoh led his people astray and did not guide [them].

ﭿ

يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَدْ أَنجَيْنَاكُم مِّنْ عَدُوِّكُمْ وَوَاعَدْنَاكُمْ جَانِبَ الطُّورِ الْأَيْمَنَ وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَنَّ وَالسَّلْوَىٰ

Sahih International

O Children of Israel, We delivered you from your enemy, and We made an appointment with you at the right side of the mount, and We sent down to you manna and quails,

Urdu

اے آل یعقوب ہم نے تم کو تمہارے دشمن سے نجات دی اور تورات دینے کے لئے تم سے کوہ طور کی داہنی طرف مقرر کی اور تم پر من اور سلویٰ نازل کیا

كُلُوا مِن طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ وَلَا تَطْغَوْا فِيهِ فَيَحِلَّ عَلَيْكُمْ غَضَبِي ۖ وَمَن يَحْلِلْ عَلَيْهِ غَضَبِي فَقَدْ هَوَىٰ

Sahih International

[Saying], "Eat from the good things with which We have provided you and do not transgress [or oppress others] therein, lest My anger should descend upon you. And he upon whom My anger descends has certainly fallen."

Urdu

(اور حکم دیا کہ) جو پاکیزہ چیزیں ہم نے تم کو دی ہیں ان کو کھاؤ۔ اور اس میں حد سے نہ نکلنا۔ ورنہ تم پر میرا غضب نازل ہوگا۔ اور جس پر میرا غضب نازل ہوا وہ ہلاک ہوگیا

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