VERSES
111
PAGES
282-293

Name

This Surah takes its name (Bani Israil) from v. 4. But this name is merely a distinctive appellation like the names of many other surahs and not a descriptive title, and does not mean that "Bani Isra'il" is the theme of this Surah.

Period of Revelation

The very first verse indicates that this Surah was revealed on the occasion of Mi`raj (Ascension). According to the Traditions and books on the life of the Holy Prophet, this event happened one year before Hijrah. Thus, this Surah is one of those which were revealed in the last stage of Prophethood at Makkah.

Background

The Holy Prophet had been propagating Tauhid for the previous twelve years and his opponents had been doing all they could to make his Mission a failure, but in spite of all their opposition, Islam had spread to every corner of Arabia and there was hardly any clan which had not been influenced by his invitation. In Makkah itself the true Believers had formed themselves into a small community and were ready and willing to face every danger to make Islam a success. Besides them, a very large number of the people of Aus and Khazraj (two influential clans of Al-Madinah) had accepted Islam. Thus the time had come for the Holy Prophet to emigrate from Makkah to Al- Madinah and there gather together the scattered Muslims and establish a state based on the principles of Islam.

These were the conditions when Mi`raj took place and on his return the Holy Prophet brought down the Message contained in this Surah.

Theme and Topics

This Surah is a wonderful combination of warning, admonition and instruction, which have been blended together in a balanced proportion.

The disbelievers of Makkah had been admonished to take a lesson from the miserable end of the Israelites and other communities and mend their ways within the period of respite given by Allah, which was about to expire. They should, therefore, accept the invitation that was being extended by Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) and the Quran. Otherwise they shall be annihilated and replaced by other people. Incidentally, the Israelites, with whom Islam was going to come in direct contact in the near future at Al-Madinah have also been warned that they should learn a lesson from the chastisements that have already been inflicted on them. They were warned, "Take advantage of the Prophethood of Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) because that is the last opportunity which is being given to you. If even now you behave as you have been behaving, you shall meet with a painful torment."

As regards the education of mankind, it has been impressed that human success or failure, gain or loss, depends upon the right understanding of Tauhid, life-after- death and Prophethood. Accordingly, convincing arguments have been put forward to prove that the Quran is the Book of Allah and its teachings are true and genuine the doubts of the disbelievers about these basic realities have been removed and on suitable occasions they have been admonished and rebuked in regard to their ways of ignorance.

In this connection, those fundamental principles of morality and civilization on which the Islamic System of life is meant to be established have been put forward. Thus this was a sort of the Manifesto of the intended Islamic state which had been proclaimed a year before its actual establishment. It has been explicitly stated that that was the sketch of the system on which Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) intended to build human life first in his own country and then in the outside world.

Besides these, the Holy Prophet has been instructed to stick firmly to his stand without minding the opposition and difficulties which he was encountering and should never think of making a compromise with unbelief. The Muslims who sometimes showed signs of impatience, when they met with persecution, calumny, and crooked arguments, have also been instructed to face adverse circumstances with patience and fortitude and keep full control over their feelings and passions. Moreover, salat was prescribed in order to reform and purify their souls, as if to say, "This is the thing which will produce in you those high qualities of character which are essential for everyone who intends to struggle in the righteous way Incidentally, we learn from Traditions that Mi'raj was the first occasion on which the five daily Prayers were prescribed to be offered at fixed times.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

ﯿ

وَلَا تَقْفُ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ ۚ إِنَّ السَّمْعَ وَالْبَصَرَ وَالْفُؤَادَ كُلُّ أُولَٰئِكَ كَانَ عَنْهُ مَسْئُولًا

Swedish

Befatta dig inte med det som du inte riktigt vet; ditt öra och ditt öga och ditt hjärta skall [alla en Dag] tillfrågas om detta.

Sahih International

And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart - about all those [one] will be questioned.

وَلَا تَمْشِ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَرَحًا ۖ إِنَّكَ لَن تَخْرِقَ الْأَرْضَ وَلَن تَبْلُغَ الْجِبَالَ طُولًا

Swedish

Och trampa inte jorden med dryga översittarfasoner; du kan aldrig borra dig igenom dess [innandömen] och inte heller kan du nå högre än bergens krön.

Sahih International

And do not walk upon the earth exultantly. Indeed, you will never tear the earth [apart], and you will never reach the mountains in height.

كُلُّ ذَٰلِكَ كَانَ سَيِّئُهُ عِندَ رَبِّكَ مَكْرُوهًا

Sahih International

All that - its evil is ever, in the sight of your Lord, detested.

Swedish

Allt det onda [som har nämnts] är djupt förhatligt för din Herre.

ذَٰلِكَ مِمَّا أَوْحَىٰ إِلَيْكَ رَبُّكَ مِنَ الْحِكْمَةِ ۗ وَلَا تَجْعَلْ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ فَتُلْقَىٰ فِي جَهَنَّمَ مَلُومًا مَّدْحُورًا

Swedish

Detta som din Herre här har uppenbarat för dig är visa förmaningar och varningar. Sätt därför inte en annan gud vid Guds sida; då kommer du att kastas, förhatlig och utstött, i helvetet!

Sahih International

That is from what your Lord has revealed to you, [O Muhammad], of wisdom. And, [O mankind], do not make [as equal] with Allah another deity, lest you be thrown into Hell, blamed and banished.

أَفَأَصْفَاكُمْ رَبُّكُم بِالْبَنِينَ وَاتَّخَذَ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ إِنَاثًا ۚ إِنَّكُمْ لَتَقُولُونَ قَوْلًا عَظِيمًا

Swedish

SKULLE Gud ha visat er Sin särskilda välvilja genom att skänka er söner och för Sig själv ha valt döttrar bland änglarna? Ni har i sanning påstått något oerhört!

Sahih International

Then, has your Lord chosen you for [having] sons and taken from among the angels daughters? Indeed, you say a grave saying.

وَلَقَدْ صَرَّفْنَا فِي هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ لِيَذَّكَّرُوا وَمَا يَزِيدُهُمْ إِلَّا نُفُورًا

Sahih International

And We have certainly diversified [the contents] in this Qur'an that mankind may be reminded, but it does not increase the disbelievers except in aversion.

Swedish

Vi har förtydligat [budskapen i] denna Koran för att [människorna] skall ägna dem eftertanke, men detta har bara till följd att de förhärdas ytterligare i sitt motstånd.

ﭿ

قُل لَّوْ كَانَ مَعَهُ آلِهَةٌ كَمَا يَقُولُونَ إِذًا لَّابْتَغَوْا إِلَىٰ ذِي الْعَرْشِ سَبِيلًا

Swedish

Säg: "Om det, som de påstår, fanns [andra] gudar vid sidan av Honom skulle helt visst de [också] försöka finna vägen till Honom, som tronar allsmäktig [över skapelsen]."

Sahih International

Say, [O Muhammad], "If there had been with Him [other] gods, as they say, then they [each] would have sought to the Owner of the Throne a way."

سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يَقُولُونَ عُلُوًّا كَبِيرًا

Sahih International

Exalted is He and high above what they say by great sublimity.

Swedish

Stor är Han i Sin härlighet, högt upphöjd över allt vad [människor] påstår!

تُسَبِّحُ لَهُ السَّمَاوَاتُ السَّبْعُ وَالْأَرْضُ وَمَن فِيهِنَّ ۚ وَإِن مِّن شَيْءٍ إِلَّا يُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِهِ وَلَٰكِن لَّا تَفْقَهُونَ تَسْبِيحَهُمْ ۗ إِنَّهُ كَانَ حَلِيمًا غَفُورًا

Sahih International

The seven heavens and the earth and whatever is in them exalt Him. And there is not a thing except that it exalts [ Allah ] by His praise, but you do not understand their [way of] exalting. Indeed, He is ever Forbearing and Forgiving.

Swedish

De sju himlarna prisar Honom liksom jorden och allt det som de rymmer; ja, ingenting finns som inte sjunger Hans lov. Men ni förstår inte innebörden av deras lovsång. Gud är mild och överseende [med Sina tjänares brister] och Han förlåter ständigt.

وَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ الْقُرْآنَ جَعَلْنَا بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ حِجَابًا مَّسْتُورًا

Swedish

OCH NÄR du [Muhammad] läser ur Koranen, låter Vi ett osynligt förhänge avskärma dig från dem som inte tror på det eviga livet,

Sahih International

And when you recite the Qur'an, We put between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter a concealed partition.

وَجَعَلْنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً أَن يَفْقَهُوهُ وَفِي آذَانِهِمْ وَقْرًا ۚ وَإِذَا ذَكَرْتَ رَبَّكَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ وَحْدَهُ وَلَّوْا عَلَىٰ أَدْبَارِهِمْ نُفُورًا

Swedish

och Vi täcker över deras hjärtan så att de ingenting förstår och täpper till deras öron. Och när du under [läsningen av] Koranen åkallar din Herre och [förkunnar] Hans Enhet, vänder de ryggen till och drar sig bort, fulla av motvilja.

Sahih International

And We have placed over their hearts coverings, lest they understand it, and in their ears deafness. And when you mention your Lord alone in the Qur'an, they turn back in aversion.

ﯿ

نَّحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَسْتَمِعُونَ بِهِ إِذْ يَسْتَمِعُونَ إِلَيْكَ وَإِذْ هُمْ نَجْوَىٰ إِذْ يَقُولُ الظَّالِمُونَ إِن تَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا رَجُلًا مَّسْحُورًا

Sahih International

We are most knowing of how they listen to it when they listen to you and [of] when they are in private conversation, when the wrongdoers say, "You follow not but a man affected by magic."

Swedish

Vi vet väl vad det är de lyssnar efter då de lyssnar till dig; när de samlas för sig själva säger nämligen [några av] dessa orättfärdiga [människor till de andra]: "[Följer ni Muhammad] följer ni bara en man som står under [inflytande av] trolldom."

انظُرْ كَيْفَ ضَرَبُوا لَكَ الْأَمْثَالَ فَضَلُّوا فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ سَبِيلًا

Sahih International

Look how they strike for you comparisons; but they have strayed, so they cannot [find] a way.

Swedish

Se där hur de beskriver dig! De har gått helt vilse och kan inte återfinna vägen.

وَقَالُوا أَإِذَا كُنَّا عِظَامًا وَرُفَاتًا أَإِنَّا لَمَبْعُوثُونَ خَلْقًا جَدِيدًا

Sahih International

And they say, "When we are bones and crumbled particles, will we [truly] be resurrected as a new creation?"

Swedish

Och de säger: "Skall vi, efter att ha blivit ben och sönderfrätta rester, återuppstå i en ny skapelse?"

قُلْ كُونُوا حِجَارَةً أَوْ حَدِيدًا

Swedish

Säg: "[Visst!] Även om era [kroppar] hade varit av sten eller av järn,

Sahih International

Say, "Be you stones or iron

أَوْ خَلْقًا مِّمَّا يَكْبُرُ فِي صُدُورِكُمْ ۚ فَسَيَقُولُونَ مَن يُعِيدُنَا ۖ قُلِ الَّذِي فَطَرَكُمْ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ ۚ فَسَيُنْغِضُونَ إِلَيْكَ رُءُوسَهُمْ وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هُوَ ۖ قُلْ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُونَ قَرِيبًا

Sahih International

Or [any] creation of that which is great within your breasts." And they will say, "Who will restore us?" Say, "He who brought you forth the first time." Then they will nod their heads toward you and say, "When is that?" Say, "Perhaps it will be soon -

Swedish

eller skapade av vad ni ser som ännu oförenligare [med tanken på liv]." Då kommer de att fråga: "Vem skall skapa oss på nytt?" - [och du skall] svara: "Den som först skapade er." Då ruskar de på huvudet åt dig och frågar: "När skall detta ske?" - [och då] svarar du: "Kanske är tiden nära;

ﭿ

يَوْمَ يَدْعُوكُمْ فَتَسْتَجِيبُونَ بِحَمْدِهِ وَتَظُنُّونَ إِن لَّبِثْتُمْ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

Sahih International

On the Day He will call you and you will respond with praise of Him and think that you had not remained [in the world] except for a little."

Swedish

den Dag då Han skall kalla på er och ni till svar skall lovprisa Honom, kommer det att förefalla er som om ni hade vistats [på jorden] bara en kort stund."

وَقُل لِّعِبَادِي يَقُولُوا الَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ ۚ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَنزَغُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ كَانَ لِلْإِنسَانِ عَدُوًّا مُّبِينًا

Sahih International

And tell My servants to say that which is best. Indeed, Satan induces [dissension] among them. Indeed Satan is ever, to mankind, a clear enemy.

Swedish

OCH SÄG till Mina tjänare att de [i samtal och diskussioner] använder [ett hövligt språk] och söker de bästa, de vänligaste orden. - Djävulen är alltid beredd att så osämja mellan dem; Djävulen är människans förklarade fiende.

رَّبُّكُمْ أَعْلَمُ بِكُمْ ۖ إِن يَشَأْ يَرْحَمْكُمْ أَوْ إِن يَشَأْ يُعَذِّبْكُمْ ۚ وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكِيلًا

Swedish

Er Herre känner er väl; om Han vill, förbarmar Han sig över er, och om Han vill, straffar Han er. Men Vi har inte sänt dig [Muhammad] för att vaka över människorna och deras handlingar.

Sahih International

Your Lord is most knowing of you. If He wills, He will have mercy upon you; or if He wills, He will punish you. And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], over them as a manager.

وَرَبُّكَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۗ وَلَقَدْ فَضَّلْنَا بَعْضَ النَّبِيِّينَ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ ۖ وَآتَيْنَا دَاوُودَ زَبُورًا

Swedish

Din Herre har full kunskap om alla som befolkar himlarna och jorden. Och Vi har gett några profeter företräde framför andra - och Vi skänkte David en skrift fylld av visdom.

Sahih International

And your Lord is most knowing of whoever is in the heavens and the earth. And We have made some of the prophets exceed others [in various ways], and to David We gave the book [of Psalms].

قُلِ ادْعُوا الَّذِينَ زَعَمْتُم مِّن دُونِهِ فَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ كَشْفَ الضُّرِّ عَنكُمْ وَلَا تَحْوِيلًا

Swedish

SÄG: "Anropa dem som ni tror [finnas] vid sidan av Honom, så [skall ni se att] de inte kan befria er från det onda [som tynger er] och inte heller lasta över det på andra."

Sahih International

Say, "Invoke those you have claimed [as gods] besides Him, for they do not possess the [ability for] removal of adversity from you or [for its] transfer [to someone else]."

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ يَبْتَغُونَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمُ الْوَسِيلَةَ أَيُّهُمْ أَقْرَبُ وَيَرْجُونَ رَحْمَتَهُ وَيَخَافُونَ عَذَابَهُ ۚ إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّكَ كَانَ مَحْذُورًا

Sahih International

Those whom they invoke seek means of access to their Lord, [striving as to] which of them would be nearest, and they hope for His mercy and fear His punishment. Indeed, the punishment of your Lord is ever feared.

Swedish

De som de anropar vill själva vinna sin Herres välvilja och komma Honom så nära som möjligt, och de hoppas på Hans nåd och fruktar Hans straff - [alla] måste frukta din Herres straff!

ﯿ

وَإِن مِّن قَرْيَةٍ إِلَّا نَحْنُ مُهْلِكُوهَا قَبْلَ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ أَوْ مُعَذِّبُوهَا عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا ۚ كَانَ ذَٰلِكَ فِي الْكِتَابِ مَسْطُورًا

Sahih International

And there is no city but that We will destroy it before the Day of Resurrection or punish it with a severe punishment. That has ever been in the Register inscribed.

Swedish

Det finns inget folk [som har förnekat och trotsat Oss] och som Vi inte kommer att låta gå under före Uppståndelsens dag, eller straffa med ett strängt straff. Detta står skrivet i [Vårt] dekret.

وَمَا مَنَعَنَا أَن نُّرْسِلَ بِالْآيَاتِ إِلَّا أَن كَذَّبَ بِهَا الْأَوَّلُونَ ۚ وَآتَيْنَا ثَمُودَ النَّاقَةَ مُبْصِرَةً فَظَلَمُوا بِهَا ۚ وَمَا نُرْسِلُ بِالْآيَاتِ إِلَّا تَخْوِيفًا

Swedish

Ingenting hindrar Oss att sända [människorna] tecken och under [liksom Vi gjorde i äldre tider] utom detta att folken i äldre tider [trots tecknen] kallade [Våra budskap] för lögn; till stammen Thamud överlämnade Vi kamelstoet som ett tecken för att öppna deras ögon, men de förgrep sig på det. Vi sänder inte [sådana] tecken annat än som en varning.

Sahih International

And nothing has prevented Us from sending signs except that the former peoples denied them. And We gave Thamud the she-camel as a visible sign, but they wronged her. And We send not the signs except as a warning.

ﭿ

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لَكَ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ أَحَاطَ بِالنَّاسِ ۚ وَمَا جَعَلْنَا الرُّؤْيَا الَّتِي أَرَيْنَاكَ إِلَّا فِتْنَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَالشَّجَرَةَ الْمَلْعُونَةَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ ۚ وَنُخَوِّفُهُمْ فَمَا يَزِيدُهُمْ إِلَّا طُغْيَانًا كَبِيرًا

Sahih International

And [remember, O Muhammad], when We told you, "Indeed, your Lord has encompassed the people." And We did not make the sight which We showed you except as a trial for the people, as was the accursed tree [mentioned] in the Qur'an. And We threaten them, but it increases them not except in great transgression.

Swedish

Och Vi sade till dig [Muhammad]: "Din Herre har full uppsikt över människorna [och deras handlingar], och Vi har låtit dig se den syn som du fick se för att den - liksom [synen av] det i Koranen förbannade trädet - skall bli en prövning för människorna; Vi hotar och varnar dem, men därigenom förhärdas de bara än mer i synd och trots."

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ قَالَ أَأَسْجُدُ لِمَنْ خَلَقْتَ طِينًا

Sahih International

And [mention] when We said to the angles, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He said, "Should I prostrate to one You created from clay?"

Swedish

SE, VI sade till änglarna: "Fall ned på era ansikten inför Adam", och [alla] föll ned utom Iblees. Han sade: "Skall jag falla ned inför den som Du har skapat av lera?"

قَالَ أَرَأَيْتَكَ هَٰذَا الَّذِي كَرَّمْتَ عَلَيَّ لَئِنْ أَخَّرْتَنِ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ لَأَحْتَنِكَنَّ ذُرِّيَّتَهُ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

Swedish

[Och] han fortsatte: "Denne som Du har satt högre än mig - om Du vill ge mig uppskov till Uppståndelsens dag, svär jag att jag skall förmå hans avkomma att blint lyda mig, alla utom ett fåtal! Vad anser Du om detta?"

Sahih International

[Iblees] said, "Do You see this one whom You have honored above me? If You delay me until the Day of Resurrection, I will surely destroy his descendants, except for a few."

قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَمَن تَبِعَكَ مِنْهُمْ فَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ جَزَاؤُكُمْ جَزَاءً مَّوْفُورًا

Sahih International

[ Allah ] said, "Go, for whoever of them follows you, indeed Hell will be the recompense of you - an ample recompense.

Swedish

[Gud] svarade: "Bort härifrån! [Vi ger dig detta uppskov, men] ni skall få helvetet som belöning, du och de som följer dig - en riklig belöning!

وَاسْتَفْزِزْ مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ مِنْهُم بِصَوْتِكَ وَأَجْلِبْ عَلَيْهِم بِخَيْلِكَ وَرَجِلِكَ وَشَارِكْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَوْلَادِ وَعِدْهُمْ ۚ وَمَا يَعِدُهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا

Swedish

[Du kan] egga så många av dem som du förmår med din [lockande] röst och båda upp dina hjälptrupper och ge dig i lag med dem [och driva dem] att samla rikedomar [på orätta vägar] och [förmå dem att i syndiga förbindelser avla] barn, och ge dem löften - även om Djävulens löften inte är mer än bländverk. -

Sahih International

And incite [to senselessness] whoever you can among them with your voice and assault them with your horses and foot soldiers and become a partner in their wealth and their children and promise them." But Satan does not promise them except delusion.

إِنَّ عِبَادِي لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانٌ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِرَبِّكَ وَكِيلًا

Sahih International

Indeed, over My [believing] servants there is for you no authority. And sufficient is your Lord as Disposer of affairs.

Swedish

Men du skall inte ha någon makt över Mina [sanna] tjänare; ingen som sätter sin lit till din Herre behöver ett annat skydd."

رَّبُّكُمُ الَّذِي يُزْجِي لَكُمُ الْفُلْكَ فِي الْبَحْرِ لِتَبْتَغُوا مِن فَضْلِهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيمًا

Sahih International

It is your Lord who drives the ship for you through the sea that you may seek of His bounty. Indeed, He is ever, to you, Merciful.

Swedish

DET ÄR er Herre som låter skeppen segla över havet i er tjänst, så att ni [med dem] kan söka det som Han i Sin godhet [beviljar er för er försörjning]. Han omsluter er med Sin barmhärtighet!

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