VERSES
165
PAGES
128-150

Name

This Surah takes its name from vv. 136, 138 and 139 in which some superstitious beliefs of the idolatrous Arabs concerning the lawfulness of some cattle (an`am) and the unlawfulness of some others have been refuted.

Period of Revelation

According to a tradition of Ibn Abbas, the whole of the Surah was revealed at one sitting at Makkah. Asma, a daughter of Yazid and a first cousin of Hadrat Mu'az-bin Jabl, says, "During the revelation of this Surah, the Holy Prophet was riding on a she-camel and I was holding her nose-string. The she-camel began to feel the weight so heavily that it seemed as if her bones would break under it." We also learn from other traditions that the Holy Prophet dictated the whole of the Surah the same night that it was revealed.

Its subject-matter clearly shows that it must have been revealed during the last year of the Holy Prophet's life at Makkah. The tradition of Asma, daughter of Yazid, also confirms this. As she belonged to the Ansar and embraced Islam after the migration of the Holy Prophet to Yathrib, her visit to the Holy Prophet at Makkah must have taken place during the last year of his life there. For before this, his relations with those people were not so intimate that a woman from there might have come to visit him at Makkah.

Occasion of Revelation

After determining the period of its revelation, it is easier to visualize the background of the Surah. Twelve years had passed since the Holy Prophet had been inviting the people to Islam. The antagonism and persecution by the Quraish had become most savage and brutal, and the majority of the Muslims had to leave their homes and migrate to Habash (Abyssinia). Above all, the two great supporters of the Holy Prophet. Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadijah, were no more to help and give strength to him. Thus he was deprived of all the worldly support. But in spite of this, he carried on his mission in the teeth of opposition. As a result of this, on the one hand, all the good people of Makkah and the surrounding clans gradually began to accept Islam ; on the other hand, the community as a whole, was bent upon obduracy and rejection. Therefore, if anyone showed any inclination towards Islam, he was subjected to taunts and derision, physical violence and social boycott. It was in these dark circumstances that a ray of hope gleamed from Yathrib, where Islam began to spread freely by the efforts of some influential people of Aus and Khazraj, who had embraced Islam at Makkah. This was a humble beginning in the march of Islam towards success and none could foresee at that time the great potentialities that lay hidden in it. For, to a casual observer, it appeared at that time as if Islam was merely a weak movement it had no material backing except the meager support of the Prophet's own family and of the few poor adherents of the Movement. Obviously the latter could not give much help because they themselves had been cast out by their own people who had become their enemies and were persecuting them.

Topics

These were the conditions, when this discourse was revealed. The main topics dealt with in this discourse may be divided under seven headings:

  1. Refutation of shirk and invitation to the creed of Tauhid.

  2. Enunciation of the doctrine of the "Life-after- death." and refutation of the wrong notion that there was nothing beyond this worldly life.

  3. Refutation of the prevalent superstitions.

  4. Enunciation of the fundamental moral principles for the building up of the Islamic Society.

  5. Answers to the objections raised against the person of the Holy Prophet and his mission.

  6. Comfort and encouragement to the Holy Prophet and his followers who were at, that time in a state of anxiety and despondency because of the apparent failure of the mission.

  7. Admonition, warning and threats to the disbelievers and opponents to give up their apathy and haughtiness. It must, however, be noted that the above topics have not been dealt with one by one under separate headings, but the discourse goes on as a continuous whole and these topics come under discussion over and over again in new and different ways.

The Background of Makki Surahs

As this is the first long Makki Surah in the order of the compilation of the Quran, it will be useful to explain the historical background of Makki Surahs in general, so that the reader may easily understand the Makki Surahs and our references to its different stages in connection with our commentary on them.

First of all, it should be noted that comparatively very little material is available in regard to the background of the revelation of Makki Surahs whereas the period of the revelation of all the Madani Surahs is known or can be determined with a little effort. There are authentic traditions even in regard to the occasions of the revelation of the majority of the verses. On the other hand, we do not have such detailed information regarding the Makki Surahs. There are only a few Surahs and verses which have authentic traditions concerning the time and occasion of their revelation. This is because the history of the Makki period had not been compiled in such detail as that of the Madani period. Therefore we have to depend on the internal evidence of these Surahs for determining the period of their revelation: for example, the topics they discuss, their subject. matter, their style and the direct or indirect references to the events and the occasions of their revelation. Thus it is obvious that with the help of such evidence as this, we cannot say with precision that such and such Surah or verse was revealed on such and such an occasion. The most we can do is to compare the internal evidence of a Surah with the events of the life of the Holy Prophet at Makkah, and then come to a more or less correct conclusion as to what particular stage a certain Surah belongs.

If we keep the above things in view, the history of the mission of the Holy Prophet at Makkah can be divided into four stages.

The first stage began with his appointment as a Messenger and ended with the proclamation of Prophethood three years later. During this period the Message was given secretly to some selected persons only, but the common people of Makkah were not aware of it.

The second stage lasted for two years after the proclamation of his Prophethood. It began with opposition by individuals: then by and by, it took the shape of antagonism, ridicule, derision,, accusation, abuse, and false propaganda then gangs were formed to persecute those Muslims who were comparatively poor, weak' and helpless.

The third stage lasted for about six years from the beginning of the persecution to the death of Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadijah in the tenth year of Prophethood. During this period, the persecution of the Muslims became' so savage and brutal that many of them were forced to migrate to Habash. Social and economic boycott was applied against the Holy Prophet and the members of his family, and those Muslims who continued to stay in Makkah were forced to take refuge in Shi'b-i-A'bi Talib which was besieged.

The fourth stage lasted for about three years from the tenth to the thirteenth year of Prophethood. This was a period of hard trials and grievous sufferings for the Holy Prophet and his followers. Life had become unendurable at Makkah and there appeared to be no place of refuge even outside it. So much so that when the Holy Prophet went to Ta'if, it offered no shelter or protection. Besides this, on the occasion of Haj, he would appeal to each and every Arab clan to accept his invitation to Islam but met with blank refusal from every quarter. At the same time, the people of Makkah were holding counsels' to get rid of him by killing or imprisoning or banishing him from their city. It was at that most critical time that Allah opened for Islam the hearts of the Ansar of Yathrab where he migrated at their invitation.

Now that we have divided the life of the Holy Prophet at Makkah into four stages, it has become easier for us to tell, as far as possible, the particular stage in which a certain Makki Surah was revealed. This is because the Surahs belonging to a particular stage can be distinguished from those of the other stages with the help of their subject matter and style. Besides this, they also contain such references as throw light on the circumstances and events that form the background of their revelation. In the succeeding Makki Surahs, we will determine on the basis of the distinctive features of each stage, and point out in the Preface, the particular stage in which a certain Makki Surah was revealed.

Subject: Islamic Creed.

This Surah mainly discusses the different aspects of the major articles of the Islamic Creed: Tauhid, Life-after-death, Prophethood and their practical application to human life. Side by side with this, it refutes the erroneous beliefs of the "opponents and answers their objections, warns and admonishes them and comforts the Holy Prophet and his followers, who were then suffering from persecution.

Of course, these themes have not been dealt with under separate heads but have been blended in an excellent manner.

Topics and their Interconnection

These verses are of introductory and admonitory nature. The disbelievers have been warned that if they do not accept the Islamic Creed and follow the 'Light' shown by the Revelation from the All-Knowing and All-Powerful Allah, they would go to the same doom as the former disbelievers did. Their arguments for rejecting the Prophet and the Revelation sent down to him have been refuted and a warning has been given to them that they should not be deluded by the respite that is being granted to them. 1 - 12

These verses inculcate Tauhid, and refute shirk which is the greatest obstacle in the way of its acceptance. 13 - 24

In these verses, a graphic scene of the life in the Hereafter has been depicted in order to warn the disbelievers of the consequences of the rejection of the Articles of Faith. 25 - 32

Prophethood is the main theme which has been discussed from the point of view of the Holy Prophet, his Mission, the limitations of his powers, the attitude towards his followers and also from the point of view of the disbelievers. 33 - 73

In continuation of the same theme, the story of Prophet Abraham has been related to bring home to the pagan Arabs that the Mission of Prophet Muhammad, which they were opposing, was the same as that of Prophet Abraham (Allah's peace be upon them). This line of argument was adopted because they considered themselves to be his followers, especially the Quraish who were proud of being his descendants as well. 74 - 90

Another proof of his Prophethood is the Book, which has been sent down to him by Allah, for its teachings show the right guidance in regard to creed and practice. 91 - 108

Divine restrictions have been contrasted with the superstitious restrictions of the pagan Arabs in order to show the striking differences between the two and thus prove the Quran to be a Revealed Book. 109 - 154

The Jews, who were criticized in vv. 144 - 147 along with the pagan Arabs, have been urged to compare the teachings of the Quran with those of the Torah so that they might recognize their similarity and give up their lame excuses against it, and adopt its Guidance to escape the retribution on the Day of Resurrection. 155 - 160

This is the conclusion of the discourse: the Holy Prophet has been instructed in a beautiful and forceful manner to proclaim fearlessly the articles of the Islamic Creed and their implications. 161 - 165

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

ﭿ

وَهُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ النُّجُومَ لِتَهْتَدُوا بِهَا فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ ۗ قَدْ فَصَّلْنَا الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ

Malay

Dan Dia lah yang menjadikan bintang-bintang bagi kamu supaya kamu berpedoman kepadanya dalam kegelapan (malam) di darat dan di laut. Sesungguhnya kami telah jelaskan tanda-tanda kebesaran (Kami) satu persatu bagi orang-orang yang mengetahui.

Sahih International

And it is He who placed for you the stars that you may be guided by them through the darknesses of the land and sea. We have detailed the signs for a people who know.

وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنشَأَكُم مِّن نَّفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ فَمُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمُسْتَوْدَعٌ ۗ قَدْ فَصَّلْنَا الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَفْقَهُونَ

Sahih International

And it is He who produced you from one soul and [gave you] a place of dwelling and of storage. We have detailed the signs for a people who understand.

Malay

Dan Dia lah yang mencipta kamu dari diri yang satu (Adam), maka (bagi kamu) disediakan tempat tetap (dalam tulang sulbi bapa kamu atau di bumi), dan tempat simpanan (dalam rahim ibu atau dalam kubur). Sesungguhnya Kami telah jelaskan tanda-tanda kebesaran (Kami) satu persatu bagi orang-orang yang mengerti (secara mendalam).

وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجْنَا بِهِ نَبَاتَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ فَأَخْرَجْنَا مِنْهُ خَضِرًا نُّخْرِجُ مِنْهُ حَبًّا مُّتَرَاكِبًا وَمِنَ النَّخْلِ مِن طَلْعِهَا قِنْوَانٌ دَانِيَةٌ وَجَنَّاتٍ مِّنْ أَعْنَابٍ وَالزَّيْتُونَ وَالرُّمَّانَ مُشْتَبِهًا وَغَيْرَ مُتَشَابِهٍ ۗ انظُرُوا إِلَىٰ ثَمَرِهِ إِذَا أَثْمَرَ وَيَنْعِهِ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكُمْ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Sahih International

And it is He who sends down rain from the sky, and We produce thereby the growth of all things. We produce from it greenery from which We produce grains arranged in layers. And from the palm trees - of its emerging fruit are clusters hanging low. And [We produce] gardens of grapevines and olives and pomegranates, similar yet varied. Look at [each of] its fruit when it yields and [at] its ripening. Indeed in that are signs for a people who believe.

Malay

Dan Dia lah yang menurunkan hujan dari langit lalu Kami tumbuhkan dengan air hujan itu segala jenis tumbuh-tumbuhan, kemudian Kami keluarkan daripadanya tanaman yang menghijau, Kami keluarkan pula dari tanaman itu butir-butir (buah) yang bergugus-gugus; dan dari pohon-pohon tamar (kurma), dari mayang-mayangnya (Kami keluarkan) tandan-tandan buah yang mudah dicapai dan dipetik; dan (Kami jadikan) kebun-kebun dari anggur dan zaiton serta buah delima, yang bersamaan (bentuk, rupa dan rasanya) dan yang tidak bersamaan. Perhatikanlah kamu kepada buahnya apabila ia berbuah, dan ketika masaknya. Sesungguhnya yang demikian itu mengandungi tanda-tanda (yang menunjukkan kekuasaan Kami) bagi orang-orang yang beriman.

وَجَعَلُوا لِلَّهِ شُرَكَاءَ الْجِنَّ وَخَلَقَهُمْ ۖ وَخَرَقُوا لَهُ بَنِينَ وَبَنَاتٍ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۚ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ

Malay

Dan mereka menjadikan jin sekutu bagi Allah, padahal Allah jualah yang mencipta jin-jin itu; dan mereka berdusta terhadap Allah dengan mengada-adakan bagiNya anak-anak lelaki dan anak-anak perempuan, dengan tidak berdasarkan sebarang pengetahuan. Maha Suci Allah dan Maha Tinggilah Ia dari apa yang mereka sifatkan!

Sahih International

But they have attributed to Allah partners - the jinn, while He has created them - and have fabricated for Him sons and daughters without knowledge. Exalted is He and high above what they describe.

ﯿ

بَدِيعُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لَهُ وَلَدٌ وَلَمْ تَكُن لَّهُ صَاحِبَةٌ ۖ وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ ۖ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

Malay

(Dia lah) yang menciptakan langit dan bumi. Bagaimanakah Ia mempunyai anak sedang Ia tidak mempunyai isteri? Ia pula yang menciptakan tiap-tiap sesuatu, dan Dia lah Yang Maha Mengetahui akan segala-galanya.

Sahih International

[He is] Originator of the heavens and the earth. How could He have a son when He does not have a companion and He created all things? And He is, of all things, Knowing.

ذَٰلِكُمُ اللَّهُ رَبُّكُمْ ۖ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ فَاعْبُدُوهُ ۚ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَكِيلٌ

Sahih International

That is Allah , your Lord; there is no deity except Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He is Disposer of all things.

Malay

Yang demikian (sifat-sifatNya dan kekuasaanNya) ialah Allah Tuhan kamu, tiada Tuhan (yang berhak disembah) melainkan Dia, yang menciptakan tiap-tiap sesuatu, maka beribadatlah kamu kepadaNya. Dan (ingatlah) Dia lah yang mentadbirkan segala-galanya.

لَّا تُدْرِكُهُ الْأَبْصَارُ وَهُوَ يُدْرِكُ الْأَبْصَارَ ۖ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيفُ الْخَبِيرُ

Malay

Ia tidak dapat dilihat dan diliputi oleh penglihatan mata, sedang Ia dapat melihat (dan mengetahui hakikat) segala penglihatan (mata), dan Dia lah Yang Maha Halus (melayan hamba-hambaNya dengan belas kasihan), lagi Maha Mendalam pengetahuanNya.

Sahih International

Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted.

ﭿ

قَدْ جَاءَكُم بَصَائِرُ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ ۖ فَمَنْ أَبْصَرَ فَلِنَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَنْ عَمِيَ فَعَلَيْهَا ۚ وَمَا أَنَا عَلَيْكُم بِحَفِيظٍ

Malay

(Katakanlah wahai Muhammad): "Sesungguhnya telah datang kepada kamu keterangan-keterangan (dalil-dalil dan bukti) dari Tuhan kamu; oleh itu sesiapa melihat (kebenaran itu serta menerimanya) maka faedahnya terpulang kepada dirinya sendiri, dan sesiapa buta (dan enggan menerimanya) maka bahayanya tertimpalah ke atas dirinya sendiri. Dan tiadalah aku berkewajipan menjaga dan mengawasi kamu".

Sahih International

There has come to you enlightenment from your Lord. So whoever will see does so for [the benefit of] his soul, and whoever is blind [does harm] against it. And [say], "I am not a guardian over you."

وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُصَرِّفُ الْآيَاتِ وَلِيَقُولُوا دَرَسْتَ وَلِنُبَيِّنَهُ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ

Sahih International

And thus do We diversify the verses so the disbelievers will say, "You have studied," and so We may make the Qur'an clear for a people who know.

Malay

Dan demikianlah Kami menerangkan ayat-ayat keterangan Kami satu persatu (dengan berbagai cara, untuk menimbulkan keingkaran mereka) dan supaya mereka (yang ingkar itu menuduhmu dengan) berkata: "Engkau telah mempelajarinya (dari orang-orang lain) ", dan supaya kami menerangkan (Al-Quran) itu kepada orang-orang yang (mahu) mengetahui.

اتَّبِعْ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ ۖ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Malay

Ikutlah apa yang telah diwahyukan kepadamu dari Tuhanmu, tiada Tuhan (yang berhak disembah) melainkan Dia, dan berpalinglah dari orang-orang musyrik.

Sahih International

Follow, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you from your Lord - there is no deity except Him - and turn away from those who associate others with Allah .

وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مَا أَشْرَكُوا ۗ وَمَا جَعَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا ۖ وَمَا أَنتَ عَلَيْهِم بِوَكِيلٍ

Sahih International

But if Allah had willed, they would not have associated. And We have not appointed you over them as a guardian, nor are you a manager over them.

Malay

Dan kalau Allah menghendaki, nescaya mereka tidak mempersekutukanNya; dan Kami tidak menjadikan engkau (wahai Muhammad) penjaga dan pengawal mereka, dan engkau pula bukanlah wakil yang menguruskan hal-hal mereka (kerana semuanya itu terserah kepada Allah semata-mata).

وَلَا تَسُبُّوا الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ فَيَسُبُّوا اللَّهَ عَدْوًا بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۗ كَذَٰلِكَ زَيَّنَّا لِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ عَمَلَهُمْ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِم مَّرْجِعُهُمْ فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Sahih International

And do not insult those they invoke other than Allah , lest they insult Allah in enmity without knowledge. Thus We have made pleasing to every community their deeds. Then to their Lord is their return, and He will inform them about what they used to do.

Malay

Dan janganlah kamu cerca benda-benda yang mereka sembah yang lain dari Allah, kerana mereka kelak, akan mencerca Allah secara melampaui batas dengan ketiadaan pengetahuan. Demikianlah Kami memperelokkan pada pandangan tiap-tiap umat akan amal perbuatan mereka, kemudian kepada Tuhan merekalah tempat kembali mereka, lalu Ia menerangkan kepada mereka apa yang mereka telah lakukan.

ﯿ

وَأَقْسَمُوا بِاللَّهِ جَهْدَ أَيْمَانِهِمْ لَئِن جَاءَتْهُمْ آيَةٌ لَّيُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهَا ۚ قُلْ إِنَّمَا الْآيَاتُ عِندَ اللَّهِ ۖ وَمَا يُشْعِرُكُمْ أَنَّهَا إِذَا جَاءَتْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Malay

Dan mereka pula bersumpah dengan nama Allah, dengan menegaskan sumpah mereka bersungguh-sungguh, bahawa sesungguhnya jika datang kepada mereka sesuatu mukjizat (sebagaimana yang mereka minta itu), tentulah mereka akan beriman kepadanya. Katakanlah (wahai Muhammad): "Bahawa soal mendatangkan mukjizat-mukjizat itu hanyalah Allah yang menentukannya, dan kamu tidak menyedari (wahai orang-orang Islam), bahawa apabila mukjizat-mukjizat (yang mereka minta) itu datang, mereka juga tidak akan beriman.

Sahih International

And they swear by Allah their strongest oaths that if a sign came to them, they would surely believe in it. Say, "The signs are only with Allah ." And what will make you perceive that even if a sign came, they would not believe.

وَنُقَلِّبُ أَفْئِدَتَهُمْ وَأَبْصَارَهُمْ كَمَا لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا بِهِ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَنَذَرُهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ

Malay

Dan kami palingkan hati mereka dan pemandangan mereka sebagaimana mereka telah tidak (mahu) beriman kepada (ayat-ayat Kami ketika datang kepada mereka) pada awal mulanya, dan Kami biarkan mereka meraba-raba di dalam kesesatannya dengan bingung.

Sahih International

And We will turn away their hearts and their eyes just as they refused to believe in it the first time. And We will leave them in their transgression, wandering blindly.

وَلَوْ أَنَّنَا نَزَّلْنَا إِلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةَ وَكَلَّمَهُمُ الْمَوْتَىٰ وَحَشَرْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ قُبُلًا مَّا كَانُوا لِيُؤْمِنُوا إِلَّا أَن يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَجْهَلُونَ

Sahih International

And even if We had sent down to them the angels [with the message] and the dead spoke to them [of it] and We gathered together every [created] thing in front of them, they would not believe unless Allah should will. But most of them, [of that], are ignorant.

Malay

Dan jika Kami turunkan malaikat pun kepada mereka, dan orang-orang yang mati (hidup semula lalu) berkata-kata dengan mereka, dan kami himpunkan pula tiap-tiap sesuatu di hadapan mereka (untuk menjadi saksi tentang kebenaran Nabi Muhammad), nescaya mereka tidak juga akan beriman, kecuali jika dikehendaki Allah; tetapi kebanyakan mereka tidak mengetahui (hakikat yang sebenar).

ﭿ

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِيٍّ عَدُوًّا شَيَاطِينَ الْإِنسِ وَالْجِنِّ يُوحِي بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَىٰ بَعْضٍ زُخْرُفَ الْقَوْلِ غُرُورًا ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ مَا فَعَلُوهُ ۖ فَذَرْهُمْ وَمَا يَفْتَرُونَ

Sahih International

And thus We have made for every prophet an enemy - devils from mankind and jinn, inspiring to one another decorative speech in delusion. But if your Lord had willed, they would not have done it, so leave them and that which they invent.

Malay

Dan demikianlah Kami jadikan bagi tiap-tiap Nabi itu musuh dari Syaitan-syaitan manusia dan jin, setengahnya membisikkan kepada setengahnya yang lain kata-kata dusta yang indah-indah susunannya untuk memperdaya pendengarnya. Dan jika Tuhanmu menghendaki, tentulah mereka tidak melakukannya. Oleh itu, biarkanlah mereka dan apa yang mereka ada-adakan (dari perbuatan yang kufur dan dusta) itu.

وَلِتَصْغَىٰ إِلَيْهِ أَفْئِدَةُ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ وَلِيَرْضَوْهُ وَلِيَقْتَرِفُوا مَا هُم مُّقْتَرِفُونَ

Sahih International

And [it is] so the hearts of those who disbelieve in the Hereafter will incline toward it and that they will be satisfied with it and that they will commit that which they are committing.

Malay

Dan juga supaya hati orang-orang yang tidak beriman kepada hari akhirat cenderung kepada bisikan itu, dan supaya disetujui oleh mereka, dan juga supaya mereka (terus) melakukan apa yang mereka lakukan itu.

أَفَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ أَبْتَغِي حَكَمًا وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكِتَابَ مُفَصَّلًا ۚ وَالَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مُنَزَّلٌ مِّن رَّبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ

Malay

(Katakanlah wahai Muhammad): "Patutkah aku (terpedaya dengan kata-kata dusta Syaitan-syaitan itu sehingga aku) hendak mencari hakim selain dari Allah, padahal Dia lah yang menurunkan kepada kamu kitab Al-Quran yang jelas nyata kandungannya satu persatu (tentang yang benar dan yang salah)?" Dan orang-orang yang Kami berikan kitab, mengetahui bahawa Al-Quran itu adalah diturunkan dari Tuhanmu dengan sebenar-benarnya. Oleh itu, jangan sekali-kali engkau menjadi (salah seorang) dari golongan yang ragu-ragu.

Sahih International

[Say], "Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?" And those to whom We [previously] gave the Scripture know that it is sent down from your Lord in truth, so never be among the doubters.

وَتَمَّتْ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ صِدْقًا وَعَدْلًا ۚ لَّا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِهِ ۚ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

Sahih International

And the word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can alter His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

Malay

Dan telah sempurnalah Kalimah Tuhanmu (Al-Quran, meliputi hukum-hukum dan janji-janjiNya) dengan benar dan adil; tiada sesiapa yang dapat mengubah sesuatupun dari Kalimah-kalimahNya; dan Dia lah yang sentiasa Mendengar, lagi sentiasa Mengetahui.

وَإِن تُطِعْ أَكْثَرَ مَن فِي الْأَرْضِ يُضِلُّوكَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۚ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَإِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَخْرُصُونَ

Sahih International

And if you obey most of those upon the earth, they will mislead you from the way of Allah . They follow not except assumption, and they are not but falsifying.

Malay

Dan jika engkau menurut kebanyakan orang yang ada di muka bumi, nescaya mereka akan menyesatkanmu dari jalan Allah; tiadalah yang mereka turut melainkan sangkaan semata-mata, dan mereka tidak lain hanyalah berdusta.

إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مَن يَضِلُّ عَن سَبِيلِهِ ۖ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ

Sahih International

Indeed, your Lord is most knowing of who strays from His way, and He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided.

Malay

Sesungguhnya Tuhanmu, Dia lah yang lebih mengetahui akan sesiapa yang sesat dari jalannya, dan Dia lah yang lebih mengetahui akan orang-orang yang mendapat petunjuk.

ﯿ

فَكُلُوا مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ إِن كُنتُم بِآيَاتِهِ مُؤْمِنِينَ

Malay

Maka makanlah dari (sembelihan binatang-binatang halal) yang disebut nama Allah ketika menyembelihnya, jika betul kamu beriman kepada ayat-ayatNya.

Sahih International

So eat of that [meat] upon which the name of Allah has been mentioned, if you are believers in His verses.

وَمَا لَكُمْ أَلَّا تَأْكُلُوا مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَقَدْ فَصَّلَ لَكُم مَّا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِلَّا مَا اضْطُرِرْتُمْ إِلَيْهِ ۗ وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا لَّيُضِلُّونَ بِأَهْوَائِهِم بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُعْتَدِينَ

Malay

Dan tidak ada sebab bagi kamu, (yang menjadikan) kamu tidak mahu makan dari (sembelihan binatang-binatang halal) yang disebut nama Allah ketika menyembelihnya, padahal Allah telah menerangkan satu persatu kepada kamu apa yang diharamkanNya atas kamu, kecuali apa yang kamu terpaksa memakannya? Dan sesungguhnya kebanyakan manusia hendak menyesatkan dengan hawa nafsu mereka dengan tidak berdasarkan pengetahuan. Sesungguhnya Tuhanmu, Dia lah yang lebih mengetahui akan orang-orang yang melampaui batas.

Sahih International

And why should you not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has been mentioned while He has explained in detail to you what He has forbidden you, excepting that to which you are compelled. And indeed do many lead [others] astray through their [own] inclinations without knowledge. Indeed, your Lord - He is most knowing of the transgressors.

ﭿ

وَذَرُوا ظَاهِرَ الْإِثْمِ وَبَاطِنَهُ ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْسِبُونَ الْإِثْمَ سَيُجْزَوْنَ بِمَا كَانُوا يَقْتَرِفُونَ

Malay

Dan tinggalkanlah kamu dosa yang nyata dan yang tersembunyi. Kerana sesungguhnya orang-orang yang berusaha melakukan dosa, mereka akan dibalas dengan apa yang mereka telah lakukan.

Sahih International

And leave what is apparent of sin and what is concealed thereof. Indeed, those who earn [blame for] sin will be recompensed for that which they used to commit.

وَلَا تَأْكُلُوا مِمَّا لَمْ يُذْكَرِ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَفِسْقٌ ۗ وَإِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ لَيُوحُونَ إِلَىٰ أَوْلِيَائِهِمْ لِيُجَادِلُوكُمْ ۖ وَإِنْ أَطَعْتُمُوهُمْ إِنَّكُمْ لَمُشْرِكُونَ

Sahih International

And do not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has not been mentioned, for indeed, it is grave disobedience. And indeed do the devils inspire their allies [among men] to dispute with you. And if you were to obey them, indeed, you would be associators [of others with Him].

Malay

Dan janganlah kamu makan dari (sembelihan binatang-binatang halal) yang tidak disebut nama Allah ketika menyembelihnya, kerana sesungguhnya yang sedemikian itu adalah perbuatan fasik (berdosa); dan sesungguhnya Syaitan-syaitan itu membisikkan kepada pengikut-pengikutnya, supaya mereka membantah (menghasut) kamu; dan jika kamu menurut hasutan mereka (untuk menghalalkan yang haram itu), sesungguhnya kamu tetap menjadi orang-orang musyrik.

أَوَمَن كَانَ مَيْتًا فَأَحْيَيْنَاهُ وَجَعَلْنَا لَهُ نُورًا يَمْشِي بِهِ فِي النَّاسِ كَمَن مَّثَلُهُ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ لَيْسَ بِخَارِجٍ مِّنْهَا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ زُيِّنَ لِلْكَافِرِينَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Sahih International

And is one who was dead and We gave him life and made for him light by which to walk among the people like one who is in darkness, never to emerge therefrom? Thus it has been made pleasing to the disbelievers that which they were doing.

Malay

Dan adakah orang yang mati (hatinya dengan kufur), kemudian Kami hidupkan dia semula (dengan hidayah petunjuk), dan Kami jadikan baginya cahaya (iman) yang menerangi (sehingga dapatlah ia membezakan antara yang benar dengan yang salah, dan dapatlah) ia berjalan dengan suluhan cahaya itu dalam masyarakat manusia, (adakah orang yang demikian keadaannya) sama seperti yang tinggal tetap di dalam gelap-gelita (kufur), yang tidak dapat keluar sama sekali daripadanya? Demikianlah (sebagaimana iman itu diperlihatkan keelokannya kepada orang-orang yang beriman), diperlihatkan pula pada pandangan orang-orang yang kafir itu akan keelokan apa yang mereka telah lakukan (dari perbuatan kufur dan segala jenis maksiat).

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَا فِي كُلِّ قَرْيَةٍ أَكَابِرَ مُجْرِمِيهَا لِيَمْكُرُوا فِيهَا ۖ وَمَا يَمْكُرُونَ إِلَّا بِأَنفُسِهِمْ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ

Malay

Dan demikianlah Kami adakan dalam tiap-tiap negeri orang-orang besar yang jahat supaya mereka melakukan tipu daya di negeri itu, padahal tiadalah mereka memperdayakan selain dari dirinya sendiri (kerana merekalah yang akan menerima akibatnya yang buruk), sedang mereka tidak menyedarinya.

Sahih International

And thus We have placed within every city the greatest of its criminals to conspire therein. But they conspire not except against themselves, and they perceive [it] not.

ﯿ

وَإِذَا جَاءَتْهُمْ آيَةٌ قَالُوا لَن نُّؤْمِنَ حَتَّىٰ نُؤْتَىٰ مِثْلَ مَا أُوتِيَ رُسُلُ اللَّهِ ۘ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ حَيْثُ يَجْعَلُ رِسَالَتَهُ ۗ سَيُصِيبُ الَّذِينَ أَجْرَمُوا صَغَارٌ عِندَ اللَّهِ وَعَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَمْكُرُونَ

Sahih International

And when a sign comes to them, they say, "Never will we believe until we are given like that which was given to the messengers of Allah ." Allah is most knowing of where He places His message. There will afflict those who committed crimes debasement before Allah and severe punishment for what they used to conspire.

Malay

Dan apabila datang kepada mereka sesuatu keterangan, mereka berkata: "Kami tidak akan beriman sehingga kami juga diberi (wahyu) sama seperti yang telah diberikan kepada pesuruh-pesuruh Allah". Allah lebih mengetahui di mana (dan kepada siapakah yang sepatutnya) Ia berikan jawatan Rasul (dan wahyu) yang diberikanNya itu. Orang-orang yang melakukan perbuatan yang salah itu akan ditimpa kehinaan di sisi Allah, dan azab seksa yang amat berat, disebabkan perbuatan tipu daya yang mereka lakukan.

فَمَن يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَن يَهْدِيَهُ يَشْرَحْ صَدْرَهُ لِلْإِسْلَامِ ۖ وَمَن يُرِدْ أَن يُضِلَّهُ يَجْعَلْ صَدْرَهُ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجًا كَأَنَّمَا يَصَّعَّدُ فِي السَّمَاءِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَجْعَلُ اللَّهُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Sahih International

So whoever Allah wants to guide - He expands his breast to [contain] Islam; and whoever He wants to misguide - He makes his breast tight and constricted as though he were climbing into the sky. Thus does Allah place defilement upon those who do not believe.

Malay

Maka sesiapa yang Allah kehendaki untuk memberi hidayah petunjuk kepadanya nescaya Ia melapangkan dadanya (membuka hatinya) untuk menerima Islam; dan sesiapa yang Allah kehendaki untuk menyesatkannya, nescaya Ia menjadikan dadanya sesak sempit sesempit-sempitnya, seolah-olah ia sedang mendaki naik ke langit (dengan susah payahnya). Demikianlah Allah menimpakan azab kepada orang-orang yang tidak beriman.

وَهَٰذَا صِرَاطُ رَبِّكَ مُسْتَقِيمًا ۗ قَدْ فَصَّلْنَا الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَذَّكَّرُونَ

Malay

Dan inilah jalan Tuhanmu (ugama Islam) yang betul lurus. Sesungguhnya Kami telah menjelaskan ayat-ayat keterangan (Kami) satu persatu, bagi kaum yang mahu beringat - insaf.

Sahih International

And this is the path of your Lord, [leading] straight. We have detailed the verses for a people who remember.

ﭿ

لَهُمْ دَارُ السَّلَامِ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ ۖ وَهُوَ وَلِيُّهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Sahih International

For them will be the Home of Peace with their Lord. And He will be their protecting friend because of what they used to do.

Malay

Bagi merekalah Syurga Darus-Salaam (tempat tinggal yang aman sejahtera) di sisi Tuhan mereka, dan Dia lah Penolong mereka, disebabkan amal-amal (yang baik) yang mereka telah kerjakan.

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