VERSES
112
PAGES
322-331

Name

The name of this Surah has not been taken from any verse but it has been called Al-Anbiyaa because it contains a continuous account of many Anbiyaa (Prophets). Nevertheless, it is a symbolic name and not a title.

Period of Revelation

Both the subject matter and the style of the Surah indicate that it was sent down in the third stage of the life of the Holy Prophet at Makkah.(Sea Introduction to Chapter VI).

Subject and Topics

This Surah discusses the conflict between the Holy Prophet and the chiefs of Makkah, which was rampant at the time of its Revelation and answers those objections and doubts which were being put forward concerning his Prophethood and the Doctrines of Tauhid and the Hereafter. The chiefs of Makkah have also been rebuked for their machinations against the Holy Prophet and warned of the evil consequences of their wicked activities. They have been admonished to give up their indifference and heedlessness that they were showing about the Message. At the end of the Surah, they have been told that the person whom they considered to be a "distress and affliction" had in reality come to them as a blessing.

Main Themes

In vv. 1-47, the following themes have been discussed in particular :

  1. The objection of the disbelievers that a human being could not be a Messenger and therefore they could not accept Muhammad (peace be upon him) as a Prophet, has been refuted.

  2. They have been taken to task for raising multifarious and contradictory objections against the Holy Prophet and the Qur'an.

  3. Their wrong conception of life has been proved to be false because it was responsible for their indifferent and heedless attitude towards the Message of the Holy Prophet. They believed that life was merely a sport and pastime and had no purpose behind or before it and there was no accountability or reward or punishment.

  4. The main cause of the conflict between the disbelievers and the Holy Prophet was their insistence on the doctrine of shirk and antagonism to the Doctrine of Tauhid. So the doctrine of skirk has been refuted and the Doctrine of Tauhid reinforced by weighty and impressive though brief arguments.

  5. Arguments and admonitions have been used to remove another misunderstanding of theirs. They presumed that Muhammad (peace be upon him) was a false prophet and his warnings of a scourge from God were empty threats, just because no scourge was visiting them in spite of their persistent rejection of the Prophet.

In vv. 48-91, instances have been cited from the important events of the life stories of the Prophets to show that all the Prophets, who were sent by God, were human beings and had all the characteristics of a man except those which were exclusive to Prophethood. They had no share in Godhead and they had to implore Allah to fulfill each and every necessity of theirs.

Along with these two other things have also been mentioned:

  1. All the Prophets had to pass through distress and affliction; their opponents did their worst to thwart their mission, but in spite of it they came out successful by the extraordinary succor from Allah.

  2. All the Prophets had one and the same "way of life', the same as was being presented by Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him), and that was the only Right Way of Life and all other ways invented and introduced by mischievous people were utterly wrong.

In vv. 92-106, it has been declared that only those who follow the Right Way, will come out successful in the final judgment of God and those who discard it shall meet with the worst consequences.

In vv. 107-112, the people have been told that it is a great favor of Allah that He has sent His Messenger to inform them beforehand of this Reality and that those, who consider his coming to be an affliction instead of a blessing, are foolish people.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

خُلِقَ الْإِنسَانُ مِنْ عَجَلٍ ۚ سَأُرِيكُمْ آيَاتِي فَلَا تَسْتَعْجِلُونِ

Urdu

انسان (کچھ ایسا جلد باز ہے کہ گویا) جلد بازی ہی سے بنایا گیا ہے۔ میں تم لوگوں کو عنقریب اپنی نشانیاں دکھاؤں گا تو تم جلدی نہ کرو

Sahih International

Man was created of haste. I will show you My signs, so do not impatiently urge Me.

Shakir

Man is created of haste; now will I show to you My signs, therefore do not ask Me to hasten (them) on.

وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هَٰذَا الْوَعْدُ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Urdu

اور کہتے ہیں کہ اگر تم سچے ہو تو (جس عذاب کا) یہ وعید (ہے وہ) کب (آئے گا)؟

Sahih International

And they say, "When is this promise, if you should be truthful?"

Shakir

And they say: When will this threat come to pass if you are truthful?

ﭿ

لَوْ يَعْلَمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا حِينَ لَا يَكُفُّونَ عَن وُجُوهِهِمُ النَّارَ وَلَا عَن ظُهُورِهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يُنصَرُونَ

Urdu

اے کاش کافر اس وقت کو جانیں جب وہ اپنے مونہوں پر سے (دوزخ کی) آگ کو روک نہ سکیں گے اور نہ اپنی پیٹھوں پر سے اور نہ ان کا کوئی مددگار ہوگا

Shakir

Had those who disbelieve but known (of the time) when they shall not be able to ward off the fire from their faces nor from their backs, nor shall they be helped.

Sahih International

If those who disbelieved but knew the time when they will not avert the Fire from their faces or from their backs and they will not be aided...

بَلْ تَأْتِيهِم بَغْتَةً فَتَبْهَتُهُمْ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ رَدَّهَا وَلَا هُمْ يُنظَرُونَ

Sahih International

Rather, it will come to them unexpectedly and bewilder them, and they will not be able to repel it, nor will they be reprieved.

Urdu

بلکہ قیامت ان پر ناگہاں آ واقع ہوگی۔ اور ان کے ہوش کھو دے گی۔ پھر نہ تو وہ اس کو ہٹا سکیں گے اور نہ ان کو مہلت دی جائے گی

Shakir

Nay, it shall come on them all of a sudden and cause them to become confounded, so they shall not have the power to avert it, nor shall they be respited.

وَلَقَدِ اسْتُهْزِئَ بِرُسُلٍ مِّن قَبْلِكَ فَحَاقَ بِالَّذِينَ سَخِرُوا مِنْهُم مَّا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ

Shakir

And certainly messengers before you were scoffed at, then there befell those of them who scoffed that at which they had scoffed.

Sahih International

And already were messengers ridiculed before you, but those who mocked them were enveloped by what they used to ridicule.

Urdu

اور تم سے پہلے بھی پیغمبروں کے ساتھ استہزاء ہوتا رہا ہے تو جو لوگ ان میں سے تمسخر کیا کرتے تھے ان کو اسی (عذاب) نے جس کی ہنسی اُڑاتے تھے آگھیرا

قُلْ مَن يَكْلَؤُكُم بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ مِنَ الرَّحْمَٰنِ ۗ بَلْ هُمْ عَن ذِكْرِ رَبِّهِم مُّعْرِضُونَ

Urdu

کہو کہ رات اور دن میں خدا سے تمہاری کون حفاظت کرسکتا ہے؟ بات یہ ہے کہ اپنے پروردگار کی یاد سے منہ پھیرے ہوئے ہیں

Sahih International

Say, "Who can protect you at night or by day from the Most Merciful?" But they are, from the remembrance of their Lord, turning away.

Shakir

Say: Who guards you by night and by day from the Beneficent Allah? Nay, they turn aside at the mention of their Lord.

أَمْ لَهُمْ آلِهَةٌ تَمْنَعُهُم مِّن دُونِنَا ۚ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ نَصْرَ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَلَا هُم مِّنَّا يُصْحَبُونَ

Urdu

کیا ہمارے سوا ان کے اور معبود ہیں کہ ان کو (مصائب سے) بچاسکیں۔ وہ آپ اپنی مدد تو کر ہی نہیں سکتے اور نہ ہم سے پناہ ہی دیئے جائیں گے

Sahih International

Or do they have gods to defend them other than Us? They are unable [even] to help themselves, nor can they be protected from Us.

Shakir

Or, have they gods who can defend them against Us? They shall not be able to assist themselves, nor shall they be defended from Us.

بَلْ مَتَّعْنَا هَٰؤُلَاءِ وَآبَاءَهُمْ حَتَّىٰ طَالَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْعُمُرُ ۗ أَفَلَا يَرَوْنَ أَنَّا نَأْتِي الْأَرْضَ نَنقُصُهَا مِنْ أَطْرَافِهَا ۚ أَفَهُمُ الْغَالِبُونَ

Shakir

Nay, We gave provision to these and their fathers until life was prolonged to them. Do they not then see that We are visiting the land, curtailing it of its sides? Shall they then prevail?

Sahih International

But, [on the contrary], We have provided good things for these [disbelievers] and their fathers until life was prolonged for them. Then do they not see that We set upon the land, reducing it from its borders? So it is they who will overcome?

Urdu

بلکہ ہم ان لوگوں کو اور ان کے باپ دادا کو متمتع کرتے رہے یہاں تک کہ (اسی حالت میں) ان کی عمریں بسر ہوگئیں۔ کیا یہ نہیں دیکھتے کہ ہم زمین کو اس کے کناروں سے گھٹاتے چلے آتے ہیں۔ تو کیا یہ لوگ غلبہ پانے والے ہیں؟

قُلْ إِنَّمَا أُنذِرُكُم بِالْوَحْيِ ۚ وَلَا يَسْمَعُ الصُّمُّ الدُّعَاءَ إِذَا مَا يُنذَرُونَ

Shakir

Say: I warn you only by revelation; and the deaf do not hear the call whenever they are warned.

Sahih International

Say, "I only warn you by revelation." But the deaf do not hear the call when they are warned.

Urdu

کہہ دو کہ میں تم کو حکم خدا کے مطابق نصیحت کرتا ہوں۔ اور بہروں کوجب نصیحت کی جائے تو وہ پکار کر سنتے ہی نہیں

وَلَئِن مَّسَّتْهُمْ نَفْحَةٌ مِّنْ عَذَابِ رَبِّكَ لَيَقُولُنَّ يَا وَيْلَنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ

Urdu

اور اگر ان کو تمہارے پروردگار کا تھوڑا سا عذاب بھی پہنچے تو کہنے لگیں کہ ہائے کم بختی ہم بےشک ستمگار تھے

Shakir

And if a blast of the chastisement of your Lord were to touch them, they will certainly say: O woe to us! surely we were unjust.

Sahih International

And if [as much as] a whiff of the punishment of your Lord should touch them, they would surely say, "O woe to us! Indeed, we have been wrongdoers."

ﭿ

وَنَضَعُ الْمَوَازِينَ الْقِسْطَ لِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَلَا تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئًا ۖ وَإِن كَانَ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍ مِّنْ خَرْدَلٍ أَتَيْنَا بِهَا ۗ وَكَفَىٰ بِنَا حَاسِبِينَ

Sahih International

And We place the scales of justice for the Day of Resurrection, so no soul will be treated unjustly at all. And if there is [even] the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it forth. And sufficient are We as accountant.

Urdu

اور ہم قیامت کے دن انصاف کی ترازو کھڑی کریں گے تو کسی شخص کی ذرا بھی حق تلفی نہ کی جائے گی۔ اور اگر رائی کے دانے کے برابر بھی (کسی کا عمل) ہوگا تو ہم اس کو لاحاضر کریں گے۔ اور ہم حساب کرنے کو کافی ہیں

Shakir

And We will set up a just balance on the day of resurrection, so no soul shall be dealt with unjustly in the least; and though there be the weight of a grain of mustard seed, (yet) will We bring it, and sufficient are We to take account.

وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ الْفُرْقَانَ وَضِيَاءً وَذِكْرًا لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

Sahih International

And We had already given Moses and Aaron the criterion and a light and a reminder for the righteous

Urdu

اور ہم نے موسیٰ اور ہارون کو (ہدایت اور گمراہی میں) فرق کر دینے والی اور (سرتاپا) روشنی اور نصیحت (کی کتاب) عطا کی (یعنی) پرہیز گاروں کے لئے

Shakir

And certainly We gave to Musa and Haroun the Furqan and a light and a reminder for those who would guard (against evil).

الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُم بِالْغَيْبِ وَهُم مِّنَ السَّاعَةِ مُشْفِقُونَ

Urdu

جو بن دیکھے اپنے پروردگار سے ڈرتے ہیں اور قیامت کا بھی خوف رکھتے ہیں

Sahih International

Who fear their Lord unseen, while they are of the Hour apprehensive.

Shakir

(For) those who fear their Lord in secret and they are fearful of the hour.

وَهَٰذَا ذِكْرٌ مُّبَارَكٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ ۚ أَفَأَنتُمْ لَهُ مُنكِرُونَ

Urdu

یہ مبارک نصیحت ہے جسے ہم نے نازل فرمایا ہے تو کیا تم اس سے انکار کرتے ہو؟

Sahih International

And this [Qur'an] is a blessed message which We have sent down. Then are you with it unacquainted?

Shakir

And this is a blessed Reminder which We have revealed; will you then deny it?

وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ رُشْدَهُ مِن قَبْلُ وَكُنَّا بِهِ عَالِمِينَ

Sahih International

And We had certainly given Abraham his sound judgement before, and We were of him well-Knowing

Urdu

اور ہم نے ابراہیمؑ کو پہلے ہی سے ہدایت دی تھی اور ہم ان کے حال سے واقف تھے

Shakir

And certainly We gave to Ibrahim his rectitude before, and We knew him fully well.

إِذْ قَالَ لِأَبِيهِ وَقَوْمِهِ مَا هَٰذِهِ التَّمَاثِيلُ الَّتِي أَنتُمْ لَهَا عَاكِفُونَ

Shakir

When he said to his father and his people: What are these images to whose worship you cleave?

Sahih International

When he said to his father and his people, "What are these statues to which you are devoted?"

Urdu

جب انہوں نے اپنے باپ اور اپنی قوم کے لوگوں سے کہا یہ کیا مورتیں ہیں جن (کی پرستش) پر تم معتکف (وقائم) ہو؟

قَالُوا وَجَدْنَا آبَاءَنَا لَهَا عَابِدِينَ

Urdu

وہ کہنے لگے کہ ہم نے اپنے باپ دادا کو ان کی پرستش کرتے دیکھا ہے

Sahih International

They said, "We found our fathers worshippers of them."

Shakir

They said: We found our fathers worshipping them.

قَالَ لَقَدْ كُنتُمْ أَنتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُمْ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

Shakir

He said: Certainly you have been, (both) you and your fathers, in manifest error.

Urdu

(ابراہیم نے) کہا کہ تم بھی (گمراہ ہو) اور تمہارے باپ دادا بھی صریح گمراہی میں پڑے رہے

Sahih International

He said, "You were certainly, you and your fathers, in manifest error."

قَالُوا أَجِئْتَنَا بِالْحَقِّ أَمْ أَنتَ مِنَ اللَّاعِبِينَ

Urdu

وہ بولے کیا تم ہمارے پاس (واقعی) حق لائے ہو یا (ہم سے) کھیل (کی باتیں) کرتے ہو؟

Sahih International

They said, "Have you come to us with truth, or are you of those who jest?"

Shakir

They said: Have you brought to us the truth, or are you one of the triflers?

قَالَ بَل رَّبُّكُمْ رَبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ الَّذِي فَطَرَهُنَّ وَأَنَا عَلَىٰ ذَٰلِكُم مِّنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ

Shakir

He said: Nay! your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, Who brought them into existence, and I am of those who bear witness to this:

Urdu

(ابراہیم نے) کہا (نہیں) بلکہ تمہارا پروردگار آسمانوں اور زمین کا پروردگار ہے جس نے ان کو پیدا کیا ہے۔ اور میں اس (بات) کا گواہ (اور اسی کا قائل) ہوں

Sahih International

He said, "[No], rather, your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth who created them, and I, to that, am of those who testify.

ﯿ

وَتَاللَّهِ لَأَكِيدَنَّ أَصْنَامَكُم بَعْدَ أَن تُوَلُّوا مُدْبِرِينَ

Sahih International

And [I swear] by Allah , I will surely plan against your idols after you have turned and gone away."

Shakir

And, by Allah! I will certainly do something against your idols after you go away, turning back.

Urdu

اور خدا کی قسم جب تم پیٹھ پھیر کر چلے جاؤ گے تو میں تمہارے بتوں سے ایک چال چلوں گا

فَجَعَلَهُمْ جُذَاذًا إِلَّا كَبِيرًا لَّهُمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ إِلَيْهِ يَرْجِعُونَ

Urdu

پھر ان کو توڑ کر ریزہ ریزہ کردیا مگر ایک بڑے (بت) کو (نہ توڑا) تاکہ وہ اس کی طرف رجوع کریں

Shakir

So he broke them into pieces, except the chief of them, that haply they may return to it.

Sahih International

So he made them into fragments, except a large one among them, that they might return to it [and question].

قَالُوا مَن فَعَلَ هَٰذَا بِآلِهَتِنَا إِنَّهُ لَمِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Sahih International

They said, "Who has done this to our gods? Indeed, he is of the wrongdoers."

Shakir

They said: Who has done this to our gods? Most surely he is one of the unjust.

Urdu

کہنے لگے کہ ہمارے معبودوں کے ساتھ یہ معاملہ کس نے کیا؟ وہ تو کوئی ظالم ہے

قَالُوا سَمِعْنَا فَتًى يَذْكُرُهُمْ يُقَالُ لَهُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ

Shakir

They said: We heard a youth called Ibrahim speak of them.

Sahih International

They said, "We heard a young man mention them who is called Abraham."

Urdu

لوگوں نے کہا کہ ہم نے ایک جوان کو ان کا ذکر کرتے ہوئے سنا ہے اس کو ابراہیم کہتے ہیں

قَالُوا فَأْتُوا بِهِ عَلَىٰ أَعْيُنِ النَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَشْهَدُونَ

Sahih International

They said, "Then bring him before the eyes of the people that they may testify."

Shakir

Said they: Then bring him before the eyes of the people, perhaps they may bear witness.

Urdu

وہ بولے کہ اسے لوگوں کے سامنے لاؤ تاکہ گواہ رہیں

قَالُوا أَأَنتَ فَعَلْتَ هَٰذَا بِآلِهَتِنَا يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ

Urdu

(جب ابراہیم آئے تو) بت پرستوں نے کہا کہ ابراہیم بھلا یہ کام ہمارے معبودوں کے ساتھ تم نے کیا ہے؟

Shakir

They said: Have you done this to our gods, O Ibrahim?

Sahih International

They said, "Have you done this to our gods, O Abraham?"

ﭿ

قَالَ بَلْ فَعَلَهُ كَبِيرُهُمْ هَٰذَا فَاسْأَلُوهُمْ إِن كَانُوا يَنطِقُونَ

Shakir

He said: Surely (some doer) has done it; the chief of them is this, therefore ask them, if they can speak.

Sahih International

He said, "Rather, this - the largest of them - did it, so ask them, if they should [be able to] speak."

Urdu

(ابراہیم نے) کہا (نہیں) بلکہ یہ ان کے اس بڑے (بت) نے کیا (ہوگا)۔ اگر یہ بولتے ہیں تو ان سے پوچھ لو

فَرَجَعُوا إِلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ فَقَالُوا إِنَّكُمْ أَنتُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ

Urdu

انہوں نے اپنے دل غور کیا تو آپس میں کہنے لگے بےشک تم ہی بےانصاف ہو

Shakir

Then they turned to themselves and said: Surely you yourselves are the unjust;

Sahih International

So they returned to [blaming] themselves and said [to each other], "Indeed, you are the wrongdoers."

ثُمَّ نُكِسُوا عَلَىٰ رُءُوسِهِمْ لَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ مَا هَٰؤُلَاءِ يَنطِقُونَ

Sahih International

Then they reversed themselves, [saying], "You have already known that these do not speak!"

Shakir

Then they were made to hang down their heads: Certainly you know that they do not speak.

Urdu

پھر (شرمندہ ہو کر) سر نیچا کرلیا (اس پر بھی ابراہیم سے کہنے لگے کہ) تم جانتے ہو یہ بولتے نہیں

قَالَ أَفَتَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَنفَعُكُمْ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَضُرُّكُمْ

Sahih International

He said, "Then do you worship instead of Allah that which does not benefit you at all or harm you?

Shakir

He said: What! do you then serve besides Allah what brings you not any benefit at all, nor does it harm you?

Urdu

(ابراہیم نے) کہا پھر تم خدا کو چھوڑ کر کیوں ایسی چیزوں کو پوجتے ہو جو نہ تمہیں کچھ فائدہ دے سکیں اور نقصان پہنچا سکیں؟

أُفٍّ لَّكُمْ وَلِمَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ ۖ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ

Urdu

تف ہے تم پر اور جن کو تم خدا کے سوا پوجتے ہو ان پر بھی کیا تم عقل نہیں رکھتے؟

Shakir

Fie on you and on what you serve besides Allah; what! do you not then understand?

Sahih International

Uff to you and to what you worship instead of Allah . Then will you not use reason?"

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