VERSES
99
PAGES
262-267

Name

This Surah takes its name from v. 80.

Period of Revelation

It is clear from its topics and style that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Surah Ibrahim, for two things are quite prominent in its background. First, it appears from the repeated warnings in this Surah that in spite of the fact that the Holy Prophet had been propagating the Message for many years, his people in general had not shown any inclination towards its acceptance nay, they had become more and more obdurate and stubborn in their antagonism, enmity and ridicule with the passage of time. Secondly, by that time the Holy Prophet had begun to feel a little tired of making strenuous efforts to eradicate disbelief and opposition of his people. That is why Allah has consoled and comforted him over and over again by way of encouragement.

Topics and the Central Theme

Though the main topics of the surah are:

  1. warning to those who rejected his Message, opposed it tooth and nail, and ridiculed him, and

  2. comfort and encouragement to the Holy Prophet,

It does not mean that this Surah does not contain admonition and instructions. As a matter of fact, the Quran never confines itself to mere warning; rebuke and censure, but resorts to precept in every suitable place. Accordingly, this Surah contains brief arguments for Tauhid on the one hand, and admonition in the story of Adam and Satan on the other.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَقَضَيْنَا إِلَيْهِ ذَٰلِكَ الْأَمْرَ أَنَّ دَابِرَ هَٰؤُلَاءِ مَقْطُوعٌ مُّصْبِحِينَ

Sahih International

And We conveyed to him [the decree] of that matter: that those [sinners] would be eliminated by early morning.

وَجَاءَ أَهْلُ الْمَدِينَةِ يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ

Sahih International

And the people of the city came rejoicing.

قَالَ إِنَّ هَٰؤُلَاءِ ضَيْفِي فَلَا تَفْضَحُونِ

Sahih International

[Lot] said, "Indeed, these are my guests, so do not shame me.

وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلَا تُخْزُونِ

Sahih International

And fear Allah and do not disgrace me."

ﯿ

قَالُوا أَوَلَمْ نَنْهَكَ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

Sahih International

They said, "Have we not forbidden you from [protecting] people?"

قَالَ هَٰؤُلَاءِ بَنَاتِي إِن كُنتُمْ فَاعِلِينَ

Sahih International

[Lot] said, "These are my daughters - if you would be doers [of lawful marriage]."

لَعَمْرُكَ إِنَّهُمْ لَفِي سَكْرَتِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ

Sahih International

By your life, [O Muhammad], indeed they were, in their intoxication, wandering blindly.

فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّيْحَةُ مُشْرِقِينَ

Sahih International

So the shriek seized them at sunrise.

فَجَعَلْنَا عَالِيَهَا سَافِلَهَا وَأَمْطَرْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ حِجَارَةً مِّن سِجِّيلٍ

Sahih International

And We made the highest part [of the city] its lowest and rained upon them stones of hard clay.

إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّلْمُتَوَسِّمِينَ

Sahih International

Indeed in that are signs for those who discern.

وَإِنَّهَا لَبِسَبِيلٍ مُّقِيمٍ

Sahih International

And indeed, those cities are [situated] on an established road.

إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Sahih International

Indeed in that is a sign for the believers.

ﭿ

وَإِن كَانَ أَصْحَابُ الْأَيْكَةِ لَظَالِمِينَ

Sahih International

And the companions of the thicket were [also] wrongdoers.

فَانتَقَمْنَا مِنْهُمْ وَإِنَّهُمَا لَبِإِمَامٍ مُّبِينٍ

Sahih International

So We took retribution from them, and indeed, both [cities] are on a clear highway.

وَلَقَدْ كَذَّبَ أَصْحَابُ الْحِجْرِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

Sahih International

And certainly did the companions of Thamud deny the messengers.

وَآتَيْنَاهُمْ آيَاتِنَا فَكَانُوا عَنْهَا مُعْرِضِينَ

Sahih International

And We gave them Our signs, but from them they were turning away.

وَكَانُوا يَنْحِتُونَ مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا آمِنِينَ

Sahih International

And they used to carve from the mountains, houses, feeling secure.

فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّيْحَةُ مُصْبِحِينَ

Sahih International

But the shriek seized them at early morning.

فَمَا أَغْنَىٰ عَنْهُم مَّا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ

Sahih International

So nothing availed them [from] what they used to earn.

وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ ۗ وَإِنَّ السَّاعَةَ لَآتِيَةٌ ۖ فَاصْفَحِ الصَّفْحَ الْجَمِيلَ

Sahih International

And We have not created the heavens and earth and that between them except in truth. And indeed, the Hour is coming; so forgive with gracious forgiveness.

إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ الْخَلَّاقُ الْعَلِيمُ

Sahih International

Indeed, your Lord - He is the Knowing Creator.

وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَاكَ سَبْعًا مِّنَ الْمَثَانِي وَالْقُرْآنَ الْعَظِيمَ

Sahih International

And We have certainly given you, [O Muhammad], seven of the often repeated [verses] and the great Qur'an.

لَا تَمُدَّنَّ عَيْنَيْكَ إِلَىٰ مَا مَتَّعْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِّنْهُمْ وَلَا تَحْزَنْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَاخْفِضْ جَنَاحَكَ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Sahih International

Do not extend your eyes toward that by which We have given enjoyment to [certain] categories of the disbelievers, and do not grieve over them. And lower your wing to the believers

وَقُلْ إِنِّي أَنَا النَّذِيرُ الْمُبِينُ

Sahih International

And say, "Indeed, I am the clear warner" -

ﯿ

كَمَا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَى الْمُقْتَسِمِينَ

Sahih International

Just as We had revealed [scriptures] to the separators

الَّذِينَ جَعَلُوا الْقُرْآنَ عِضِينَ

Sahih International

Who have made the Qur'an into portions.

فَوَرَبِّكَ لَنَسْأَلَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Sahih International

So by your Lord, We will surely question them all

عَمَّا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Sahih International

About what they used to do.

فَاصْدَعْ بِمَا تُؤْمَرُ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Sahih International

Then declare what you are commanded and turn away from the polytheists.

إِنَّا كَفَيْنَاكَ الْمُسْتَهْزِئِينَ

Sahih International

Indeed, We are sufficient for you against the mockers

الَّذِينَ يَجْعَلُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ ۚ فَسَوْفَ يَعْلَمُونَ

Sahih International

Who make [equal] with Allah another deity. But they are going to know.

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