VERSES
165
PAGES
128-150

Name

This Surah takes its name from vv. 136, 138 and 139 in which some superstitious beliefs of the idolatrous Arabs concerning the lawfulness of some cattle (an`am) and the unlawfulness of some others have been refuted.

Period of Revelation

According to a tradition of Ibn Abbas, the whole of the Surah was revealed at one sitting at Makkah. Asma, a daughter of Yazid and a first cousin of Hadrat Mu'az-bin Jabl, says, "During the revelation of this Surah, the Holy Prophet was riding on a she-camel and I was holding her nose-string. The she-camel began to feel the weight so heavily that it seemed as if her bones would break under it." We also learn from other traditions that the Holy Prophet dictated the whole of the Surah the same night that it was revealed.

Its subject-matter clearly shows that it must have been revealed during the last year of the Holy Prophet's life at Makkah. The tradition of Asma, daughter of Yazid, also confirms this. As she belonged to the Ansar and embraced Islam after the migration of the Holy Prophet to Yathrib, her visit to the Holy Prophet at Makkah must have taken place during the last year of his life there. For before this, his relations with those people were not so intimate that a woman from there might have come to visit him at Makkah.

Occasion of Revelation

After determining the period of its revelation, it is easier to visualize the background of the Surah. Twelve years had passed since the Holy Prophet had been inviting the people to Islam. The antagonism and persecution by the Quraish had become most savage and brutal, and the majority of the Muslims had to leave their homes and migrate to Habash (Abyssinia). Above all, the two great supporters of the Holy Prophet. Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadijah, were no more to help and give strength to him. Thus he was deprived of all the worldly support. But in spite of this, he carried on his mission in the teeth of opposition. As a result of this, on the one hand, all the good people of Makkah and the surrounding clans gradually began to accept Islam ; on the other hand, the community as a whole, was bent upon obduracy and rejection. Therefore, if anyone showed any inclination towards Islam, he was subjected to taunts and derision, physical violence and social boycott. It was in these dark circumstances that a ray of hope gleamed from Yathrib, where Islam began to spread freely by the efforts of some influential people of Aus and Khazraj, who had embraced Islam at Makkah. This was a humble beginning in the march of Islam towards success and none could foresee at that time the great potentialities that lay hidden in it. For, to a casual observer, it appeared at that time as if Islam was merely a weak movement it had no material backing except the meager support of the Prophet's own family and of the few poor adherents of the Movement. Obviously the latter could not give much help because they themselves had been cast out by their own people who had become their enemies and were persecuting them.

Topics

These were the conditions, when this discourse was revealed. The main topics dealt with in this discourse may be divided under seven headings:

  1. Refutation of shirk and invitation to the creed of Tauhid.

  2. Enunciation of the doctrine of the "Life-after- death." and refutation of the wrong notion that there was nothing beyond this worldly life.

  3. Refutation of the prevalent superstitions.

  4. Enunciation of the fundamental moral principles for the building up of the Islamic Society.

  5. Answers to the objections raised against the person of the Holy Prophet and his mission.

  6. Comfort and encouragement to the Holy Prophet and his followers who were at, that time in a state of anxiety and despondency because of the apparent failure of the mission.

  7. Admonition, warning and threats to the disbelievers and opponents to give up their apathy and haughtiness. It must, however, be noted that the above topics have not been dealt with one by one under separate headings, but the discourse goes on as a continuous whole and these topics come under discussion over and over again in new and different ways.

The Background of Makki Surahs

As this is the first long Makki Surah in the order of the compilation of the Quran, it will be useful to explain the historical background of Makki Surahs in general, so that the reader may easily understand the Makki Surahs and our references to its different stages in connection with our commentary on them.

First of all, it should be noted that comparatively very little material is available in regard to the background of the revelation of Makki Surahs whereas the period of the revelation of all the Madani Surahs is known or can be determined with a little effort. There are authentic traditions even in regard to the occasions of the revelation of the majority of the verses. On the other hand, we do not have such detailed information regarding the Makki Surahs. There are only a few Surahs and verses which have authentic traditions concerning the time and occasion of their revelation. This is because the history of the Makki period had not been compiled in such detail as that of the Madani period. Therefore we have to depend on the internal evidence of these Surahs for determining the period of their revelation: for example, the topics they discuss, their subject. matter, their style and the direct or indirect references to the events and the occasions of their revelation. Thus it is obvious that with the help of such evidence as this, we cannot say with precision that such and such Surah or verse was revealed on such and such an occasion. The most we can do is to compare the internal evidence of a Surah with the events of the life of the Holy Prophet at Makkah, and then come to a more or less correct conclusion as to what particular stage a certain Surah belongs.

If we keep the above things in view, the history of the mission of the Holy Prophet at Makkah can be divided into four stages.

The first stage began with his appointment as a Messenger and ended with the proclamation of Prophethood three years later. During this period the Message was given secretly to some selected persons only, but the common people of Makkah were not aware of it.

The second stage lasted for two years after the proclamation of his Prophethood. It began with opposition by individuals: then by and by, it took the shape of antagonism, ridicule, derision,, accusation, abuse, and false propaganda then gangs were formed to persecute those Muslims who were comparatively poor, weak' and helpless.

The third stage lasted for about six years from the beginning of the persecution to the death of Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadijah in the tenth year of Prophethood. During this period, the persecution of the Muslims became' so savage and brutal that many of them were forced to migrate to Habash. Social and economic boycott was applied against the Holy Prophet and the members of his family, and those Muslims who continued to stay in Makkah were forced to take refuge in Shi'b-i-A'bi Talib which was besieged.

The fourth stage lasted for about three years from the tenth to the thirteenth year of Prophethood. This was a period of hard trials and grievous sufferings for the Holy Prophet and his followers. Life had become unendurable at Makkah and there appeared to be no place of refuge even outside it. So much so that when the Holy Prophet went to Ta'if, it offered no shelter or protection. Besides this, on the occasion of Haj, he would appeal to each and every Arab clan to accept his invitation to Islam but met with blank refusal from every quarter. At the same time, the people of Makkah were holding counsels' to get rid of him by killing or imprisoning or banishing him from their city. It was at that most critical time that Allah opened for Islam the hearts of the Ansar of Yathrab where he migrated at their invitation.

Now that we have divided the life of the Holy Prophet at Makkah into four stages, it has become easier for us to tell, as far as possible, the particular stage in which a certain Makki Surah was revealed. This is because the Surahs belonging to a particular stage can be distinguished from those of the other stages with the help of their subject matter and style. Besides this, they also contain such references as throw light on the circumstances and events that form the background of their revelation. In the succeeding Makki Surahs, we will determine on the basis of the distinctive features of each stage, and point out in the Preface, the particular stage in which a certain Makki Surah was revealed.

Subject: Islamic Creed.

This Surah mainly discusses the different aspects of the major articles of the Islamic Creed: Tauhid, Life-after-death, Prophethood and their practical application to human life. Side by side with this, it refutes the erroneous beliefs of the "opponents and answers their objections, warns and admonishes them and comforts the Holy Prophet and his followers, who were then suffering from persecution.

Of course, these themes have not been dealt with under separate heads but have been blended in an excellent manner.

Topics and their Interconnection

These verses are of introductory and admonitory nature. The disbelievers have been warned that if they do not accept the Islamic Creed and follow the 'Light' shown by the Revelation from the All-Knowing and All-Powerful Allah, they would go to the same doom as the former disbelievers did. Their arguments for rejecting the Prophet and the Revelation sent down to him have been refuted and a warning has been given to them that they should not be deluded by the respite that is being granted to them. 1 - 12

These verses inculcate Tauhid, and refute shirk which is the greatest obstacle in the way of its acceptance. 13 - 24

In these verses, a graphic scene of the life in the Hereafter has been depicted in order to warn the disbelievers of the consequences of the rejection of the Articles of Faith. 25 - 32

Prophethood is the main theme which has been discussed from the point of view of the Holy Prophet, his Mission, the limitations of his powers, the attitude towards his followers and also from the point of view of the disbelievers. 33 - 73

In continuation of the same theme, the story of Prophet Abraham has been related to bring home to the pagan Arabs that the Mission of Prophet Muhammad, which they were opposing, was the same as that of Prophet Abraham (Allah's peace be upon them). This line of argument was adopted because they considered themselves to be his followers, especially the Quraish who were proud of being his descendants as well. 74 - 90

Another proof of his Prophethood is the Book, which has been sent down to him by Allah, for its teachings show the right guidance in regard to creed and practice. 91 - 108

Divine restrictions have been contrasted with the superstitious restrictions of the pagan Arabs in order to show the striking differences between the two and thus prove the Quran to be a Revealed Book. 109 - 154

The Jews, who were criticized in vv. 144 - 147 along with the pagan Arabs, have been urged to compare the teachings of the Quran with those of the Torah so that they might recognize their similarity and give up their lame excuses against it, and adopt its Guidance to escape the retribution on the Day of Resurrection. 155 - 160

This is the conclusion of the discourse: the Holy Prophet has been instructed in a beautiful and forceful manner to proclaim fearlessly the articles of the Islamic Creed and their implications. 161 - 165

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مَا أَشْرَكُوا ۗ وَمَا جَعَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا ۖ وَمَا أَنتَ عَلَيْهِم بِوَكِيلٍ

Urdu

اور اگر خدا چاہتا تو یہ لوگ شرک نہ کرتے۔ اور (اے پیغمبر!) ہم نے تم کو ان پر نگہبان مقرر نہیں کیا۔ اور نہ تم ان کے داروغہ ہو

Sahih International

But if Allah had willed, they would not have associated. And We have not appointed you over them as a guardian, nor are you a manager over them.

وَلَا تَسُبُّوا الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ فَيَسُبُّوا اللَّهَ عَدْوًا بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۗ كَذَٰلِكَ زَيَّنَّا لِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ عَمَلَهُمْ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِم مَّرْجِعُهُمْ فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Urdu

اور جن لوگوں کو یہ مشرک خدا کے سوا پکارتے ہیں ان کو برا نہ کہنا کہ یہ بھی کہیں خدا کو بےادبی سے بے سمجھے برا (نہ) کہہ بیٹھیں۔ اس طرح ہم نے ہر ایک فرقے کے اعمال (ان کی نظروں میں) اچھے کر دکھائے ہیں۔ پھر ان کو اپنے پروردگار ک طرف لوٹ کر جانا ہے تب وہ ان کو بتائے گا کہ وہ کیا کیا کرتے تھے

Sahih International

And do not insult those they invoke other than Allah , lest they insult Allah in enmity without knowledge. Thus We have made pleasing to every community their deeds. Then to their Lord is their return, and He will inform them about what they used to do.

ﯿ

وَأَقْسَمُوا بِاللَّهِ جَهْدَ أَيْمَانِهِمْ لَئِن جَاءَتْهُمْ آيَةٌ لَّيُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهَا ۚ قُلْ إِنَّمَا الْآيَاتُ عِندَ اللَّهِ ۖ وَمَا يُشْعِرُكُمْ أَنَّهَا إِذَا جَاءَتْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Sahih International

And they swear by Allah their strongest oaths that if a sign came to them, they would surely believe in it. Say, "The signs are only with Allah ." And what will make you perceive that even if a sign came, they would not believe.

Urdu

اور یہ لوگ خدا کی سخت سخت قسمیں کھاتے ہیں کہ اگر ان کے پاس کوئی نشانی آئے تو وہ اس پر ضروری ایمان لے آئیں۔ کہہ دو کہ نشانیاں تو سب خدا ہی کے پاس ہیں۔ اور (مومنو!) تمہیں کیا معلوم ہے (یہ تو ایسے بدبخت ہیں کہ ان کے پاس) نشانیاں آ بھی جائیں تب بھی ایمان نہ لائیں

وَنُقَلِّبُ أَفْئِدَتَهُمْ وَأَبْصَارَهُمْ كَمَا لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا بِهِ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ وَنَذَرُهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ

Urdu

اور ہم ان کے دلوں اور آنکھوں کو الٹ دیں گے (تو) جیسے یہ اس (قرآن) پر پہلی دفعہ ایمان نہیں لائے (ویسے پھر نہ لائیں گے) اور ان کو چھوڑ دیں گے کہ اپنی سرکشی میں بہکتے رہیں

Sahih International

And We will turn away their hearts and their eyes just as they refused to believe in it the first time. And We will leave them in their transgression, wandering blindly.

وَلَوْ أَنَّنَا نَزَّلْنَا إِلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةَ وَكَلَّمَهُمُ الْمَوْتَىٰ وَحَشَرْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ قُبُلًا مَّا كَانُوا لِيُؤْمِنُوا إِلَّا أَن يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَجْهَلُونَ

Urdu

اور اگر ہم ان پر فرشتے بھی اتار دیتے اور مردے بھی ان سے گفتگو کرنے لگتے اور ہم سب چیزوں کو ان کے سامنے لا موجود بھی کر دیتے تو بھی یہ ایمان لانے والے نہ تھے اِلّا ماشائالله بات یہ ہے کہ یہ اکثر نادان ہیں

Sahih International

And even if We had sent down to them the angels [with the message] and the dead spoke to them [of it] and We gathered together every [created] thing in front of them, they would not believe unless Allah should will. But most of them, [of that], are ignorant.

ﭿ

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِيٍّ عَدُوًّا شَيَاطِينَ الْإِنسِ وَالْجِنِّ يُوحِي بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَىٰ بَعْضٍ زُخْرُفَ الْقَوْلِ غُرُورًا ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ مَا فَعَلُوهُ ۖ فَذَرْهُمْ وَمَا يَفْتَرُونَ

Sahih International

And thus We have made for every prophet an enemy - devils from mankind and jinn, inspiring to one another decorative speech in delusion. But if your Lord had willed, they would not have done it, so leave them and that which they invent.

Urdu

اور اسی طرح ہم نے شیطان (سیرت) انسانوں اور جنوں کو ہر پیغمبر کا دشمن بنا دیا تھا وہ دھوکا دینے کے لیے ایک دوسرے کے دل میں ملمع کی باتیں ڈالتے رہتے تھے اور اگر تمہارا پروردگار چاہتا تو وہ ایسا نہ کرتے تو ان کو اور جو کچھ یہ افتراء کرتے ہیں اسے چھوڑ دو

وَلِتَصْغَىٰ إِلَيْهِ أَفْئِدَةُ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ وَلِيَرْضَوْهُ وَلِيَقْتَرِفُوا مَا هُم مُّقْتَرِفُونَ

Urdu

اور (وہ ایسے کام) اس لیے بھی (کرتے تھے) کہ جو لوگ آخرت پر ایمان نہیں رکھتے ان کے دل ان کی باتوں پر مائل ہوں اور وہ انہیں پسند کریں اور جو کام وہ کرتے تھے وہ ہی کرنے لگیں

Sahih International

And [it is] so the hearts of those who disbelieve in the Hereafter will incline toward it and that they will be satisfied with it and that they will commit that which they are committing.

أَفَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ أَبْتَغِي حَكَمًا وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكِتَابَ مُفَصَّلًا ۚ وَالَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مُنَزَّلٌ مِّن رَّبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ

Sahih International

[Say], "Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?" And those to whom We [previously] gave the Scripture know that it is sent down from your Lord in truth, so never be among the doubters.

Urdu

(کہو) کیا میں خدا کے سوا اور منصف تلاش کروں حالانکہ اس نے تمہاری طرف واضع المطالب کتاب بھیجی ہے اور جن لوگوں کو ہم نے کتاب (تورات) دی ہے وہ جانتے ہیں کہ وہ تمہارے پروردگار کی طرف سے برحق نازل ہوئی ہے تو تم ہرگز شک کرنے والوں میں نہ ہونا

وَتَمَّتْ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ صِدْقًا وَعَدْلًا ۚ لَّا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِهِ ۚ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

Sahih International

And the word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can alter His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

Urdu

اور تمہارے پروردگار کی باتیں سچائی اور انصاف میں پوری ہیں اس کی باتوں کو کوئی بدلنے والا نہیں اور وہ سنتا جانتا ہے

وَإِن تُطِعْ أَكْثَرَ مَن فِي الْأَرْضِ يُضِلُّوكَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۚ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَإِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَخْرُصُونَ

Urdu

اور اکثر لوگ جو زمین پر آباد ہیں (گمراہ ہیں) اگر تم ان کا کہا مان لو گے تو وہ تمہیں خدا کا رستہ بھلا دیں گے یہ محض خیال کے پیچھے چلتے اور نرے اٹکل کے تیر چلاتے ہیں

Sahih International

And if you obey most of those upon the earth, they will mislead you from the way of Allah . They follow not except assumption, and they are not but falsifying.

إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مَن يَضِلُّ عَن سَبِيلِهِ ۖ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ

Urdu

تمہارا پروردگار ان لوگوں کو خوب جانتا ہے جو اس کے رستے سے بھٹکے ہوئے ہیں اور ان سے بھی خوب واقف ہے جو رستے پر چل رہے ہیں

Sahih International

Indeed, your Lord is most knowing of who strays from His way, and He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided.

ﯿ

فَكُلُوا مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ إِن كُنتُم بِآيَاتِهِ مُؤْمِنِينَ

Sahih International

So eat of that [meat] upon which the name of Allah has been mentioned, if you are believers in His verses.

Urdu

تو جس چیز پر (ذبح کے وقت) خدا کا نام لیا جائے اگر تم اس کی آیتوں پر ایمان رکھتے ہو تو اسے کھا لیا کرو

وَمَا لَكُمْ أَلَّا تَأْكُلُوا مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَقَدْ فَصَّلَ لَكُم مَّا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِلَّا مَا اضْطُرِرْتُمْ إِلَيْهِ ۗ وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا لَّيُضِلُّونَ بِأَهْوَائِهِم بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُعْتَدِينَ

Sahih International

And why should you not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has been mentioned while He has explained in detail to you what He has forbidden you, excepting that to which you are compelled. And indeed do many lead [others] astray through their [own] inclinations without knowledge. Indeed, your Lord - He is most knowing of the transgressors.

Urdu

اور سبب کیا ہے کہ جس چیز پر خدا کا نام لیا جائے تم اسے نہ کھاؤ حالانکہ جو چیزیں اس نے تمہارے لیے حرام ٹھیرا دی ہیں وہ ایک ایک کر کے بیان کر دی ہیں (بے شک ان کو نہیں کھانا چاہیے) مگر اس صورت میں کہ ان کے (کھانے کے) لیے ناچار ہو جاؤ اور بہت سے لوگ بےسمجھے بوجھے اپنے نفس کی خواہشوں سے لوگوں کو بہکا رہے ہیں کچھ شک نہیں کہ ایسے لوگوں کو جو (خدا کی مقرر کی ہوئی) حد سے باہر نکل جاتے ہیں تمہارا پروردگار خوب جانتا ہے

ﭿ

وَذَرُوا ظَاهِرَ الْإِثْمِ وَبَاطِنَهُ ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْسِبُونَ الْإِثْمَ سَيُجْزَوْنَ بِمَا كَانُوا يَقْتَرِفُونَ

Sahih International

And leave what is apparent of sin and what is concealed thereof. Indeed, those who earn [blame for] sin will be recompensed for that which they used to commit.

Urdu

اور ظاہری اور پوشیدہ (ہر طرح کا) گناہ ترک کر دو جو لوگ گناہ کرتے ہیں وہ عنقریب اپنے کئے کی سزا پائیں گے

وَلَا تَأْكُلُوا مِمَّا لَمْ يُذْكَرِ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَفِسْقٌ ۗ وَإِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ لَيُوحُونَ إِلَىٰ أَوْلِيَائِهِمْ لِيُجَادِلُوكُمْ ۖ وَإِنْ أَطَعْتُمُوهُمْ إِنَّكُمْ لَمُشْرِكُونَ

Urdu

اور جس چیز پر خدا کا نام نہ لیا جائے اسے مت کھاؤ کہ اس کا کھانا گناہ ہے اور شیطان (لوگ) اپنے رفیقوں کے دلوں میں یہ بات ڈالتے ہیں کہ تم سے جھگڑا کریں اور اگر تم لوگ ان کے کہے پر چلے تو بےشک تم بھی مشرک ہوئے

Sahih International

And do not eat of that upon which the name of Allah has not been mentioned, for indeed, it is grave disobedience. And indeed do the devils inspire their allies [among men] to dispute with you. And if you were to obey them, indeed, you would be associators [of others with Him].

أَوَمَن كَانَ مَيْتًا فَأَحْيَيْنَاهُ وَجَعَلْنَا لَهُ نُورًا يَمْشِي بِهِ فِي النَّاسِ كَمَن مَّثَلُهُ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ لَيْسَ بِخَارِجٍ مِّنْهَا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ زُيِّنَ لِلْكَافِرِينَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Sahih International

And is one who was dead and We gave him life and made for him light by which to walk among the people like one who is in darkness, never to emerge therefrom? Thus it has been made pleasing to the disbelievers that which they were doing.

Urdu

بھلا جو پہلے مردہ تھا پھر ہم نے اس کو زندہ کیا اور اس کے لیے روشنی کر دی جس کے ذریعے سے وہ لوگوں میں چلتا پھرتا ہے کہیں اس شخص جیسا ہو سکتا ہے جو اندھیرے میں پڑا ہوا ہو اور اس سے نکل ہی نہ سکے اسی طرح کافر جو عمل کر رہے ہیں وہ انہیں اچھے معلوم ہوتے ہیں

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَا فِي كُلِّ قَرْيَةٍ أَكَابِرَ مُجْرِمِيهَا لِيَمْكُرُوا فِيهَا ۖ وَمَا يَمْكُرُونَ إِلَّا بِأَنفُسِهِمْ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ

Sahih International

And thus We have placed within every city the greatest of its criminals to conspire therein. But they conspire not except against themselves, and they perceive [it] not.

Urdu

اور اسی طرح ہم نے ہر بستی میں بڑے بڑے مجرم پیدا کئے کہ ان میں مکاریاں کرتے رہیں اور جو مکاریاں یہ کرتے ہیں ان کا نقصان انہیں کو ہے اور (اس سے) بےخبر ہیں

ﯿ

وَإِذَا جَاءَتْهُمْ آيَةٌ قَالُوا لَن نُّؤْمِنَ حَتَّىٰ نُؤْتَىٰ مِثْلَ مَا أُوتِيَ رُسُلُ اللَّهِ ۘ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ حَيْثُ يَجْعَلُ رِسَالَتَهُ ۗ سَيُصِيبُ الَّذِينَ أَجْرَمُوا صَغَارٌ عِندَ اللَّهِ وَعَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَمْكُرُونَ

Sahih International

And when a sign comes to them, they say, "Never will we believe until we are given like that which was given to the messengers of Allah ." Allah is most knowing of where He places His message. There will afflict those who committed crimes debasement before Allah and severe punishment for what they used to conspire.

Urdu

اور جب ان کے پاس کوئی آیت آتی ہے تو کہتے ہیں کہ جس طرح کی رسالت خدا کے پیغمبروں کو ملی ہے جب تک اسی طرح کی رسالت ہم کو نہ ملے ہم ہرگز ایمان نہیں لائیں گے اس کو خدا ہی خوب جانتا ہے کہ (رسالت کا کون سا محل ہے اور) وہ اپنی پیغمبری کسے عنایت فرمائے جو لوگ جرم کرتے ہیں ان کو خدا کے ہاں ذلّت اور عذابِ شدید ہوگا اس لیے کہ مکّاریاں کرتے تھے

فَمَن يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَن يَهْدِيَهُ يَشْرَحْ صَدْرَهُ لِلْإِسْلَامِ ۖ وَمَن يُرِدْ أَن يُضِلَّهُ يَجْعَلْ صَدْرَهُ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجًا كَأَنَّمَا يَصَّعَّدُ فِي السَّمَاءِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَجْعَلُ اللَّهُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Urdu

تو جس شخص کو خدا چاہتا ہے کہ ہدایت بخشے اس کا سینہ اسلام کے لیے کھول دیتا ہے اور جسے چاہتا ہے کہ گمراہ کرے اس کا سینہ تنگ اور گھٹا ہوا کر دیتا ہے گویا وہ آسمان پر چڑھ رہا ہے اس طرح خدا ان لوگوں پر جو ایمان نہیں لاتے عذاب بھیجتا ہے

Sahih International

So whoever Allah wants to guide - He expands his breast to [contain] Islam; and whoever He wants to misguide - He makes his breast tight and constricted as though he were climbing into the sky. Thus does Allah place defilement upon those who do not believe.

وَهَٰذَا صِرَاطُ رَبِّكَ مُسْتَقِيمًا ۗ قَدْ فَصَّلْنَا الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَذَّكَّرُونَ

Urdu

اور یہی تمہارے پروردگار کا سیدھا رستہ ہے جو لوگ غور کرنے والے ہیں ان کے لیے ہم نے اپنی آیتیں کھول کھول کر بیان کر دی ہیں

Sahih International

And this is the path of your Lord, [leading] straight. We have detailed the verses for a people who remember.

ﭿ

لَهُمْ دَارُ السَّلَامِ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ ۖ وَهُوَ وَلِيُّهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Urdu

ان کے لیے ان کے اعمال کے صلے میں پروردگار کے ہاں سلامتی کا گھر ہے اور وہی ان کا دوستدار ہے

Sahih International

For them will be the Home of Peace with their Lord. And He will be their protecting friend because of what they used to do.

وَيَوْمَ يَحْشُرُهُمْ جَمِيعًا يَا مَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ قَدِ اسْتَكْثَرْتُم مِّنَ الْإِنسِ ۖ وَقَالَ أَوْلِيَاؤُهُم مِّنَ الْإِنسِ رَبَّنَا اسْتَمْتَعَ بَعْضُنَا بِبَعْضٍ وَبَلَغْنَا أَجَلَنَا الَّذِي أَجَّلْتَ لَنَا ۚ قَالَ النَّارُ مَثْوَاكُمْ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا إِلَّا مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ حَكِيمٌ عَلِيمٌ

Sahih International

And [mention, O Muhammad], the Day when He will gather them together [and say], "O company of jinn, you have [misled] many of mankind." And their allies among mankind will say, "Our Lord, some of us made use of others, and we have [now] reached our term, which you appointed for us." He will say, "The Fire is your residence, wherein you will abide eternally, except for what Allah wills. Indeed, your Lord is Wise and Knowing."

Urdu

اور جس دن وہ سب (جنّ وانس) کو جمع کرے گا (اور فرمائے گا کہ) اے گروہ جنّات تم نے انسانوں سے بہت (فائدے) حاصل کئے تو جو انسانوں میں ان کے دوستدار ہوں گے وہ کہیں گے کہ پروردگار ہم ایک دوسرے سے فائدہ اٹھاتے رہے اور (آخر) اس وقت کو پہنچ گئے جو تو نے ہمارے لیے مقرر کیا تھا خدا فرمائے گا (اب) تمہارا ٹھکانہ دوزخ ہے ہمیشہ اس میں (جلتے) رہو گے مگر جو خدا چاہے بےشک تمہارا پروردگار دانا اور خبردار ہے

وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُوَلِّي بَعْضَ الظَّالِمِينَ بَعْضًا بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ

Sahih International

And thus will We make some of the wrongdoers allies of others for what they used to earn.

Urdu

اور اسی طرح ہم ظالموں کو ان کے اعمال کے سبب جو وہ کرتے تھے ایک دوسرے پر مسلط کر دیتے ہیں

يَا مَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنسِ أَلَمْ يَأْتِكُمْ رُسُلٌ مِّنكُمْ يَقُصُّونَ عَلَيْكُمْ آيَاتِي وَيُنذِرُونَكُمْ لِقَاءَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَٰذَا ۚ قَالُوا شَهِدْنَا عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِنَا ۖ وَغَرَّتْهُمُ الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا وَشَهِدُوا عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ أَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا كَافِرِينَ

Urdu

اے جنّوں اور انسانوں کی جماعت کیا تمہارے پاس تم ہی میں سے پیغمبر نہیں آتے رہے جو میری آیتیں تم کو پڑھ پڑھ کر سناتے اور اس دن کے سامنے آموجود ہونے سے ڈراتے تھے وہ کہیں گے کہ (پروردگار) ہمیں اپنے گناہوں کا اقرار ہے ان لوگوں کو دنیاکی زندگی نے دھوکے میں ڈال رکھا تھا اور (اب) خود اپنے اوپر گواہی دی کہ کفر کرتے تھے

Sahih International

"O company of jinn and mankind, did there not come to you messengers from among you, relating to you My verses and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?" They will say, "We bear witness against ourselves"; and the worldly life had deluded them, and they will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers.

ﯿ

ذَٰلِكَ أَن لَّمْ يَكُن رَّبُّكَ مُهْلِكَ الْقُرَىٰ بِظُلْمٍ وَأَهْلُهَا غَافِلُونَ

Sahih International

That is because your Lord would not destroy the cities for wrongdoing while their people were unaware.

Urdu

(اے محمدﷺ!) یہ (جو پیغمبر آتے رہے اور کتابیں نازل ہوتی رہیں تو) اس لیے کہ تمہارا پروردگار ایسا نہیں کہ بستیوں کو ظلم سے ہلاک کر دے اور وہاں کے رہنے والوں کو (کچھ بھی) خبر نہ ہو

وَلِكُلٍّ دَرَجَاتٌ مِّمَّا عَمِلُوا ۚ وَمَا رَبُّكَ بِغَافِلٍ عَمَّا يَعْمَلُونَ

Sahih International

And for all are degrees from what they have done. And your Lord is not unaware of what they do.

Urdu

اور سب لوگوں کے بلحاظ اعمال درجے (مقرر) ہیں اور جو کام یہ لوگ کرتے ہیں خدا ان سے بے خبر نہیں

وَرَبُّكَ الْغَنِيُّ ذُو الرَّحْمَةِ ۚ إِن يَشَأْ يُذْهِبْكُمْ وَيَسْتَخْلِفْ مِن بَعْدِكُم مَّا يَشَاءُ كَمَا أَنشَأَكُم مِّن ذُرِّيَّةِ قَوْمٍ آخَرِينَ

Urdu

اور تمہارا پروردگار بےپروا (اور) صاحب رحمت ہے اگر چاہے (تو اے بندوں) تمہیں نابود کر دے اور تمہارے بعد جن لوگوں کو چاہے تمہارا جانشین بنا دے جیسا تم کو بھی دوسرے لوگوں کی نسل سے پیدا کیا ہے

Sahih International

And your Lord is the Free of need, the possessor of mercy. If He wills, he can do away with you and give succession after you to whomever He wills, just as He produced you from the descendants of another people.

إِنَّ مَا تُوعَدُونَ لَآتٍ ۖ وَمَا أَنتُم بِمُعْجِزِينَ

Sahih International

Indeed, what you are promised is coming, and you will not cause failure [to Allah ].

Urdu

کچھ شک نہیں کہ جو وعدہ تم سے کیا جاتا ہے وہ (وقوع میں) آنے والا ہے اور تم (خدا کو) مغلوب نہیں کر سکتے

ﭿ

قُلْ يَا قَوْمِ اعْمَلُوا عَلَىٰ مَكَانَتِكُمْ إِنِّي عَامِلٌ ۖ فَسَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ مَن تَكُونُ لَهُ عَاقِبَةُ الدَّارِ ۗ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الظَّالِمُونَ

Urdu

کہہ دو کہ لوگو تم اپنی جگہ عمل کئے جاؤ میں (اپنی جگہ) عمل کئے جاتا ہوں عنقریب تم کو معلوم ہو جائے گا کہ آخرت میں (بہشت) کس کا گھر ہوگا کچھ شک نہیں کہ مشرک نجات نہیں پانے کے

Sahih International

Say, "O my people, work according to your position; [for] indeed, I am working. And you are going to know who will have succession in the home. Indeed, the wrongdoers will not succeed.

وَجَعَلُوا لِلَّهِ مِمَّا ذَرَأَ مِنَ الْحَرْثِ وَالْأَنْعَامِ نَصِيبًا فَقَالُوا هَٰذَا لِلَّهِ بِزَعْمِهِمْ وَهَٰذَا لِشُرَكَائِنَا ۖ فَمَا كَانَ لِشُرَكَائِهِمْ فَلَا يَصِلُ إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ وَمَا كَانَ لِلَّهِ فَهُوَ يَصِلُ إِلَىٰ شُرَكَائِهِمْ ۗ سَاءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ

Sahih International

And the polytheists assign to Allah from that which He created of crops and livestock a share and say, "This is for Allah ," by their claim, " and this is for our partners [associated with Him]." But what is for their "partners" does not reach Allah , while what is for Allah - this reaches their "partners." Evil is that which they rule.

Urdu

اور (یہ لوگ) خدا ہی کی پیدا کی ہوئی چیزوں یعنی کھیتی اور چوپایوں میں خدا کا بھی ایک حصہ مقرر کرتے ہیں اور اپنے خیال (باطل) سے کہتے ہیں کہ یہ (حصہ) تو خدا کا اور یہ ہمارے شریکوں (یعنی بتوں) کا تو جو حصہ ان کے شریکوں کا ہوتا ہے وہ تو خدا کی طرف نہیں جا سکتا اور جو حصہ خدا کا ہوتا ہے وہ ان کے شریکوں کی طرف جا سکتا ہے یہ کیسا برا انصاف ہے

وَكَذَٰلِكَ زَيَّنَ لِكَثِيرٍ مِّنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ قَتْلَ أَوْلَادِهِمْ شُرَكَاؤُهُمْ لِيُرْدُوهُمْ وَلِيَلْبِسُوا عَلَيْهِمْ دِينَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مَا فَعَلُوهُ ۖ فَذَرْهُمْ وَمَا يَفْتَرُونَ

Sahih International

And likewise, to many of the polytheists their partners have made [to seem] pleasing the killing of their children in order to bring about their destruction and to cover them with confusion in their religion. And if Allah had willed, they would not have done so. So leave them and that which they invent.

Urdu

اسی طرح بہت سے مشرکوں کو ان کے شریکوں نے ان کے بچوں کو جان سے مار ڈالنا اچھا کر دکھایا ہے تاکہ انہیں ہلاکت میں ڈال دیں اور ان کے دین کو ان پر خلط ملط کر دیں اور اگر خدا چاہتا تو وہ ایسا نہ کرتے تو ان کو چھوڑ دو کہ وہ جانیں اور ان کا جھوٹ

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