VERSES
55
PAGES
528-531

Name

The Surah takes its name from the very first verse Wan shaqq al-Qamar, thereby implying that it is a Surah in which the word al-Qamar has occurred.

Period of Revelation

The incident of the shaqq-al-Qamar (splitting of the moon) that has been mentioned in it, determines its period of revelation precisely. The traditionists and commentators are agreed that this incident took place at Mina in Makkah about five years before the Holy Prophet's hijrah to Madinah.

Theme and Subject Matter

In this Surah the disbelievers of Makkah have been warned for their stubbornness which they had adopted against the invitation of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). The amazing and wonderful phenomenon of the splitting of the Moon was a manifest sign of the truth that the Resurrection, of which the Holy Prophet was giving them the news, could take place and that it had approached near at hand. The great sphere of the Moon had split into two distinct parts in front of their very eyes. The two parts had separated and receded so much apart from each other that to the on-lookers one part had appeared on one side of the mountain and the other on the other side of it. Then, in an instant the two had rejoined. This was a manifest proof of the truth that the system of the Universe was neither eternal nor immortal, it could be disrupted. Huge stars and Planets could split asunder, disintegrate, collide with each other, and everything that had been depicted in the Quran In connection with the description of the details of Resurrection, could happen. Not only this : it was also a portent that the disintegration of the system of the Universe had begun and the time was near when Resurrection would take place. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) invited the people's attention to this event only with this object in view and asked them to mark it and be a witness to it. But the disbelievers described it as a magical illusion add persisted in their denial. For this stubbornness they have been reproached in this Surah.

At the outset it has been said: "These people neither believe in the admonition, nor learn a lesson from history, nor affirm faith after witnessing manifest signs with their eyes. Now they would believe only when Resurrection has taken place and they would be rushing out of their graves towards the Summoner on that Day."

Then, the stories of the people of Noah and of 'Ad and Thamud and of the peoples of Lot and the Pharaoh have been related briefly and they have been reminded of the terrible punishments that these nations suffered when they belied and disregarded the warnings given by the Prophets of God. After the narration of each story the refrain that has been provided is : "This Qur'an is an easy means of admonition, which if a nation takes to heart and thereby takes the Right Way, the torment that descended on the former nations could be avoided. But it would indeed be a folly if instead of heeding the admonition through this easy means, one persisted in heedlessness and disbelieved until one was overtaken by the torment itself."

Likewise, after citing admonitory precedents from the history of the former nations, the disbelievers of Makkah have been addressed and warned to this effect: "If you too adopt the same attitude and conduct for which the other nations have already been punished, why will you not be punished for it?Are you in any way a superior people that you should be treated differently from others? Or, have you received a deed of amnesty that you will not be punished for the crime for which others have been punished?And if you feel elated at your great numbers, you will soon see that these very numbers of yours are put to rout (on the battlefield) and on the Day of Resurrection you will be dealt with even more severely."

In the end, the disbelievers have been told that Allah does not need to make lengthy preparations to bring about Resurrection. No sooner does He give a simple command for it than it will take place immediately. Like everything else the Universe and mankind also have a destiny. According to this destiny everything happens at its own appointed time. It cannot be so that whenever somebody gives a challenge, Resurrection is brought about in order to convince him. If you adopt rebellion because you do not see it coming, you will only be adding to your own distress and misfortune. For your record which is being prepared by Divine agents, has not left any misdeed of yours, great or small, unrecorded.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَحَمَلْنَاهُ عَلَىٰ ذَاتِ أَلْوَاحٍ وَدُسُرٍ

Indonesian

Dan Kami angkut Nuh ke atas (bahtera) yang terbuat dari papan dan paku,

Sahih International

And We carried him on a [construction of] planks and nails,

تَجْرِي بِأَعْيُنِنَا جَزَاءً لِّمَن كَانَ كُفِرَ

Indonesian

Yang berlayar dengan pemeliharaan Kami sebagai belasan bagi orang-orang yang diingkari (Nuh).

Sahih International

Sailing under Our observation as reward for he who had been denied.

وَلَقَد تَّرَكْنَاهَا آيَةً فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ

Sahih International

And We left it as a sign, so is there any who will remember?

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya telah Kami jadikan kapal itu sebagai pelajaran, maka adakah orang yang mau mengambil pelajaran?

فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ

Indonesian

Maka alangkah dahsyatnya azab-Ku dan ancaman-ancaman-Ku.

Sahih International

And how [severe] were My punishment and warning.

وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْآنَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya telah Kami mudahkan Al-Quran untuk pelajaran, maka adakah orang yang mengambil pelajaran?

Sahih International

And We have certainly made the Qur'an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember?

كَذَّبَتْ عَادٌ فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ

Sahih International

'Aad denied; and how [severe] were My punishment and warning.

Indonesian

Kaum 'Aad pun mendustakan (pula). Maka alangkah dahsyatnya azab-Ku dan ancaman-ancaman-Ku.

إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحًا صَرْصَرًا فِي يَوْمِ نَحْسٍ مُّسْتَمِرٍّ

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya Kami telah menghembuskan kepada mereka angin yang sangat kencang pada hari nahas yang terus menerus,

Sahih International

Indeed, We sent upon them a screaming wind on a day of continuous misfortune,

تَنزِعُ النَّاسَ كَأَنَّهُمْ أَعْجَازُ نَخْلٍ مُّنقَعِرٍ

Sahih International

Extracting the people as if they were trunks of palm trees uprooted.

Indonesian

yang menggelimpangkan manusia seakan-akan mereka pokok korma yang tumbang.

فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ

Sahih International

And how [severe] were My punishment and warning.

Indonesian

Maka alangkah dahsyatnya azab-Ku dan ancaman-ancaman-Ku.

وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْآنَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya telah Kami mudahkan Al Quran untuk pelajaran, maka adakah orang yang mengambil pelajaran?

Sahih International

And We have certainly made the Qur'an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember?

كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ بِالنُّذُرِ

Indonesian

Kaum Tsamudpun telah mendustakan ancaman-ancaman (itu).

Sahih International

Thamud denied the warning

فَقَالُوا أَبَشَرًا مِّنَّا وَاحِدًا نَّتَّبِعُهُ إِنَّا إِذًا لَّفِي ضَلَالٍ وَسُعُرٍ

Sahih International

And said, "Is it one human being among us that we should follow? Indeed, we would then be in error and madness.

Indonesian

Maka mereka berkata: "Bagaimana kita akan mengikuti seorang manusia (biasa) di antara kita?" Sesungguhnya kalau kita begitu benar-benar berada dalam keadaan sesat dan gila".

ﯿ

أَأُلْقِيَ الذِّكْرُ عَلَيْهِ مِن بَيْنِنَا بَلْ هُوَ كَذَّابٌ أَشِرٌ

Sahih International

Has the message been sent down upon him from among us? Rather, he is an insolent liar."

Indonesian

Apakah wahyu itu diturunkan kepadanya di antara kita? Sebenarnya dia adalah seorang yang amat pendusta lagi sombong.

سَيَعْلَمُونَ غَدًا مَّنِ الْكَذَّابُ الْأَشِرُ

Sahih International

They will know tomorrow who is the insolent liar.

Indonesian

Kelak mereka akan mengetahui siapakah yang sebenarnya amat pendusta lagi sombong.

إِنَّا مُرْسِلُو النَّاقَةِ فِتْنَةً لَّهُمْ فَارْتَقِبْهُمْ وَاصْطَبِرْ

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya Kami akan mengirimkan unta betina sebagai cobaan bagi mereka, maka tunggulah (tindakan) mereka dan bersabarlah.

Sahih International

Indeed, We are sending the she-camel as trial for them, so watch them and be patient.

وَنَبِّئْهُمْ أَنَّ الْمَاءَ قِسْمَةٌ بَيْنَهُمْ ۖ كُلُّ شِرْبٍ مُّحْتَضَرٌ

Sahih International

And inform them that the water is shared between them, each [day of] drink attended [by turn].

Indonesian

Dan beritakanlah kepada mereka bahwa sesungguhnya air itu terbagi antara mereka (dengan unta betina itu); tiap-tiap giliran minum dihadiri (oleh yang punya giliran)

فَنَادَوْا صَاحِبَهُمْ فَتَعَاطَىٰ فَعَقَرَ

Sahih International

But they called their companion, and he dared and hamstrung [her].

Indonesian

Maka mereka memanggil kawannya, lalu kawannya menangkap (unta itu) dan membunuhnya.

فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ

Sahih International

And how [severe] were My punishment and warning.

Indonesian

Alangkah dahsyatnya azab-Ku dan ancaman-ancaman-Ku.

إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً فَكَانُوا كَهَشِيمِ الْمُحْتَظِرِ

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya Kami menimpakan atas mereka satu suara yang keras mengguntur, maka jadilah mereka seperti rumput kering (yang dikumpulkan oleh) yang punya kandang binatang.

Sahih International

Indeed, We sent upon them one blast from the sky, and they became like the dry twig fragments of an [animal] pen.

وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْآنَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya telah Kami mudahkan Al Quran untuk pelajaran, maka adakah orang yang mengambil pelajaran?

Sahih International

And We have certainly made the Qur'an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember?

كَذَّبَتْ قَوْمُ لُوطٍ بِالنُّذُرِ

Indonesian

Kaum Luth-pun telah mendustakan ancaman-ancaman (nabinya).

Sahih International

The people of Lot denied the warning.

ﭿ

إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ حَاصِبًا إِلَّا آلَ لُوطٍ ۖ نَّجَّيْنَاهُم بِسَحَرٍ

Sahih International

Indeed, We sent upon them a storm of stones, except the family of Lot - We saved them before dawn

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya Kami telah menghembuskan kepada mereka angin yang membawa batu-batu (yang menimpa mereka), kecuali keluarga Luth. Mereka Kami selamatkan sebelum fajar menyingsing,

نِّعْمَةً مِّنْ عِندِنَا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي مَن شَكَرَ

Sahih International

As favor from us. Thus do We reward he who is grateful.

Indonesian

sebagai nikmat dari Kami. Demikianlah Kami memberi balasan kepada orang-orang yang bersyukur,

وَلَقَدْ أَنذَرَهُم بَطْشَتَنَا فَتَمَارَوْا بِالنُّذُرِ

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya dia (Luth) telah memperingatkan mereka akan azab-azab Kami, maka mereka mendustakan ancaman-ancaman itu.

Sahih International

And he had already warned them of Our assault, but they disputed the warning.

وَلَقَدْ رَاوَدُوهُ عَن ضَيْفِهِ فَطَمَسْنَا أَعْيُنَهُمْ فَذُوقُوا عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ

Sahih International

And they had demanded from him his guests, but We obliterated their eyes, [saying], "Taste My punishment and warning."

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya mereka telah membujuknya (agar menyerahkan) tamunya (kepada mereka), lalu Kami butakan mata mereka, maka rasakanlah azab-Ku dan ancaman-ancaman-Ku.

وَلَقَدْ صَبَّحَهُم بُكْرَةً عَذَابٌ مُّسْتَقِرٌّ

Sahih International

And there came upon them by morning an abiding punishment.

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya pada esok harinya mereka ditimpa azab yang kekal.

فَذُوقُوا عَذَابِي وَنُذُرِ

Indonesian

Maka rasakanlah azab-Ku dan ancaman-ancaman-Ku.

Sahih International

So taste My punishment and warning.

وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْآنَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ

Sahih International

And We have certainly made the Qur'an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember?

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya telah Kami mudahkan Al Quran untuk pelajaran, maka adakah orang yang mengambil pelajaran?

وَلَقَدْ جَاءَ آلَ فِرْعَوْنَ النُّذُرُ

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya telah datang kepada kaum Fir'aun ancaman-ancaman.

Sahih International

And there certainly came to the people of Pharaoh warning.

كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا كُلِّهَا فَأَخَذْنَاهُمْ أَخْذَ عَزِيزٍ مُّقْتَدِرٍ

Sahih International

They denied Our signs, all of them, so We seized them with a seizure of one Exalted in Might and Perfect in Ability.

Indonesian

Mereka mendustakan mukjizat Kami semuanya, lalu Kami azab mereka sebagai azab dari Yang Maha Perkasa lagi Maha Kuasa

أَكُفَّارُكُمْ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أُولَٰئِكُمْ أَمْ لَكُم بَرَاءَةٌ فِي الزُّبُرِ

Sahih International

Are your disbelievers better than those [former ones], or have you immunity in the scripture?

Indonesian

Apakah orang-orang kafirmu (hai kaum musyrikin) lebih baik dari mereka itu, atau apakah kamu telah mempunyai jaminan kebebasan (dari azab) dalam Kitab-kitab yang dahulu

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