VERSES
176
PAGES
77-106

Period of Revelation

This Surah comprises several discourses which were revealed on different occasions during the period ranging probably between the end of A.H. 3 and the end of A.H. 4 or the beginning of A.H. 5. Although it is difficult to determine the exact dates of their revelations, yet it is possible to assign to them a fairly correct period with the help of the Commandments and the events mentioned therein and the Traditions concerning them. A few instances are given below by way of illustration:

  1. We know that the instructions about the division of inheritance of the martyrs and for the safeguard of the rights of the orphans were sent down after the Battle of Uhd in which 70 Muslims were killed. Then naturally the question of the division of the inheritance of the martyrs and the safeguard of the rights of their orphans arose in many families at Al-Madinah. From this we conclude that vv. 1 -28 were revealed on that occasion.

  2. We learn from the Traditions that the Commandment about salat during war time was given on the occasion of Zat-ur-Riqa'a, an expedition which took place in A. H. 4. From this we conclude that the discourse containing v. 102 was revealed on that occasion.

  3. The last warning (v. 47) to the Jews was given before the Banu Nadir were exiled from Al-Madinah in Rabi'-ulAwwal, A. H. 4. From this it may safely be concluded that the discourse containing v. 47 must have been revealed some time before that date.

  4. The permission about tayammum (the performance of ablutions with pure dust, in case no water be available) was given during the Bani-al-Mustaliq expedition, which took place in A. H. 5.. Therefore the probable period of the revelation of the discourse containing v. 43 was A. H. 5.

Topics and Their Background

Let us now consider the social and historical considerations of the period in order to understand the Surah. All the discourses in this Surah deal with three main problems which confronted the Holy Prophet at the time. First of all, he was engaged in bringing about an all round development of the Islamic Community that had been formed at the time of his migration to Al-Madinah. For this purpose he was introducing new moral, cultural, social, economic and political ways in place of the old ones of the pre-Islamic period. The second thing that occupied his attention and efforts was the bitter struggle that was going on with the mushrik Arabs, the Jewish clans and the hypocrites who were opposing tooth and nail his mission of reform. Above all he had to propagate Islam in the face of the bitter opposition of these powers of evil with a view to capturing more and more minds and hearts.

Accordingly, detailed instructions have been given for the consolidation and strengthening of the Islamic Community in continuation of those given in Al-Baqarah. Principles for the smooth running of family life have been laid down and ways of settling family disputes have been taught. Rules have been prescribed for marriage and rights of wife and husband have been apportioned fairly and equitably. The status of women in the society has been determined and the declaration of the rights of orphans has been made laws and regulations have been laid down for the division of inheritance, and instructions have been given to reform economic affairs. The foundation of the penal code has been laid down drinking has been prohibited, and instructions have been given for cleanliness and purity. The Muslims have been taught the kind of relations good men should have with their Allah and fellow men. Instructions have been given for the maintenance of discipline in the Muslim Community.

The moral and religious condition of the people of the Book has been reviewed to teach lessons to the Muslims and to forewarn them to refrain from following in their footsteps. The conduct of the hypocrites has been criticized and the distinctive features of hypocrisy and true faith have been clearly marked off to enable the Muslims to distinguish between the two.

In order to cope with the aftermath of the Battle of Uhd, Inspiring discourses were sent down to urge the Muslims to face the enemy bravely, for the defeat in the Battle had so emboldened the mushrik Arab clans and the neighboring Jews and the hypocrites at home that they were threatening the Muslims on all sides. At this critical juncture, Allah filled the Muslims with courage and gave them such instructions as were needed during that period of war clouds. In order to counteract the fearful rumors that were being spread by the hypocrites and the Muslims of weak faith, they were asked to make a thorough inquiry into them and to inform the responsible people about them. Then they were experiencing some difficulties in offering their salat during the expeditions to some places where no water was available for performing their ablutions, etc. In such cases they were allowed to cleanse themselves with pure earth and to shorten the salat or to offer the "Salat of Fear", when they were faced with danger. Instructions were also given for the solution of the puzzling problem of those Muslims who were scattered among the unbelieving Arab clans and were often involved in war. They were asked to migrate to Al-Madinah, the abode of Islam.

This Surah also deals with the case of Bani Nadir who were showing a hostile and menacing attitude, in spite of the peace treaties they had made with the Muslims. They were openly siding with the enemies of Islam and hatching plots against the Holy Prophet and the Muslim Community even at Al-Madinah itself. They were taken to task for their inimical behavior and given a final warning to change their attitude, and were at last exiled from Al-Madinah on account of their misconduct.

The problem of the hypocrites, who had become very troublesome at that time, was involving the Believers in difficulties-- Therefore they were divided into different categories to enable the Muslims to deal with them appropriately.

Clear instructions were also given regarding the attitude they should adopt towards the non-belligerent clans. The most important thing needed at that time was to prepare the Muslims for the bitter struggle with the opponents of Islam. For this purpose greatest importance was attached to their character building, for it was obvious that the small Muslim Community could only come out successful, nay, survive, if the Muslims possessed high moral character. They were, therefore, enjoined to adopt the highest moral qualities and were severely criticized whenever any moral weakness was detected in them.

Though this Surah mainly deals with the moral and social reforms, yet due attention has been paid to propagation of Islam. On the one hand, the superiority of the Islamic morality and culture has been established over that of the Jews, Christians and mushriks; on the other hand, their wrong religious conceptions, their wrong morality and their evil acts have been criticized to prepare the ground for inviting them to the way of the Truth.

Subject: Consolidation of the Islamic Community

The main object of this Surah is to teach the Muslims the ways that unite a people and make them firm and strong. Introductions for the stability of family, which is the nucleus of community have been given. Then they have been urged to prepare themselves for defense. Side by side with these, they have been taught the importance of the propagation of Islam. Above all, the importance of the highest moral character in the scheme of consolidation of the Community has been impressed.

Topics and their Interconnection

Just, fair and equitable laws and regulations for the smooth running of family life have been laid down for the husband and wife. Detailed instructions have been given for the division of inheritance and due regard has been paid to the rights of orphans. 1 - 35

In order to inculcate the right spirit for the observance of rules and regulations, the Muslims have been enjoined to show generosity to all around them and to be free from meanness, selfishness, stinginess of mind, because this is essential for the consolidation of the Communities and helpful for the propagation of Islam. 36 - 42

The ways of the purification of mind and body for the offering of Salat have been taught because it plays the most important part in every scheme of moral and social reform. 43

After moral preparation, instructions for defense have been given. First of all, the Muslims have been warned to be on their guard against the cunning machinations and vile practices of the local Jews who were hostile to the New Movement. This caution was necessary for removing some possible misunderstanding that might have arisen on account of the pre-Islamic alliance between the people of Al-Madinah and the Jews. 44 - 57

Then they have been enjoined to place their trusts and offices of trust in the custody of honest and qualified persons, and to do what is just and right, and to obey Allah and His Messenger and those among themselves entrusted with the conduct of their affairs and to turn to Allah and His Messenger for the settlement of their disputes. As such an attitude and behavior alone can ensure consolidation, they have been strongly warned that any deviation from this path will lead to their disintegration. 58 - 72

After this pre-requisite, they have been exhorted to make preparation for defense and to fight bravely for the cause of Islam, without showing any kind of cowardice or weakness. They have also been warned to be on their guard against hypocrites. A line of demarcation has been drawn to distinguish the intentional shirkers from the helpless devotees. 73 - 100

Here again instructions have been given for the offering of Salat during military campaigns and actual fighting. This is to impress the importance of Salat even at the time of fear and danger. 101 - 103

Before proceeding on to the next topic, the Muslims have been exhorted to persevere in their fight without showing any kind of weakness. 104

In order to make the Islamic Community firm and strong for defense, the Muslims have been enjoined to observe the highest standard of justice. The Muslims are required to deal out strict justice even in case of the enemy, with whom they might be involved in war. They should also settle disputes between husband and wife with justice. In order to ensure this, they should keep their beliefs and deeds absolutely free from every kind of impurity and should become the standard bearers of justice. 105 - 135

Resuming the theme of defense, the Muslims have been warned to be on their guard against their enemies. They have been admonished to take necessary precautions against the machinations of the hypocrites and the unbelievers and the people of the Book. As belief in Allah, and Revelation and Life-after-death is the only safeguard against every kind of enemy, they should sincerely believe in and follow His Messenger, Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him). 136 - 175

Though this verse also deals with the family laws contained in verses 1 - 35, it has been added as a supplement at the end of this Surah because it was revealed long after An-Nisa was being recited as a complete Surah. 176

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

فَقَاتِلْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ لَا تُكَلَّفُ إِلَّا نَفْسَكَ ۚ وَحَرِّضِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۖ عَسَى اللَّهُ أَن يَكُفَّ بَأْسَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۚ وَاللَّهُ أَشَدُّ بَأْسًا وَأَشَدُّ تَنكِيلًا

Sahih International

So fight, [O Muhammad], in the cause of Allah ; you are not held responsible except for yourself. And encourage the believers [to join you] that perhaps Allah will restrain the [military] might of those who disbelieve. And Allah is greater in might and stronger in [exemplary] punishment.

Malay

Oleh itu, berperanglah (wahai Muhammad) pada jalan Allah (untuk membela Islam dari pencerobohan musuh); engkau tidak diberati selain daripada kewajipanmu sendiri. Dan berilah peransang kepada orang-orang yang beriman (supaya turut berjuang dengan gagah berani). Mudah-mudahan Allah menahan bahaya serangan orang-orang yang kafir itu. Dan (ingatlah) Allah Amatlah besar kekuatanNya dan Amatlah berat azab seksaNya.

مَّن يَشْفَعْ شَفَاعَةً حَسَنَةً يَكُن لَّهُ نَصِيبٌ مِّنْهَا ۖ وَمَن يَشْفَعْ شَفَاعَةً سَيِّئَةً يَكُن لَّهُ كِفْلٌ مِّنْهَا ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُّقِيتًا

Sahih International

Whoever intercedes for a good cause will have a reward therefrom; and whoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a burden therefrom. And ever is Allah , over all things, a Keeper.

Malay

Sesiapa yang memberikan syafaat yang baik nescaya ia akan memperoleh bahagian (pahala) daripadanya; dan sesiapa yang memberikan syafaat yang buruk, nescaya ia akan mendapat bahagian (dosa) daripadanya. Dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Kuasa atas tiap-tiap sesuatu.

ﯿ

وَإِذَا حُيِّيتُم بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيُّوا بِأَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا أَوْ رُدُّوهَا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَسِيبًا

Sahih International

And when you are greeted with a greeting, greet [in return] with one better than it or [at least] return it [in a like manner]. Indeed, Allah is ever, over all things, an Accountant.

Malay

Dan apabila kamu diberikan penghormatan dengan sesuatu ucapan hormat (seperti memberi salam), maka balaslah penghormatan itu dengan yang lebih baik daripadanya, atau balaslah dia (dengan cara yang sama). Sesungguhnya Allah sentiasa menghitung tiap-tiap sesuatu.

اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۚ لَيَجْمَعَنَّكُمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ ۗ وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللَّهِ حَدِيثًا

Malay

Allah, tiada Tuhan (yang berhak disembah) melainkan Dia. Sesungguhnya Ia akan menghimpunkan kamu pada hari kiamat, (hari) yang tidak ada syak padanya. Dan siapakah pula yang lebih benar perkataannya daripada Allah?

Sahih International

Allah - there is no deity except Him. He will surely assemble you for [account on] the Day of Resurrection, about which there is no doubt. And who is more truthful than Allah in statement.

فَمَا لَكُمْ فِي الْمُنَافِقِينَ فِئَتَيْنِ وَاللَّهُ أَرْكَسَهُم بِمَا كَسَبُوا ۚ أَتُرِيدُونَ أَن تَهْدُوا مَنْ أَضَلَّ اللَّهُ ۖ وَمَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُ سَبِيلًا

Malay

Maka apakah yang menyebabkan kamu (berpecah) menjadi dua golongan terhadap kaum munafik itu, padahal Allah telah menjerumuskan mereka (ke dalam kekufuran) disebabkan apa yang telah mereka usahakan? Adakah kamu pula hendak memberi pertunjuk kepada orang-orang yang telah disesatkan oleh Allah? Padahal sesiapa yang telah disesatkan oleh Allah, maka engkau tidak sekali-kali akan mendapat jalan untuk menyelamatkannya.

Sahih International

What is [the matter] with you [that you are] two groups concerning the hypocrites, while Allah has made them fall back [into error and disbelief] for what they earned. Do you wish to guide those whom Allah has sent astray? And he whom Allah sends astray - never will you find for him a way [of guidance].

ﭿ

وَدُّوا لَوْ تَكْفُرُونَ كَمَا كَفَرُوا فَتَكُونُونَ سَوَاءً ۖ فَلَا تَتَّخِذُوا مِنْهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ حَتَّىٰ يُهَاجِرُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۚ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَخُذُوهُمْ وَاقْتُلُوهُمْ حَيْثُ وَجَدتُّمُوهُمْ ۖ وَلَا تَتَّخِذُوا مِنْهُمْ وَلِيًّا وَلَا نَصِيرًا

Malay

. Mereka suka kalau kamu pula menjadi kafir sebagaimana mereka telah menjadi kafir, maka (dengan yang demikian) menjadilah kamu sama seperti mereka. Oleh itu janganlah kamu mengambil (seorang pun) di antara mereka menjadi teman rapat kamu, sehingga mereka berhijrah pada jalan Allah (untuk menegakkan Islam). Kemudian kalau mereka sengaja berpaling ingkar, maka tawanlah mereka dan bunuhlah mereka di mana sahaja kamu menemuinya; dan jangan sekali-kali kamu mengambil (seorang pun) di antara mereka menjadi teman rapat atau penolong;

Sahih International

They wish you would disbelieve as they disbelieved so you would be alike. So do not take from among them allies until they emigrate for the cause of Allah . But if they turn away, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them and take not from among them any ally or helper.

إِلَّا الَّذِينَ يَصِلُونَ إِلَىٰ قَوْمٍ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُم مِّيثَاقٌ أَوْ جَاءُوكُمْ حَصِرَتْ صُدُورُهُمْ أَن يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ أَوْ يُقَاتِلُوا قَوْمَهُمْ ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَسَلَّطَهُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ فَلَقَاتَلُوكُمْ ۚ فَإِنِ اعْتَزَلُوكُمْ فَلَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ وَأَلْقَوْا إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَمَ فَمَا جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ سَبِيلًا

Sahih International

Except for those who take refuge with a people between yourselves and whom is a treaty or those who come to you, their hearts strained at [the prospect of] fighting you or fighting their own people. And if Allah had willed, He could have given them power over you, and they would have fought you. So if they remove themselves from you and do not fight you and offer you peace, then Allah has not made for you a cause [for fighting] against them.

Malay

Kecuali orang-orang yang pergi (meminta perlindungan) kepada suatu kaum yang ada ikatan perjanjian setia antara kamu dengan mereka, atau orang-orang yang datang kepada kamu sedang hati mereka merasa berat hendak memerangi kamu atau memerangi kaumnya. Dan jika Allah menghendaki, nescaya Ia menjadikan mereka berkuasa melawan kamu, kemudian tentulah mereka memerangi kamu. Dalam pada itu, jika mereka membiarkan kamu (dengan tidak mengancam atau mengganggu), serta mereka tidak memerangi kamu dan mereka menawarkan perdamaian kepada kamu, maka Allah tidak menjadikan bagi kamu sesuatu jalan (yang membolehkan kamu memerangi atau menawan) mereka.

ﯿ

سَتَجِدُونَ آخَرِينَ يُرِيدُونَ أَن يَأْمَنُوكُمْ وَيَأْمَنُوا قَوْمَهُمْ كُلَّ مَا رُدُّوا إِلَى الْفِتْنَةِ أُرْكِسُوا فِيهَا ۚ فَإِن لَّمْ يَعْتَزِلُوكُمْ وَيُلْقُوا إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَمَ وَيَكُفُّوا أَيْدِيَهُمْ فَخُذُوهُمْ وَاقْتُلُوهُمْ حَيْثُ ثَقِفْتُمُوهُمْ ۚ وَأُولَٰئِكُمْ جَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانًا مُّبِينًا

Sahih International

You will find others who wish to obtain security from you and [to] obtain security from their people. Every time they are returned to [the influence of] disbelief, they fall back into it. So if they do not withdraw from you or offer you peace or restrain their hands, then seize them and kill them wherever you overtake them. And those - We have made for you against them a clear authorization.

Malay

Kamu juga akan dapati golongan-golongan yang lain (yang pura-pura Islam) supaya mereka beroleh aman dari pihak kamu, dan (sebaliknya mereka melahirkan kekufurannya) supaya mereka beroleh aman dari pihak kaumnya (yang masih kafir). Tiap-tiap kali mereka diajak kepada fitnah (pencerobohan), mereka segera terjerumus ke dalamnya. Oleh itu, jika mereka tidak membiarkan kamu (dan terus mengganggu atau berpihak kepada musuh), dan (tidak pula) menawarkan perdamaian kepada kamu dan juga (tidak) menahan tangan mereka (daripada memerangi kamu), maka hendaklah kamu bertindak menawan mereka dan membunuh mereka di mana sahaja kamu menemuinya; kerana merekalah orang-orang yang Kami jadikan bagi kamu alasan yang terang nyata untuk bertindak terhadapnya.

ﭿ

وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ أَن يَقْتُلَ مُؤْمِنًا إِلَّا خَطَأً ۚ وَمَن قَتَلَ مُؤْمِنًا خَطَأً فَتَحْرِيرُ رَقَبَةٍ مُّؤْمِنَةٍ وَدِيَةٌ مُّسَلَّمَةٌ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ إِلَّا أَن يَصَّدَّقُوا ۚ فَإِن كَانَ مِن قَوْمٍ عَدُوٍّ لَّكُمْ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَتَحْرِيرُ رَقَبَةٍ مُّؤْمِنَةٍ ۖ وَإِن كَانَ مِن قَوْمٍ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُم مِّيثَاقٌ فَدِيَةٌ مُّسَلَّمَةٌ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ وَتَحْرِيرُ رَقَبَةٍ مُّؤْمِنَةٍ ۖ فَمَن لَّمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ تَوْبَةً مِّنَ اللَّهِ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا

Malay

Dan tidak harus sama sekali bagi seseorang mukmin membunuh seorang mukmin yang lain, kecuali dengan tidak sengaja. Dan sesiapa yang membunuh seorang mukmin dengan tidak sengaja, maka (wajiblah ia membayar kaffarah) dengan memerdekakan seorang hamba yang beriman serta membayar "diah" (denda ganti nyawa) yang diserahkan kepada ahlinya (keluarga si mati), kecuali jika mereka sedekahkan (memaafkannya). Tetapi jika ia (yang terbunuh dengan tidak sengaja) dari kaum (kafir) yang memusuhi kamu, sedang ia sendiri beriman, maka (wajiblah si pembunuh membayar kaffarah sahaja dengan) memerdekakan seorang hamba yang beriman. Dan jika ia (orang yang terbunuh dengan tidak sengaja itu) dari kaum (kafir) yang ada ikatan perjanjian setia di antara kamu dengan mereka, maka wajiblah membayar "diah" (denda ganti nyawa) kepada keluarganya serta memerdekakan seorang hamba yang beriman. Dalam pada itu, sesiapa yang tidak dapat (mencari hamba yang akan dimerdekakannya), maka hendaklah ia berpuasa dua bulan berturut-turut; (hukum yang tersebut) datangnya dari Allah untuk menerima taubat (membersihkan diri kamu). Dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Mengetahui, lagi Maha Bijaksana.

Sahih International

And never is it for a believer to kill a believer except by mistake. And whoever kills a believer by mistake - then the freeing of a believing slave and a compensation payment presented to the deceased's family [is required] unless they give [up their right as] charity. But if the deceased was from a people at war with you and he was a believer - then [only] the freeing of a believing slave; and if he was from a people with whom you have a treaty - then a compensation payment presented to his family and the freeing of a believing slave. And whoever does not find [one or cannot afford to buy one] - then [instead], a fast for two months consecutively, [seeking] acceptance of repentance from Allah . And Allah is ever Knowing and Wise.

وَمَن يَقْتُلْ مُؤْمِنًا مُّتَعَمِّدًا فَجَزَاؤُهُ جَهَنَّمُ خَالِدًا فِيهَا وَغَضِبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَلَعَنَهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُ عَذَابًا عَظِيمًا

Sahih International

But whoever kills a believer intentionally - his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.

Malay

Dan sesiapa yang membunuh seorang mukmin dengan sengaja, maka balasannya ialah neraka jahanam, kekal ia di dalamnya, dan Allah murka kepadanya, dan melakanatkannya serta menyediakan baginya azab seksa yang besar.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَتَبَيَّنُوا وَلَا تَقُولُوا لِمَنْ أَلْقَىٰ إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَامَ لَسْتَ مُؤْمِنًا تَبْتَغُونَ عَرَضَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَعِندَ اللَّهِ مَغَانِمُ كَثِيرَةٌ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ كُنتُم مِّن قَبْلُ فَمَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ فَتَبَيَّنُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا

Sahih International

O you who have believed, when you go forth [to fight] in the cause of Allah , investigate; and do not say to one who gives you [a greeting of] peace "You are not a believer," aspiring for the goods of worldly life; for with Allah are many acquisitions. You [yourselves] were like that before; then Allah conferred His favor upon you, so investigate. Indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.

Malay

Wahai orang-orang yang beriman, apabila kamu pergi (berperang) pada jalan Allah (untuk membela Islam), maka hendaklah kamu menyelidik (apa jua perkara dengan sebaik-baiknya), dan janganlah kamu (terburu-buru) mengatakan kepada orang yang menunjukkan kepada kamu sikap damai (dengan memberi salam atau mengucap dua Kalimah Syahadat): "Engkau bukan orang yang beriman" (lalu kamu membunuhnya) dengan tujuan hendak (mendapat harta bendanya yang merupakan) harta benda kehidupan dunia (yang tidak kekal). (Janganlah kamu gelap mata kepada daki dunia itu) kerana di sisi Allah ada disediakan limpah kurnia yang banyak. Demikianlah juga keadaan kamu dahulu (dapat diketahui oleh orang lain akan keIslaman kamu dengan memberi salam atau mengucap kalimah Syahadat), lalu Allah mengurniakan nikmatNya kepada kamu. Oleh itu selidikilah (apa-apa jua lebih dahulu, dan janganlah bertindak dengan terburu-buru). Sesungguhnya Allah sentiasa memerhati dengan mendalam akan segala yang kamu lakukan.

لَّا يَسْتَوِي الْقَاعِدُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ غَيْرُ أُولِي الضَّرَرِ وَالْمُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ ۚ فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ الْمُجَاهِدِينَ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ عَلَى الْقَاعِدِينَ دَرَجَةً ۚ وَكُلًّا وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ وَفَضَّلَ اللَّهُ الْمُجَاهِدِينَ عَلَى الْقَاعِدِينَ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

Malay

Tidaklah sama keadaan orang-orang yang duduk (tidak turut berperang) dari kalangan orang-orang yang beriman - selain daripada orang-orang yang ada keuzuran - dengan orang-orang yang berjihad (berjuang) pada jalan Allah (untuk membela Islam) dengan harta dan jiwanya. Allah melebihkan orang-orang yang berjuang dengan harta benda dan jiwa mereka atas orang-orang yang tinggal duduk (tidak turut berperang kerana uzur) dengan kelebihan satu darjat. Dan tiap-tiap satu (dari dua golongan itu) Allah menjanjikan dengan balasan yang baik (Syurga), dan Allah melebihkan orang-orang yang berjuang atas orang-orang yang tinggal duduk (tidak turut berperang dan tidak ada sesuatu uzur) dengan pahala yang amat besar;

Sahih International

Not equal are those believers remaining [at home] - other than the disabled - and the mujahideen, [who strive and fight] in the cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives. Allah has preferred the mujahideen through their wealth and their lives over those who remain [behind], by degrees. And to both Allah has promised the best [reward]. But Allah has preferred the mujahideen over those who remain [behind] with a great reward -

ﭿ

دَرَجَاتٍ مِّنْهُ وَمَغْفِرَةً وَرَحْمَةً ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

Sahih International

Degrees [of high position] from Him and forgiveness and mercy. And Allah is ever Forgiving and Merciful.

Malay

Iaitu beberapa darjat kelebihan daripadaNya, dan keampunan serta rahmat belas kasihan. Dan (ingatlah) adalah Allah Maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ ظَالِمِي أَنفُسِهِمْ قَالُوا فِيمَ كُنتُمْ ۖ قَالُوا كُنَّا مُسْتَضْعَفِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ قَالُوا أَلَمْ تَكُنْ أَرْضُ اللَّهِ وَاسِعَةً فَتُهَاجِرُوا فِيهَا ۚ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا

Malay

Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang diambil nyawanya oleh malaikat semasa mereka sedang menganiaya diri sendiri (kerana enggan berhijrah untuk membela Islam dan rela ditindas oleh kaum kafir musyrik), mereka ditanya oleh malaikat dengan berkata: "Apakah yang kamu telah lakukan mengenai ugama kamu?" Mereka menjawab: "Kami dahulu adalah orang-orang yang tertindas di bumi". Malaikat bertanya lagi: "Tidakkah bumi Allah itu luas, yang membolehkan kamu berhijrah dengan bebas padanya?" Maka orang-orang yang sedemikian itu keadaannya, tempat akhir mereka ialah neraka jahanam, dan neraka jahanam itu adalah seburuk-buruk tempat kembali.

Sahih International

Indeed, those whom the angels take [in death] while wronging themselves - [the angels] will say, "In what [condition] were you?" They will say, "We were oppressed in the land." The angels will say, "Was not the earth of Allah spacious [enough] for you to emigrate therein?" For those, their refuge is Hell - and evil it is as a destination.

إِلَّا الْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ وَالْوِلْدَانِ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ حِيلَةً وَلَا يَهْتَدُونَ سَبِيلًا

Sahih International

Except for the oppressed among men, women and children who cannot devise a plan nor are they directed to a way -

Malay

Kecuali orang-orang yang lemah (lagi uzur) dari kaum lelaki dan perempuan serta kanak-kanak, yang tidak berdaya upaya mencari helah (untuk melepaskan diri) dan tidak pula mengetahui sesuatu jalan (untuk berhijrah).

فَأُولَٰئِكَ عَسَى اللَّهُ أَن يَعْفُوَ عَنْهُمْ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَفُوًّا غَفُورًا

Sahih International

For those it is expected that Allah will pardon them, and Allah is ever Pardoning and Forgiving.

Malay

Maka mereka (yang demikian sifatnya), mudah-mudahan Allah maafkan mereka. Dan (ingatlah), Allah Maha Pemaaf, lagi Maha Pengampun.

وَمَن يُهَاجِرْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ يَجِدْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مُرَاغَمًا كَثِيرًا وَسَعَةً ۚ وَمَن يَخْرُجْ مِن بَيْتِهِ مُهَاجِرًا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ثُمَّ يُدْرِكْهُ الْمَوْتُ فَقَدْ وَقَعَ أَجْرُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

Malay

Dan sesiapa yang berhijrah pada jalan Allah (untuk membela dan menegakkan Islam), nescaya ia akan dapati di muka bumi ini tempat berhijrah yang banyak dan rezeki yang makmur; dan sesiapa yang keluar dari rumahnya dengan tujuan berhijrah kepada Allah dan RasulNya, kemudian ia mati (dalam perjalanan), maka sesungguhnya telah tetap pahala hijrahnya di sisi Allah. Dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

Sahih International

And whoever emigrates for the cause of Allah will find on the earth many [alternative] locations and abundance. And whoever leaves his home as an emigrant to Allah and His Messenger and then death overtakes him - his reward has already become incumbent upon Allah . And Allah is ever Forgiving and Merciful.

ﯿ

وَإِذَا ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَقْصُرُوا مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ إِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَن يَفْتِنَكُمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۚ إِنَّ الْكَافِرِينَ كَانُوا لَكُمْ عَدُوًّا مُّبِينًا

Malay

Dan apabila kamu musafir di muka bumi, maka kamu tidaklah berdosa "mengqasarkan" (memendekkan) sembahyang jika kamu takut diserang oleh orang-orang kafir. Sesungguhnya orang-orang kafir itu adalah musuh yang amat nyata bagi kamu.

Sahih International

And when you travel throughout the land, there is no blame upon you for shortening the prayer, [especially] if you fear that those who disbelieve may disrupt [or attack] you. Indeed, the disbelievers are ever to you a clear enemy.

ﭿ

وَإِذَا كُنتَ فِيهِمْ فَأَقَمْتَ لَهُمُ الصَّلَاةَ فَلْتَقُمْ طَائِفَةٌ مِّنْهُم مَّعَكَ وَلْيَأْخُذُوا أَسْلِحَتَهُمْ فَإِذَا سَجَدُوا فَلْيَكُونُوا مِن وَرَائِكُمْ وَلْتَأْتِ طَائِفَةٌ أُخْرَىٰ لَمْ يُصَلُّوا فَلْيُصَلُّوا مَعَكَ وَلْيَأْخُذُوا حِذْرَهُمْ وَأَسْلِحَتَهُمْ ۗ وَدَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَوْ تَغْفُلُونَ عَنْ أَسْلِحَتِكُمْ وَأَمْتِعَتِكُمْ فَيَمِيلُونَ عَلَيْكُم مَّيْلَةً وَاحِدَةً ۚ وَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِن كَانَ بِكُمْ أَذًى مِّن مَّطَرٍ أَوْ كُنتُم مَّرْضَىٰ أَن تَضَعُوا أَسْلِحَتَكُمْ ۖ وَخُذُوا حِذْرَكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَعَدَّ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُّهِينًا

Sahih International

And when you are among them and lead them in prayer, let a group of them stand [in prayer] with you and let them carry their arms. And when they have prostrated, let them be [in position] behind you and have the other group come forward which has not [yet] prayed and let them pray with you, taking precaution and carrying their arms. Those who disbelieve wish that you would neglect your weapons and your baggage so they could come down upon you in one [single] attack. But there is no blame upon you, if you are troubled by rain or are ill, for putting down your arms, but take precaution. Indeed, Allah has prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.

Malay

Dan apabila engkau (wahai Muhammad) berada dalam kalangan mereka (semasa perang), lalu engkau mendirikan sembahyang dengan (menjadi imam) mereka, maka hendaklah sepuak dari mereka berdiri (mengerjakan sembahyang) bersama-samamu, dan hendaklah mereka menyandang senjata masing-masing; kemudian apabila mereka telah sujud, maka hendaklah mereka berundur ke belakang (untuk menjaga serbuan musuh); dan hendaklah datang pula puak yang lain (yang kedua) yang belum sembahyang (kerana menjaga serbuan musuh), maka hendaklah mereka bersembahyang (berjamaah) bersama-samamu, dan hendakah mereka mengambil langkah berjaga-jaga serta menyandang senjata masing-masing. Orang-orang kafir memang suka kalau kamu cuai lalai akan senjata dan harta benda kamu, supaya dengan jalan itu mereka dapat menyerbu kamu beramai-ramai dengan serentak. Dan tidaklah kamu berdosa meletakkan senjata masing-masing, jika kamu dihalangi sesuatu yang menyusahkan disebabkan hujan atau kamu sakit. Dan hendaklah kamu mengambil langkah berjaga-jaga. Sesungguhnya Allah telah menyediakan bagi orang-orang kafir itu azab seksa yang amat menghina.

فَإِذَا قَضَيْتُمُ الصَّلَاةَ فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَىٰ جُنُوبِكُمْ ۚ فَإِذَا اطْمَأْنَنتُمْ فَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ ۚ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَّوْقُوتًا

Malay

Kemudian apabila kamu telah selesai mengerjakan sembahyang, maka hendaklah kamu menyebut dan mengingati Allah semasa kamu berdiri atau duduk, dan semasa kamu berbaring. Kemudian apabila kamu telah merasa tenteram (berada dalam keadaan aman) maka dirikanlah sembahyang itu (dengan sempurna sebagaimana biasa). Sesungguhnya sembahyang itu adalah satu ketetapan yang diwajibkan atas orang-orang yang beriman, yang tertentu waktunya.

Sahih International

And when you have completed the prayer, remember Allah standing, sitting, or [lying] on your sides. But when you become secure, re-establish [regular] prayer. Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times.

وَلَا تَهِنُوا فِي ابْتِغَاءِ الْقَوْمِ ۖ إِن تَكُونُوا تَأْلَمُونَ فَإِنَّهُمْ يَأْلَمُونَ كَمَا تَأْلَمُونَ ۖ وَتَرْجُونَ مِنَ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَرْجُونَ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا

Malay

Dan janganlah kamu lemah (hilang semangat) dalam memburu musuh (yang menceroboh) itu; kerana kalau kamu menderita sakit (luka atau mati) maka sesungguhnya mereka pun menderita sakitnya seperti penderitaan kamu; sedang kamu mengharapkan dari Allah apa yang mereka tidak harapkan (iaitu balasan yang baik pada hari akhirat kelak). Dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Mengetahui, lagi Maha Bijaksana.

Sahih International

And do not weaken in pursuit of the enemy. If you should be suffering - so are they suffering as you are suffering, but you expect from Allah that which they expect not. And Allah is ever Knowing and Wise.

إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِتَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ بِمَا أَرَاكَ اللَّهُ ۚ وَلَا تَكُن لِّلْخَائِنِينَ خَصِيمًا

Sahih International

Indeed, We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth so you may judge between the people by that which Allah has shown you. And do not be for the deceitful an advocate.

Malay

Sesungguhnya Kami menurunkan kepadamu (wahai Muhammad) Kitab (Al-Quran) dengan membawa kebenaran, supaya engkau menghukum di antara manusia menurut apa yang Allah telah tunjukkan kepadamu (melalui wahyuNya); dan janganlah engkau menjadi pembela bagi orang-orang yang khianat.

وَاسْتَغْفِرِ اللَّهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

Malay

Dan hendaklah engkau memohon ampun kepada Allah; kerana sesungguhnya Allah adalah Maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

Sahih International

And seek forgiveness of Allah . Indeed, Allah is ever Forgiving and Merciful.

وَلَا تُجَادِلْ عَنِ الَّذِينَ يَخْتَانُونَ أَنفُسَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَن كَانَ خَوَّانًا أَثِيمًا

Sahih International

And do not argue on behalf of those who deceive themselves. Indeed, Allah loves not one who is a habitually sinful deceiver.

Malay

Dan janganlah engkau berbahas untuk membela orang-orang yang mengkhianati diri mereka sendiri. Sesungguhnya Allah tidak suka kepada orang-orang yang selalu melakukan khianat, lagi sentiasa berdosa.

ﭿ

يَسْتَخْفُونَ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَلَا يَسْتَخْفُونَ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَهُوَ مَعَهُمْ إِذْ يُبَيِّتُونَ مَا لَا يَرْضَىٰ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ مُحِيطًا

Sahih International

They conceal [their evil intentions and deeds] from the people, but they cannot conceal [them] from Allah , and He is with them [in His knowledge] when they spend the night in such as He does not accept of speech. And ever is Allah , of what they do, encompassing.

Malay

Mereka menyembunyikan (kejahatan mereka) daripada manusia, dalam pada itu mereka tidak menyembunyikan (kejahatan mereka) daripada Allah. Padahal Allah ada bersama-sama mereka, ketika mereka merancangkan pada malam hari, kata-kata yang tidak diredhai oleh Allah. Dan (ingatlah) Allah sentiasa Meliputi PengetahuanNya akan apa yang mereka lakukan.

هَا أَنتُمْ هَٰؤُلَاءِ جَادَلْتُمْ عَنْهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَمَن يُجَادِلُ اللَّهَ عَنْهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَم مَّن يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكِيلًا

Malay

Sedarlah! Kamu ini adalah orang-orang (yang telah menyimpang dari kebenaran), kamu telah berhujah membela mereka (yang bersalah) dalam kehidupan dunia ini, maka siapakah yang akan berhujah kepada Allah untuk membela mereka itu pada hari kiamat kelak? Atau siapakah yang akan menjadi pelindung mereka (dari azab seksa yang disediakan oleh Allah)?

Sahih International

Here you are - those who argue on their behalf in [this] worldly life - but who will argue with Allah for them on the Day of Resurrection, or who will [then] be their representative?

وَمَن يَعْمَلْ سُوءًا أَوْ يَظْلِمْ نَفْسَهُ ثُمَّ يَسْتَغْفِرِ اللَّهَ يَجِدِ اللَّهَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

Malay

Dan sesiapa yang melakukan kejahatan atau menganiaya dirinya sendiri (dengan melakukan maksiat) kemudian ia memohon ampun kepada Allah, nescaya ia akan mendapati Allah Maha Pengampun, lagi Maha Mengasihani.

Sahih International

And whoever does a wrong or wrongs himself but then seeks forgiveness of Allah will find Allah Forgiving and Merciful.

وَمَن يَكْسِبْ إِثْمًا فَإِنَّمَا يَكْسِبُهُ عَلَىٰ نَفْسِهِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا

Sahih International

And whoever commits a sin only earns it against himself. And Allah is ever Knowing and Wise.

Malay

Dan sesiapa yang mengerjakan sesuatu dosa maka sesungguhnya ia hanya mengerjakannya untuk (menjadi bala bencana yang) menimpa dirinya sendiri. Dan (ingatlah) Allah Maha Mengetahui, lagi Maha Bijaksana.

وَمَن يَكْسِبْ خَطِيئَةً أَوْ إِثْمًا ثُمَّ يَرْمِ بِهِ بَرِيئًا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلَ بُهْتَانًا وَإِثْمًا مُّبِينًا

Sahih International

But whoever earns an offense or a sin and then blames it on an innocent [person] has taken upon himself a slander and manifest sin.

Malay

Dan sesiapa yang melakukan suatu kesalahan atau suatu dosa, kemudian ia menuduhnya kepada orang yang tidak bersalah, maka sesungguhnya ia telah memikul kesalahan berbuat dusta, dan melakukan dosa yang amat nyata.

ﯿ

وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَتُهُ لَهَمَّت طَّائِفَةٌ مِّنْهُمْ أَن يُضِلُّوكَ وَمَا يُضِلُّونَ إِلَّا أَنفُسَهُمْ ۖ وَمَا يَضُرُّونَكَ مِن شَيْءٍ ۚ وَأَنزَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُن تَعْلَمُ ۚ وَكَانَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ عَظِيمًا

Sahih International

And if it was not for the favor of Allah upon you, [O Muhammad], and His mercy, a group of them would have determined to mislead you. But they do not mislead except themselves, and they will not harm you at all. And Allah has revealed to you the Book and wisdom and has taught you that which you did not know. And ever has the favor of Allah upon you been great.

Malay

Dan kalaulah tidak kerana limpah kurnia Allah dan rahmatNya kepadamu (wahai Muhammad), nescaya berhasilah cita-cita segolongan dari mereka yang bertujuan hendak menyesatkanmu, padahal mereka tidak akan menyesatkan melainkan dirinya sendiri; dan juga mereka tidak akan dapat mendatangkan mudarat kepadamu sedikitpun; dan (selain itu) Allah telah menurunkan kepadamu Kitab (Al-Quran) serta Hikmah (pengetahuan yang mendalam), dan telah mengajarkanmu apa yang engkau tidak mengetahuinya. Dan adalah kurnia Allah yang dilimpahkanNya kepada mu amatlah besar.

لَّا خَيْرَ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِّن نَّجْوَاهُمْ إِلَّا مَنْ أَمَرَ بِصَدَقَةٍ أَوْ مَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ إِصْلَاحٍ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ ۚ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ ابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاتِ اللَّهِ فَسَوْفَ نُؤْتِيهِ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

Malay

Tidak ada kebaikan pada kebanyakan bisik-bisikan mereka, kecuali (bisik-bisikan) orang yang menyuruh bersedekah, atau berbuat kebaikan, atau mendamaikan di antara manusia. Dan sesiapa yang berbuat demikian dengan maksud mencari keredaan Allah, tentulah Kami akan memberi kepadanya pahala yang amat besar.

Sahih International

No good is there in much of their private conversation, except for those who enjoin charity or that which is right or conciliation between people. And whoever does that seeking means to the approval of Allah - then We are going to give him a great reward.

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