VERSES
83
PAGES
440-445

Name

The Surah takes its name from the two letters of the alphabet with which it begins.

Period of Revelation

A study of the style shows that it was either sent down during the last stage of the middle Makkan period, or it is one of those Surahs, which were sent down during the last stage of the Holy Prophet's stay at Makkah.

Subject Matter and Theme

The object of the discourse is to warn the Quraish of the consequences of not believing in the Prophethood of Muhammad (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) and of resisting and opposing it with tyranny, ridicule and mockery. The aspect of the warning is dominant and conspicuous although along with repeatedly giving the warnings, arguments also have been given for the correct understanding by the people.

Arguments have been given for three things: (1) For Tauhid, from the signs of the universe and from common sense; (2) for the Hereafter, from the signs of the universe, from common sense and from man's own existence itself; and (3) for the Prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad, from the fact that he was facing all kinds of hardships in the preaching of his message without any selfish motive, and from this that whatever he was inviting the people to was rational and reasonable, accepting which was in the people's own interest.

On the strength of these arguments, themes of reprobation, reproof and warning have been presented repeatedly in a highly forceful manner, so that hearts are shaken up and those which have any capacity for accepting the truth left in them should not remain unmoved.

Imam Ahmad, Abu Daud, Nasai, Ibn Majah and Tabarani have related on the authority of Hadrat Ma'qil bin Yasar that the Holy Prophet said:"Surah Ya Sin is the heart of the Qur'an."This is similar to describing the Surah Al Fatiha has the Umm al Qur'an (the essence or core of the Qur'an), because Al Fatihah contains the sum and substance of the teaching of the whole Quran. The Surah Ya Sin has been called the throbbing heart of the Qur'an because it presents the message of the Qur'an in a most forceful manner, which breaks the inertness and stirs the spirit of man to action.

Again Imam Ahmad, Aba Da'ud and Ibn Majah have related from the same Ma'qil bin Yasar that the Holy Prophet said: "Recite Surah Ya Sin to the dying ones among you." The object is not only to revive and refresh the whole Islamic creed in the mind of the dying person but also bring before him, in particular, a complete picture of the Hereafter so that he may know what stages he would have to pass through after crossing the stage of this worldly life. In view of this, it would be desirable that along with the recitation of the Surah Ya Sin its translation also is made for the benefit of the person who does not know Arabic so that the purpose of the admonition is duly fulfilled.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَخَلَقْنَا لَهُم مِّن مِّثْلِهِ مَا يَرْكَبُونَ

Indonesian

dan Kami ciptakan untuk mereka yang akan mereka kendarai seperti bahtera itu.

Sahih International

And We created for them from the likes of it that which they ride.

وَإِن نَّشَأْ نُغْرِقْهُمْ فَلَا صَرِيخَ لَهُمْ وَلَا هُمْ يُنقَذُونَ

Indonesian

Dan jika Kami menghendaki niscaya Kami tenggelamkan mereka, maka tiadalah bagi mereka penolong dan tidak pula mereka diselamatkan.

Sahih International

And if We should will, We could drown them; then no one responding to a cry would there be for them, nor would they be saved

إِلَّا رَحْمَةً مِّنَّا وَمَتَاعًا إِلَىٰ حِينٍ

Sahih International

Except as a mercy from Us and provision for a time.

Indonesian

Tetapi (Kami selamatkan mereka) karena rahmat yang besar dari Kami dan untuk memberikan kesenangan hidup sampai kepada suatu ketika.

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ اتَّقُوا مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَمَا خَلْفَكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

Indonesian

Dan apabila dikatakan kepada mereka: "Takutlah kamu akan siksa yang dihadapanmu dan siksa yang akan datang supaya kamu mendapat rahmat", (niscaya mereka berpaling).

Sahih International

But when it is said to them, "Beware of what is before you and what is behind you; perhaps you will receive mercy... "

ﭿ

وَمَا تَأْتِيهِم مِّنْ آيَةٍ مِّنْ آيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ إِلَّا كَانُوا عَنْهَا مُعْرِضِينَ

Indonesian

Dan sekali-kali tiada datang kepada mereka suatu tanda dari tanda tanda kekuasaan Tuhan mereka, melainkan mereka selalu berpaling daripadanya.

Sahih International

And no sign comes to them from the signs of their Lord except that they are from it turning away.

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ أَنفِقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللَّهُ قَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنُطْعِمُ مَن لَّوْ يَشَاءُ اللَّهُ أَطْعَمَهُ إِنْ أَنتُمْ إِلَّا فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

Sahih International

And when it is said to them, "Spend from that which Allah has provided for you," those who disbelieve say to those who believe, "Should we feed one whom, if Allah had willed, He would have fed? You are not but in clear error."

Indonesian

Dan apabila dikatakakan kepada mereka: "Nafkahkanlah sebahagian dari reski yang diberikan Allah kepadamu", maka orang-orang yang kafir itu berkata kepada orang-orang yang beriman: "Apakah kami akan memberi makan kepada orang-orang yang jika Allah menghendaki tentulah Dia akan memberinya makan, tiadalah kamu melainkan dalam kesesatan yang nyata".

وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هَٰذَا الْوَعْدُ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Indonesian

Dan mereka berkata: "Bilakah (terjadinya) janji ini (hari berbangkit) jika kamu adalah orang-orang yang benar?".

Sahih International

And they say, "When is this promise, if you should be truthful?"

مَا يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً تَأْخُذُهُمْ وَهُمْ يَخِصِّمُونَ

Sahih International

They do not await except one blast which will seize them while they are disputing.

Indonesian

Mereka tidak menunggu melainkan satu teriakan saja yang akan membinasakan mereka ketika mereka sedang bertengkar.

فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ تَوْصِيَةً وَلَا إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

Sahih International

And they will not be able [to give] any instruction, nor to their people can they return.

Indonesian

lalu mereka tidak kuasa membuat suatu wasiatpun dan tidak (pula) dapat kembali kepada keluarganya.

وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَإِذَا هُم مِّنَ الْأَجْدَاثِ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَنسِلُونَ

Indonesian

Dan ditiuplah sangkalala, maka tiba-tiba mereka keluar dengan segera dari kuburnya (menuju) kepada Tuhan mereka.

Sahih International

And the Horn will be blown; and at once from the graves to their Lord they will hasten.

قَالُوا يَا وَيْلَنَا مَن بَعَثَنَا مِن مَّرْقَدِنَا ۜ ۗ هَٰذَا مَا وَعَدَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وَصَدَقَ الْمُرْسَلُونَ

Indonesian

Mereka berkata: "Aduhai celakalah kami! Siapakah yang membangkitkan kami dari tempat-tidur kami (kubur)?". Inilah yang dijanjikan (Tuhan) Yang Maha Pemurah dan benarlah Rasul-rasul(Nya).

Sahih International

They will say, "O woe to us! Who has raised us up from our sleeping place?" [The reply will be], "This is what the Most Merciful had promised, and the messengers told the truth."

ﯿ

إِن كَانَتْ إِلَّا صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ جَمِيعٌ لَّدَيْنَا مُحْضَرُونَ

Sahih International

It will not be but one blast, and at once they are all brought present before Us.

Indonesian

Tidak adalah teriakan itu selain sekali teriakan saja, maka tiba-tiba mereka semua dikumpulkan kepada Kami.

فَالْيَوْمَ لَا تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئًا وَلَا تُجْزَوْنَ إِلَّا مَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

Sahih International

So today no soul will be wronged at all, and you will not be recompensed except for what you used to do.

Indonesian

Maka pada hari itu seseorang tidak akan dirugikan sedikitpun dan kamu tidak dibalasi, kecuali dengan apa yang telah kamu kerjakan.

إِنَّ أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ الْيَوْمَ فِي شُغُلٍ فَاكِهُونَ

Sahih International

Indeed the companions of Paradise, that Day, will be amused in [joyful] occupation -

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya penghuni surga pada hari itu bersenang-senang dalam kesibukan (mereka).

هُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُهُمْ فِي ظِلَالٍ عَلَى الْأَرَائِكِ مُتَّكِئُونَ

Indonesian

Mereka dan isteri-isteri mereka berada dalam tempat yang teduh, bertelekan di atas dipan-dipan.

Sahih International

They and their spouses - in shade, reclining on adorned couches.

لَهُمْ فِيهَا فَاكِهَةٌ وَلَهُم مَّا يَدَّعُونَ

Sahih International

For them therein is fruit, and for them is whatever they request [or wish]

Indonesian

Di surga itu mereka memperoleh buah-buahan dan memperoleh apa yang mereka minta.

سَلَامٌ قَوْلًا مِّن رَّبٍّ رَّحِيمٍ

Sahih International

[And] "Peace," a word from a Merciful Lord.

Indonesian

(Kepada mereka dikatakan): "Salam", sebagai ucapan selamat dari Tuhan Yang Maha Penyayang.

وَامْتَازُوا الْيَوْمَ أَيُّهَا الْمُجْرِمُونَ

Sahih International

[Then He will say], "But stand apart today, you criminals.

Indonesian

Dan (dikatakan kepada orang-orang kafir): "Berpisahlah kamu (dari orang-orang mukmin) pada hari ini, hai orang-orang yang berbuat jahat.

ﭿ

أَلَمْ أَعْهَدْ إِلَيْكُمْ يَا بَنِي آدَمَ أَن لَّا تَعْبُدُوا الشَّيْطَانَ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

Indonesian

Bukankah Aku telah memerintahkan kepadamu hai Bani Adam supaya kamu tidak menyembah syaitan? Sesungguhnya syaitan itu adalah musuh yang nyata bagi kamu",

Sahih International

Did I not enjoin upon you, O children of Adam, that you not worship Satan - [for] indeed, he is to you a clear enemy -

وَأَنِ اعْبُدُونِي ۚ هَٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيمٌ

Indonesian

dan hendaklah kamu menyembah-Ku. Inilah jalan yang lurus.

Sahih International

And that you worship [only] Me? This is a straight path.

وَلَقَدْ أَضَلَّ مِنكُمْ جِبِلًّا كَثِيرًا ۖ أَفَلَمْ تَكُونُوا تَعْقِلُونَ

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya syaitan itu telah menyesatkan sebahagian besar diantaramu, Maka apakah kamu tidak memikirkan?.

Sahih International

And he had already led astray from among you much of creation, so did you not use reason?

هَٰذِهِ جَهَنَّمُ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ

Sahih International

This is the Hellfire which you were promised.

Indonesian

Inilah Jahannam yang dahulu kamu diancam (dengannya).

اصْلَوْهَا الْيَوْمَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

Sahih International

[Enter to] burn therein today for what you used to deny."

Indonesian

Masuklah ke dalamnya pada hari ini disebabkan kamu dahulu mengingkarinya.

الْيَوْمَ نَخْتِمُ عَلَىٰ أَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَتُكَلِّمُنَا أَيْدِيهِمْ وَتَشْهَدُ أَرْجُلُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ

Indonesian

Pada hari ini Kami tutup mulut mereka; dan berkatalah kepada Kami tangan mereka dan memberi kesaksianlah kaki mereka terhadap apa yang dahulu mereka usahakan.

Sahih International

That Day, We will seal over their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their feet will testify about what they used to earn.

وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَطَمَسْنَا عَلَىٰ أَعْيُنِهِمْ فَاسْتَبَقُوا الصِّرَاطَ فَأَنَّىٰ يُبْصِرُونَ

Sahih International

And if We willed, We could have obliterated their eyes, and they would race to [find] the path, and how could they see?

Indonesian

Dan jikalau Kami menghendaki pastilah Kami hapuskan penglihatan mata mereka; lalu mereka berlomba-lomba (mencari) jalan, Maka betapakah mereka dapat melihat(nya).

وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَمَسَخْنَاهُمْ عَلَىٰ مَكَانَتِهِمْ فَمَا اسْتَطَاعُوا مُضِيًّا وَلَا يَرْجِعُونَ

Sahih International

And if We willed, We could have deformed them, [paralyzing them] in their places so they would not be able to proceed, nor could they return.

Indonesian

Dan jikalau Kami menghendaki pastilah Kami ubah mereka di tempat mereka berada; maka mereka tidak sanggup berjalan lagi dan tidak (pula) sanggup kembali.

وَمَن نُّعَمِّرْهُ نُنَكِّسْهُ فِي الْخَلْقِ ۖ أَفَلَا يَعْقِلُونَ

Indonesian

Dan barangsiapa yang Kami panjangkan umurnya niscaya Kami kembalikan dia kepada kejadian(nya). Maka apakah mereka tidak memikirkan?

Sahih International

And he to whom We grant long life We reverse in creation; so will they not understand?

وَمَا عَلَّمْنَاهُ الشِّعْرَ وَمَا يَنبَغِي لَهُ ۚ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ وَقُرْآنٌ مُّبِينٌ

Sahih International

And We did not give Prophet Muhammad, knowledge of poetry, nor is it befitting for him. It is not but a message and a clear Qur'an

Indonesian

Dan Kami tidak mengajarkan syair kepadanya (Muhammad) dan bersyair itu tidaklah layak baginya. Al Quran itu tidak lain hanyalah pelajaran dan kitab yang memberi penerangan.

ﯿ

لِّيُنذِرَ مَن كَانَ حَيًّا وَيَحِقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ

Indonesian

supaya dia (Muhammad) memberi peringatan kepada orang-orang yang hidup (hatinya) dan supaya pastilah (ketetapan azab) terhadap orang-orang kafir.

Sahih International

To warn whoever is alive and justify the word against the disbelievers.

أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّا خَلَقْنَا لَهُم مِّمَّا عَمِلَتْ أَيْدِينَا أَنْعَامًا فَهُمْ لَهَا مَالِكُونَ

Sahih International

Do they not see that We have created for them from what Our hands have made, grazing livestock, and [then] they are their owners?

Indonesian

Dan apakah mereka tidak melihat bahwa sesungguhnya Kami telah menciptakan binatang ternak untuk mereka yaitu sebahagian dari apa yang telah Kami ciptakan dengan kekuasaan Kami sendiri, lalu mereka menguasainya?

وَذَلَّلْنَاهَا لَهُمْ فَمِنْهَا رَكُوبُهُمْ وَمِنْهَا يَأْكُلُونَ

Sahih International

And We have tamed them for them, so some of them they ride, and some of them they eat.

Indonesian

Dan Kami tundukkan binatang-binatang itu untuk mereka; maka sebahagiannya menjadi tunggangan mereka dan sebahagiannya mereka makan.

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