VERSES
45
PAGES
434-440

Name

The word Fatir of the first very verse is the title given to this Surah, which simply means that it is a Surah in which the word Fatir has occurred. The other name is Al Malaika, which also occurs in the first verse.

Period of Revelation

The internal evidence of the style shows that the period of the revelation of this Surah is probably the middle Makkan period, and especially that part of it, when antagonism had grown quite strong and every sort of mischief was being adopted to frustrate the mission of the Holy Prophet.

Subject Matter and Theme

The discourse is meant to warn and reprove the people of Makkah and their chiefs for their antagonistic attitude that they had then adopted towards the Holy Prophet's message of Tauhid, like a well wisher, and also to admonish them like a teacher, as if to say: "O foolish people, the way to which this Prophet is calling you is to your own advantage. Your anger, your tricks and machinations against it and your conspiracies and designs to frustrate it are not directed against him but against your own selves. If you do not listen to him, you will be harming your own selves, not him. Just consider and ponder over what he says : there is nothing wrong in it. He repudiates shirk. If you look around carefully, you will yourself realize that there is no basis for shirk in the world. He presents the doctrine of Tauhid. If you use your common sense, you will come to the conclusion that there is no being, beside Allah, Creator of the Universe, which might possess divine attributes and powers and authority. He tells you that you have not been created to be irresponsible in this world, but you have to render an account of your deeds before your God, and that there is life after the life of this world when everyone will meet the consequences of what he has done here. If you thing a little you will see that your doubts and your astonishment about it are absolutely baseless. Don't you see the phenomenon of the reproduction of creation day and night. How can then your own recreation be impossible for that God Who created you from an insignificant sperm drop? Doesn't your own intellect testify that the good and the evil cannot be alike? Then think and judge for yourselves as to what is reasonable, should the good and the evil meet with the same fate and end up in the dust, or should the good be requited with good and the evil with evil? Now, if you do not admit and acknowledge these rational and reasonable things and do not abandon your false gods, and wish to continue living only as irresponsible people in the world, the Prophet will not lose anything. It is you yourselves only who will suffer the consequences. The Prophet's only responsibility was to make the truth plain to you, which be has done."

In this connection, the Holy Prophet has been consoled again and again, as if to say :"When you are doing full justice to the preaching of your mission, you do not incur any responsibility for those who persist in their error and do not accept and follow the right way." Furthermore, he has also been consoled to the effect "You should neither grieve on account of those who do not want to believe, nor consume yourself with the thought of how to bring them to the rights path. Instead of this, you should pay your full attention to those who are inclined to listen to you."

The believers also, in this connection, have been given the good news so that they may feel strengthened and encouraged and remain steadfast on the path of the truth with full faith in the promises made by Allah.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

ﭿ

الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ كَبِيرٌ

French

Ceux qui ont mécru auront un dur châtiment, tandis que ceux qui croient et accomplissent les bonnes oeuvres auront un pardon et une grosse récompense.

Sahih International

Those who disbelieve will have a severe punishment, and those who believe and do righteous deeds will have forgiveness and great reward.

أَفَمَن زُيِّنَ لَهُ سُوءُ عَمَلِهِ فَرَآهُ حَسَنًا ۖ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يُضِلُّ مَن يَشَاءُ وَيَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۖ فَلَا تَذْهَبْ نَفْسُكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَسَرَاتٍ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِمَا يَصْنَعُونَ

Sahih International

Then is one to whom the evil of his deed has been made attractive so he considers it good [like one rightly guided]? For indeed, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. So do not let yourself perish over them in regret. Indeed, Allah is Knowing of what they do.

French

Et quoi ! Celui à qui on a enjolivé sa mauvaise action au point qu'il la voit belle... ? - Mais Allah égare qui Il veut, et guide qui Il veut - Que ton âme ne se répande donc pas en regrets pour eux : Allah est Parfaitement Savant de ce qu'ils fabriquent.

وَاللَّهُ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ الرِّيَاحَ فَتُثِيرُ سَحَابًا فَسُقْنَاهُ إِلَىٰ بَلَدٍ مَّيِّتٍ فَأَحْيَيْنَا بِهِ الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ النُّشُورُ

Sahih International

And it is Allah who sends the winds, and they stir the clouds, and We drive them to a dead land and give life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness. Thus is the resurrection.

French

Et c'est Allah qui envoie les vents qui soulèvent un nuage que Nous poussons ensuite vers une contrée morte; puis, Nous redonnons la vie à la terre après sa mort. C'est ainsi que se fera la Résurrection.

مَن كَانَ يُرِيدُ الْعِزَّةَ فَلِلَّهِ الْعِزَّةُ جَمِيعًا ۚ إِلَيْهِ يَصْعَدُ الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ وَالْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ يَرْفَعُهُ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ يَمْكُرُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ ۖ وَمَكْرُ أُولَٰئِكَ هُوَ يَبُورُ

French

Quiconque veut la puissance (qu'il la cherche auprès d'Allah) car la puissance tout entière est à Allah : vers Lui monte la bonne parole, et Il élève haut la bonne action . Et quand à ceux qui complotent de mauvaises actions, ils auront un dur châtiment. Cependant leur stratagème est voué à l'échec.

Sahih International

Whoever desires honor [through power] - then to Allah belongs all honor. To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it. But they who plot evil deeds will have a severe punishment, and the plotting of those - it will perish.

ﯿ

وَاللَّهُ خَلَقَكُم مِّن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ مِن نُّطْفَةٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلَكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا ۚ وَمَا تَحْمِلُ مِنْ أُنثَىٰ وَلَا تَضَعُ إِلَّا بِعِلْمِهِ ۚ وَمَا يُعَمَّرُ مِن مُّعَمَّرٍ وَلَا يُنقَصُ مِنْ عُمُرِهِ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ

French

Et Allah vous a créés de terre, puis d'une goutte de sperme, Il vous a ensuite établis en couples. Nulle femelle ne porte ni ne met bas sans qu'Il le sache. Et aucune existence n'est prolongée ou abrégée sans que cela soit consigné dans un livre . Cela est vraiment facile pour Allah.

Sahih International

And Allah created you from dust, then from a sperm-drop; then He made you mates. And no female conceives nor does she give birth except with His knowledge. And no aged person is granted [additional] life nor is his lifespan lessened but that it is in a register. Indeed, that for Allah is easy.

وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْبَحْرَانِ هَٰذَا عَذْبٌ فُرَاتٌ سَائِغٌ شَرَابُهُ وَهَٰذَا مِلْحٌ أُجَاجٌ ۖ وَمِن كُلٍّ تَأْكُلُونَ لَحْمًا طَرِيًّا وَتَسْتَخْرِجُونَ حِلْيَةً تَلْبَسُونَهَا ۖ وَتَرَى الْفُلْكَ فِيهِ مَوَاخِرَ لِتَبْتَغُوا مِن فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

Sahih International

And not alike are the two bodies of water. One is fresh and sweet, palatable for drinking, and one is salty and bitter. And from each you eat tender meat and extract ornaments which you wear, and you see the ships plowing through [them] that you might seek of His bounty; and perhaps you will be grateful.

French

Les deux mers ne sont pas identiques : [l'eau de] celle-ci est potable, douce et agréable à boire, et celle-là est salée, amère. Cependant de chacune vous mangez une chair fraîche, et vous extrayez un ornement que vous portez. Et tu vois le vaisseau fendre l'eau avec bruit, pour que vous cherchiez certains [de produits] de Sa grâce. Peut-être serez vous reconnaissants .

ﭿ

يُولِجُ اللَّيْلَ فِي النَّهَارِ وَيُولِجُ النَّهَارَ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَسَخَّرَ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ كُلٌّ يَجْرِي لِأَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى ۚ ذَٰلِكُمُ اللَّهُ رَبُّكُمْ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِهِ مَا يَمْلِكُونَ مِن قِطْمِيرٍ

French

Il fait que la nuit pénètre le jour et que le jour pénètre la nuit. Et Il a soumis le soleil à la lune. Chacun d'eux s'achemine vers un terme fixé. Tel est Allah, votre Seigneur : à Lui appartient la royauté, tandis que ceux que vous invoquez, en dehors de Lui, ne sont même pas maîtres de la pellicule d'un noyau de datte.

Sahih International

He causes the night to enter the day, and He causes the day to enter the night and has subjected the sun and the moon - each running [its course] for a specified term. That is Allah , your Lord; to Him belongs sovereignty. And those whom you invoke other than Him do not possess [as much as] the membrane of a date seed.

إِن تَدْعُوهُمْ لَا يَسْمَعُوا دُعَاءَكُمْ وَلَوْ سَمِعُوا مَا اسْتَجَابُوا لَكُمْ ۖ وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَكْفُرُونَ بِشِرْكِكُمْ ۚ وَلَا يُنَبِّئُكَ مِثْلُ خَبِيرٍ

French

Si vous les invoquez, ils n'entendent pas votre invocation; et même s'ils entendaient, ils ne sauraient vos répondre. Et le jour du Jugement ils vont nier votre association. Nul ne peut te donner des nouvelles comme Celui qui est parfaitement informé.

Sahih International

If you invoke them, they do not hear your supplication; and if they heard, they would not respond to you. And on the Day of Resurrection they will deny your association. And none can inform you like [one] Acquainted [with all matters].

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنتُمُ الْفُقَرَاءُ إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ وَاللَّهُ هُوَ الْغَنِيُّ الْحَمِيدُ

Sahih International

O mankind, you are those in need of Allah , while Allah is the Free of need, the Praiseworthy.

French

ô hommes, vous êtes les indigents ayant besoin d'Allah, et c'est Allah, Lui qui se dispense de tout et Il est Le Digne de louange.

إِن يَشَأْ يُذْهِبْكُمْ وَيَأْتِ بِخَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ

French

S'Il voulait, Il vous ferait disparaître, et ferait surgir une nouvelle création.

Sahih International

If He wills, He can do away with you and bring forth a new creation.

وَمَا ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ بِعَزِيزٍ

Sahih International

And that is for Allah not difficult.

French

Et cela n'est point difficile pour Allah.

ﯿ

وَلَا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَىٰ ۚ وَإِن تَدْعُ مُثْقَلَةٌ إِلَىٰ حِمْلِهَا لَا يُحْمَلْ مِنْهُ شَيْءٌ وَلَوْ كَانَ ذَا قُرْبَىٰ ۗ إِنَّمَا تُنذِرُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُم بِالْغَيْبِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ ۚ وَمَن تَزَكَّىٰ فَإِنَّمَا يَتَزَكَّىٰ لِنَفْسِهِ ۚ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ الْمَصِيرُ

Sahih International

And no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. And if a heavily laden soul calls [another] to [carry some of] its load, nothing of it will be carried, even if he should be a close relative. You can only warn those who fear their Lord unseen and have established prayer. And whoever purifies himself only purifies himself for [the benefit of] his soul. And to Allah is the [final] destination.

French

Or, personne ne portera le fardeau de l'autrui. Et si une âme surchargée [de péchés] appelle à l'aide, rien de sa charge ne sera supporté par une autre même si c'est un proche parent. Tu n'avertis en fait, que ceux qui craignent leur Seigneur malgré qu'ils ne Le voient pas, et qui accomplissent la Salat. Et quiconque se purifie, ne se purifie que pour lui-même, et vers Allah est la destination.

وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْأَعْمَىٰ وَالْبَصِيرُ

French

L'aveugle et celui qui voit ne sont pas semblables.

Sahih International

Not equal are the blind and the seeing,

وَلَا الظُّلُمَاتُ وَلَا النُّورُ

French

ni les ténèbres et la lumière.

Sahih International

Nor are the darknesses and the light,

وَلَا الظِّلُّ وَلَا الْحَرُورُ

Sahih International

Nor are the shade and the heat,

French

ni l'ombre et la chaleur ardente.

وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْأَحْيَاءُ وَلَا الْأَمْوَاتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُسْمِعُ مَن يَشَاءُ ۖ وَمَا أَنتَ بِمُسْمِعٍ مَّن فِي الْقُبُورِ

Sahih International

And not equal are the living and the dead. Indeed, Allah causes to hear whom He wills, but you cannot make hear those in the graves.

French

De même, ne sont pas semblables les vivants et les morts. Allah fait entendre qu'Il veut, alors que toi [Muhammad], tu ne peux faire entendre ceux qui sont dans les tombeaux.

إِنْ أَنتَ إِلَّا نَذِيرٌ

Sahih International

You, [O Muhammad], are not but a warner.

French

Tu n'est qu'un avertisseur.

ﭿ

إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ بِالْحَقِّ بَشِيرًا وَنَذِيرًا ۚ وَإِن مِّنْ أُمَّةٍ إِلَّا خَلَا فِيهَا نَذِيرٌ

French

Nous t'avons envoyé avec la Vérité en tant qu'annonciateur et avertisseur, Il n'est pas une nation qui n'ait déjà eu un avertisseur.

Sahih International

Indeed, We have sent you with the truth as a bringer of good tidings and a warner. And there was no nation but that there had passed within it a warner.

وَإِن يُكَذِّبُوكَ فَقَدْ كَذَّبَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ جَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُهُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَبِالزُّبُرِ وَبِالْكِتَابِ الْمُنِيرِ

Sahih International

And if they deny you - then already have those before them denied. Their messengers came to them with clear proofs and written ordinances and with the enlightening Scripture.

French

Et s'ils te traitent de menteur, eh bien, ceux d'avant eux avaient traité (leurs Messagers) de menteurs, cependant que leurs Messagers leur avaient apporté les preuves, les écrits et le Livre illuminant.

ثُمَّ أَخَذْتُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۖ فَكَيْفَ كَانَ نَكِيرِ

Sahih International

Then I seized the ones who disbelieved, and how [terrible] was My reproach.

French

Puis j'ai saisi ceux qui ont mécru. Et quelle réprobation fut la Mienne.

أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجْنَا بِهِ ثَمَرَاتٍ مُّخْتَلِفًا أَلْوَانُهَا ۚ وَمِنَ الْجِبَالِ جُدَدٌ بِيضٌ وَحُمْرٌ مُّخْتَلِفٌ أَلْوَانُهَا وَغَرَابِيبُ سُودٌ

Sahih International

Do you not see that Allah sends down rain from the sky, and We produce thereby fruits of varying colors? And in the mountains are tracts, white and red of varying shades and [some] extremely black.

French

N'as-tu pas vu que, du ciel, Allah fait descendre l'eau ? Puis nous en faisons sortir des fruits de couleurs différentes. Et dans les montagnes, il y a des sillons blancs et rouges, de couleurs différentes, et des roches excessivement noires.

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ وَالدَّوَابِّ وَالْأَنْعَامِ مُخْتَلِفٌ أَلْوَانُهُ كَذَٰلِكَ ۗ إِنَّمَا يَخْشَى اللَّهَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْعُلَمَاءُ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ غَفُورٌ

French

Il y a pareillement des couleurs différentes, parmi les hommes, les animaux et les bestiaux. Parmi Ses serviteurs, seuls les savants craignent Allah. Allah est, certes, Puissant et Pardonneur.

Sahih International

And among people and moving creatures and grazing livestock are various colors similarly. Only those fear Allah , from among His servants, who have knowledge. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Forgiving.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَتْلُونَ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَنفَقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ سِرًّا وَعَلَانِيَةً يَرْجُونَ تِجَارَةً لَّن تَبُورَ

French

Ceux qui récitent le Livre d'Allah, accomplissent la Salat, et dépensent, en secret et en public de ce que Nous leur avons attribué, espèrent ainsi faire un commerce qui ne périra jamais.

Sahih International

Indeed, those who recite the Book of Allah and establish prayer and spend [in His cause] out of what We have provided them, secretly and publicly, [can] expect a profit that will never perish -

ﯿ

لِيُوَفِّيَهُمْ أُجُورَهُمْ وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ غَفُورٌ شَكُورٌ

French

afin [qu'Allah] les récompensent pleinement et leur ajoute Sa grâce. Il est Pardonneur et Reconnaissant.

Sahih International

That He may give them in full their rewards and increase for them of His bounty. Indeed, He is Forgiving and Appreciative.

وَالَّذِي أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ هُوَ الْحَقُّ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِعِبَادِهِ لَخَبِيرٌ بَصِيرٌ

Sahih International

And that which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], of the Book is the truth, confirming what was before it. Indeed, Allah , of His servants, is Acquainted and Seeing.

French

Et ce que Nous t'avons révélé du Livre est la Vérité confirmant ce qui l'a précédé . Certes Allah est Parfaitement Connaisseur et Clairvoyant sur Ses serviteurs.

ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتَابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنَا مِنْ عِبَادِنَا ۖ فَمِنْهُمْ ظَالِمٌ لِّنَفْسِهِ وَمِنْهُم مُّقْتَصِدٌ وَمِنْهُمْ سَابِقٌ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَضْلُ الْكَبِيرُ

Sahih International

Then we caused to inherit the Book those We have chosen of Our servants; and among them is he who wrongs himself, and among them is he who is moderate, and among them is he who is foremost in good deeds by permission of Allah . That [inheritance] is what is the great bounty.

French

Ensuite, Nous fîmes héritiers du Livre ceux qui de Nos serviteurs que Nous avons choisis. Il en est parmi eux qui font du tort à eux-mêmes, d'autres qui se tiennent sur une voie moyenne, et d'autres avec la permission d'Allah devancent [tous les autres] par les bonnes actions; telle est la grâce infinie.

ﭿ

جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ يَدْخُلُونَهَا يُحَلَّوْنَ فِيهَا مِنْ أَسَاوِرَ مِن ذَهَبٍ وَلُؤْلُؤًا ۖ وَلِبَاسُهُمْ فِيهَا حَرِيرٌ

French

Les jardin d'Eden où ils entreront, parés de bracelets en or ainsi que de perles; et là, leurs vêtements sont de soie.

Sahih International

[For them are] gardens of perpetual residence which they will enter. They will be adorned therein with bracelets of gold and pearls, and their garments therein will be silk.

وَقَالُوا الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَذْهَبَ عَنَّا الْحَزَنَ ۖ إِنَّ رَبَّنَا لَغَفُورٌ شَكُورٌ

Sahih International

And they will say, "Praise to Allah , who has removed from us [all] sorrow. Indeed, our Lord is Forgiving and Appreciative -

French

Et ils diront : "Louange à Allah qui a écarté de nous l'affliction. Notre Seigneur est certes Pardonneur et Reconnaissant.

الَّذِي أَحَلَّنَا دَارَ الْمُقَامَةِ مِن فَضْلِهِ لَا يَمَسُّنَا فِيهَا نَصَبٌ وَلَا يَمَسُّنَا فِيهَا لُغُوبٌ

Sahih International

He who has settled us in the home of duration out of His bounty. There touches us not in it any fatigue, and there touches us not in it weariness [of mind]."

French

C'est Lui qui nous a installés, par Sa grâce, dans la Demeure de la stabilité, où nulle fatigue, nulle lassitude ne nous touchent".

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَهُمْ نَارُ جَهَنَّمَ لَا يُقْضَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ فَيَمُوتُوا وَلَا يُخَفَّفُ عَنْهُم مِّنْ عَذَابِهَا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي كُلَّ كَفُورٍ

French

Et ceux qui ont mécru auront le feu de l'Enfer : on ne les achève pas pour qu'ils meurent; on ne leur allège rien de ses tourments. C'est ainsi que Nous récompensons tout négateur obstiné.

Sahih International

And for those who disbelieve will be the fire of Hell. [Death] is not decreed for them so they may die, nor will its torment be lightened for them. Thus do we recompense every ungrateful one.

وَهُمْ يَصْطَرِخُونَ فِيهَا رَبَّنَا أَخْرِجْنَا نَعْمَلْ صَالِحًا غَيْرَ الَّذِي كُنَّا نَعْمَلُ ۚ أَوَلَمْ نُعَمِّرْكُم مَّا يَتَذَكَّرُ فِيهِ مَن تَذَكَّرَ وَجَاءَكُمُ النَّذِيرُ ۖ فَذُوقُوا فَمَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ مِن نَّصِيرٍ

Sahih International

And they will cry out therein, "Our Lord, remove us; we will do righteousness - other than what we were doing!" But did We not grant you life enough for whoever would remember therein to remember, and the warner had come to you? So taste [the punishment], for there is not for the wrongdoers any helper.

French

Et là, ils hurleront : "Seigneur, fais-nous sortir; nous ferons le bien, contrairement à ce que nous faisions". "Ne vous avons-Nous pas donné une vie assez longue pour que celui qui réfléchit réfléchisse ? L'avertisseur, cependant, vous était venu. Et bien, goûtez (votre punition). Car pour les injustes, il n'y a pas de secoureur".

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