VERSES
30
PAGES
415-417

Name

The Surah has been entitled As-Sajdah after the theme of Sajdah (prostration) as expressed in verse 15.

Period of Revelation

From the style of the Surah it appears that it was sent down during the middle Makkah period, more particularly in its initial stage, for one does not find in its background that severity of the persecution and tyranny which one finds in the Surahs sent down in the later stages.

Theme and Topics

The main theme of the Surah is to remove the doubts of the people concerning Tauhid, the Hereafter and the Prophethood, and to invite them to all these three realities. The disbelievers of Makkah, when they talked of the Holy Prophet in private, said to one another, "This person is forging strange things sometimes he gives news of what will happen after death. He says: when you have become dust, you will be called to render your accounts, and there will be Hell and Heaven. Sometimes he says: these gods and goddesses and saints are nonentities: One God alone is the Deity. And sometimes he says: the discourses which I recite are not my own but Allah's Word. All these are strange things which he presents."The answer to these doubts and misgivings forms the theme and subject matter of this Surah.

In this connection, the disbelievers have been told: "Most certainly it is Allah's Word, which has been sent down in order to arouse a people who are sunk in heedlessness, being deprived of the bounties and blessings of Prophethood. How can you call it a fabrication when its having been sent dawn from Allah is manifest and self evident?"

Then, they have been asked, "Use your common sense and judge for yourselves which of the things presented by the Quran is strange and novel?Look at the administration of the heavens and the earth: consider your own creation and structure. Don't these things testify to the teaching which this Prophet is presenting before you in the Quran? Does the system of the universe point to Tauhid or to shirk? When you consider this whole system and your own creation, does your intellect testify that the One Who has given you your present existence, will not be able to create you once again?"

Then a scene of the Hereafter has been depicted, the fruits of belief and the evil consequences of disbelief have been mentioned and the people exhorted to give up disbelief even before they meet their doom and accept the teaching of the Quran, which will be to their own advantage in the Hereafter.

Then they have been told: It is Allah's supreme Mercy that He does not seize man immediately for his errors to punish him finally and decisively but warns him beforehand by afflicting him with small troubles and hardships and calamities and losses and strokes of misfortune so that he may wake up and take admonition.

Then it is said: "This is not the first and novel event of its kind that a Book has been sent down upon a man from God. Before this the Book had been sent upon Moses also, which you all know. There is nothing strange in this at which you should marvel. Be assured that this Book has come down from God, and note it well that the same will happen now as has already happened in the time of Moses. Leadership now will be bestowed only on those who will accept this Divine Book. Those who reject it shall be doomed to failure."

Then the disbelievers of Makkah have been admonished to the effect:"See the end of the doomed communities of the past by whose ruined habitations you pass during your trade journeys. Will you like to meet the same doom yourself? Do not be deluded by the apparent and superficial. Today you see that no one is listening to Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace) except a few young men and some slaves and poor men, and he is being made the target of curses and ugly remarks from every side. From this you have formed the wrong impression that his mission will fail. But this is only a deception of your eyes. Don't you see the phenomenon in your daily life that a land previously lying absolutely barren starts swelling with vegetation and plant life everywhere just by a single shower of the rain though before this no one could ever imagine that under the layers of its soil there lay hidden such treasures of greenery and herbage?"

In conclusion, the Holy Prophet has been addressed to the effect: "These people mock at what you say and ask as to when you will attain this decisive victory. Tell them: when the time comes for the final judgment regarding you and us, believing then will not profit you at all. If you have to believe, believe now. But if you intend to await the final judgment, then await it as you please."

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

ثُمَّ سَوَّاهُ وَنَفَخَ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِهِ ۖ وَجَعَلَ لَكُمُ السَّمْعَ وَالْأَبْصَارَ وَالْأَفْئِدَةَ ۚ قَلِيلًا مَّا تَشْكُرُونَ

Transliteration

Thumma sawwahu wanafakha feehi min roohihiwajaAAala lakumu assamAAa wal-absara wal-af-idataqaleelan ma tashkuroon

Sahih International

Then He proportioned him and breathed into him from His [created] soul and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful.

Urdu

پھر اُس کو درست کیا پھر اس میں اپنی( طرف سے) روح پھونکی اور تمہارے کان اور آنکھیں اور دل بنائے مگر تم بہت کم شکر کرتے ہو

وَقَالُوا أَإِذَا ضَلَلْنَا فِي الْأَرْضِ أَإِنَّا لَفِي خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ ۚ بَلْ هُم بِلِقَاءِ رَبِّهِمْ كَافِرُونَ

Transliteration

Waqaloo a-itha dalalnafee al-ardi a-inna lafee khalqin jadeedin bal humbiliqa-i rabbihim kafiroon

Sahih International

And they say, "When we are lost within the earth, will we indeed be [recreated] in a new creation?" Rather, they are, in [the matter of] the meeting with their Lord, disbelievers.

Urdu

اور کہنے لگے کہ جب ہم زمین میں ملیامیٹ ہوجائیں گے تو کیا ازسرنو پیدا ہوں گے۔ حقیقت یہ ہے کہ یہ لوگ اپنے پروردگار کے سامنے جانے ہی کے قائل نہیں

ﯿ

قُلْ يَتَوَفَّاكُم مَّلَكُ الْمَوْتِ الَّذِي وُكِّلَ بِكُمْ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ تُرْجَعُونَ

Sahih International

Say, "The angel of death will take you who has been entrusted with you. Then to your Lord you will be returned."

Transliteration

Qul yatawaffakum malaku almawti allatheewukkila bikum thumma ila rabbikum turjaAAoon

Urdu

کہہ دو کہ موت کا فرشتہ جو تم پر مقرر کیا گیا ہے تمہاری روحیں قبض کر لیتا ہے پھر تم اپنے پروردگار کی طرف لوٹائے جاؤ گے

وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذِ الْمُجْرِمُونَ نَاكِسُو رُءُوسِهِمْ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ رَبَّنَا أَبْصَرْنَا وَسَمِعْنَا فَارْجِعْنَا نَعْمَلْ صَالِحًا إِنَّا مُوقِنُونَ

Transliteration

Walaw tara ithi almujrimoona nakisooruoosihim AAinda rabbihim rabbana absarnawasamiAAna faarjiAAna naAAmal salihaninna mooqinoon

Sahih International

If you could but see when the criminals are hanging their heads before their Lord, [saying], "Our Lord, we have seen and heard, so return us [to the world]; we will work righteousness. Indeed, we are [now] certain."

Urdu

اور تم (تعجب کرو) جب دیکھو کہ گنہگار اپنے پروردگار کے سامنے سرجھکائے ہوں گے (اور کہیں گے کہ) اے ہمارے پروردگار ہم نے دیکھ لیا اور سن لیا تو ہم کو (دنیا میں) واپس بھیج دے کہ نیک عمل کریں بیشک ہم یقین کرنے والے ہیں

وَلَوْ شِئْنَا لَآتَيْنَا كُلَّ نَفْسٍ هُدَاهَا وَلَٰكِنْ حَقَّ الْقَوْلُ مِنِّي لَأَمْلَأَنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ

Sahih International

And if we had willed, We could have given every soul its guidance, but the word from Me will come into effect [that] "I will surely fill Hell with jinn and people all together.

Urdu

اور اگر ہم چاہتے تو ہر شخص کو ہدایت دے دیتے۔ لیکن میری طرف سے یہ بات قرار پاچکی ہے کہ میں دوزخ کو جنوں اور انسانوں سب سے بھردوں گا

Transliteration

Walaw shi-na laataynakulla nafsin hudaha walakin haqqaalqawlu minnee laamlaanna jahannama mina aljinnati wannasiajmaAAeen

ﭿ

فَذُوقُوا بِمَا نَسِيتُمْ لِقَاءَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَٰذَا إِنَّا نَسِينَاكُمْ ۖ وَذُوقُوا عَذَابَ الْخُلْدِ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

Transliteration

Fathooqoo bima naseetum liqaayawmikum hatha inna naseenakum wathooqooAAathaba alkhuldi bima kuntum taAAmaloon

Sahih International

So taste [punishment] because you forgot the meeting of this, your Day; indeed, We have [accordingly] forgotten you. And taste the punishment of eternity for what you used to do."

Urdu

سو (اب آگ کے) مزے چکھو اس لئے کہ تم نے اُس دن کے آنے کو بھلا رکھا تھا (آج) ہم بھی تمہیں بھلا دیں گے اور جو کام تم کرتے تھے اُن کی سزا میں ہمیشہ کے عذاب کے مزے چکھتے رہو

إِنَّمَا يُؤْمِنُ بِآيَاتِنَا الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهَا خَرُّوا سُجَّدًا وَسَبَّحُوا بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ ۩

Urdu

ہماری آیتوں پر تو وہی لوگ ایمان لاتے ہیں کہ جب اُن کو اُن سے نصیحت کی جاتی ہے تو سجدے میں گرپڑتے اور اپنے پروردگار کی تعریف کے ساتھ تسبیح کرتے ہیں اور غرور نہیں کرتے

Sahih International

Only those believe in Our verses who, when they are reminded by them, fall down in prostration and exalt [ Allah ] with praise of their Lord, and they are not arrogant.

Transliteration

Innama yu/minu bi-ayatinaallatheena itha thukkiroo bihakharroo sujjadan wasabbahoo bihamdi rabbihim wahumla yastakbiroon

تَتَجَافَىٰ جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ

Transliteration

Tatajafa junoobuhum AAani almadajiAAiyadAAoona rabbahum khawfan watamaAAan wamimmarazaqnahum yunfiqoon

Sahih International

They arise from [their] beds; they supplicate their Lord in fear and aspiration, and from what We have provided them, they spend.

Urdu

اُن کے پہلو بچھونوں سے الگ رہتے ہیں (اور) وہ اپنے پروردگار کو خوف اور اُمید سے پکارتے اور جو (مال) ہم نے اُن کو دیا ہے اس میں سے خرچ کرتے ہیں

فَلَا تَعْلَمُ نَفْسٌ مَّا أُخْفِيَ لَهُم مِّن قُرَّةِ أَعْيُنٍ جَزَاءً بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Transliteration

Fala taAAlamu nafsun maokhfiya lahum min qurrati aAAyunin jazaan bima kanooyaAAmaloon

Sahih International

And no soul knows what has been hidden for them of comfort for eyes as reward for what they used to do.

Urdu

کوئی متنفس نہیں جانتا کہ اُن کے لئے کیسی آنکھوں کی ٹھنڈک چھپا کر رکھی گئی ہے۔ یہ ان اعمال کا صلہ ہے جو وہ کرتے تھے

أَفَمَن كَانَ مُؤْمِنًا كَمَن كَانَ فَاسِقًا ۚ لَّا يَسْتَوُونَ

Urdu

بھلا جو مومن ہو وہ اس شخص کی طرح ہوسکتا ہے جو نافرمان ہو؟ دونوں برابر نہیں ہو سکتے

Sahih International

Then is one who was a believer like one who was defiantly disobedient? They are not equal.

Transliteration

Afaman kana mu/minan kaman kanafasiqan la yastawoon

أَمَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ جَنَّاتُ الْمَأْوَىٰ نُزُلًا بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Transliteration

Amma allatheena amanoowaAAamiloo assalihati falahum jannatualma/wa nuzulan bima kanoo yaAAmaloon

Urdu

جو لوگ ایمان لائے اور نیک عمل کرتے رہے اُن کے (رہنے کے) لئے باغ ہیں یہ مہمانی اُن کاموں کی جزا ہے جو وہ کرتے تھے

Sahih International

As for those who believed and did righteous deeds, for them will be the Gardens of Refuge as accommodation for what they used to do.

وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فَسَقُوا فَمَأْوَاهُمُ النَّارُ ۖ كُلَّمَا أَرَادُوا أَن يَخْرُجُوا مِنْهَا أُعِيدُوا فِيهَا وَقِيلَ لَهُمْ ذُوقُوا عَذَابَ النَّارِ الَّذِي كُنتُم بِهِ تُكَذِّبُونَ

Transliteration

Waamma allatheena fasaqoofama/wahumu annaru kullama aradooan yakhrujoo minha oAAeedoo feeha waqeela lahum thooqooAAathaba annari allathee kuntum bihitukaththiboon

Urdu

اور جنہوں نے نافرمانی کی اُن کے رہنے کے لئے دوزخ ہے جب چاہیں گے کہ اس میں سے نکل جائیں تو اس میں لوٹا دیئے جائیں گے۔ اور اُن سے کہا جائے گا کہ جس دوزخ کے عذاب کو تم جھوٹ سمجھتے تھے اس کے مزے چکھو

Sahih International

But as for those who defiantly disobeyed, their refuge is the Fire. Every time they wish to emerge from it, they will be returned to it while it is said to them, "Taste the punishment of the Fire which you used to deny."

وَلَنُذِيقَنَّهُم مِّنَ الْعَذَابِ الْأَدْنَىٰ دُونَ الْعَذَابِ الْأَكْبَرِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

Urdu

اور ہم اُن کو (قیامت کے) بڑے عذاب کے سوا عذاب دنیا کا بھی مزہ چکھائیں گے۔ شاید (ہماری طرف) لوٹ آئیں

Sahih International

And we will surely let them taste the nearer punishment short of the greater punishment that perhaps they will repent.

Transliteration

Walanutheeqannahum mina alAAathabial-adna doona alAAathabi al-akbari laAAallahumyarjiAAoon

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن ذُكِّرَ بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِ ثُمَّ أَعْرَضَ عَنْهَا ۚ إِنَّا مِنَ الْمُجْرِمِينَ مُنتَقِمُونَ

Urdu

اور اس شخص سے بڑھ کر ظالم کون جس کو اس کے پروردگار کی آیتوں سے نصیحت کی جائے تو وہ اُن سے منہ پھیر لے۔ ہم گنہگاروں سے ضرور بدلہ لینے والے ہیں

Transliteration

Waman athlamu mimman thukkirabi-ayati rabbihi thumma aAArada AAanhainna mina almujrimeena muntaqimoon

Sahih International

And who is more unjust than one who is reminded of the verses of his Lord; then he turns away from them? Indeed We, from the criminals, will take retribution.

وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ فَلَا تَكُن فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِّن لِّقَائِهِ ۖ وَجَعَلْنَاهُ هُدًى لِّبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ

Urdu

اور ہم نے موسٰی کو کتاب دی تو تم اُن کے ملنے سے شک میں نہ ہونا اور ہم نے اس (کتاب) کو (یا موسٰی کو) بنی اسرائیل کے لئے( ذریعہ) ہدایت بنایا

Transliteration

Walaqad atayna moosaalkitaba fala takun fee miryatin min liqa-ihiwajaAAalnahu hudan libanee isra-eel

Sahih International

And We certainly gave Moses the Scripture, so do not be in doubt over his meeting. And we made the Torah guidance for the Children of Israel.

ﭿ

وَجَعَلْنَا مِنْهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَهْدُونَ بِأَمْرِنَا لَمَّا صَبَرُوا ۖ وَكَانُوا بِآيَاتِنَا يُوقِنُونَ

Urdu

اور ان میں سے ہم نے پیشوا بنائے تھے جو ہمارے حکم سے ہدایت کیا کرتے تھے۔ جب وہ صبر کرتے تھے اور وہ ہماری آیتوں پر یقین رکھتے تھے

Sahih International

And We made from among them leaders guiding by Our command when they were patient and [when] they were certain of Our signs.

Transliteration

WajaAAalna minhum a-immatan yahdoonabi-amrina lamma sabaroo wakanoo bi-ayatinayooqinoon

إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فِيمَا كَانُوا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ

Transliteration

Inna rabbaka huwa yafsilu baynahumyawma alqiyamati feema kanoo feehiyakhtalifoon

Sahih International

Indeed, your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that over which they used to differ.

Urdu

بلاشبہ تمہارا پروردگار ان میں جن باتوں میں وہ اختلاف کرتے تھے۔ قیامت کے روز فیصلہ کر دے گا

أَوَلَمْ يَهْدِ لَهُمْ كَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا مِن قَبْلِهِم مِّنَ الْقُرُونِ يَمْشُونَ فِي مَسَاكِنِهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ ۖ أَفَلَا يَسْمَعُونَ

Transliteration

Awa lam yahdi lahum kam ahlakna minqablihim mina alqurooni yamshoona fee masakinihim inna feethalika laayatin afala yasmaAAoon

Urdu

کیا اُن کو اس (امر )سے ہدایت نہ ہوئی کہ ہم نے اُن سے پہلے بہت سی اُمتوں کو جن کے مقامات سکونت میں یہ چلتے پھرتے ہیں ہلاک کر دیا۔ بیشک اس میں نشانیاں ہیں۔ تو یہ سنتے کیوں نہیں

Sahih International

Has it not become clear to them how many generations We destroyed before them, [as] they walk among their dwellings? Indeed in that are signs; then do they not hear?

أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّا نَسُوقُ الْمَاءَ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ الْجُرُزِ فَنُخْرِجُ بِهِ زَرْعًا تَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ أَنْعَامُهُمْ وَأَنفُسُهُمْ ۖ أَفَلَا يُبْصِرُونَ

Sahih International

Have they not seen that We drive the water [in clouds] to barren land and bring forth thereby crops from which their livestock eat and [they] themselves? Then do they not see?

Transliteration

Awa lam yaraw anna nasooqu almaaila al-ardi aljuruzi fanukhriju bihi zarAAanta-kulu minhu anAAamuhum waanfusuhum afala yubsiroon

Urdu

کیا اُنہوں نے نہیں دیکھا کہ ہم بنجر زمین کی طرف پانی رواں کرتے ہیں پھر اس سے کھیتی پیدا کرتے ہیں جس میں سے ان کے چوپائے بھی کھاتے ہیں اور وہ خود بھی (کھاتے ہیں) تو یہ دیکھتے کیوں نہیں۔

وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هَٰذَا الْفَتْحُ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Transliteration

Wayaqooloona mata hatha alfathuin kuntum sadiqeen

Sahih International

And they say, "When will be this conquest, if you should be truthful?"

Urdu

اور کہتے ہیں اگر تم سچے ہو تو یہ فیصلہ کب ہوگا؟

قُلْ يَوْمَ الْفَتْحِ لَا يَنفَعُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِيمَانُهُمْ وَلَا هُمْ يُنظَرُونَ

Urdu

کہہ دو کہ فیصلے کے دن کافروں کو ان کا ایمان لانا کچھ بھی فائدہ نہ دے گا اور نہ اُن کو مہلت دی جائے گی

Sahih International

Say, [O Muhammad], "On the Day of Conquest the belief of those who had disbelieved will not benefit them, nor will they be reprieved."

Transliteration

Qul yawma alfathi la yanfaAAuallatheena kafaroo eemanuhum wala hum yuntharoon

فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ وَانتَظِرْ إِنَّهُم مُّنتَظِرُونَ

Sahih International

So turn away from them and wait. Indeed, they are waiting.

Transliteration

FaaAArid AAanhum wantathirinnahum muntathiroon

Urdu

تو اُن سے منہ پھیر لو اور انتظار کرو یہ بھی انتظار کر رہے ہیں

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