VERSES
135
PAGES
312-321

Name

This Surah takes its name from its "first word "Ta Ha. " This name, like the names of many other Surahs, is merely symbolic.

Period of Revelation

The period of its revelation is the same as of Surah Maryam. It is just possible that it was sent down during the Migration to Habash or just after it. Anyhow, it is certain that this Surah was revealed before Hadrat Umar embraced Islam.

According to a well known and authentic tradition when Hadrat Umar set out to kill the Holy Prophet, he met a certain person, who said, "Before you do anything else, you should know that your own sister and brother-in-law have embraced Islam" Hearing this, he directly went to the house of his sister. There he found his sister, Fatimah, and his brother-in-law, Said bin Zaid, learning the contents of a scroll from Khabbab bin Art. When Fatimah saw him coming she hid the scroll at once, but Hadrat Umar had heard the recital, so he began to interrogate them about it. Then he began to thrash his brother-in-law, and wounded his sister, who tried to protect him. At last both of them confessed, "We have become Muslims; you may do whatever you like." As Hadrat Umar was moved to see blood running down from her head, he said, "Show me the thing you were reading." The sister asked him to promise on oath that he would not tear it, and added, "You cannot touch it unless you have a bath." Accordingly, Hadrat Umar took his bath and when he began to read the scroll, which contained this Surah, he spontaneously spoke out, "What an excellent thing!" At this Hadrat Khabbab, who had hidden himself at the sound of his footsteps, came out of his hiding and said, "By God, I have high expectations that Allah will get great service from you to propagate the Message of His Prophet, for just yesterday I heard the Holy Prophet praying to Allah, 'My Lord, make Abul Hakam bin Hisham (Abu Jahl) or Umar bin Khattab a supporter of Islam. So O Umar, turn to Allah, turn to Allah." These words proved to be so persuasive that he at once accompanied Hadrat Khabbab and went to the Holy Prophet to embrace Islam. This happened a short time after the Migration to Habash.

Theme and Topics of Discussion

This Surah begins with the enunciation of the object of the Revelation of the Qur'an to this effect:"O Muhammad, this Quran has not been sent down to you to put you unnecessarily to some great affliction. It does not demand from you to perform the impossible task of imbuing the hearts of the obdurate disbelievers with Faith. It is merely an admonition meant to guide on to the Right Path those who fear God and want to save themselves from His punishment. This Quran is the Word of the Master of the earth and the heavens and God-head belongs to Him alone:These two facts are eternal whether one believes them or not."

After this introduction, the Surah abruptly moves on to relate the story of Prophet Moses without any apparent relevancy and without even hinting at its applicability to the events of the period. However, if we read between the lines, we realize that the discourse is addressed very relevantly to the people of Makkah. But before we explain the hidden meaning of the discourse, we must keep in view the fact that the Arabs in general acknowledged Moses as a Prophet of God. This was so because they had "been influenced by the large number of the Jews around them and by" the neighboring Christian kingdoms. Now let us state those things which are hidden between the lines of the story:

  1. Allah does not appoint a Prophet by the beat of drums or My celebrating the occasion in a regular and formal ceremony, as if to say, "We are appointing such and such a person as Our Prophet from today." On the contrary, He bestows Prophethood in a confidential manner just as He did in the case of Prophet Moses. Therefore you should not consider it strange if Hadrat Muhammad has been appointed as a Prophet all of a sudden and without any public proclamation.

  2. The fundamental principles presented by Prophet Muhammad - Tauhid and the Hereafter - are just the same as were taught to Prophet Moses at the time of his appointment.

  3. Prophet Muhammad has been made the standard bearer of the Message of the Truth among the people of the Quraish all by himself without material provisions, just as Prophet Moses was entrusted with the Mission to go to a tyrant king like Pharaoh and ask him to give up his attitude of rebellion. These are the mysterious ways of Allah. He catches hold of a way farer of Midian on his way to Egypt and says, "Go and fight with the greatest tyrant of the time." He did not provide him with armies and provisions for this Mission. The only thing He did was to appoint his brother as his assistant at his request.

  4. You, O People of Makkah, should note it well that Pharaoh employed the same devices against Prophet Moses as you are employing against Prophet Muhammad -- frivolous objections, accusations, and cruel persecutions. You should know that Allah's Prophet came out victorious over Pharaoh, who possessed large armies and war equipments. Incidentally, the Muslims have been consoled and comforted, though not in so many words, that they should not be afraid of fighting with the Quraish against fearful odds, for the mission which is supported by Allah comes out victorious in the end. At the same time, the Muslims have been exhorted to follow the excellent example of the magicians of Egypt, who remained steadfast in their Faith, though Pharaoh threatened them with horrible vengeance.

  5. An incident from the story of the Israelites has been cited to show in what ridiculous manner the idolization of false gods and goddesses starts and that the Prophets of God do not tolerate even the slightest tinge of this preposterous practice. Likewise, Prophet Muhammad is following the former Prophets in opposing shirk and idol worship today.

Thus, the story of Moses has been used to throw light on all those matters which were connected with the conflict between the Holy Prophet and the Quraish. Then at the end of the story, the. Quraish have been briefly admonished, as if to say, "The Quran has been sent down in your tongue for your own good. If you listen to it and follow its admonition, you will be doing so for your own good but if you reject it, you will yourselves meet with an evil end."

After this the story of Prophet Adam has been related, as if to tell the Quraish, "The way you are following is the way of Satan, whereas the right way for a man is to follow his father Adam. He was beguiled by Satan, but when he realized his error, he plainly confessed it and repented and again turned back to the service of Allah and won His favor. On the other hand, if a person follows Satan and sticks to his error obdurately in spite of admonition, he does harm to himself alone like Satan."

In the end, the Holy Prophet and the Muslims have been advised not to be impatient in regard to the punishment to the disbelievers, as if to say, "Allah has His Own scheme concerning them. He does not seize them at once but gives them sufficient respite. Therefore you should not grow impatient but bear the persecutions with fortitude and go on conveying the Message."

In this connection, great emphasis has been laid on Salat so that it may create in the believers the virtues of patience, forbearance, contentment, resignation to the will of God and self analysis for these are greatly needed in the service of the Message of the Truth.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

فَأَخْرَجَ لَهُمْ عِجْلًا جَسَدًا لَّهُ خُوَارٌ فَقَالُوا هَٰذَا إِلَٰهُكُمْ وَإِلَٰهُ مُوسَىٰ فَنَسِيَ

Transliteration

Faakhraja lahum AAijlan jasadan lahu khuwarunfaqaloo hatha ilahukum wa-ilahu moosafanasiy

German

Dieser stellte ein goldenes Kalb her, ein Standbild, das gleichsam blökte. Seine Anhänger und er sprachen: "Das ist euer Herr und der Herr von Moses." Ihm entging, daß es Gott nicht sein konnte.

أَفَلَا يَرَوْنَ أَلَّا يَرْجِعُ إِلَيْهِمْ قَوْلًا وَلَا يَمْلِكُ لَهُمْ ضَرًّا وَلَا نَفْعًا

Transliteration

Afala yarawna alla yarjiAAuilayhim qawlan wala yamliku lahum darran walanafAAa

German

Sahen sie denn nicht, daß es nichts erwiderte, wenn sie ihm etwas sagten und daß es ihnen weder schaden noch nützen konnte?"

وَلَقَدْ قَالَ لَهُمْ هَارُونُ مِن قَبْلُ يَا قَوْمِ إِنَّمَا فُتِنتُم بِهِ ۖ وَإِنَّ رَبَّكُمُ الرَّحْمَٰنُ فَاتَّبِعُونِي وَأَطِيعُوا أَمْرِي

German

Aaron hatte ihnen bereits gesagt: "Ihr Menschen! Ihr seid dadurch nur geprüft worden. Euer Herr ist einzig der Barmherzige. Folgt mir und gehorcht meinem Befehl!"

Transliteration

Walaqad qala lahum haroonu minqablu ya qawmi innama futintum bihi wa-innarabbakumu arrahmanu fattabiAAooneewaateeAAoo amree

ﭿ

قَالُوا لَن نَّبْرَحَ عَلَيْهِ عَاكِفِينَ حَتَّىٰ يَرْجِعَ إِلَيْنَا مُوسَىٰ

German

Sie aber sagten: "Wir beten es weiter an und hören nicht auf, bis Moses zu uns zurückkommt."

Transliteration

Qaloo lan nabraha AAalayhi AAakifeenahatta yarjiAAa ilayna moosa

قَالَ يَا هَارُونُ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ رَأَيْتَهُمْ ضَلُّوا

Transliteration

Qala ya haroonu mamanaAAaka ith raaytahum dalloo

German

Also sprach Moses: "Aaron! Was hat dich davon abgehalten, sie zurechtzuweisen, als du sahst, daß sie irregingen?

أَلَّا تَتَّبِعَنِ ۖ أَفَعَصَيْتَ أَمْرِي

German

Warum bist du meinen Anweisungen nicht gefolgt? Hast du dich meinem Befehl widersetzt?"

Transliteration

Alla tattabiAAani afaAAasaytaamree

قَالَ يَا ابْنَ أُمَّ لَا تَأْخُذْ بِلِحْيَتِي وَلَا بِرَأْسِي ۖ إِنِّي خَشِيتُ أَن تَقُولَ فَرَّقْتَ بَيْنَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَلَمْ تَرْقُبْ قَوْلِي

German

Er antwortete: "Bruder! Pack mich nicht am Bart und am Kopf! Ich fürchtete, du würdest sagen: 'Du hast Zwietracht unter den Kindern Israels gesät und hast meine Anweisungen nicht beachtet.' "

Transliteration

Qala yabnaomma la ta/khuthbilihyatee wala bira/see innee khasheetu an taqoolafarraqta bayna banee isra-eela walam tarqub qawlee

قَالَ فَمَا خَطْبُكَ يَا سَامِرِيُّ

Transliteration

Qala fama khatbuka yasamiriy

German

Moses sprach: "Sâmeri! Was hast du zu sagen?"

قَالَ بَصُرْتُ بِمَا لَمْ يَبْصُرُوا بِهِ فَقَبَضْتُ قَبْضَةً مِّنْ أَثَرِ الرَّسُولِ فَنَبَذْتُهَا وَكَذَٰلِكَ سَوَّلَتْ لِي نَفْسِي

German

Er sagte: "Ich habe Einblick in Dinge, die sie nicht kennen und kann, was sie nicht können. So habe ich aus der Schrift eine Handvoll genommen, habe sie hingeworfen und die Menschen so übertölpelt. Dazu bin ich verführt worden."

Transliteration

Qala basurtu bima lamyabsuroo bihi faqabadtu qabdatan min athariarrasooli fanabathtuha wakathalikasawwalat lee nafsee

ﯿ

قَالَ فَاذْهَبْ فَإِنَّ لَكَ فِي الْحَيَاةِ أَن تَقُولَ لَا مِسَاسَ ۖ وَإِنَّ لَكَ مَوْعِدًا لَّن تُخْلَفَهُ ۖ وَانظُرْ إِلَىٰ إِلَٰهِكَ الَّذِي ظَلْتَ عَلَيْهِ عَاكِفًا ۖ لَّنُحَرِّقَنَّهُ ثُمَّ لَنَنسِفَنَّهُ فِي الْيَمِّ نَسْفًا

Transliteration

Qala fathhab fa-innalaka fee alhayati an taqoola la misasawa-inna laka mawAAidan lan tukhlafahu wanthurila ilahika allathee thaltaAAalayhi AAakifan lanuharriqannahu thummalanansifannahu fee alyammi nasfa

German

Darauf sprach Moses: "Gehe fort von uns! Du wirst im diesseitigen Leben herumirren, und immer sagen müssen: 'Mir nähert sich niemand!' Du wirst am Jüngsten Tag gerichtet werden; deinem Termin wirst du nicht entweichen können. Schau nun auf deinen (erfundenen) Gott, den du unablässig angebetet hast! Wir werden ihn verbrennen, zerstoßen und ins Wasser streuen."

إِنَّمَا إِلَٰهُكُمُ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۚ وَسِعَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ عِلْمًا

German

Euer Herr ist Gott, Allah, außer Dem es keinen Gott gibt. Sein Wissen umfaßt alles.

Transliteration

Innama ilahukumu Allahuallathee la ilaha illa huwa wasiAAakulla shay-in AAilma

كَذَٰلِكَ نَقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ مِنْ أَنبَاءِ مَا قَدْ سَبَقَ ۚ وَقَدْ آتَيْنَاكَ مِن لَّدُنَّا ذِكْرًا

German

So erzählen Wir dir die Nachrichten früherer Völker. Dir haben Wir ein ermahnendes Buch (den Koran) von Uns herabgesandt.

Transliteration

Kathalika naqussu AAalayka minanba-i ma qad sabaqa waqad ataynakamin ladunna thikra

مَّنْ أَعْرَضَ عَنْهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَحْمِلُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وِزْرًا

Transliteration

Man aAArada AAanhu fa-innahu yahmiluyawma alqiyamati wizra

German

Wer sich davon abwendet, wird am Jüngsten Tag eine schwere Bürde zu tragen haben und sich die qualvolle Strafe der Hölle zuziehen.

خَالِدِينَ فِيهِ ۖ وَسَاءَ لَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ حِمْلًا

Transliteration

Khalideena feehi wasaa lahumyawma alqiyamati himla

German

Darin werden sie ewig verweilen. Eine schlimmere Bürde am Jüngsten Tag gibt es nicht.

يَوْمَ يُنفَخُ فِي الصُّورِ ۚ وَنَحْشُرُ الْمُجْرِمِينَ يَوْمَئِذٍ زُرْقًا

German

An diesem Tag wird ins Horn geblasen werden, und Wir werden die Frevler mit vor Schreck bläulichen Gesichtern versammeln.

Transliteration

Yawma yunfakhu fee assooriwanahshuru almujrimeena yawma-ithin zurqa

ﭿ

يَتَخَافَتُونَ بَيْنَهُمْ إِن لَّبِثْتُمْ إِلَّا عَشْرًا

Transliteration

Yatakhafatoona baynahum in labithtumilla AAashra

German

Sie werden einander zuflüstern: "Ihr seid nur zehn Tage auf Erden gewesen, länger war es nicht."

نَّحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ إِذْ يَقُولُ أَمْثَلُهُمْ طَرِيقَةً إِن لَّبِثْتُمْ إِلَّا يَوْمًا

Transliteration

Nahnu aAAlamu bima yaqooloonaith yaqoolu amthaluhum tareeqatan in labithtum illayawma

German

Wir wissen genau, was sie sagen. Wer ihren Zustand am zutreffendsten beschreibt, sagt: "Ihr habt nicht länger als einen Tag dort verweilt."

وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْجِبَالِ فَقُلْ يَنسِفُهَا رَبِّي نَسْفًا

German

Sie fragen dich nach den Bergen. Sage: "Mein Herr wird sie zermahlen und zu Staub werden lassen,

Transliteration

Wayas-aloonaka AAani aljibali faqulyansifuha rabbee nasfa

فَيَذَرُهَا قَاعًا صَفْصَفًا

Transliteration

Fayatharuha qaAAan safsafa

German

so daß nur eine ebene Fläche übrig bleiben wird,

لَّا تَرَىٰ فِيهَا عِوَجًا وَلَا أَمْتًا

German

wo du keine Wölbung und keine Erhöhung sehen wirst."

Transliteration

La tara feeha AAiwajanwala amta

يَوْمَئِذٍ يَتَّبِعُونَ الدَّاعِيَ لَا عِوَجَ لَهُ ۖ وَخَشَعَتِ الْأَصْوَاتُ لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ فَلَا تَسْمَعُ إِلَّا هَمْسًا

German

Am Jüngsten Tag werden alle dem Rufer geradewegs folgen müssen, ohne abweichen zu können. Alle Stimmen werden vor Dem Barmherzigen demütig leise sein, so daß du nur Flüstern vernimmst.

Transliteration

Yawma-ithin yattabiAAoona addaAAiyala AAiwaja lahu wakhashaAAati al-aswatu lirrahmanifala tasmaAAu illa hamsa

يَوْمَئِذٍ لَّا تَنفَعُ الشَّفَاعَةُ إِلَّا مَنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وَرَضِيَ لَهُ قَوْلًا

Transliteration

Yawma-ithin la tanfaAAu ashshafaAAatuilla man athina lahu arrahmanuwaradiya lahu qawla

German

An diesem Tag wird keine Fürsprache nützen, außer wenn es der Barmherzige erlaubt und wenn die Worte des Fürsprechers Ihm wohlgefällig sind.

يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِهِ عِلْمًا

Transliteration

YaAAlamu ma bayna aydeehim wamakhalfahum wala yuheetoona bihi AAilma

German

Er weiß um ihre Vergangenheit und ihre Zukunft, aber sie umfassen Ihn nicht mit ihrem Wissen.

وَعَنَتِ الْوُجُوهُ لِلْحَيِّ الْقَيُّومِ ۖ وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنْ حَمَلَ ظُلْمًا

German

Alle Gesichter werden sich vor dem Lebendigen, dem Beständigen, neigen. Verloren hat der, der sich Unrecht aufgebürdet hat.

Transliteration

WaAAanati alwujoohu lilhayyialqayyoomi waqad khaba man hamala thulma

ﯿ

وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتِ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَا يَخَافُ ظُلْمًا وَلَا هَضْمًا

German

Wer gute Werke getan hat, indem er gläubig ist, hat weder Unrecht noch Lohnminderung zu befürchten.

Transliteration

Waman yaAAmal mina assalihatiwahuwa mu/minun fala yakhafu thulmanwala hadma

وَكَذَٰلِكَ أَنزَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا وَصَرَّفْنَا فِيهِ مِنَ الْوَعِيدِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ أَوْ يُحْدِثُ لَهُمْ ذِكْرًا

German

So haben Wir den Koran auf Arabisch herabgesandt und auf vielfältige Art die Warnung verkündet, auf daß sie gottesfürchtig werden oder sich ermahnen lassen.

Transliteration

Wakathalika anzalnahu qur-ananAAarabiyyan wasarrafna feehi mina alwaAAeedilaAAallahum yattaqoona aw yuhdithu lahum thikra

فَتَعَالَى اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ الْحَقُّ ۗ وَلَا تَعْجَلْ بِالْقُرْآنِ مِن قَبْلِ أَن يُقْضَىٰ إِلَيْكَ وَحْيُهُ ۖ وَقُل رَّبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا

Transliteration

FataAAala Allahualmaliku alhaqqu wala taAAjal bilqur-animin qabli an yuqda ilayka wahyuhu waqul rabbizidnee AAilma

German

Hoch erhaben ist Gott, Der wahre König. Beeile dich nicht, den Koran vorzutragen, bis die jeweilige Offenbarung abgeschlossen ist, sondern sage: "Gott, gewähre mir mehr Wissen!"

وَلَقَدْ عَهِدْنَا إِلَىٰ آدَمَ مِن قَبْلُ فَنَسِيَ وَلَمْ نَجِدْ لَهُ عَزْمًا

German

Wir haben einst Adam verpflichtet, Unsere Gebote und Verbote einzuhalten, doch er vergaß die Verpflichtung, und Wir fanden in ihm keine Entschlossenheit.

Transliteration

Walaqad AAahidna ila adamamin qablu fanasiya walam najid lahu AAazma

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ أَبَىٰ

German

Einst sagten Wir den Engeln: "Werft euch vor Adam ehrend nieder!" Sie warfen sich alle nieder, ausgenommen Iblîs, der sich weigerte.

Transliteration

Wa-ith qulna lilmala-ikatiosjudoo li-adama fasajadoo illa ibleesa aba

ﭿ

فَقُلْنَا يَا آدَمُ إِنَّ هَٰذَا عَدُوٌّ لَّكَ وَلِزَوْجِكَ فَلَا يُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقَىٰ

German

Wir sprachen: "Adam! Dieser ist dir und deiner Gattin ein Feind. Hütet euch davor, daß es ihm gelingt, euch aus dem Paradies zu vertreiben und euch ins Elend zu stürzen!

Transliteration

Faqulna ya adamu innahatha AAaduwwun laka walizawjika falayukhrijannakuma mina aljannati fatashqa

إِنَّ لَكَ أَلَّا تَجُوعَ فِيهَا وَلَا تَعْرَىٰ

Transliteration

Inna laka alla tajooAAa feehawala taAAra

German

Dir steht im Paradies zu, daß du nicht hungerst und nicht unter Blöße leidest

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