VERSES
135
PAGES
312-321

Name

This Surah takes its name from its "first word "Ta Ha. " This name, like the names of many other Surahs, is merely symbolic.

Period of Revelation

The period of its revelation is the same as of Surah Maryam. It is just possible that it was sent down during the Migration to Habash or just after it. Anyhow, it is certain that this Surah was revealed before Hadrat Umar embraced Islam.

According to a well known and authentic tradition when Hadrat Umar set out to kill the Holy Prophet, he met a certain person, who said, "Before you do anything else, you should know that your own sister and brother-in-law have embraced Islam" Hearing this, he directly went to the house of his sister. There he found his sister, Fatimah, and his brother-in-law, Said bin Zaid, learning the contents of a scroll from Khabbab bin Art. When Fatimah saw him coming she hid the scroll at once, but Hadrat Umar had heard the recital, so he began to interrogate them about it. Then he began to thrash his brother-in-law, and wounded his sister, who tried to protect him. At last both of them confessed, "We have become Muslims; you may do whatever you like." As Hadrat Umar was moved to see blood running down from her head, he said, "Show me the thing you were reading." The sister asked him to promise on oath that he would not tear it, and added, "You cannot touch it unless you have a bath." Accordingly, Hadrat Umar took his bath and when he began to read the scroll, which contained this Surah, he spontaneously spoke out, "What an excellent thing!" At this Hadrat Khabbab, who had hidden himself at the sound of his footsteps, came out of his hiding and said, "By God, I have high expectations that Allah will get great service from you to propagate the Message of His Prophet, for just yesterday I heard the Holy Prophet praying to Allah, 'My Lord, make Abul Hakam bin Hisham (Abu Jahl) or Umar bin Khattab a supporter of Islam. So O Umar, turn to Allah, turn to Allah." These words proved to be so persuasive that he at once accompanied Hadrat Khabbab and went to the Holy Prophet to embrace Islam. This happened a short time after the Migration to Habash.

Theme and Topics of Discussion

This Surah begins with the enunciation of the object of the Revelation of the Qur'an to this effect:"O Muhammad, this Quran has not been sent down to you to put you unnecessarily to some great affliction. It does not demand from you to perform the impossible task of imbuing the hearts of the obdurate disbelievers with Faith. It is merely an admonition meant to guide on to the Right Path those who fear God and want to save themselves from His punishment. This Quran is the Word of the Master of the earth and the heavens and God-head belongs to Him alone:These two facts are eternal whether one believes them or not."

After this introduction, the Surah abruptly moves on to relate the story of Prophet Moses without any apparent relevancy and without even hinting at its applicability to the events of the period. However, if we read between the lines, we realize that the discourse is addressed very relevantly to the people of Makkah. But before we explain the hidden meaning of the discourse, we must keep in view the fact that the Arabs in general acknowledged Moses as a Prophet of God. This was so because they had "been influenced by the large number of the Jews around them and by" the neighboring Christian kingdoms. Now let us state those things which are hidden between the lines of the story:

  1. Allah does not appoint a Prophet by the beat of drums or My celebrating the occasion in a regular and formal ceremony, as if to say, "We are appointing such and such a person as Our Prophet from today." On the contrary, He bestows Prophethood in a confidential manner just as He did in the case of Prophet Moses. Therefore you should not consider it strange if Hadrat Muhammad has been appointed as a Prophet all of a sudden and without any public proclamation.

  2. The fundamental principles presented by Prophet Muhammad - Tauhid and the Hereafter - are just the same as were taught to Prophet Moses at the time of his appointment.

  3. Prophet Muhammad has been made the standard bearer of the Message of the Truth among the people of the Quraish all by himself without material provisions, just as Prophet Moses was entrusted with the Mission to go to a tyrant king like Pharaoh and ask him to give up his attitude of rebellion. These are the mysterious ways of Allah. He catches hold of a way farer of Midian on his way to Egypt and says, "Go and fight with the greatest tyrant of the time." He did not provide him with armies and provisions for this Mission. The only thing He did was to appoint his brother as his assistant at his request.

  4. You, O People of Makkah, should note it well that Pharaoh employed the same devices against Prophet Moses as you are employing against Prophet Muhammad -- frivolous objections, accusations, and cruel persecutions. You should know that Allah's Prophet came out victorious over Pharaoh, who possessed large armies and war equipments. Incidentally, the Muslims have been consoled and comforted, though not in so many words, that they should not be afraid of fighting with the Quraish against fearful odds, for the mission which is supported by Allah comes out victorious in the end. At the same time, the Muslims have been exhorted to follow the excellent example of the magicians of Egypt, who remained steadfast in their Faith, though Pharaoh threatened them with horrible vengeance.

  5. An incident from the story of the Israelites has been cited to show in what ridiculous manner the idolization of false gods and goddesses starts and that the Prophets of God do not tolerate even the slightest tinge of this preposterous practice. Likewise, Prophet Muhammad is following the former Prophets in opposing shirk and idol worship today.

Thus, the story of Moses has been used to throw light on all those matters which were connected with the conflict between the Holy Prophet and the Quraish. Then at the end of the story, the. Quraish have been briefly admonished, as if to say, "The Quran has been sent down in your tongue for your own good. If you listen to it and follow its admonition, you will be doing so for your own good but if you reject it, you will yourselves meet with an evil end."

After this the story of Prophet Adam has been related, as if to tell the Quraish, "The way you are following is the way of Satan, whereas the right way for a man is to follow his father Adam. He was beguiled by Satan, but when he realized his error, he plainly confessed it and repented and again turned back to the service of Allah and won His favor. On the other hand, if a person follows Satan and sticks to his error obdurately in spite of admonition, he does harm to himself alone like Satan."

In the end, the Holy Prophet and the Muslims have been advised not to be impatient in regard to the punishment to the disbelievers, as if to say, "Allah has His Own scheme concerning them. He does not seize them at once but gives them sufficient respite. Therefore you should not grow impatient but bear the persecutions with fortitude and go on conveying the Message."

In this connection, great emphasis has been laid on Salat so that it may create in the believers the virtues of patience, forbearance, contentment, resignation to the will of God and self analysis for these are greatly needed in the service of the Message of the Truth.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

اذْهَبْ أَنتَ وَأَخُوكَ بِآيَاتِي وَلَا تَنِيَا فِي ذِكْرِي

Malay

"Pergilah, engkau dan saudaramu, membawa mukjizat-mukjizat pengurniaanKu dan janganlah kamu berdua lemah dan cuai dalam menyebut serta mengingati Daku.

Sahih International

Go, you and your brother, with My signs and do not slacken in My remembrance.

اذْهَبَا إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ إِنَّهُ طَغَىٰ

Malay

"Pergilah kamu berdua kepada Firaun, sesungguhnya ia telah melampaui batas dalam kekufurannya.

Sahih International

Go, both of you, to Pharaoh. Indeed, he has transgressed.

فَقُولَا لَهُ قَوْلًا لَّيِّنًا لَّعَلَّهُ يَتَذَكَّرُ أَوْ يَخْشَىٰ

Sahih International

And speak to him with gentle speech that perhaps he may be reminded or fear [ Allah ]."

Malay

"Kemudian hendaklah kamu berkata kepadanya, dengan kata-kata yang lemah-lembut, semoga ia beringat atau takut".

قَالَا رَبَّنَا إِنَّنَا نَخَافُ أَن يَفْرُطَ عَلَيْنَا أَوْ أَن يَطْغَىٰ

Malay

Mereka berdua berkata: "Wahai Tuhan kami! Sesungguhnya kami takut bahawa ia akan segera menyeksa kami, atau ia akan melampau batas".

Sahih International

They said, "Our Lord, indeed we are afraid that he will hasten [punishment] against us or that he will transgress."

قَالَ لَا تَخَافَا ۖ إِنَّنِي مَعَكُمَا أَسْمَعُ وَأَرَىٰ

Malay

Allah berfirman: "Janganlah kamu takut, sesungguhnya Aku ada bersama-sama kamu; Aku mendengar dan melihat segala-galanya.

Sahih International

[ Allah ] said, "Fear not. Indeed, I am with you both; I hear and I see.

فَأْتِيَاهُ فَقُولَا إِنَّا رَسُولَا رَبِّكَ فَأَرْسِلْ مَعَنَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَلَا تُعَذِّبْهُمْ ۖ قَدْ جِئْنَاكَ بِآيَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّكَ ۖ وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَىٰ مَنِ اتَّبَعَ الْهُدَىٰ

Sahih International

So go to him and say, 'Indeed, we are messengers of your Lord, so send with us the Children of Israel and do not torment them. We have come to you with a sign from your Lord. And peace will be upon he who follows the guidance.

Malay

"Oleh itu, pergilah kamu berdua kepadanya, kemudian katakanlah: "Bahawa sesungguhnya kami ini Rasul-rasul dari Tuhanmu, maka bebaskanlah kaum Bani lsrail mengikut kami, dan janganlah engkau menyeksakan mereka. Sesungguhnya kami telah datang kepadamu membawa satu tanda (mukjizat) dari Tuhanmu! Dan selamat sejahtera itu adalah untuk orang-orang yang menurut petunjuk ugama Allah.

ﯿ

إِنَّا قَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيْنَا أَنَّ الْعَذَابَ عَلَىٰ مَن كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ

Malay

"Sesungguhnya telah diwahyukan kepada kami bahawa azab seksa di dunia dan di akhirat ditimpakan kepada orang yang mendustakan ayat-ayat Allah dan berpaling daripadanya".

Sahih International

Indeed, it has been revealed to us that the punishment will be upon whoever denies and turns away.' "

قَالَ فَمَن رَّبُّكُمَا يَا مُوسَىٰ

Sahih International

[Pharaoh] said, "So who is the Lord of you two, O Moses?"

Malay

(Setelah mereka menyampaikan perintah Allah itu), Firaun berkata: "Jika demikian, siapakah Tuhan kamu berdua, hai Musa?"

قَالَ رَبُّنَا الَّذِي أَعْطَىٰ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلْقَهُ ثُمَّ هَدَىٰ

Sahih International

He said, "Our Lord is He who gave each thing its form and then guided [it]."

Malay

Nabi Musa menjawab: "Tuhan kami ialah yang telah memberikan kepada tiap-tiap sesuatu: kejadian semulajadinya yang sesuai dengannya, kemudian Ia memberi petunjuk kepadanya akan cara menggunakannya".

قَالَ فَمَا بَالُ الْقُرُونِ الْأُولَىٰ

Malay

Firaun bertanya lagi: "Jika demikian, bagaimana pula keadaan kaum-kaum yang telah lalu?"

Sahih International

[Pharaoh] said, "Then what is the case of the former generations?"

قَالَ عِلْمُهَا عِندَ رَبِّي فِي كِتَابٍ ۖ لَّا يَضِلُّ رَبِّي وَلَا يَنسَى

Malay

Nabi Musa menjawab: "Pengetahuan mengenainya ada di sisi Tuhanku, tertulis di dalam sebuah Kitab; Tuhanku tidak pernah keliru dan Ia juga tidak pernah lupa".

Sahih International

[Moses] said, "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a record. My Lord neither errs nor forgets."

الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ مَهْدًا وَسَلَكَ لَكُمْ فِيهَا سُبُلًا وَأَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِّن نَّبَاتٍ شَتَّىٰ

Sahih International

[It is He] who has made for you the earth as a bed [spread out] and inserted therein for you roadways and sent down from the sky, rain and produced thereby categories of various plants.

Malay

(Dia lah Tuhan) yang telah menjadikan bumi bagi kamu sebagai hamparan, dan Ia telah mengadakan bagi kamu padanya jalan-jalan lalu-lalang; dan Ia juga telah menurunkan hujan dari langit. Maka Kami keluarkan dengannya berjenis-jenis tanaman dan buah-buahan yang berlainan keadaannya.

كُلُوا وَارْعَوْا أَنْعَامَكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّأُولِي النُّهَىٰ

Sahih International

Eat [therefrom] and pasture your livestock. Indeed, in that are signs for those of intelligence.

Malay

Makanlah kamu daripadanya dan berilah makan binatang-binatang ternak kamu; sesungguhnya semuanya itu mengandungi tanda-tanda yang membuktikan kemurahan Allah, bagi orang-orang yang berakal fikiran.

ﭿ

مِنْهَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ وَفِيهَا نُعِيدُكُمْ وَمِنْهَا نُخْرِجُكُمْ تَارَةً أُخْرَىٰ

Sahih International

From the earth We created you, and into it We will return you, and from it We will extract you another time.

Malay

Dari bumilah Kami ciptakan kamu, dan ke dalamnya Kami akan mengembalikan kamu, dan daripadanya pula Kami akan mengeluarkan kamu sekali lagi.

وَلَقَدْ أَرَيْنَاهُ آيَاتِنَا كُلَّهَا فَكَذَّبَ وَأَبَىٰ

Malay

Dan demi sesungguhnya! Kami telah tunjukkan kepada Firaun segala tanda-tanda yang membukti kekuasaan Kami; dalam pada itu ia mendustakannya dan enggan beriman.

Sahih International

And We certainly showed Pharaoh Our signs - all of them - but he denied and refused.

قَالَ أَجِئْتَنَا لِتُخْرِجَنَا مِنْ أَرْضِنَا بِسِحْرِكَ يَا مُوسَىٰ

Sahih International

He said, "Have you come to us to drive us out of our land with your magic, O Moses?

Malay

Firaun berkata: "Patutkah engkau datang kepada kami untuk mengeluarkan kami dari negeri kami dengan sihirmu, hai Musa?

فَلَنَأْتِيَنَّكَ بِسِحْرٍ مِّثْلِهِ فَاجْعَلْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكَ مَوْعِدًا لَّا نُخْلِفُهُ نَحْنُ وَلَا أَنتَ مَكَانًا سُوًى

Sahih International

Then we will surely bring you magic like it, so make between us and you an appointment, which we will not fail to keep and neither will you, in a place assigned."

Malay

"Kalau demikian, sesungguhnya kami juga akan bawakan kepadamu sihir yang seperti itu untuk melawanmu! Maka tentukanlah suatu tempoh pertemuan antara kami denganmu, yang kita bersama tidak akan memungkirinya, di suatu tempat yang sesuai bagi kedua belah pihak".

قَالَ مَوْعِدُكُمْ يَوْمُ الزِّينَةِ وَأَن يُحْشَرَ النَّاسُ ضُحًى

Sahih International

[Moses] said, "Your appointment is on the day of the festival when the people assemble at mid-morning."

Malay

Nabi Musa menjawab: "Tempoh yang aku tetapkan untuk kamu itu ialah hari perayaan, dan hendaklah orang ramai berhimpun pada waktu dhuha".

فَتَوَلَّىٰ فِرْعَوْنُ فَجَمَعَ كَيْدَهُ ثُمَّ أَتَىٰ

Malay

Maka Firaun pun berangkat dari majlis itu. Ia mengumpulkan ahli-ahli sihir untuk menjalankan tipu-dayanya, kemudian ia datang ke tempat perlawanan.

Sahih International

So Pharaoh went away, put together his plan, and then came [to Moses].

قَالَ لَهُم مُّوسَىٰ وَيْلَكُمْ لَا تَفْتَرُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا فَيُسْحِتَكُم بِعَذَابٍ ۖ وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنِ افْتَرَىٰ

Malay

Nabi Musa berkata kepada mereka: "Celakalah kamu kelak! Janganlah kamu mendakwa secara dusta terhadap Allah, kerana dengan sebab itu Ia akan membinasakan kamu dengan azab seksa; dan sesungguhnya orang yang berdusta, tetap hampa dan kecewa".

Sahih International

Moses said to the magicians summoned by Pharaoh, "Woe to you! Do not invent a lie against Allah or He will exterminate you with a punishment; and he has failed who invents [such falsehood]."

فَتَنَازَعُوا أَمْرَهُم بَيْنَهُمْ وَأَسَرُّوا النَّجْوَىٰ

Malay

Maka merekapun berbantahan dan berunding sesama sendiri mengenai perkara sihir mereka, dan mereka rahsiakan apa yang mereka rundingkan.

Sahih International

So they disputed over their affair among themselves and concealed their private conversation.

قَالُوا إِنْ هَٰذَانِ لَسَاحِرَانِ يُرِيدَانِ أَن يُخْرِجَاكُم مِّنْ أَرْضِكُم بِسِحْرِهِمَا وَيَذْهَبَا بِطَرِيقَتِكُمُ الْمُثْلَىٰ

Sahih International

They said, "Indeed, these are two magicians who want to drive you out of your land with their magic and do away with your most exemplary way.

Malay

Mereka berkata: "Dua orang ini, sebenarnya dua ahli sihir yang bertujuan hendak mengeluarkan kamu dari negeri kamu dengan sihir mereka, dan hendak melenyapkan kepercayaan serta adat peraturan kamu yang utama.

ﯿ

فَأَجْمِعُوا كَيْدَكُمْ ثُمَّ ائْتُوا صَفًّا ۚ وَقَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْيَوْمَ مَنِ اسْتَعْلَىٰ

Sahih International

So resolve upon your plan and then come [forward] in line. And he has succeeded today who overcomes."

Malay

"Oleh itu, satukanlah segala cara helah kamu, kemudian datanglah beramai-ramai dalam satu barisan untuk menentangnya; dan sesungguhnya beruntunglah orang yang menang pada hari ini".

قَالُوا يَا مُوسَىٰ إِمَّا أَن تُلْقِيَ وَإِمَّا أَن نَّكُونَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ أَلْقَىٰ

Malay

Mereka berkata: "Wahai Musa! Engkaukah yang akan mencampak lebih dahulu atau kamikah yang mula-mula mencampak?"

Sahih International

They said, "O Moses, either you throw or we will be the first to throw."

قَالَ بَلْ أَلْقُوا ۖ فَإِذَا حِبَالُهُمْ وَعِصِيُّهُمْ يُخَيَّلُ إِلَيْهِ مِن سِحْرِهِمْ أَنَّهَا تَسْعَىٰ

Sahih International

He said, "Rather, you throw." And suddenly their ropes and staffs seemed to him from their magic that they were moving [like snakes].

Malay

Nabi Musa menjawab: "Bahkan kamulah campak dahulu". Tiba-tiba tali-tali mereka dan tongkat-tongkat mereka terbayang-bayang kepadanya seolah-olah benda-benda berjalan, disebabkan sihir mereka.

فَأَوْجَسَ فِي نَفْسِهِ خِيفَةً مُّوسَىٰ

Sahih International

And he sensed within himself apprehension, did Moses.

Malay

Maka yang demikian menjadikan Nabi Musa merasa takut sedikit dalam hatinya.

قُلْنَا لَا تَخَفْ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْأَعْلَىٰ

Malay

Kami berfirman kepadanya: "Janganlah engkau takut (wahai Musa)! Sesungguhnya engkaulah yang tertinggi mengatasi mereka dengan kemenangan.

Sahih International

Allah said, "Fear not. Indeed, it is you who are superior.

ﭿ

وَأَلْقِ مَا فِي يَمِينِكَ تَلْقَفْ مَا صَنَعُوا ۖ إِنَّمَا صَنَعُوا كَيْدُ سَاحِرٍ ۖ وَلَا يُفْلِحُ السَّاحِرُ حَيْثُ أَتَىٰ

Sahih International

And throw what is in your right hand; it will swallow up what they have crafted. What they have crafted is but the trick of a magician, and the magician will not succeed wherever he is."

Malay

"Dan campakkanlah apa yang ada di tangan kananmu, nescaya ia menelan segala (benda-benda sihir) yang mereka lakukan, kerana sesungguhnya apa yang mereka lakukan itu hanyalah tipu daya ahli sihir; sedang ahli sihir itu tidak akan beroleh kejayaan, di mana sahaja ia berada".

فَأُلْقِيَ السَّحَرَةُ سُجَّدًا قَالُوا آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ هَارُونَ وَمُوسَىٰ

Malay

(Nabi Musa pun mencampakkan tongkatnya yang terus menelan segala benda sihir mereka), maka keadaan yang demikian menjadikan ahli-ahli sihir itu segera merebahkan diri sujud sambil berkata: "Kami beriman kepada Tuhan yang mengutus Nabi Harun dan Nabi Musa".

Sahih International

So the magicians fell down in prostration. They said, "We have believed in the Lord of Aaron and Moses."

قَالَ آمَنتُمْ لَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ آذَنَ لَكُمْ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَكَبِيرُكُمُ الَّذِي عَلَّمَكُمُ السِّحْرَ ۖ فَلَأُقَطِّعَنَّ أَيْدِيَكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُم مِّنْ خِلَافٍ وَلَأُصَلِّبَنَّكُمْ فِي جُذُوعِ النَّخْلِ وَلَتَعْلَمُنَّ أَيُّنَا أَشَدُّ عَذَابًا وَأَبْقَىٰ

Sahih International

[Pharaoh] said, "You believed him before I gave you permission. Indeed, he is your leader who has taught you magic. So I will surely cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, and I will crucify you on the trunks of palm trees, and you will surely know which of us is more severe in [giving] punishment and more enduring."

Malay

Firaun berkata: "Patutkah kamu beriman kepada Musa sebelum aku memberi izin kepada kamu? Sesungguhnya dia lah ketua kamu yang mengajar sihir kepada kamu. Oleh itu, demi sesungguhnya, aku akan memotong tangan dan kaki kamu dengan bersilang, dan aku akan memalang kamu pada batang-batang pohon tamar; dan demi sesungguhnya kamu akan mengetahui kelak siapakah di antara kita yang lebih keras azab seksanya dan lebih kekal".

قَالُوا لَن نُّؤْثِرَكَ عَلَىٰ مَا جَاءَنَا مِنَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالَّذِي فَطَرَنَا ۖ فَاقْضِ مَا أَنتَ قَاضٍ ۖ إِنَّمَا تَقْضِي هَٰذِهِ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

Sahih International

They said, "Never will we prefer you over what has come to us of clear proofs and [over] He who created us. So decree whatever you are to decree. You can only decree for this worldly life.

Malay

Mereka menjawab: "Kami tidak sekali-kali akan mengutamakanmu daripada apa yang telah datang kepada kami dari mukjizat-mukjizat yang terang nyata, dan (tidak akan mengutamakanmu daripada) Tuhan yang telah menjadikan kita semua. Oleh itu, hukumkanlah apa sahaja yang engkau hendak hukumkan, kerana sesungguhnya engkau hanyalah dapat menghukum dalam kehidupan dunia ini sahaja.

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