VERSES
111
PAGES
282-293

Name

This Surah takes its name (Bani Israil) from v. 4. But this name is merely a distinctive appellation like the names of many other surahs and not a descriptive title, and does not mean that "Bani Isra'il" is the theme of this Surah.

Period of Revelation

The very first verse indicates that this Surah was revealed on the occasion of Mi`raj (Ascension). According to the Traditions and books on the life of the Holy Prophet, this event happened one year before Hijrah. Thus, this Surah is one of those which were revealed in the last stage of Prophethood at Makkah.

Background

The Holy Prophet had been propagating Tauhid for the previous twelve years and his opponents had been doing all they could to make his Mission a failure, but in spite of all their opposition, Islam had spread to every corner of Arabia and there was hardly any clan which had not been influenced by his invitation. In Makkah itself the true Believers had formed themselves into a small community and were ready and willing to face every danger to make Islam a success. Besides them, a very large number of the people of Aus and Khazraj (two influential clans of Al-Madinah) had accepted Islam. Thus the time had come for the Holy Prophet to emigrate from Makkah to Al- Madinah and there gather together the scattered Muslims and establish a state based on the principles of Islam.

These were the conditions when Mi`raj took place and on his return the Holy Prophet brought down the Message contained in this Surah.

Theme and Topics

This Surah is a wonderful combination of warning, admonition and instruction, which have been blended together in a balanced proportion.

The disbelievers of Makkah had been admonished to take a lesson from the miserable end of the Israelites and other communities and mend their ways within the period of respite given by Allah, which was about to expire. They should, therefore, accept the invitation that was being extended by Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) and the Quran. Otherwise they shall be annihilated and replaced by other people. Incidentally, the Israelites, with whom Islam was going to come in direct contact in the near future at Al-Madinah have also been warned that they should learn a lesson from the chastisements that have already been inflicted on them. They were warned, "Take advantage of the Prophethood of Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) because that is the last opportunity which is being given to you. If even now you behave as you have been behaving, you shall meet with a painful torment."

As regards the education of mankind, it has been impressed that human success or failure, gain or loss, depends upon the right understanding of Tauhid, life-after- death and Prophethood. Accordingly, convincing arguments have been put forward to prove that the Quran is the Book of Allah and its teachings are true and genuine the doubts of the disbelievers about these basic realities have been removed and on suitable occasions they have been admonished and rebuked in regard to their ways of ignorance.

In this connection, those fundamental principles of morality and civilization on which the Islamic System of life is meant to be established have been put forward. Thus this was a sort of the Manifesto of the intended Islamic state which had been proclaimed a year before its actual establishment. It has been explicitly stated that that was the sketch of the system on which Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) intended to build human life first in his own country and then in the outside world.

Besides these, the Holy Prophet has been instructed to stick firmly to his stand without minding the opposition and difficulties which he was encountering and should never think of making a compromise with unbelief. The Muslims who sometimes showed signs of impatience, when they met with persecution, calumny, and crooked arguments, have also been instructed to face adverse circumstances with patience and fortitude and keep full control over their feelings and passions. Moreover, salat was prescribed in order to reform and purify their souls, as if to say, "This is the thing which will produce in you those high qualities of character which are essential for everyone who intends to struggle in the righteous way Incidentally, we learn from Traditions that Mi'raj was the first occasion on which the five daily Prayers were prescribed to be offered at fixed times.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۙ وَلَا يَزِيدُ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا خَسَارًا

Swedish

MED KORANEN uppenbarar Vi det som är läkedom och nåd för de troende, men för syndarnas del [påskyndar det] bara deras marsch mot undergången.

Sahih International

And We send down of the Qur'an that which is healing and mercy for the believers, but it does not increase the wrongdoers except in loss.

وَإِذَا أَنْعَمْنَا عَلَى الْإِنسَانِ أَعْرَضَ وَنَأَىٰ بِجَانِبِهِ ۖ وَإِذَا مَسَّهُ الشَّرُّ كَانَ يَئُوسًا

Sahih International

And when We bestow favor upon the disbeliever, he turns away and distances himself; and when evil touches him, he is ever despairing.

Swedish

Visar Vi människan välvilja vänder hon Oss ryggen och drar sig stolt undan, och drabbas hon av ett ont blir hon ett rov för förtvivlan.

قُلْ كُلٌّ يَعْمَلُ عَلَىٰ شَاكِلَتِهِ فَرَبُّكُمْ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ هُوَ أَهْدَىٰ سَبِيلًا

Swedish

Säg: "Var och en går till väga på sitt sätt och din Herre vet bäst vem som följer en rak väg.

Sahih International

Say, "Each works according to his manner, but your Lord is most knowing of who is best guided in way."

وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ ۖ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي وَمَا أُوتِيتُم مِّنَ الْعِلْمِ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

Swedish

DE FRÅGAR dig om ingivelsens ande. Säg: "Ingivelsens ande hör till det som är min Herre förbehållet - av [all] kunskap har bara en obetydlig del fallit på er [lott]."

Sahih International

And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about the soul. Say, "The soul is of the affair of my Lord. And mankind have not been given of knowledge except a little."

ﯿ

وَلَئِن شِئْنَا لَنَذْهَبَنَّ بِالَّذِي أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ ثُمَّ لَا تَجِدُ لَكَ بِهِ عَلَيْنَا وَكِيلًا

Sahih International

And if We willed, We could surely do away with that which We revealed to you. Then you would not find for yourself concerning it an advocate against Us.

Swedish

Om Vi ville kunde Vi helt visst utplåna allt vad Vi har uppenbarat för dig och du skulle då inte finna någon som kunde föra din talan inför Oss.

إِلَّا رَحْمَةً مِّن رَّبِّكَ ۚ إِنَّ فَضْلَهُ كَانَ عَلَيْكَ كَبِيرًا

Swedish

Men detta sker inte tack vare din Herres nåd - Hans godhet mot dig är sannerligen stor!

Sahih International

Except [We have left it with you] as a mercy from your Lord. Indeed, His favor upon you has ever been great.

قُل لَّئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الْإِنسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلَىٰ أَن يَأْتُوا بِمِثْلِ هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ لَا يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَهِيرًا

Sahih International

Say, "If mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Qur'an, they could not produce the like of it, even if they were to each other assistants."

Swedish

Säg: "Om människor och osynliga väsen i samarbete försökte åstadkomma något som skulle kunna jämföras med denna Koran, skulle de misslyckas, även om de gav varandra all hjälp!"

وَلَقَدْ صَرَّفْنَا لِلنَّاسِ فِي هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ مِن كُلِّ مَثَلٍ فَأَبَىٰ أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ إِلَّا كُفُورًا

Swedish

I denna Koran har Vi till nytta för människorna framställt alla slag av liknelser där Vi låter detaljerna växla, men de flesta av dem vägrar envist att upphöra att förneka sanningen,

Sahih International

And We have certainly diversified for the people in this Qur'an from every [kind] of example, but most of the people refused [anything] except disbelief.

ﭿ

وَقَالُوا لَن نُّؤْمِنَ لَكَ حَتَّىٰ تَفْجُرَ لَنَا مِنَ الْأَرْضِ يَنبُوعًا

Sahih International

And they say, "We will not believe you until you break open for us from the ground a spring.

Swedish

och de säger: "Vi kommer inte att tro dig förrän du låter en källa springa fram ur marken åt oss,

أَوْ تَكُونَ لَكَ جَنَّةٌ مِّن نَّخِيلٍ وَعِنَبٍ فَتُفَجِّرَ الْأَنْهَارَ خِلَالَهَا تَفْجِيرًا

Sahih International

Or [until] you have a garden of palm tress and grapes and make rivers gush forth within them in force [and abundance]

Swedish

eller [visar dig äga] en trädgård med dadelpalmer och druvor och låter porlande bäckar rinna upp i dess mitt,

أَوْ تُسْقِطَ السَّمَاءَ كَمَا زَعَمْتَ عَلَيْنَا كِسَفًا أَوْ تَأْتِيَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةِ قَبِيلًا

Swedish

eller förmår himlen att störta ned över oss i stycken - som du har sagt skall ske - eller gör så att Gud och änglarna stiger ned inför [våra ögon],

Sahih International

Or you make the heaven fall upon us in fragments as you have claimed or you bring Allah and the angels before [us]

أَوْ يَكُونَ لَكَ بَيْتٌ مِّن زُخْرُفٍ أَوْ تَرْقَىٰ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَلَن نُّؤْمِنَ لِرُقِيِّكَ حَتَّىٰ تُنَزِّلَ عَلَيْنَا كِتَابًا نَّقْرَؤُهُ ۗ قُلْ سُبْحَانَ رَبِّي هَلْ كُنتُ إِلَّا بَشَرًا رَّسُولًا

Sahih International

Or you have a house of gold or you ascend into the sky. And [even then], we will not believe in your ascension until you bring down to us a book we may read." Say, "Exalted is my Lord! Was I ever but a human messenger?"

Swedish

eller [visar oss att du] äger ett hus prytt med guldornament, eller stiger upp till himlen - men vi kommer inte att tro på din uppstigning till himlen om du inte för med dig därifrån till oss en skrift som vi kan läsa!" Säg: "Stor är min Herre i Sin härlighet! Är jag inte en vanlig dödlig människa, ett sändebud?"

وَمَا مَنَعَ النَّاسَ أَن يُؤْمِنُوا إِذْ جَاءَهُمُ الْهُدَىٰ إِلَّا أَن قَالُوا أَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ بَشَرًا رَّسُولًا

Sahih International

And what prevented the people from believing when guidance came to them except that they said, "Has Allah sent a human messenger?"

Swedish

Ingenting hindrar [människor] att tro när vägledningen når dem utom denna deras invändning: "Inte sänder väl Gud en dödlig människa som Sitt sändebud?"

قُل لَّوْ كَانَ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَلَائِكَةٌ يَمْشُونَ مُطْمَئِنِّينَ لَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ مَلَكًا رَّسُولًا

Swedish

Säg: "Om änglarna hade vandrat omkring lugnt och stilla på jorden skulle Vi helt säkert ha låtit en ängel från himlen komma till dem som Vårt sändebud."

Sahih International

Say, "If there were upon the earth angels walking securely, We would have sent down to them from the heaven an angel [as a] messenger."

ﯿ

قُلْ كَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ شَهِيدًا بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكُمْ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ بِعِبَادِهِ خَبِيرًا بَصِيرًا

Sahih International

Say, "Sufficient is Allah as Witness between me and you. Indeed he is ever, concerning His servants, Acquainted and Seeing."

Swedish

Säg: "Det behövs inga andra vittnen mellan mig och er än Gud. Han är [fullt] underrättad om Sina tjänares [förehavanden] och förlorar dem inte ur sikte."

وَمَن يَهْدِ اللَّهُ فَهُوَ الْمُهْتَدِ ۖ وَمَن يُضْلِلْ فَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِن دُونِهِ ۖ وَنَحْشُرُهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَىٰ وُجُوهِهِمْ عُمْيًا وَبُكْمًا وَصُمًّا ۖ مَّأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ ۖ كُلَّمَا خَبَتْ زِدْنَاهُمْ سَعِيرًا

Swedish

De som Gud vägleder har funnit den rätta vägen; men för dem som Han låter gå vilse kan du aldrig finna någon som [leder dem rätt] i Hans ställe. Vi skall samla ihop dem på Uppståndelsens dag [liggande framstupa] på sina ansikten, blinda, stumma och döva. Deras slutliga bestämmelse är helvetet, och så ofta [dess eld] mattas skall Vi låta den flamma upp kring dem med förnyad styrka.

Sahih International

And whoever Allah guides - he is the [rightly] guided; and whoever He sends astray - you will never find for them protectors besides Him, and We will gather them on the Day of Resurrection [fallen] on their faces - blind, dumb and deaf. Their refuge is Hell; every time it subsides We increase them in blazing fire.

ﭿ

ذَٰلِكَ جَزَاؤُهُم بِأَنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِنَا وَقَالُوا أَإِذَا كُنَّا عِظَامًا وَرُفَاتًا أَإِنَّا لَمَبْعُوثُونَ خَلْقًا جَدِيدًا

Sahih International

That is their recompense because they disbelieved in Our verses and said, "When we are bones and crumbled particles, will we [truly] be resurrected [in] a new creation?"

Swedish

Detta är den lön [som väntar dem] på grund av deras vägran att tro på Våra budskap och för deras ord: "Skall vi, efter att ha blivit ben och sönderfrätta rester, återuppstå i en ny skapelse?"

أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ قَادِرٌ عَلَىٰ أَن يَخْلُقَ مِثْلَهُمْ وَجَعَلَ لَهُمْ أَجَلًا لَّا رَيْبَ فِيهِ فَأَبَى الظَّالِمُونَ إِلَّا كُفُورًا

Sahih International

Do they not see that Allah , who created the heavens and earth, is [the one] Able to create the likes of them? And He has appointed for them a term, about which there is no doubt. But the wrongdoers refuse [anything] except disbelief.

Swedish

Inser inte [dessa människor] att Gud, som har skapat himlarna och jorden, har makt att skapa dem på nytt sådana de var? Och Han har utsatt en frist för [vad som skall ske med] dem; detta är ställt utom allt tvivel. Men de orättfärdiga vägrar envist att upphöra att förneka sanningen.

قُل لَّوْ أَنتُمْ تَمْلِكُونَ خَزَائِنَ رَحْمَةِ رَبِّي إِذًا لَّأَمْسَكْتُمْ خَشْيَةَ الْإِنفَاقِ ۚ وَكَانَ الْإِنسَانُ قَتُورًا

Swedish

Säg: "Även om ni ägde min Herres [omätliga] skatt av nåd, skulle ni helt säkert hålla igen på era utgifter av rädsla att göra slut på denna [skatt]." - Ja, människan går för långt i sin snålhet."

Sahih International

Say [to them], "If you possessed the depositories of the mercy of my Lord, then you would withhold out of fear of spending." And ever has man been stingy.

وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَىٰ تِسْعَ آيَاتٍ بَيِّنَاتٍ ۖ فَاسْأَلْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِذْ جَاءَهُمْ فَقَالَ لَهُ فِرْعَوْنُ إِنِّي لَأَظُنُّكَ يَا مُوسَىٰ مَسْحُورًا

Swedish

VI GAV Moses nio tydliga tecken. Fråga nu Israels barn hur [det gick till] när han kom till dem [för att lösa dem ur slaveriet] och Farao sade till honom: "Jag tror att du, Moses, är ett offer för trolldom!"

Sahih International

And We had certainly given Moses nine evident signs, so ask the Children of Israel [about] when he came to them and Pharaoh said to him, "Indeed I think, O Moses, that you are affected by magic."

قَالَ لَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ مَا أَنزَلَ هَٰؤُلَاءِ إِلَّا رَبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ بَصَائِرَ وَإِنِّي لَأَظُنُّكَ يَا فِرْعَوْنُ مَثْبُورًا

Sahih International

[Moses] said, "You have already known that none has sent down these [signs] except the Lord of the heavens and the earth as evidence, and indeed I think, O Pharaoh, that you are destroyed."

Swedish

[Moses] svarade: "Du vet redan att ingen annan än himlarnas och jordens Herre har sänt dessa [tecken] för att låta [alla] se sanningen. Farao! Jag tror att din undergång är nära!"

فَأَرَادَ أَن يَسْتَفِزَّهُم مِّنَ الْأَرْضِ فَأَغْرَقْنَاهُ وَمَن مَّعَهُ جَمِيعًا

Swedish

[Farao] ville [nu] skrämma dem att överge [Egyptens] land. Men Vi lät honom och alla som var med honom drunkna [i havet].

Sahih International

So he intended to drive them from the land, but We drowned him and those with him all together.

ﯿ

وَقُلْنَا مِن بَعْدِهِ لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ اسْكُنُوا الْأَرْضَ فَإِذَا جَاءَ وَعْدُ الْآخِرَةِ جِئْنَا بِكُمْ لَفِيفًا

Swedish

Därefter sade Vi till Israels barn: "Bo kvar i detta land! Men när löftet om uppståndelsen besannas skall Vi låta er stiga fram [med de andra] i en enda, myllrande människomassa."

Sahih International

And We said after Pharaoh to the Children of Israel, "Dwell in the land, and when there comes the promise of the Hereafter, We will bring you forth in [one] gathering."

وَبِالْحَقِّ أَنزَلْنَاهُ وَبِالْحَقِّ نَزَلَ ۗ وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا مُبَشِّرًا وَنَذِيرًا

Sahih International

And with the truth We have sent the Qur'an down, and with the truth it has descended. And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a bringer of good tidings and a warner.

Swedish

VI HAR uppenbarat denna [Koran] med sanningen och med sanningen har den stigit ned - och dig [Muhammad] har Vi sänt enbart som förkunnare av ett glatt budskap om hopp [för människorna] och som varnare -

وَقُرْآنًا فَرَقْنَاهُ لِتَقْرَأَهُ عَلَى النَّاسِ عَلَىٰ مُكْثٍ وَنَزَّلْنَاهُ تَنزِيلًا

Swedish

Vi har delat den i avsnitt, som du skall läsa för människorna i lugn och långsam rytm, och Vi uppenbarar den [i dessa avsnitt] ett efter ett.

Sahih International

And [it is] a Qur'an which We have separated [by intervals] that you might recite it to the people over a prolonged period. And We have sent it down progressively.

قُلْ آمِنُوا بِهِ أَوْ لَا تُؤْمِنُوا ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ مِن قَبْلِهِ إِذَا يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ يَخِرُّونَ لِلْأَذْقَانِ سُجَّدًا

Sahih International

Say, "Believe in it or do not believe. Indeed, those who were given knowledge before it - when it is recited to them, they fall upon their faces in prostration,

Swedish

Säg: "Vare sig ni tror eller inte tror på den, faller de som tidigare fick del av kunskap ned på sina ansikten när den läses för dem

ﭿ

وَيَقُولُونَ سُبْحَانَ رَبِّنَا إِن كَانَ وَعْدُ رَبِّنَا لَمَفْعُولًا

Swedish

och säger: "Stor är vår Herre i Sin härlighet! Vår Herres löfte har uppfyllts!"

Sahih International

And they say, "Exalted is our Lord! Indeed, the promise of our Lord has been fulfilled."

وَيَخِرُّونَ لِلْأَذْقَانِ يَبْكُونَ وَيَزِيدُهُمْ خُشُوعًا ۩

Sahih International

And they fall upon their faces weeping, and the Qur'an increases them in humble submission.

Swedish

Ja, de faller ned på sina ansikten med tårar [i ögonen] och deras ödmjukhet fördjupas.

قُلِ ادْعُوا اللَّهَ أَوِ ادْعُوا الرَّحْمَٰنَ ۖ أَيًّا مَّا تَدْعُوا فَلَهُ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ وَلَا تَجْهَرْ بِصَلَاتِكَ وَلَا تُخَافِتْ بِهَا وَابْتَغِ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ سَبِيلًا

Swedish

Säg: "Anropa Gud eller anropa den Nåderike! Med vilket namn ni än anropar Honom [är Han En och Densamme] - fullkomlighetens sköna namn är Hans. Höj inte rösten [när du ber] och sänk den inte heller [till en viskning] utan gå en medelväg.

Sahih International

Say, "Call upon Allah or call upon the Most Merciful. Whichever [name] you call - to Him belong the best names." And do not recite [too] loudly in your prayer or [too] quietly but seek between that an [intermediate] way.

وَقُلِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي لَمْ يَتَّخِذْ وَلَدًا وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ شَرِيكٌ فِي الْمُلْكِ وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ وَلِيٌّ مِّنَ الذُّلِّ ۖ وَكَبِّرْهُ تَكْبِيرًا

Sahih International

And say, "Praise to Allah , who has not taken a son and has had no partner in [His] dominion and has no [need of a] protector out of weakness; and glorify Him with [great] glorification."

Swedish

Säg: "Gud ske lov och pris, som inte har [avlat] en son och i vars herravälde ingen har del och som inte [behöver] någon som skyddar Honom mot jordisk lumpenhet!" - Och prisa ständigt Hans härlighet och Hans majestät!

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