This Surah has been named after Prophet Hud whose story has been related in vv. 50-60.

Period of Revelation

If we consider its theme deeply, we come to the conclusion that it was revealed during the same period as Surah Yunus and most probably followed it immediately.


The Surah deals with the same subject as Surah Yunus, that is, invitation to the Message, admonition and warning, with this difference that the warning is sterner. This is also supported by a Tradition:

It is related that after its revelation, once Hadrat Abu Bakr said to the Holy Prophet, "Of late I have been noticing that you are growing older and older. What is the cause of it?" The Holy Prophet replied, "Surah Hud and the like Surahs have made me old." This shows that it was a very hard time for the Holy Prophet and these stern warnings added greatly to his anxieties that were caused by the persecution from the Quraish, who were doing their worst to crush down the Message of Islam. For it was obvious to the Holy Prophet that the last limit of the respite given by Allah was approaching nearer and nearer and he was afraid lest the term of the respite should expire and his people be seized by the torment.

The invitation is this: Obey the Messenger of Allah; discard shirk, and worship Allah and Allah alone: establish the entire system of your life on the belief that you shall be called to account in the Hereafter.

The admonition is this: Remember that those people who put their faith in the outward appearance of this worldly life and rejected the Message of the Prophets met with dire consequences. Therefore you should consider it seriously whether you should follow the same way that history has proved to be the path to ruin.

The warning is this: You should not be deluded by the delay in the coming of the punishment: it is because of the respite that Allah has granted you by His grace so that you might mend your ways: if you do not make use of this opportunity, you shall be inflicted with an inevitable punishment that will destroy you all except the Believers.

Instead of addressing the people directly, the Quran has used the stories of the people of Noah, Hud, Salih, Lot, Shu'aib and Moses to achieve the above mentioned objects. What is most prominent in their stories is that when Allah passes His judgment on the people, He does not spare anyone whatsoever, even if he be the nearest relative of the Prophet of the time. Only that one is rescued who had believed in the Prophet, and none else, not even his own son or wife. More than that: the Faith demands from each and every Believer that he should totally forget his relationships when that judgment comes and remember only the relationship of the Faith. For it is against the spirit of Islam to show any regard whatsoever for the relationships of blood and race. And the Muslims demonstrated these teachings practically in the Battle of Badr, four years after the revelation of this Surah.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran



وَإِلَىٰ ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحًا ۚ قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُم مِّنْ إِلَٰهٍ غَيْرُهُ ۖ هُوَ أَنشَأَكُم مِّنَ الْأَرْضِ وَاسْتَعْمَرَكُمْ فِيهَا فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهُ ثُمَّ تُوبُوا إِلَيْهِ ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّي قَرِيبٌ مُّجِيبٌ

Sahih International

And to Thamud [We sent] their brother Salih. He said, "O my people, worship Allah ; you have no deity other than Him. He has produced you from the earth and settled you in it, so ask forgiveness of Him and then repent to Him. Indeed, my Lord is near and responsive."


اور ثمود کی طرف ان کے بھائی صالح کو (بھیجا) تو انہوں نے کہا کہ قوم! خدا ہی کی عبادت کرو اس کے سوا تمہارا کوئی معبود نہیں۔ اسی نے تم کو زمین سے پیدا کیا اور اس میں آباد کیا تو اس سے مغفرت مانگو اور اس کے آگے توبہ کرو۔ بےشک میرا پروردگار نزدیک (بھی ہے اور دعا کا) قبول کرنے والا (بھی) ہے

قَالُوا يَا صَالِحُ قَدْ كُنتَ فِينَا مَرْجُوًّا قَبْلَ هَٰذَا ۖ أَتَنْهَانَا أَن نَّعْبُدَ مَا يَعْبُدُ آبَاؤُنَا وَإِنَّنَا لَفِي شَكٍّ مِّمَّا تَدْعُونَا إِلَيْهِ مُرِيبٍ

Sahih International

They said, "O Salih, you were among us a man of promise before this. Do you forbid us to worship what our fathers worshipped? And indeed we are, about that to which you invite us, in disquieting doubt."


انہوں نے کہا کہ صالح اس سے پہلے ہم تم سے (کئی طرح کی) امیدیں رکھتے تھے (اب وہ منقطع ہوگئیں) کیا تم ہم کو ان چیزوں کے پوجنے سے منع کرتے ہو جن کو ہمارے بزرگ پوجتے آئے ہیں؟ اور جس بات کی طرف تم ہمیں بلاتے ہو، اس میں ہمیں قوی شبہ ہے

قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِن كُنتُ عَلَىٰ بَيِّنَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّي وَآتَانِي مِنْهُ رَحْمَةً فَمَن يَنصُرُنِي مِنَ اللَّهِ إِنْ عَصَيْتُهُ ۖ فَمَا تَزِيدُونَنِي غَيْرَ تَخْسِيرٍ

Sahih International

He said, "O my people, have you considered: if I should be upon clear evidence from my Lord and He has given me mercy from Himself, who would protect me from Allah if I disobeyed Him? So you would not increase me except in loss.


صالح نے کہا اے قوم! بھلا دیکھو تو اگر میں اپنے پروردگار کی طرف سے کھلی دلیل پر ہوں اور اس نے مجھے اپنے ہاں سے (نبوت کی) نعمت بخشی ہو تو اگر میں خدا کی نافرمانی کروں تو اس کے سامنے میری کون مدد کرے گا؟ تم تو (کفر کی باتوں سے) میرا نقصان کرتے ہو

وَيَا قَوْمِ هَٰذِهِ نَاقَةُ اللَّهِ لَكُمْ آيَةً فَذَرُوهَا تَأْكُلْ فِي أَرْضِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تَمَسُّوهَا بِسُوءٍ فَيَأْخُذَكُمْ عَذَابٌ قَرِيبٌ

Sahih International

And O my people, this is the she-camel of Allah - [she is] to you a sign. So let her feed upon Allah 's earth and do not touch her with harm, or you will be taken by an impending punishment."


اور یہ بھی کہا کہ اے قوم! یہ خدا کی اونٹنی تمہارے لیے ایک نشانی (یعنی معجزہ) ہے تو اس کو چھوڑ دو کہ خدا کی زمین میں (جہاں چاہے) چرے اور اس کو کسی طرح کی تکلیف نہ دینا ورنہ تمہیں جلد عذاب آپکڑے گا


فَعَقَرُوهَا فَقَالَ تَمَتَّعُوا فِي دَارِكُمْ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ وَعْدٌ غَيْرُ مَكْذُوبٍ


مگر انہوں نے اس کی کانچیں کاٹ ڈالیں۔ تو (صالح نے) کہا کہ اپنے گھروں میں تم تین دن (اور) فائدہ اٹھا لو۔ یہ وعدہ ہے کہ جھوٹا نہ ہوگا

Sahih International

But they hamstrung her, so he said, "Enjoy yourselves in your homes for three days. That is a promise not to be denied."

فَلَمَّا جَاءَ أَمْرُنَا نَجَّيْنَا صَالِحًا وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَعَهُ بِرَحْمَةٍ مِّنَّا وَمِنْ خِزْيِ يَوْمِئِذٍ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ الْقَوِيُّ الْعَزِيزُ


جب ہمارا حکم آگیا تو ہم نے صالح کو اور جو لوگ ان کے ساتھ ایمان لائے تھے ان کو اپنی مہربانی سے بچالیا۔ اور اس دن کی رسوائی سے (محفوظ رکھا)۔ بےشک تمہارا پروردگار طاقتور اور زبردست ہے

Sahih International

So when Our command came, We saved Salih and those who believed with him, by mercy from Us, and [saved them] from the disgrace of that day. Indeed, it is your Lord who is the Powerful, the Exalted in Might.

وَأَخَذَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا الصَّيْحَةُ فَأَصْبَحُوا فِي دِيَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ


اور جن لوگوں نے ظلم کیا تھا ان کو چنگھاڑ (کی صورت میں عذاب) نے آپکڑا تو وہ اپنے گھروں میں اوندھے پڑے رہ گئے

Sahih International

And the shriek seized those who had wronged, and they became within their homes [corpses] fallen prone

كَأَن لَّمْ يَغْنَوْا فِيهَا ۗ أَلَا إِنَّ ثَمُودَ كَفَرُوا رَبَّهُمْ ۗ أَلَا بُعْدًا لِّثَمُودَ

Sahih International

As if they had never prospered therein. Unquestionably, Thamud denied their Lord; then, away with Thamud.


گویا کبھی ان میں بسے ہی نہ تھے۔ سن رکھو کہ ثمود نے اپنے پروردگار سے کفر کیا۔ اور سن رکھو ثمود پر پھٹکار ہے

وَلَقَدْ جَاءَتْ رُسُلُنَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ بِالْبُشْرَىٰ قَالُوا سَلَامًا ۖ قَالَ سَلَامٌ ۖ فَمَا لَبِثَ أَن جَاءَ بِعِجْلٍ حَنِيذٍ

Sahih International

And certainly did Our messengers come to Abraham with good tidings; they said, "Peace." He said, "Peace," and did not delay in bringing [them] a roasted calf.


اور ہمارے فرشتے ابراہیم کے پاس بشارت لے کر آئے تو سلام کہا۔ انہوں نے بھی (جواب میں) سلام کہا۔ ابھی کچھ وقفہ نہیں ہوا تھا کہ (ابراہیم) ایک بھنا ہوا بچھڑا لے آئے

فَلَمَّا رَأَىٰ أَيْدِيَهُمْ لَا تَصِلُ إِلَيْهِ نَكِرَهُمْ وَأَوْجَسَ مِنْهُمْ خِيفَةً ۚ قَالُوا لَا تَخَفْ إِنَّا أُرْسِلْنَا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِ لُوطٍ

Sahih International

But when he saw their hands not reaching for it, he distrusted them and felt from them apprehension. They said, "Fear not. We have been sent to the people of Lot."


جب دیکھا کہ ان کے ہاتھ کھانے کی طرف نہیں جاتے (یعنی وہ کھانا نہیں کھاتے) تو ان کو اجنبی سمجھ کر دل میں خوف کیا۔ (فرشتوں نے) کہا کہ خوف نہ کیجیے، ہم قوم لوط کی طرف (ان کے ہلاک کرنے کو) بھیجے گئے ہیں