VERSES
109
PAGES
208-221

Name

The Surah takes its name from V. 98, in which there is a reference to Prophet Yunus (Jonah). The name, as usual, is symbolical and does not indicate that the Surah deals with the story of Prophet Jonah.

Period of Revelation

We learn from traditions, and this is supported by the contents of the Surah itself, that the whole of this Surah was revealed at Makkah. But there are some people who are of the opinion, that some of its verses were revealed at Al-Madinah. This is, however, a superficial view. The continuity of the theme clearly shows that this does not comprise isolated verses or discourses that were revealed at different times and on different occasions. On the contrary, it is, from the beginning to the end, a closely connected discourse which must have been revealed at one sitting. Besides this, the nature of its theme is itself a clear proof that the Surah belongs to the Makkan period.

Time of Revelation

We have no tradition in regard to the time of it's revelation, but its subject matter gives clear indication that it must have been revealed during the last stage of the Holy Prophet's residence at Makkah. For the mode of the discourse suggests that at the time of its revelation, the antagonism of the opponents of the Message had become so intense that they could not tolerate even the presence of the Holy Prophet and his followers among themselves, and that things had come to such a pass as to leave no hope that they would ever understand and accept the Message of the Prophet. This indicates that the last stage of the Prophet's life among thee people had come, and the final warning like the one in this Surah had to be given. These characteristics of the discourse are clear proof that it was revealed during the last stage of the Movement at Makkah.

Another thing that determines more specifically the order of the Surahs of the last stage at Makkah is the mention (or absence) of some open or covert hint about Hijrat (Emigration) from Makkah. As this Surah does not contain any hint whatsoever about this, it is a proof that it preceded those surahs which contain it.

Now that we have specified the time of its revelation, there is no need of repeating its historical background because that has already been stated in Surahs VI and VII.

Subject

This discourse deals with the invitation to the Message, admonition and warning. In the very introductory verses, the invitation has been extended like this:-

"The people consider it a strange thing that this Message is being conveyed by a human being and charge him with sorcery, whereas there is nothing strange in it nor has it any connection with sorcery or sooth saying. It simply informs you of two realities. First, Allah, Who has created the universe and manages it, is, in fact, your Master and Lord, and He alone is entitled to your worship. The second reality is that after the life in this world, there will be another life in the Next World, where you shall have to render full account of the life of this world and be rewarded or punished according to whether you adopted the righteous attitude as required by Him after acknowledging Him as your Masters or acted against His will. Both of these realities, which the Messenger is presenting before you, are "realities" in themselves whether you acknowledge them as such or not. He is inviting you to accept these and regulate your lives in accordance with them; if you accept these, you will have a very blessed end; otherwise join shall meet with evil consequences."

Topics

After the introduction, the following topics have been dealt with in an appropriate order:-

  1. Proofs of the doctrines of Tauhid, Providence and Life-after-death have been given by such arguments as may satisfy the minds and hearts of those who listen to the Message without prejudice and bigotry with the sole intention of safeguarding themselves against deviation and its evil results and not for the sake of seeking opportunities for useless discussions.

  2. Those misunderstandings which were (and always are) hindering people from accepting the doctrines of Tauhid and the Hereafter, have been removed and they have been warned to guard against those negligences that stand in their way.

  3. Those doubts have been removed and answers to those objections given which were being raised about the Prophethood of Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) and the Message brought by him.

  4. Graphic descriptions of the life in the Hereafter have been presented in order to warn the people beforehand so that they should mend their ways here and be not sorry afterwards for their conduct in this world.

  5. They have been admonished and warned that the life in this world is really a test and a trial, and that the time allowed for it is only up to the last moment of the earthly life, and that this is the only opportunity that shall be given to them for accepting the Message and achieving success in the test. Therefore, they should make the best use of the opportunity that has been provided for them by the appointment of Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) for their guidance and obtain the true knowledge of the Reality from the Quran that is being sent down to him. Otherwise, they shall be remorseful for ever and ever.

  6. Their attention has been drawn to some of their acts of manifest ignorance and deviation which were the direct result of discarding Divine Guidance from their lives.

    In this connection, the story of Prophet Noah has been related in brief and that of Prophet Moses in detail in order to impress four things on the minds :-

    First, "As your behavior towards Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) is like that of the peoples of Prophet Noah and Prophet Moses towards them, you should know it for certain that you also shall meet with the same consequences which they met with." Secondly, "You should not be deluded into believing by the helpless and weak condition of the Prophet and his followers, you are witnessing today, that it will always remain like this. You should know that the same All-Powerful Allah Who supported Prophets Moses and Aaron, is supporting them and that He changes the circumstances in such a sudden and thorough manner that none can foresee it." Thirdly, "If you do not make use of the term that has been granted to you by Allah and mend your ways now, and postpone this to the last moment like followers of th Holy Prophet have been reassured that they should not lose heart because of the severity of the circumstances created by their opponents, especially at the time when they themselves were in an utterly helpless condition. They have also been given instructions as to how they should carry on their Mission under those harsh conditions. Moreover,they have been warned to be on their guard against the kind of behavior which was adopted by the Israelites, when they were rescued by Allah from the tyranny of the People of Pharaoh.

  7. At the end of the Surah, the Holy Prophet has been commanded to make a declaration to this effect: "This is the Creed and this is the rule of conduct that has been prescribed for me by Allah: no change can be made at all in this: whoso will accept this will do so for his own good and whoso will reject this will do so at his own peril."

;

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَلَوْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ لَآمَنَ مَن فِي الْأَرْضِ كُلُّهُمْ جَمِيعًا ۚ أَفَأَنتَ تُكْرِهُ النَّاسَ حَتَّىٰ يَكُونُوا مُؤْمِنِينَ

Urdu

اور اگر تمہارا پروردگار چاہتا تو جتنے لوگ زمین پر ہیں سب کے سب ایمان لے آتے۔ تو کیا تم لوگوں پر زبردستی کرنا چاہتے ہو کہ وہ مومن ہوجائیں

Yusuf Ali

If it had been thy Lord's will, they would all have believed,- all who are on earth! wilt thou then compel mankind, against their will, to believe!

Farsi

و اگر پروردگار تو می خواست ، مسلماً تمام کسانی که در (روی) زمین هستند، همگی ایمان می آوردند ، آیا تو می خواهی مردم را مجبور کنی تا که ایمان بیاورند ؟!

ﭿ

وَمَا كَانَ لِنَفْسٍ أَن تُؤْمِنَ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَيَجْعَلُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ

Farsi

و هیچ کس جز به فرمان خدا نمی تواند؛ ایمان بیاورد ، و(خداوند) پلیدی را بر کسانی که نمی اندیشند؛ قرار می دهد .

Yusuf Ali

No soul can believe, except by the will of Allah, and He will place doubt (or obscurity) on those who will not understand.

Urdu

حالانکہ کسی شخص کو قدرت نہیں ہے کہ خدا کے حکم کے بغیر ایمان لائے۔ اور جو لوگ بےعقل ہیں ان پر وہ (کفر وذلت کی) نجاست ڈالتا ہے

قُلِ انظُرُوا مَاذَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَمَا تُغْنِي الْآيَاتُ وَالنُّذُرُ عَن قَوْمٍ لَّا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Farsi

بگو :«بنگرید چه چیز (از نشانه های یگانگی اش) در آسمانها و زمین است ؟» واین آیات و هشدارها به حال گروهی که ایمان نمی آورند ، سودی نمی بخشد .

Urdu

(ان کفار سے) کہو دیکھو تو زمین اور آسمانوں میں کیا کچھ ہے۔ مگر جو لوگ ایمان نہیں رکھتے ان کی نشانیاں اور ڈرواے کچھ کام نہیں آتے

Yusuf Ali

Say: "Behold all that is in the heavens and on earth"; but neither Signs nor Warners profit those who believe not.

فَهَلْ يَنتَظِرُونَ إِلَّا مِثْلَ أَيَّامِ الَّذِينَ خَلَوْا مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۚ قُلْ فَانتَظِرُوا إِنِّي مَعَكُم مِّنَ الْمُنتَظِرِينَ

Urdu

سو جیسے (برے) دن ان سے پہلے لوگوں پر گزر چکے ہیں اسی طرح کے (دنوں کے) یہ منتظر ہیں۔ کہہ دو کہ تم بھی انتظار کرو۔ میں بھی تمہارے ساتھ انتظار کرتا ہوں

Farsi

پس آیا آنها (چیزی) جزهمانند روزهای کسانی را که پیش از آنها گذشتند ، انتظار می کشند ؟! بگو :«پس منتظر باشید، که بی گمان من(نیز) با شما از منتظرانم ».

Yusuf Ali

Do they then expect (any thing) but (what happened in) the days of the men who passed away before them? Say: "Wait ye then: for I, too, will wait with you."

ثُمَّ نُنَجِّي رُسُلَنَا وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ حَقًّا عَلَيْنَا نُنجِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Farsi

سپس پیامبران مان ، وکسانی را که ایمان آورده اند نجات می دهیم ، اینگونه ، بر ما حق است که مؤمنان را نجات دهیم .

Yusuf Ali

In the end We deliver Our messengers and those who believe: Thus is it fitting on Our part that We should deliver those who believe!

Urdu

اور ہم اپنے پیغمبروں کو اور مومنوں کو نجات دیتے رہے ہیں۔ اسی طرح ہمارا ذمہ ہے کہ مسلمانوں کو نجات دیں

قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِن كُنتُمْ فِي شَكٍّ مِّن دِينِي فَلَا أَعْبُدُ الَّذِينَ تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلَٰكِنْ أَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ الَّذِي يَتَوَفَّاكُمْ ۖ وَأُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Urdu

(اے پیغمبر) کہہ دو کہ لوگو اگر تم کو میرے دین میں کسی طرح کا شک ہو تو (سن رکھو کہ) جن لوگوں کی تم خدا کے سوا عبادت کرتے ہو میں ان کی عبادت نہیں کرتا۔ بلکہ میں خدا کی عبادت کرتا ہوں جو تمھاری روحیں قبض کرلیتا ہے اور مجھ کو یہی حکم ہوا ہے کہ ایمان لانے والوں میں ہوں

Yusuf Ali

Say: "O ye men! If ye are in doubt as to my religion, (behold!) I worship not what ye worship, other than Allah! But I worship Allah - Who will take your souls (at death): I am commanded to be (in the ranks) of the Believers,

Farsi

بگو :«ای مردم ! اگر از دین من در شک هستید، پس من کسانی را که شما به جای الله پرستش می کنید ؛ نمی پرستم، ولیکن من تنها الله را می پرستم که شما رامی میراند ، و من مأمور شده ام از مؤمنان باشم .

وَأَنْ أَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا وَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Farsi

واینکه روی خود را به آیین حنیف متوجه کن ، وهر گز از مشرکان مباش!

Yusuf Ali

"And further (thus): 'set thy face towards religion with true piety, and never in any wise be of the Unbelievers;

Urdu

اور یہ کہ (اے محمد سب سے) یکسو ہو کر دین (اسلام) کی پیروی کئے جاؤ۔ اور مشرکوں میں ہرگز نہ ہونا

ﯿ

وَلَا تَدْعُ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَنفَعُكَ وَلَا يَضُرُّكَ ۖ فَإِن فَعَلْتَ فَإِنَّكَ إِذًا مِّنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Yusuf Ali

"'Nor call on any, other than Allah;- Such will neither profit thee nor hurt thee: if thou dost, behold! thou shalt certainly be of those who do wrong.'"

Farsi

و به جای الله ، چیزی را که نه سودی به تو می رساند ونه زیانی به تو می رساند ؛ نخوان، پس اگر چنین کنی ، بی گمان از ستمکاران خواهی بود .

Urdu

اور خدا کو چھوڑ کر ایسی چیز کو نہ پکارنا جو نہ تمہارا کچھ بھلا کرسکے اور نہ کچھ بگاڑ سکے۔ اگر ایسا کرو گے تو ظالموں میں ہوجاؤ گے

وَإِن يَمْسَسْكَ اللَّهُ بِضُرٍّ فَلَا كَاشِفَ لَهُ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ وَإِن يُرِدْكَ بِخَيْرٍ فَلَا رَادَّ لِفَضْلِهِ ۚ يُصِيبُ بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ ۚ وَهُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

Yusuf Ali

If Allah do touch thee with hurt, there is none can remove it but He: if He do design some benefit for thee, there is none can keep back His favour: He causeth it to reach whomsoever of His servants He pleaseth. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Farsi

و اگر خداوند زیانی به تو برساند ، پس جز او هیچ کس نتواند آن را بر طرف کند ، و اگر اراده ی خیری برای تو کند ، پس هیچ کس فضل او را باز نتواند داشت ، به هرکس از بندگانش که بخواهد می رساند و او آمرزنده ی مهربان است» .

Urdu

اور اگر خدا تم کو کوئی تکلیف پہنچائے تو اس کے سوا اس کا کوئی دور کرنے والا نہیں اور اگر تم سے بھلائی کرنی چاہے تو اس کے فضل کو کوئی روکنے والا نہیں۔ وہ اپنے بندوں میں سے جسے چاہتا ہے فائدہ پہنچاتا ہے اور وہ بخشنے والا مہربان ہے

ﭿ

قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَكُمُ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ ۖ فَمَنِ اهْتَدَىٰ فَإِنَّمَا يَهْتَدِي لِنَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَن ضَلَّ فَإِنَّمَا يَضِلُّ عَلَيْهَا ۖ وَمَا أَنَا عَلَيْكُم بِوَكِيلٍ

Urdu

کہہ دو کہ لوگو تمہارے پروردگار کے ہاں سے تمہارے پاس حق آچکا ہے تو جو کوئی ہدایت حاصل کرتا ہے تو ہدایت سے اپنے ہی حق میں بھلائی کرتا ہے۔ اور جو گمراہی اختیار کرتا ہے تو گمراہی سے اپنا ہی نقصان کرتا ہے۔ اور میں تمہارا وکیل نہیں ہوں

Yusuf Ali

Say: "O ye men! Now Truth hath reached you from your Lord! those who receive guidance,do so for the good of their own souls; those who stray, do so to their own loss: and I am not (set) over you to arrange your affairs."

Farsi

بگو:«ای مردم! بی تردید حق از طرف پروردگارتان برای شما آمد ، پس هر کس هدایت شد ، برای خود هدایت شده ، و هر کس گمراه شد ، پس به زیان خود گمراه شده است ، و من نگهبان بر شما نیستم ».

وَاتَّبِعْ مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيْكَ وَاصْبِرْ حَتَّىٰ يَحْكُمَ اللَّهُ ۚ وَهُوَ خَيْرُ الْحَاكِمِينَ

Yusuf Ali

Follow thou the inspiration sent unto thee, and be patient and constant, till Allah do decide: for He is the best to decide.

Urdu

اور (اے پیغمبر) تم کو جو حکم بھیجا جاتا ہے اس کی پیروی کئے جاؤ اور (تکلیفوں پر) صبر کرو یہاں تک کہ خدا فیصلہ کردے۔ اور وہ سب سے بہتر فیصلہ کرنے والا ہے

Farsi

و از آنچه به تو وحی می شود پیروی کن ، وصبر کن ، تا خداوند داوری کند ، و او بهترین داوران است .

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