VERSES
109
PAGES
208-221

Name

The Surah takes its name from V. 98, in which there is a reference to Prophet Yunus (Jonah). The name, as usual, is symbolical and does not indicate that the Surah deals with the story of Prophet Jonah.

Period of Revelation

We learn from traditions, and this is supported by the contents of the Surah itself, that the whole of this Surah was revealed at Makkah. But there are some people who are of the opinion, that some of its verses were revealed at Al-Madinah. This is, however, a superficial view. The continuity of the theme clearly shows that this does not comprise isolated verses or discourses that were revealed at different times and on different occasions. On the contrary, it is, from the beginning to the end, a closely connected discourse which must have been revealed at one sitting. Besides this, the nature of its theme is itself a clear proof that the Surah belongs to the Makkan period.

Time of Revelation

We have no tradition in regard to the time of it's revelation, but its subject matter gives clear indication that it must have been revealed during the last stage of the Holy Prophet's residence at Makkah. For the mode of the discourse suggests that at the time of its revelation, the antagonism of the opponents of the Message had become so intense that they could not tolerate even the presence of the Holy Prophet and his followers among themselves, and that things had come to such a pass as to leave no hope that they would ever understand and accept the Message of the Prophet. This indicates that the last stage of the Prophet's life among thee people had come, and the final warning like the one in this Surah had to be given. These characteristics of the discourse are clear proof that it was revealed during the last stage of the Movement at Makkah.

Another thing that determines more specifically the order of the Surahs of the last stage at Makkah is the mention (or absence) of some open or covert hint about Hijrat (Emigration) from Makkah. As this Surah does not contain any hint whatsoever about this, it is a proof that it preceded those surahs which contain it.

Now that we have specified the time of its revelation, there is no need of repeating its historical background because that has already been stated in Surahs VI and VII.

Subject

This discourse deals with the invitation to the Message, admonition and warning. In the very introductory verses, the invitation has been extended like this:-

"The people consider it a strange thing that this Message is being conveyed by a human being and charge him with sorcery, whereas there is nothing strange in it nor has it any connection with sorcery or sooth saying. It simply informs you of two realities. First, Allah, Who has created the universe and manages it, is, in fact, your Master and Lord, and He alone is entitled to your worship. The second reality is that after the life in this world, there will be another life in the Next World, where you shall have to render full account of the life of this world and be rewarded or punished according to whether you adopted the righteous attitude as required by Him after acknowledging Him as your Masters or acted against His will. Both of these realities, which the Messenger is presenting before you, are "realities" in themselves whether you acknowledge them as such or not. He is inviting you to accept these and regulate your lives in accordance with them; if you accept these, you will have a very blessed end; otherwise join shall meet with evil consequences."

Topics

After the introduction, the following topics have been dealt with in an appropriate order:-

  1. Proofs of the doctrines of Tauhid, Providence and Life-after-death have been given by such arguments as may satisfy the minds and hearts of those who listen to the Message without prejudice and bigotry with the sole intention of safeguarding themselves against deviation and its evil results and not for the sake of seeking opportunities for useless discussions.

  2. Those misunderstandings which were (and always are) hindering people from accepting the doctrines of Tauhid and the Hereafter, have been removed and they have been warned to guard against those negligences that stand in their way.

  3. Those doubts have been removed and answers to those objections given which were being raised about the Prophethood of Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) and the Message brought by him.

  4. Graphic descriptions of the life in the Hereafter have been presented in order to warn the people beforehand so that they should mend their ways here and be not sorry afterwards for their conduct in this world.

  5. They have been admonished and warned that the life in this world is really a test and a trial, and that the time allowed for it is only up to the last moment of the earthly life, and that this is the only opportunity that shall be given to them for accepting the Message and achieving success in the test. Therefore, they should make the best use of the opportunity that has been provided for them by the appointment of Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) for their guidance and obtain the true knowledge of the Reality from the Quran that is being sent down to him. Otherwise, they shall be remorseful for ever and ever.

  6. Their attention has been drawn to some of their acts of manifest ignorance and deviation which were the direct result of discarding Divine Guidance from their lives.

    In this connection, the story of Prophet Noah has been related in brief and that of Prophet Moses in detail in order to impress four things on the minds :-

    First, "As your behavior towards Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) is like that of the peoples of Prophet Noah and Prophet Moses towards them, you should know it for certain that you also shall meet with the same consequences which they met with." Secondly, "You should not be deluded into believing by the helpless and weak condition of the Prophet and his followers, you are witnessing today, that it will always remain like this. You should know that the same All-Powerful Allah Who supported Prophets Moses and Aaron, is supporting them and that He changes the circumstances in such a sudden and thorough manner that none can foresee it." Thirdly, "If you do not make use of the term that has been granted to you by Allah and mend your ways now, and postpone this to the last moment like followers of th Holy Prophet have been reassured that they should not lose heart because of the severity of the circumstances created by their opponents, especially at the time when they themselves were in an utterly helpless condition. They have also been given instructions as to how they should carry on their Mission under those harsh conditions. Moreover,they have been warned to be on their guard against the kind of behavior which was adopted by the Israelites, when they were rescued by Allah from the tyranny of the People of Pharaoh.

  7. At the end of the Surah, the Holy Prophet has been commanded to make a declaration to this effect: "This is the Creed and this is the rule of conduct that has been prescribed for me by Allah: no change can be made at all in this: whoso will accept this will do so for his own good and whoso will reject this will do so at his own peril."

;

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَنَجِّنَا بِرَحْمَتِكَ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ

Sahih International

And save us by Your mercy from the disbelieving people."

Indonesian

dan selamatkanlah kami dengan rahmat Engkau dari (tipu daya) orang-orang yang kafir".

وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ وَأَخِيهِ أَن تَبَوَّآ لِقَوْمِكُمَا بِمِصْرَ بُيُوتًا وَاجْعَلُوا بُيُوتَكُمْ قِبْلَةً وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Indonesian

Dan Kami wahyukan kepada Musa dan saudaranya: "Ambillah olehmu berdua beberapa buah rumah di Mesir untuk tempat tinggal bagi kaummu dan jadikanlah olehmu rumah-rumahmu itu tempat shalat dan dirikanlah olehmu sembahyang serta gembirakanlah orang-orang yang beriman".

Sahih International

And We inspired to Moses and his brother, "Settle your people in Egypt in houses and make your houses [facing the] qiblah and establish prayer and give good tidings to the believers."

ﯿ

وَقَالَ مُوسَىٰ رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ آتَيْتَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَمَلَأَهُ زِينَةً وَأَمْوَالًا فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا رَبَّنَا لِيُضِلُّوا عَن سَبِيلِكَ ۖ رَبَّنَا اطْمِسْ عَلَىٰ أَمْوَالِهِمْ وَاشْدُدْ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ فَلَا يُؤْمِنُوا حَتَّىٰ يَرَوُا الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ

Indonesian

Musa berkata: "Ya Tuhan kami, sesungguhnya Engkau telah memberi kepada Fir'aun dan pemuka-pemuka kaumnya perhiasan dan harta kekayaan dalam kehidupan dunia, ya Tuhan Kami -- akibatnya mereka menyesatkan (manusia) dari jalan Engkau. Ya Tuhan kami, binasakanlah harta benda mereka, dan kunci matilah hati mereka, maka mereka tidak beriman hingga mereka melihat siksaan yang pedih".

Sahih International

And Moses said, "Our Lord, indeed You have given Pharaoh and his establishment splendor and wealth in the worldly life, our Lord, that they may lead [men] astray from Your way. Our Lord, obliterate their wealth and harden their hearts so that they will not believe until they see the painful punishment."

قَالَ قَدْ أُجِيبَت دَّعْوَتُكُمَا فَاسْتَقِيمَا وَلَا تَتَّبِعَانِّ سَبِيلَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Sahih International

[ Allah ] said, "Your supplication has been answered." So remain on a right course and follow not the way of those who do not know."

Indonesian

AlIah berfirman: "Sesungguhnya telah diperkenankan permohonan kamu berdua, sebab itu tetaplah kamu berdua pada jalan yang lurus dan janganlah sekali-kali kamu mengikuti jalan orang-orang yang tidak mengetahui".

وَجَاوَزْنَا بِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ وَجُنُودُهُ بَغْيًا وَعَدْوًا ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَدْرَكَهُ الْغَرَقُ قَالَ آمَنتُ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا الَّذِي آمَنَتْ بِهِ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

Indonesian

Dan Kami memungkinkan Bani Israil melintasi laut, lalu mereka diikuti oleh Fir'aun dan bala tentaranya, karena hendak menganiaya dan menindas (mereka); hingga bila Fir'aun itu telah hampir tenggelam berkatalah dia: "Saya percaya bahwa tidak ada Tuhan melainkan Tuhan yang dipercayai oleh Bani Israil, dan saya termasuk orang-orang yang berserah diri (kepada Allah)".

Sahih International

And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Pharaoh and his soldiers pursued them in tyranny and enmity until, when drowning overtook him, he said, "I believe that there is no deity except that in whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am of the Muslims."

ﭿ

آلْآنَ وَقَدْ عَصَيْتَ قَبْلُ وَكُنتَ مِنَ الْمُفْسِدِينَ

Indonesian

Apakah sekarang (baru kamu percaya), padahal sesungguhnya kamu telah durhaka sejak dahulu, dan kamu termasuk orang-orang yang berbuat kerusakan.

Sahih International

Now? And you had disobeyed [Him] before and were of the corrupters?

فَالْيَوْمَ نُنَجِّيكَ بِبَدَنِكَ لِتَكُونَ لِمَنْ خَلْفَكَ آيَةً ۚ وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنَ النَّاسِ عَنْ آيَاتِنَا لَغَافِلُونَ

Indonesian

Maka pada hari ini Kami selamatkan badanmu supaya kamu dapat menjadi pelajaran bagi orang-orang yang datang sesudahmu dan sesungguhnya kebanyakan dari manusia lengah dari tanda-tanda kekuasaan Kami.

Sahih International

So today We will save you in body that you may be to those who succeed you a sign. And indeed, many among the people, of Our signs, are heedless

وَلَقَدْ بَوَّأْنَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مُبَوَّأَ صِدْقٍ وَرَزَقْنَاهُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ فَمَا اخْتَلَفُوا حَتَّىٰ جَاءَهُمُ الْعِلْمُ ۚ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ يَقْضِي بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فِيمَا كَانُوا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ

Sahih International

And We had certainty settled the Children of Israel in an agreeable settlement and provided them with good things. And they did not differ until [after] knowledge had come to them. Indeed, your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that over which they used to differ

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya Kami telah menempatkan Bani Israil di ternpat kediaman yang bagus dan Kami beri mereka rezeki dari yang baik-baik. Maka mereka tidak berselisih, kecuali setelah datang kepada mereka pengetahuan (yang tersebut dalam Taurat). Sesungguhnya Tuhan kamu akan memutuskan antara mereka di hari kiamat tentang apa yang mereka perselisihkan itu.

فَإِن كُنتَ فِي شَكٍّ مِّمَّا أَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ فَاسْأَلِ الَّذِينَ يَقْرَءُونَ الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكَ ۚ لَقَدْ جَاءَكَ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ

Sahih International

So if you are in doubt, [O Muhammad], about that which We have revealed to you, then ask those who have been reading the Scripture before you. The truth has certainly come to you from your Lord, so never be among the doubters.

Indonesian

Maka jika kamu (Muhammad) berada dalam keragu-raguan tentang apa yang Kami turunkan kepadamu, maka tanyakanlah kepada orang-orang yang membaca kitab sebelum kamu. Sesungguhnya telah datang kebenaran kepadamu dari Tuhanmu, sebab itu janganlah sekali-kali kamu temasuk orang-orang yang ragu-ragu.

وَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ فَتَكُونَ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

Indonesian

Dan sekali-kali janganlah kamu termasuk orang-orang yang mendustakan ayat-ayat Allah yang menyebabkan kamu termasuk orang-orang yang rugi.

Sahih International

And never be of those who deny the signs of Allah and [thus] be among the losers.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ حَقَّتْ عَلَيْهِمْ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Sahih International

Indeed, those upon whom the word of your Lord has come into effect will not believe,

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang telah pasti terhadap mereka kalimat Tuhanmu, tidaklah akan beriman,

ﯿ

وَلَوْ جَاءَتْهُمْ كُلُّ آيَةٍ حَتَّىٰ يَرَوُا الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ

Indonesian

meskipun datang kepada mereka segala macam keterangan, hingga mereka menyaksikan azab yang pedih.

Sahih International

Even if every sign should come to them, until they see the painful punishment.

فَلَوْلَا كَانَتْ قَرْيَةٌ آمَنَتْ فَنَفَعَهَا إِيمَانُهَا إِلَّا قَوْمَ يُونُسَ لَمَّا آمَنُوا كَشَفْنَا عَنْهُمْ عَذَابَ الْخِزْيِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَمَتَّعْنَاهُمْ إِلَىٰ حِينٍ

Sahih International

Then has there not been a [single] city that believed so its faith benefited it except the people of Jonah? When they believed, We removed from them the punishment of disgrace in worldly life and gave them enjoyment for a time.

Indonesian

Dan mengapa tidak ada (penduduk) suatu kota yang beriman, lalu imannya itu bermanfaat kepadanya selain kaum Yunus? Tatkala mereka (kaum Yunus itu), beriman, Kami hilangkan dari mereka azab yang menghinakan dalam kehidupan dunia, dan Kami beri kesenangan kepada mereka sampai kepada waktu yang tertentu.

وَلَوْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ لَآمَنَ مَن فِي الْأَرْضِ كُلُّهُمْ جَمِيعًا ۚ أَفَأَنتَ تُكْرِهُ النَّاسَ حَتَّىٰ يَكُونُوا مُؤْمِنِينَ

Sahih International

And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed - all of them entirely. Then, [O Muhammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?

Indonesian

Dan jikalau Tuhanmu menghendaki, tentulah beriman semua orang yang di muka bumi seluruhnya. Maka apakah kamu (hendak) memaksa manusia supaya mereka menjadi orang-orang yang beriman semuanya?

ﭿ

وَمَا كَانَ لِنَفْسٍ أَن تُؤْمِنَ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَيَجْعَلُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ

Indonesian

Dan tidak ada seorangpun akan beriman kecuali dengan izin Allah; dan Allah menimpakan kemurkaan kepada orang-orang yang tidak mempergunakan akalnya.

Sahih International

And it is not for a soul to believe except by permission of Allah , and He will place defilement upon those who will not use reason.

قُلِ انظُرُوا مَاذَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَمَا تُغْنِي الْآيَاتُ وَالنُّذُرُ عَن قَوْمٍ لَّا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Indonesian

Katakanlah: "Perhatikanlah apa yaag ada di langit dan di bumi. Tidaklah bermanfaat tanda kekuasaan Allah dan rasul-rasul yang memberi peringatan bagi orang-orang yang tidak beriman".

Sahih International

Say, "Observe what is in the heavens and earth." But of no avail will be signs or warners to a people who do not believe

فَهَلْ يَنتَظِرُونَ إِلَّا مِثْلَ أَيَّامِ الَّذِينَ خَلَوْا مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۚ قُلْ فَانتَظِرُوا إِنِّي مَعَكُم مِّنَ الْمُنتَظِرِينَ

Sahih International

So do they wait except for like [what occurred in] the days of those who passed on before them? Say, "Then wait; indeed, I am with you among those who wait."

Indonesian

Mereka tidak menunggu-nunggu kecuali (kejadian-kejadian) yang sama dengan kejadian-kejadian (yang menimpa) orang-orang yang telah terdahulu sebelum mereka. Katakanlah: "Maka tunggulah, sesungguhnya akupun termasuk orang-orang yang menunggu bersama kamu".

ثُمَّ نُنَجِّي رُسُلَنَا وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ حَقًّا عَلَيْنَا نُنجِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Indonesian

Kemudian Kami selamatkan rasul-rasul Kami dan orang-orang yang beriman, demikianlah menjadi kewajiban atas Kami menyelamatkan orang-orang yang beriman.

Sahih International

Then We will save our messengers and those who have believed. Thus, it is an obligation upon Us that We save the believers

قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِن كُنتُمْ فِي شَكٍّ مِّن دِينِي فَلَا أَعْبُدُ الَّذِينَ تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلَٰكِنْ أَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ الَّذِي يَتَوَفَّاكُمْ ۖ وَأُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Sahih International

Say, [O Muhammad], "O people, if you are in doubt as to my religion - then I do not worship those which you worship besides Allah ; but I worship Allah , who causes your death. And I have been commanded to be of the believers

Indonesian

Katakanlah: "Hai manusia, jika kamu masih dalam keragu-raguan tentang agamaku, maka (ketahuilah) aku tidak menyembah yang kamu sembah selain Allah, tetapi aku menyembah Allah yang akan mematikan kamu dan aku telah diperintah supaya termasuk orang-orang yang beriman",

وَأَنْ أَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا وَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Indonesian

dan (aku telah diperintah): "Hadapkanlah mukamu kepada agama dengan tulus dan ikhlas dan janganlah kamu termasuk orang-orang yang musyrik.

Sahih International

And [commanded], 'Direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth, and never be of those who associate others with Allah ;

ﯿ

وَلَا تَدْعُ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَنفَعُكَ وَلَا يَضُرُّكَ ۖ فَإِن فَعَلْتَ فَإِنَّكَ إِذًا مِّنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Sahih International

And do not invoke besides Allah that which neither benefits you nor harms you, for if you did, then indeed you would be of the wrongdoers.'"

Indonesian

Dan janganlah kamu menyembah apa-apa yang tidak memberi manfaat dan tidak (pula) memberi mudharat kepadamu selain Allah; sebab jika kamu berbuat (yang demikian), itu, maka sesungguhnya kamu kalau begitu termasuk orang-orang yang zalim".

وَإِن يَمْسَسْكَ اللَّهُ بِضُرٍّ فَلَا كَاشِفَ لَهُ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ وَإِن يُرِدْكَ بِخَيْرٍ فَلَا رَادَّ لِفَضْلِهِ ۚ يُصِيبُ بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ ۚ وَهُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

Indonesian

Jika Allah menimpakan sesuatu kemudharatan kepadamu, maka tidak ada yang dapat menghilangkannya kecuali Dia. Dan jika Allah menghendaki kebaikan bagi kamu, maka tak ada yang dapat menolak kurnia-Nya. Dia memberikan kebaikan itu kepada siapa yang dikehendaki-Nya di antara hamba-hamba-Nya dan Dialah Yang Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang.

Sahih International

And if Allah should touch you with adversity, there is no remover of it except Him; and if He intends for you good, then there is no repeller of His bounty. He causes it to reach whom He wills of His servants. And He is the Forgiving, the Merciful

ﭿ

قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَكُمُ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ ۖ فَمَنِ اهْتَدَىٰ فَإِنَّمَا يَهْتَدِي لِنَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَن ضَلَّ فَإِنَّمَا يَضِلُّ عَلَيْهَا ۖ وَمَا أَنَا عَلَيْكُم بِوَكِيلٍ

Sahih International

Say, "O mankind, the truth has come to you from your Lord, so whoever is guided is only guided for [the benefit of] his soul, and whoever goes astray only goes astray [in violation] against it. And I am not over you a manager."

Indonesian

Katakanlah: "Hai manusia, sesungguhnya teIah datang kepadamu kebenaran (Al Quran) dari Tuhanmu, sebab itu barangsiapa yang mendapat petunjuk maka sesungguhnya (petunjuk itu) untuk kebaikan dirinya sendiri. Dan barangsiapa yang sesat, maka sesungguhnya kesesatannya itu mencelakakan dirinya sendiri. Dan aku bukanlah seorang penjaga terhadap dirimu".

وَاتَّبِعْ مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيْكَ وَاصْبِرْ حَتَّىٰ يَحْكُمَ اللَّهُ ۚ وَهُوَ خَيْرُ الْحَاكِمِينَ

Sahih International

And follow what is revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and be patient until Allah will judge. And He is the best of judges.

Indonesian

Dan ikutilah apa yang diwahyukan kepadamu, dan bersabarlah hingga Allah memberi keputusan dan Dia adalah Hakim yang sebaik-baiknya.

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