VERSES
206
PAGES
151-176

Name

This Surah takes its name from vv. 46-47 in which mention of A'araf occurs.

Period of Revelation

A study of its contents clearly shows that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Al-An'am, i. e., the last year of the Holy Prophet's life at Makkah, but it cannot be asserted with certainty which of these two was sent down earlier. Anyhow the manner of its admonition clearly indicates that it belongs to the same period. As both have the same historical background the reader should keep in view the preface to Al-An'am.

Topics of Discussion

The principal subject of this surah is "invitation to the Divine Message sent down to Muhammad" (Allah's peace be upon him), which is couched in a warning. This is because the Messenger had spent a long time in admonishing the people of Makkah without any tangible effect on them. Nay, they had turned a deaf ear to his message and become so obdurate and antagonistic that, in accordance with the Divine Design, the Messenger was going to be commanded to leave them and turn to other people,. That is why they are being admonished to accept the Message but, at the same time, they are being warned in strong terms of the consequences that followed the wrong attitude of the former people towards their Messengers. (Now that the Holy Prophet was going to" migrate from Makkah the concluding portion of the address has been directed towards the people of the Book with whom he was going to come into contact. This meant that the time of migration was coming near and the "invitation" was going to be extended to mankind in general, and was not to be confined to his own people in particular as before.

During the course of the address to the Jews, the consequences of their hypocritical conduct towards Prophethood have also been pointed out clearly, for they professed to believe in Prophet Moses but in practice opposed his teachings, disobeyed him and worshiped falsehood and consequently were afflicted with ignominy and disgrace.

At the end of the Surah, some instructions have been given to the Holy Prophet and his followers for carrying out the work of the propagation of Islam with wisdom. The most important of these is that they should show patience and exercise restraint in answer to the provocations of their opponents. Above all, they have been advised that under stress of the excitement of feeling, they should not take any wrung step that might harm their cause.

Subject: Invitation to the Divine Message

Topics and their Interconnection

In this passage, the people have been invited to follow the Message sent down to them through Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) and warned of the consequences of its rejection. 1 - 10

The story of Adam has been related with a view to warning his descendants against the evil devices of Satan who is ever ready to mislead them as he did in the case of Adam and Eve. 11 - 25

This passage contains some Divine instructions, and contrasts these with Satan's instructions, and depicts a graphic picture of the results and the consequences of the two. 26 - 53

As the Message has been sent down by Allah (Who is the Creator of the heavens and the earth and everything in them), it should be followed, for it is like the rain He sends down to give life to the dead earth. 54 - 58

Events from the lives of some well-known Prophets - Noah, Hud, Salih, Lot, Shu`aib, Moses (Allah's peace be upon them all) -- have been related to show the consequences of the rejection of the Message, and the addressees of Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) have been admonished to accept and follow the Message in order to escape perdition. 59 - 171

As the Covenant with the Israelites was mentioned at the end of the preceding passage, the whole mankind has been reminded very appropriately of the Covenant that was made at the time of the appointment of Adam as the Vicegerent of Allah so that all of his descendants should remember it and accept and follow the Message that was delivered by the Holy Prophet. 172 - 174

The example of the one who had the knowledge of the Message but discarded it, has been cited as a warning to those who were treating the Message as false; they have been exhorted to use their faculties to recognize the Message; otherwise Hell would be there abode. 175 - 179

In this concluding portion of the Surah, some deviations of those who do not use their faculties properly to understand the Message have been dealt with and they have been admonished, reproved and warned of the serious consequences of their antagonistic attitude towards the Message of the Holy Prophet. 180 - 198

In conclusion, instructions have been given to the Holy Prophet, and through him to his followers, about the attitude they should adopt towards those who reject the Message and deviate from it. 199 - 206

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

المص

German

Alif, Lâm, Mîm, Sâd. (Buchstaben, die am Anfang einiger mekkanischer Suren stehen, könnten den Sinn haben, daß der Koran, der ein unnachahmbares Wunder darstellt, aus den üblichen Buchstaben besteht).

Sahih International

Alif, Lam, Meem, Sad.

كِتَابٌ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ فَلَا يَكُن فِي صَدْرِكَ حَرَجٌ مِّنْهُ لِتُنذِرَ بِهِ وَذِكْرَىٰ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Sahih International

[This is] a Book revealed to you, [O Muhammad] - so let there not be in your breast distress therefrom - that you may warn thereby and as a reminder to the believers.

German

Dieses ist ein Buch, das dir herabgesandt wurde. Du sollst wegen der Schwierigkeiten, die die Verkündigung des Korans bereitet, nicht besorgt sein; du sollst damit warnen und die Gläubigen zum Nachdenken anregen.

اتَّبِعُوا مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُم مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا مِن دُونِهِ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۗ قَلِيلًا مَّا تَذَكَّرُونَ

German

Befolgt die euch von eurem Herrn herabgesandte Offenbarung und folgt nicht anstelle Gottes irgendwelchen Beschützern! Ihr macht euch darüber wenig Gedanken.

Sahih International

Follow, [O mankind], what has been revealed to you from your Lord and do not follow other than Him any allies. Little do you remember.

وَكَم مِّن قَرْيَةٍ أَهْلَكْنَاهَا فَجَاءَهَا بَأْسُنَا بَيَاتًا أَوْ هُمْ قَائِلُونَ

Sahih International

And how many cities have We destroyed, and Our punishment came to them at night or while they were sleeping at noon.

German

Wieviele Völker haben Wir schon vernichtet! Unsere Strafe kam über sie, als die Menschen nachts schliefen oder während sie ihre Mittagsruhe hielten.

ﭿ

فَمَا كَانَ دَعْوَاهُمْ إِذْ جَاءَهُم بَأْسُنَا إِلَّا أَن قَالُوا إِنَّا كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ

German

Als Unsere Strafe über sie kam, konnten sie nichts anderes sagen als: "Wir sind fürwahr ungerechte Menschen gewesen."

Sahih International

And their declaration when Our punishment came to them was only that they said, "Indeed, we were wrongdoers!"

فَلَنَسْأَلَنَّ الَّذِينَ أُرْسِلَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَنَسْأَلَنَّ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

Sahih International

Then We will surely question those to whom [a message] was sent, and We will surely question the messengers.

German

Wir werden am Jüngsten Tag die Menschen, zu denen Wir Gesandte schickten, und auch die Gesandten, aussagen lassen.

فَلَنَقُصَّنَّ عَلَيْهِم بِعِلْمٍ ۖ وَمَا كُنَّا غَائِبِينَ

German

Wir werden ihnen nach Unserem vollkommenen Wissen alles genau berichten, waren Wir doch niemals abwesend.

Sahih International

Then We will surely relate [their deeds] to them with knowledge, and We were not [at all] absent.

وَالْوَزْنُ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْحَقُّ ۚ فَمَن ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

Sahih International

And the weighing [of deeds] that Day will be the truth. So those whose scales are heavy - it is they who will be the successful.

German

An diesem Tag wird alles rechtens abgewogen. Diejenigen, deren gute Werke überwiegen, werden die Erfolgreichen sein.

وَمَنْ خَفَّتْ مَوَازِينُهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ خَسِرُوا أَنفُسَهُم بِمَا كَانُوا بِآيَاتِنَا يَظْلِمُونَ

Sahih International

And those whose scales are light - they are the ones who will lose themselves for what injustice they were doing toward Our verses.

German

Jene aber, deren gute Werke von geringem Gewicht sind, werden die Verlierer sein, die ihre Seelen dadurch verloren haben, daß sie sich von Unseren Zeichen zu unrecht abwandten.

وَلَقَدْ مَكَّنَّاكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَجَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ فِيهَا مَعَايِشَ ۗ قَلِيلًا مَّا تَشْكُرُونَ

German

Wir haben euch Macht auf Erden gewährt und euch dort Lebensmöglichkeiten geschaffen. Doch wie wenig dankt ihr dafür!

Sahih International

And We have certainly established you upon the earth and made for you therein ways of livelihood. Little are you grateful.

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَاكُمْ ثُمَّ صَوَّرْنَاكُمْ ثُمَّ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ لَمْ يَكُن مِّنَ السَّاجِدِينَ

Sahih International

And We have certainly created you, [O Mankind], and given you [human] form. Then We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam"; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was not of those who prostrated.

German

Wir haben euch erschaffen und geformt. Den Engeln sagten Wir dann: "Werft euch vor Adam nieder! " Sie warfen sich nieder, ausgenommen Iblîs. Er gehörte nicht zu denen, die sich niederwarfen.

قَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَلَّا تَسْجُدَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ ۖ قَالَ أَنَا خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُ خَلَقْتَنِي مِن نَّارٍ وَخَلَقْتَهُ مِن طِينٍ

German

Gott sprach: "Was hielt dich davon ab, dich niederzuwerfen, als Ich es dir befahl?" Er erwiderte: "Ich bin besser als er, weil Du mich aus Feuer und ihn aus Lehm erschaffen hast."

Sahih International

[ Allah ] said, "What prevented you from prostrating when I commanded you?" [Satan] said, "I am better than him. You created me from fire and created him from clay."

قَالَ فَاهْبِطْ مِنْهَا فَمَا يَكُونُ لَكَ أَن تَتَكَبَّرَ فِيهَا فَاخْرُجْ إِنَّكَ مِنَ الصَّاغِرِينَ

German

Gott sprach: "Hinab von hier! Du darfst hier nicht hochmütig sein. Geh hinaus! Du sollst gewiß zu den Verachteten gehören."

Sahih International

[ Allah ] said, "Descend from Paradise, for it is not for you to be arrogant therein. So get out; indeed, you are of the debased.

قَالَ أَنظِرْنِي إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُونَ

Sahih International

[Satan] said, "Reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected."

German

Er sprach: "Gewähre mir Aufschub bis zum Tag ihrer Auferstehung!"

قَالَ إِنَّكَ مِنَ الْمُنظَرِينَ

German

Gott sprach: "Es sei dir Aufschub gewährt!"

Sahih International

[ Allah ] said, "Indeed, you are of those reprieved."

ﭿ

قَالَ فَبِمَا أَغْوَيْتَنِي لَأَقْعُدَنَّ لَهُمْ صِرَاطَكَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

Sahih International

[Satan] said, "Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path.

German

Er sagte: "Weil Du mich der Verwirrung bezichtigst, werde ich ihnen an Deinem geraden Weg gewiß auflauern.

ثُمَّ لَآتِيَنَّهُم مِّن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ وَعَن شَمَائِلِهِمْ ۖ وَلَا تَجِدُ أَكْثَرَهُمْ شَاكِرِينَ

German

Ich werde mich aus allen Richtungen an sie heranmachen, von vorne und von hinten, von rechts und von links, um sie zu verleiten, und Du wirst sehen, daß die meisten Dir nicht dankbar sind."

Sahih International

Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful [to You]."

قَالَ اخْرُجْ مِنْهَا مَذْءُومًا مَّدْحُورًا ۖ لَّمَن تَبِعَكَ مِنْهُمْ لَأَمْلَأَنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنكُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Sahih International

[ Allah ] said, "Get out of Paradise, reproached and expelled. Whoever follows you among them - I will surely fill Hell with you, all together."

German

Da sprach Gott: "Geh hinweg von hier, verloren und verachtet! Wer von ihnen dir folgt, den werde Ich in der Hölle bestrafen und die Hölle mit euch allen füllen."

وَيَا آدَمُ اسْكُنْ أَنتَ وَزَوْجُكَ الْجَنَّةَ فَكُلَا مِنْ حَيْثُ شِئْتُمَا وَلَا تَقْرَبَا هَٰذِهِ الشَّجَرَةَ فَتَكُونَا مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

German

"Und du, Adam, wohne du mit deiner Gattin im Paradies und eßt von allem, was ihr wollt, nur diesem Baum dürft ihr euch nicht nähern, sonst würdet ihr zu den Ungerechten gehören!"

Sahih International

And "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat from wherever you will but do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers."

فَوَسْوَسَ لَهُمَا الشَّيْطَانُ لِيُبْدِيَ لَهُمَا مَا وُورِيَ عَنْهُمَا مِن سَوْآتِهِمَا وَقَالَ مَا نَهَاكُمَا رَبُّكُمَا عَنْ هَٰذِهِ الشَّجَرَةِ إِلَّا أَن تَكُونَا مَلَكَيْنِ أَوْ تَكُونَا مِنَ الْخَالِدِينَ

German

Doch Satan flüsterte ihnen zu, um ihnen ihre verborgen gehaltene Blöße zu zeigen und sagte: "Gott hat euch nur deswegen diesen Baum verboten, damit ihr keine Engel werdet oder nicht zu den Unsterblichen gehört."

Sahih International

But Satan whispered to them to make apparent to them that which was concealed from them of their private parts. He said, "Your Lord did not forbid you this tree except that you become angels or become of the immortal."

وَقَاسَمَهُمَا إِنِّي لَكُمَا لَمِنَ النَّاصِحِينَ

Sahih International

And he swore [by Allah ] to them, "Indeed, I am to you from among the sincere advisors."

German

Er schwor ihnen hoch und heilig: "Ich bin euch ein zuverlässiger Ratgeber."

ﯿ

فَدَلَّاهُمَا بِغُرُورٍ ۚ فَلَمَّا ذَاقَا الشَّجَرَةَ بَدَتْ لَهُمَا سَوْآتُهُمَا وَطَفِقَا يَخْصِفَانِ عَلَيْهِمَا مِن وَرَقِ الْجَنَّةِ ۖ وَنَادَاهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا أَلَمْ أَنْهَكُمَا عَن تِلْكُمَا الشَّجَرَةِ وَأَقُل لَّكُمَا إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ لَكُمَا عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

German

Er verführte sie durch Betrug. Als sie von dem Baum kosteten, wurden sie ihrer Blöße ansichtig und schickten sich an, sich mit dem Laub des Paradieses zu bedecken. Da rief ihr Herr ihnen zu: "Habe Ich euch diesen Baum nicht verboten, und habe Ich nicht gesagt, daß Satan euer eindeutiger Feind ist?"

Sahih International

So he made them fall, through deception. And when they tasted of the tree, their private parts became apparent to them, and they began to fasten together over themselves from the leaves of Paradise. And their Lord called to them, "Did I not forbid you from that tree and tell you that Satan is to you a clear enemy?"

قَالَا رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

German

Sie sagten: "Unser Herr! Wir haben uns selbst Unrecht getan, und wenn Du uns nicht vergibst und Dich unser nicht erbarmst, gehören wir zu den Verlierern."

Sahih International

They said, "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers."

قَالَ اهْبِطُوا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ ۖ وَلَكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَىٰ حِينٍ

Sahih International

[ Allah ] said, "Descend, being to one another enemies. And for you on the earth is a place of settlement and enjoyment for a time."

German

Da sprach Er: "Geht alle hinab. Der eine ist der Feind des anderen. Auf der Erde habt ihr bis zum bestimmten Zeitpunkt eine Bleibe und Genuß."

قَالَ فِيهَا تَحْيَوْنَ وَفِيهَا تَمُوتُونَ وَمِنْهَا تُخْرَجُونَ

German

Er sprach: "Dort sollt ihr leben und sterben, und von dort werdet ihr zum Jüngsten Tag geholt werden."

Sahih International

He said, "Therein you will live, and therein you will die, and from it you will be brought forth."

ﭿ

يَا بَنِي آدَمَ قَدْ أَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْكُمْ لِبَاسًا يُوَارِي سَوْآتِكُمْ وَرِيشًا ۖ وَلِبَاسُ التَّقْوَىٰ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَذَّكَّرُونَ

Sahih International

O children of Adam, We have bestowed upon you clothing to conceal your private parts and as adornment. But the clothing of righteousness - that is best. That is from the signs of Allah that perhaps they will remember.

German

Ihr Kinder Adams! Wir haben euch Kleidung gewährt, die eure Blöße bedeckt und euch zur Zierde gereicht. Die beste Kleidung ist jedoch die Frömmigkeit. Das sind Gottes Zeichen; darüber sollen die Menschen nachdenken.

يَا بَنِي آدَمَ لَا يَفْتِنَنَّكُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ كَمَا أَخْرَجَ أَبَوَيْكُم مِّنَ الْجَنَّةِ يَنزِعُ عَنْهُمَا لِبَاسَهُمَا لِيُرِيَهُمَا سَوْآتِهِمَا ۗ إِنَّهُ يَرَاكُمْ هُوَ وَقَبِيلُهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا تَرَوْنَهُمْ ۗ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَا الشَّيَاطِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ لِلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

German

Ihr Kinder Adams! Achtet darauf, daß der Satan euch nicht verführt, wie er eure Eltern aus dem Paradies vertrieben hat. Er nahm ihnen ihre Kleidung weg und ließ sie ihre Blöße sehen. Er und seine Gefolgsleute sehen euch, während ihr sie nicht seht. Wir haben Satan und die Seinen zu den Vertrauten derjenigen gemacht, die nicht glauben.

Sahih International

O children of Adam, let not Satan tempt you as he removed your parents from Paradise, stripping them of their clothing to show them their private parts. Indeed, he sees you, he and his tribe, from where you do not see them. Indeed, We have made the devils allies to those who do not believe.

وَإِذَا فَعَلُوا فَاحِشَةً قَالُوا وَجَدْنَا عَلَيْهَا آبَاءَنَا وَاللَّهُ أَمَرَنَا بِهَا ۗ قُلْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَأْمُرُ بِالْفَحْشَاءِ ۖ أَتَقُولُونَ عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

Sahih International

And when they commit an immorality, they say, "We found our fathers doing it, and Allah has ordered us to do it." Say, "Indeed, Allah does not order immorality. Do you say about Allah that which you do not know?"

German

Wenn die Ungläubigen eine abscheuliche Tat begehen, sagen sie: "Wir fanden es so bei unseren Vätern. Gott hat es uns auch befohlen. " Sprich: "Gott befiehlt nicht, abscheuliche Taten zu begehen. Wie könnt ihr Gott etwas zuschreiben, worüber ihr nichts wißt?"

قُلْ أَمَرَ رَبِّي بِالْقِسْطِ ۖ وَأَقِيمُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ وَادْعُوهُ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ ۚ كَمَا بَدَأَكُمْ تَعُودُونَ

Sahih International

Say, [O Muhammad], "My Lord has ordered justice and that you maintain yourselves [in worship of Him] at every place [or time] of prostration, and invoke Him, sincere to Him in religion." Just as He originated you, you will return [to life] -

German

Sprich: "Gott, mein Herr, gebietet das Rechte. Ihr sollt Ihm euer Gesicht bei jeder Gebetsstätte zuwenden und Ihn aufrichtig anbeten. So wie Er euch erschaffen hat, werdet ihr wiederkehren.

ﯿ

فَرِيقًا هَدَىٰ وَفَرِيقًا حَقَّ عَلَيْهِمُ الضَّلَالَةُ ۗ إِنَّهُمُ اتَّخَذُوا الشَّيَاطِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَيَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُم مُّهْتَدُونَ

Sahih International

A group [of you] He guided, and a group deserved [to be in] error. Indeed, they had taken the devils as allies instead of Allah while they thought that they were guided.

German

Im Jenseits gibt es Menschen, die Gott rechtleitete und andere, die Er irregehen ließ, denn sie haben aus eigener Entscheidung die Satane anstelle Gottes zu Vertrauten genommen und wähnten, rechtgeleitet zu sein.

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