VERSES
52
PAGES
564-566

Name

This Surah is called Nun as well as Al-Qalam, the words with which it begins.

Period of Revelation

This too is one of the earliest surahs to be revealed at Makkah, but its subject matter shows that it was sent down at the time when opposition to the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) had grown very harsh and tyrannical.

Theme and Subject Matter

It consists of three themes: Replies to the opponents objections, administration of warning and admonition to them, and exhortation to the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) to patience and constancy.

At the outset, the Holy Prophet has been addressed, to the effect: "The disbelievers call you a madman whereas the Book that you are presenting and the sublime conduct that you practice, are by themselves sufficient to refute their false accusations. Soon they will see as to who was mad and who was sane; therefore, do not at all yield to the din of opposition being kicked up against you, for all this is actually meant to cow you and make you resort to a compromise with them."

Then, in order to enlighten the common people the character of a prominent man from among the opponents, whom the people of Makkah fully well recognized, has been presented, without naming him:At that time, the Holy Prophet's pure and sublime conduct was before them, and every discerning eye could also see what sort of character and morals were possessed by the chiefs of Makkah, who were leading the opposition against him.

Then, in vv. 17-33, the parable of the owners of a garden has been presented, who after having been blessed by Allah turned ungrateful to Him, and did not heed the admonition of the best man among them when it was given them. Consequently, they were deprived of the blessing and they realized this, when all they had lay devastated. With this parable the people of Makkah have been warned to the effect:"With the appointment of the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) to Prophethood, you, O people of Makkah, too, have been put to a test similar to the one to which the owners of the garden had been put. If you do not listen to him, you too will be afflicted with a punishment in the world, and the punishment of the Hereafter is far greater."

Then, in vv. 34-47 continuously, the disbelievers have been admonished, in which the address sometimes turns to them directly and sometimes they are warned through the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace). A summary of what has been said in this regard, is this: Well being in the Hereafter inevitably belongs to those who spend their lives in the world in full consciousness of God. It is utterly against reason that the obedient servants should meet in the Hereafter the same fate as the guilty. There is absolutely no basis of the disbelievers misunderstanding that God will treat them in the manner they choose for themselves, whereas they have no guarantee for this. Those who are being called upon to bow before God in the world and they refuse to do so, would be unable to prostrate themselves on the Day of Resurrection even if they wanted to do so, and thus would stand disgraced and condemned. Having denied the Qur'an they cannot escape Divine punishment. The rein they are being given, has deluded them. They think that since they are not being punished in spite of their denial, they must be on the right path, whereas they are following the path of ruin. They have no reasonable ground for opposing the Messenger, for he is a preacher without any vested interest: he is not asking any reward of them for himself, and they cannot either make the claim that they know with certainty that he is not a true Messenger, nor that what he says is false.

In conclusion, the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) has been exhorted to the effect:"Bear with patience the hardships that you may have to face in the way of preaching the Faith till Allah's judgment arrives, and avoid the impatience which caused suffering and affliction to the Prophet Jonah (peace be on him)."

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

68:7

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Sesungguhnya Tuhanmu, Dia lah jua yang lebih mengetahui akan orang yang sesat dari jalanNya, dan Dia lah jua yang lebih mengetahui akan orang-orang yang mendapat petunjuk.

68:8

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Oleh itu (berpegang teguhlah pada ajaran Islam yang sedang engkau amalkan, dan) janganlah engkau menurut kemahuan orang-orang yang mendustakan (ugama Allah).

68:9

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Mereka suka kalaulah engkau bertolak ansur (menurut kemahuan mereka), supaya mereka juga bertolak ansur berlemah-lembut (pada zahirnya terhadapmu).

68:10

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Dan janganlah engkau (berkisar dari pendirianmu yang benar, dan jangan) menurut kemahuan orang yang selalu bersumpah, lagi yang hina (pendapatnya dan amalannya), -

68:11

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Yang suka mencaci, lagi yang suka menyebarkan fitnah hasutan (untuk memecah belahkan orang ramai), -

68:12

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Yang sering menghalangi amalan-amalan kebajikan, yang melanggar hukum-hukum ugama, lagi yang amat berdosa, -

68:13

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Yang jahat kejam, yang selain itu tidak tentu pula bapanya.

68:14

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Adakah kerana ia seorang hartawan dan ramai anak-pinaknya (maka ia mendustakan ugama Kami)? -

68:15

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Apabila dibacakan kepadanya ayat-ayat keterangan Kami, ia berkata: " (Ini ialah) cerita-cerita dongeng orang-orang dahulu kala".

68:16

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(Orang yang bersifat demikian, akan didedahkan kehinaannya) - Kami akan adakan tanda di atas hidungnya (yang berupa belalai itu).

68:17

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Sesungguhnya Kami telah timpakan mereka dengan bala bencana, sebagaimana Kami timpakan tuan-tuan punya kebun (dari kaum yang telah lalu), ketika orang-orang itu bersumpah (bahawa) mereka akan memetik buah-buah kebun itu pada esok pagi; -

68:18

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Serta mereka tidak menyebut pengecualian.

68:19

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Maka kebun itu didatangi serta diliputi oleh bala bencana dari Tuhanmu (pada malam hari), sedang mereka semua tidur.

68:20

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Lalu menjadilah ia sebagai kebun yang telah binasa semua buahnya.

68:21

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Kemudian pada pagi-pagi, mereka panggil memanggil antara satu dengan yang lain -

68:22

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(Setengahnya berkata): "Pergilah pada pagi-pagi ke kebun kamu, kalau betul kamu mahu memetik buahnya".

68:23

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Lalu berjalanlah mereka sambil berbisik (katanya):

68:24

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"Pada hari ini, janganlah hendaknya seorang miskin pun masuk ke kebun itu mendapatkan kamu".

68:25

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Dan pergilah mereka pada pagi-pagi itu, dengan kepercayaan, (bahawa) mereka berkuasa menghampakan fakir miskin dari hasil kebun itu.

68:26

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Sebaik-baik sahaja mereka melihat kebunnya, mereka berkata: "Sebenarnya kita sesat jalan, (ini bukanlah kebun kita)".

68:27

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(Setelah mereka perhati dengan teliti, mereka berkata: "Tidak! Kita tidak sesat), bahkan kita orang-orang yang dihampakan (dari hasil kebun kita, dengan sebab ingatan buruk kita sendiri)".

68:28

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Berkatalah orang yang bersikap adil di antara mereka: "Bukankah aku telah katakan kepada kamu (semasa kamu hendak menghampakan orang-orang fakir miskin dari habuannya): amatlah elok kiranya kamu mengingati Allah (serta membatalkan rancangan kamu yang jahat itu) ?"

68:29

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Mereka berkata (dengan sesalnya): "Maha Suci Tuhan Kami! Sesungguhnya kami adalah orang-orang yang berlaku zalim!"

68:30

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Kemudian setengahnya mengadap yang lain, sambil cela-mencela.

68:31

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Mereka berkata: "Aduhai celakanya kita! Sesungguhnya kita adalah orang-orang yang melampaui batas.

68:32

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"Semoga Tuhan kita, (dengan sebab kita bertaubat) menggantikan bagi kita yang lebih baik daripada (kebun yang telah binasa) itu; sesungguhnya, kepada Tuhan kita sahajalah kita berharap".

68:33

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Demikianlah azab seksa (yang telah ditimpakan kepada golongan yang ingkar di dunia), dan sesungguhnya azab hari akhirat lebih besar lagi; kalaulah mereka orang-orang yang berpengetahuan (tentulah mereka beringat-ingat).

68:34

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Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang bertaqwa, disediakan bagi mereka taman-taman Syurga yang penuh nikmat, di sisi Tuhan mereka.

68:35

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Patutkah Kami (berlaku tidak adil, dengan) menjadikan orang-orang Islam (yang taat), sama seperti orang-orang yang berdosa (yang kufur ingkar)?

68:36

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Apa sudah jadi kepada akal kamu? Bagaimana kamu menetapkan hukum (yang terang-terang salahnya itu)?

68:37

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Adakah kamu mempunyai sesebuah Kitab (dari Allah) yang kamu baca dan pelajari?

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