VERSES
22
PAGES
542-545

Name

This Surah is entitled Al Mujadalah as well as Al Mujadilah, the title being derived from the word tujadiluka of the very first verse. As at the outset mention has been made of the woman who pleaded with the Holy Prophet (upon whom be Allah's peace) the case of zihar pronounced by her husband and urged him to suggest a way out of the difficult situation in order to save her and, her children's life from ruin, and Allah has described her pleading by the word "mujadalah ", the Surah came to be known by this very title. If it is read as "mujadalah ",it would mean "pleading and arguing", and if it is read as "mujadilah ", it would mean "the woman who pleaded and argued."

Period of Revelation

There is no tradition to tell as to when this incident of pleading and arguing took place, but there is a hint in the subject matter of the Surah on the basis of which it can be said with certainty that it happened some time after the battle of the Trench (Shawwal, 5 A. H.). In Surah Al-Ahzab, Allah while negating that an adopted son could be one's real son, had just said this and no more; "And Allah has not made those of your wives whom you divorce by zihar your mothers." But in that Surah there was nothing to the effect that to divorce a wife by zihar was a sin or a crime, nor anything about the legal injunction concerning it. Contrary to it, in this Surah the whole law relating to zihar has been laid down, which shows that these detailed injunctions were sent down some time after the brief reference to it in Surah Al- Ahzab.

Subject Matter and Topics

In this Surah instructions have been given to the Muslims about the different problems that confronted them at that time.

From the beginning of the Surah to verse 6 legal injunctions about zihar have been given, along with which the Muslims have been strictly warned that it is contrary to their profession of the Faith that they should still persist in the practices of ignorance after they have accepted Islam, that they should break the bounds set by Allah, or refuse to abide by them, or that they should make their own rules and regulations contradictory to them. For this there is not only the punishment of disgrace and humiliation in the world but in the Hereafter too there will be strict accountability for it.

In vv. 7-10 the hypocrites have been taken to task for their secret whisperings and consultations by which they conspired and intrigued against the "Holy Prophet (upon whom be Allah's peace and blessings), and because of their hidden malice and grudge greeted him, like the Jews, in a manner as to wish him ill instead of well. In this connection, the Muslims have been consoled, as if to say: "These whisperings of the hypocrites can do no harm to you; therefore, you should go on doing your duty with full trust in Allah". Besides, they have also been taught this moral lesson:"The true believers, when they talk secretly together, do not talk of sin and transgression and disobedience to the Messenger if they have to talk secretly together they should talk of goodness and piety."

In vv. 11-13 the Muslims have been taught certain manners of social behavior and given instructions to eradicate certain social evils which were prevalent among the people then as they are today. If some people are sitting in an assembly, and more people arrive, they do not show even the courtesy as to squeeze in so as to make room for others, with the result that the new-comers have to keep standing, or to sit in the door-way, or to go back, or seeing that there is enough room yet start jumping over the people's heads to find room for themselves. This often used to be experienced in the Holy Prophet's assemblies. Therefore, Allah gave the instruction, as if to say:"Do not behave selfishly and narrow mindedly in your assemblies but do accommodate the new-comers also with an open heart."

Likewise, another vice found among the people is that when they go on a visit to somebody (an important person, in particular), they prolong their sitting and do not at all mind that encroaching upon his time unduly would cause him hardship. Then, if he tells them to leave, they mind it; if he himself rises up from their assembly, they complain of his lack of manners; if he tells them indirectly that he has some other business also to attend to, for which he needs time, they turn a deaf ear to his request. The Holy Prophet (upon whom be Allah's peace) himself also had to experience such misconduct of the people, who in their earnestness to benefit by his teaching did not at all see that they were wasting his precious time so badly needed for other important works. At last, Allah in order to eradicate this bad manner, enjoined that when the people are asked to rise up from an assembly, they should rise up and disperse.

Another vice prevalent among the people was that each person wished to have secret counsel individually with the Holy Prophet (upon whom be Allah's peace) without any real need, or would like that he should approach him during an assembly and whisper something to him. This was not only embarrassing for the Holy Prophet but also annoying for the people who sat in the assembly. That is why Allah imposed the restriction that anyone who wanted to consult him in private, should first give away something in charity. The object was that the people should be warned of this bad manner and made to give it up. Thus, the restriction was kept in force for a short while, and when the people had corrected their behavior, it was withdrawn.

From verse 14 to the end of the Surah members of the Muslim society, which was a mixture of the sincere Muslims and the hypocrites and the waverers, have been told plainly as to what is the criterion of sincerity in Islam. One kind of Muslims are those who are friends with the enemies of Islam: they do not hesitate for the sake of their interests to be treacherous to the religion which they profess to believe in; they spread all sorts of doubts and suspicions against Islam and prevent the people from adopting the Way of Allah. But since they are part of the Muslim community their false profession of Faith serves them as a cover and shield. The second kind of Muslims are those who, in the matter of Allah's Religion, do not care even for their own father, brother, children, and family, to say nothing of others. They do not cherish any feeling of love for the person who is an enemy of God and His Messenger and His Religion. Allah in these verses has explicitly stated that the people of the first kind, in fact, belong to Satan's party however hard they may try to convince others of their Islam by swearing oaths. And the honor of belonging to Allah's party is possessed only by the Muslims of the second kind. They alone are the true Muslims: they alone will attain to true success, and with them alone is Allah well pleased.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُحَادُّونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ كُبِتُوا كَمَا كُبِتَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۚ وَقَدْ أَنزَلْنَا آيَاتٍ بَيِّنَاتٍ ۚ وَلِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ

Sahih International

Indeed, those who oppose Allah and His Messenger are abased as those before them were abased. And We have certainly sent down verses of clear evidence. And for the disbelievers is a humiliating punishment.

Urdu

جو لوگ خدا اور اس کے رسول کی مخالفت کرتے ہیں وہ (اسی طرح) ذلیل کئے جائیں گے جس طرح ان سے پہلے لوگ ذلیل کئے گئے تھے اور ہم نے صاف اور صریح آیتیں نازل کردی ہیں۔ جو نہیں مانتے ان کو ذلت کا عذاب ہوگا

يَوْمَ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللَّهُ جَمِيعًا فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا عَمِلُوا ۚ أَحْصَاهُ اللَّهُ وَنَسُوهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ

Sahih International

On the Day when Allah will resurrect them all and inform them of what they did. Allah had enumerated it, while they forgot it; and Allah is, over all things, Witness.

Urdu

جس دن خدا ان سب کو جلا اٹھائے گا تو جو کام وہ کرتے رہے ان کو جتائے گا۔ خدا کو وہ سب (کام) یاد ہیں اور یہ ان کو بھول گئے ہیں اور خدا ہر چیز سے واقف ہے

ﭿ

أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۖ مَا يَكُونُ مِن نَّجْوَىٰ ثَلَاثَةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ رَابِعُهُمْ وَلَا خَمْسَةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ سَادِسُهُمْ وَلَا أَدْنَىٰ مِن ذَٰلِكَ وَلَا أَكْثَرَ إِلَّا هُوَ مَعَهُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كَانُوا ۖ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا عَمِلُوا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

Sahih International

Have you not considered that Allah knows what is in the heavens and what is on the earth? There is in no private conversation three but that He is the fourth of them, nor are there five but that He is the sixth of them - and no less than that and no more except that He is with them [in knowledge] wherever they are. Then He will inform them of what they did, on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed Allah is, of all things, Knowing.

Urdu

کیا تم کو معلوم نہیں کہ جو کچھ آسمانوں میں ہے اور جو کچھ زمین میں ہے خدا کو سب معلوم ہے۔ (کسی جگہ) تین (شخصوں) کا (مجمع اور) کانوں میں صلاح ومشورہ نہیں ہوتا مگر وہ ان میں چوتھا ہوتا ہے اور نہ کہیں پانچ کا مگر وہ ان میں چھٹا ہوتا ہے اور نہ اس سے کم یا زیادہ مگر وہ ان کے ساتھ ہوتا ہے خواہ وہ کہیں ہوں۔ پھر جو جو کام یہ کرتے رہے ہیں قیامت کے دن وہ (ایک ایک) ان کو بتائے گا۔ بےشک خدا ہر چیز سے واقف ہے

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ نُهُوا عَنِ النَّجْوَىٰ ثُمَّ يَعُودُونَ لِمَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ وَيَتَنَاجَوْنَ بِالْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَمَعْصِيَتِ الرَّسُولِ وَإِذَا جَاءُوكَ حَيَّوْكَ بِمَا لَمْ يُحَيِّكَ بِهِ اللَّهُ وَيَقُولُونَ فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ لَوْلَا يُعَذِّبُنَا اللَّهُ بِمَا نَقُولُ ۚ حَسْبُهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ يَصْلَوْنَهَا ۖ فَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ

Sahih International

Have you not considered those who were forbidden from private conversation, then they return to that which they were forbidden and converse among themselves about sin and aggression and disobedience to the Messenger? And when they come to you, they greet you with that [word] by which Allah does not greet you and say among themselves, "Why does Allah not punish us for what we say?" Sufficient for them is Hell, which they will [enter to] burn, and wretched is the destination.

Urdu

کیا تم نے ان لوگوں کو نہیں دیکھا جن کو سرگوشیاں کرنے سے منع کیا گیا تھا۔ پھر جس (کام) سے منع کیا گیا تھا وہی پھر کرنے لگے اور یہ تو گناہ اور ظلم اور رسول (خدا) کی نافرمانی کی سرگوشیاں کرتے ہیں۔ اور جب تمہارے پاس آتے ہیں تو جس (کلمے) سے خدا نے تم کو دعا نہیں دی اس سے تمہیں دعا دیتے ہیں۔ اور اپنے دل میں کہتے ہیں کہ (اگر یہ واقعی پیغمبر ہیں تو) جو کچھ ہم کہتے ہیں خدا ہمیں اس کی سزا کیوں نہیں دیتا؟ (اے پیغمبر) ان کو دوزخ (ہی کی سزا) کافی ہے۔ یہ اسی میں داخل ہوں گے۔ اور وہ بری جگہ ہے

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا تَنَاجَيْتُمْ فَلَا تَتَنَاجَوْا بِالْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَمَعْصِيَتِ الرَّسُولِ وَتَنَاجَوْا بِالْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

Sahih International

O you who have believed, when you converse privately, do not converse about sin and aggression and disobedience to the Messenger but converse about righteousness and piety. And fear Allah , to whom you will be gathered.

Urdu

مومنو! جب تم آپس میں سرگوشیاں کرنے لگو تو گناہ اور زیادتی اور پیغمبر کی نافرمانی کی باتیں نہ کرنا بلکہ نیکوکاری اور پرہیزگاری کی باتیں کرنا۔ اور خدا سے جس کے سامنے جمع کئے جاؤ گے ڈرتے رہنا

إِنَّمَا النَّجْوَىٰ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ لِيَحْزُنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَيْسَ بِضَارِّهِمْ شَيْئًا إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

Sahih International

Private conversation is only from Satan that he may grieve those who have believed, but he will not harm them at all except by permission of Allah . And upon Allah let the believers rely.

Urdu

کافروں کی) سرگوشیاں تو شیطان (کی حرکات) سے ہیں (جو) اس لئے (کی جاتی ہیں) کہ مومن (ان سے) غمناک ہوں مگر خدا کے حکم کے سوا ان سے انہیں کچھ نقصان نہیں پہنچ سکتا۔ تو مومنو کو چاہیئے کہ خدا ہی پر بھروسہ رکھیں

ﯿ

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا قِيلَ لَكُمْ تَفَسَّحُوا فِي الْمَجَالِسِ فَافْسَحُوا يَفْسَحِ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ ۖ وَإِذَا قِيلَ انشُزُوا فَانشُزُوا يَرْفَعِ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَجَاتٍ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ

Sahih International

O you who have believed, when you are told, "Space yourselves" in assemblies, then make space; Allah will make space for you. And when you are told, "Arise," then arise; Allah will raise those who have believed among you and those who were given knowledge, by degrees. And Allah is Acquainted with what you do.

Urdu

مومنو! جب تم سے کہا جائے کہ مجلس میں کھل کر بیٹھو تو کھل بیٹھا کرو۔ خدا تم کو کشادگی بخشے گا۔ اور جب کہا جائے کہ اُٹھ کھڑے ہو تو اُٹھ کھڑے ہوا کرو۔ جو لوگ تم میں سے ایمان لائے ہیں اور جن کو علم عطا کیا گیا ہے خدا ان کے درجے بلند کرے گا۔ اور خدا تمہارے سب کاموں سے واقف ہے

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نَاجَيْتُمُ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ نَجْوَاكُمْ صَدَقَةً ۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ وَأَطْهَرُ ۚ فَإِن لَّمْ تَجِدُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Sahih International

O you who have believed, when you [wish to] privately consult the Messenger, present before your consultation a charity. That is better for you and purer. But if you find not [the means] - then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

Urdu

مومنو! جب تم پیغمبر کے کان میں کوئی بات کہو تو بات کہنے سے پہلے (مساکین کو) کچھ خیرات دے دیا کرو۔ یہ تمہارے لئے بہت بہتر اور پاکیزگی کی بات ہے۔ اور اگر خیرات تم کو میسر نہ آئے تو خدا بخشنے والا مہربان ہے

ﭿ

أَأَشْفَقْتُمْ أَن تُقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ نَجْوَاكُمْ صَدَقَاتٍ ۚ فَإِذْ لَمْ تَفْعَلُوا وَتَابَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ فَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ

Sahih International

Have you feared to present before your consultation charities? Then when you do not and Allah has forgiven you, then [at least] establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah is Acquainted with what you do.

Urdu

کیا تم اس سےکہ پیغمبر کے کان میں کوئی بات کہنے سے پہلے خیرات دیا کرو ڈر گئے؟ پھر جب تم نے (ایسا) نہ کیا اور خدا نے تمہیں معاف کردیا تو نماز پڑھتے اور زکوٰة دیتے رہو اور خدا اور اس کے رسول کی فرمانبرداری کرتے رہو۔ اور جو کچھ تم کرتے ہو خدا اس سے خبردار ہے

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ تَوَلَّوْا قَوْمًا غَضِبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مَّا هُم مِّنكُمْ وَلَا مِنْهُمْ وَيَحْلِفُونَ عَلَى الْكَذِبِ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ

Urdu

بھلا تم نے ان لوگوں کو نہیں دیکھا جو ایسوں سے دوستی کرتے ہیں جن پر خدا کا غضب ہوا۔ وہ نہ تم میں ہیں نہ ان میں۔ اور جان بوجھ کر جھوٹی باتوں پر قسمیں کھاتے ہیں

Sahih International

Have you not considered those who make allies of a people with whom Allah has become angry? They are neither of you nor of them, and they swear to untruth while they know [they are lying].

أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا ۖ إِنَّهُمْ سَاءَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Urdu

خدا نے ان کے لئے سخت عذاب تیار کر رکھا ہے۔ یہ جو کچھ کرتے ہیں یقیناً برا ہے

Sahih International

Allah has prepared for them a severe punishment. Indeed, it was evil that they were doing.

اتَّخَذُوا أَيْمَانَهُمْ جُنَّةً فَصَدُّوا عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ

Sahih International

They took their [false] oaths as a cover, so they averted [people] from the way of Allah , and for them is a humiliating punishment.

Urdu

انہوں نے اپنی قسموں کو ڈھال بنا لیا اور (لوگوں کو) خدا کے راستے سے روک دیا ہے سو ان کے لئے ذلت کا عذاب ہے

لَّن تُغْنِيَ عَنْهُمْ أَمْوَالُهُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُهُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

Sahih International

Never will their wealth or their children avail them against Allah at all. Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally

Urdu

خدا کے (عذاب کے) سامنے نہ تو ان کا مال ہی کچھ کام آئے گا اور نہ اولاد ہی (کچھ فائدہ دے گی)۔ یہ لوگ اہل دوزخ ہیں اس میں ہمیشہ (جلتے) رہیں گے

يَوْمَ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللَّهُ جَمِيعًا فَيَحْلِفُونَ لَهُ كَمَا يَحْلِفُونَ لَكُمْ ۖ وَيَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُمْ عَلَىٰ شَيْءٍ ۚ أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْكَاذِبُونَ

Urdu

جس دن خدا ان سب کو جلا اٹھائے گا تو جس طرح تمہارے سامنے قسمیں کھاتے (اسی طرح) خدا کے سامنے قسمیں کھائیں گے اور خیال کریں گے کہ (ایسا کرنے سے) کام لے نکلے ہیں۔ دیکھو یہ جھوٹے (اور برسر غلط) ہیں

Sahih International

On the Day Allah will resurrect them all, and they will swear to Him as they swear to you and think that they are [standing] on something. Unquestionably, it is they who are the liars.

ﯿ

اسْتَحْوَذَ عَلَيْهِمُ الشَّيْطَانُ فَأَنسَاهُمْ ذِكْرَ اللَّهِ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ حِزْبُ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ أَلَا إِنَّ حِزْبَ الشَّيْطَانِ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ

Urdu

شیطان نے ان کو قابو میں کرلیا ہے۔ اور خدا کی یاد ان کو بھلا دی ہے۔ یہ (جماعت) شیطان کا لشکر ہے۔ اور سن رکھو کہ شیطان کا لشکر نقصان اٹھانے والا ہے

Sahih International

Satan has overcome them and made them forget the remembrance of Allah . Those are the party of Satan. Unquestionably, the party of Satan - they will be the losers.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُحَادُّونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ أُولَٰئِكَ فِي الْأَذَلِّينَ

Urdu

جو لوگ خدا اور اس کے رسول کی مخالفت کرتے ہیں وہ نہایت ذلیل ہوں گے

Sahih International

Indeed, the ones who oppose Allah and His Messenger - those will be among the most humbled.

كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَأَغْلِبَنَّ أَنَا وَرُسُلِي ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ

Urdu

خدا کا حکم ناطق ہے کہ میں اور میرے پیغمبر ضرور غالب رہیں گے۔ بےشک خدا زورآور (اور) زبردست ہے

Sahih International

Allah has written, "I will surely overcome, I and My messengers." Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.

ﭿ

لَّا تَجِدُ قَوْمًا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ يُوَادُّونَ مَنْ حَادَّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَوْ كَانُوا آبَاءَهُمْ أَوْ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ أَوْ إِخْوَانَهُمْ أَوْ عَشِيرَتَهُمْ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ كَتَبَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْإِيمَانَ وَأَيَّدَهُم بِرُوحٍ مِّنْهُ ۖ وَيُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ حِزْبُ اللَّهِ ۚ أَلَا إِنَّ حِزْبَ اللَّهِ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

Sahih International

You will not find a people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having affection for those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even if they were their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kindred. Those - He has decreed within their hearts faith and supported them with spirit from Him. And We will admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally. Allah is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him - those are the party of Allah . Unquestionably, the party of Allah - they are the successful.

Urdu

جو لوگ خدا پر اور روز قیامت پر ایمان رکھتے ہیں تم ان کو خدا اور اس کے رسول کے دشمنوں سے دوستی کرتے ہوئے نہ دیکھو گے۔ خواہ وہ ان کے باپ یا بیٹے یا بھائی یا خاندان ہی کے لوگ ہوں۔ یہ وہ لوگ ہیں جن کے دلوں میں خدا نے ایمان (پتھر پر لکیر کی طرح) تحریر کردیا ہے اور فیض غیبی سے ان کی مدد کی ہے۔ اور وہ ان کو بہشتوں میں جن کے تلے نہریں بہہ رہی ہیں داخل کرے گا ہمیشہ ان میں رہیں گے۔ خدا ان سے خوش اور وہ خدا سے خوش۔ یہی گروہ خدا کا لشکر ہے۔ (اور) سن رکھو کہ خدا ہی کا لشکر مراد حاصل کرنے والا ہے

Loading...