VERSES
45
PAGES
518-520

Name

The Surah derives its name from the initial letter Qaf, thereby implying that it is the Surah which opens with the alphabetic letter Qaf.

Period of Revelation

There is no authentic tradition to show as to when exactly this Surah was sent down. A study of the subject matter, however, reveals that its period of revelation is the second stage of the Holy Prophet's life at Makkah, which lasted from the third year of the Prophethood till the fifth year. We have given the characteristics of this period in the Introduction to the Surah Al-An'am. In view of those characteristics it can be said that this Surah might have been sent down in about the 5th year, when the antagonism of the disbelievers had become quite intense but had not yet assumed tyrannical proportions.

Theme and Topics

Authentic traditions show that the Holy Prophet used to recite this Surah generally in the Prayer on the Eid days. A woman named Umm Hisham bin Harithah, who was a neighbor of the Holy Prophet, says that she was able to commit Surah Qaf to memory only because she often heard it from the Holy Prophet in the Friday sermons. According to some other traditions he often recited it in the Fajr Prayer. This makes it abundantly clear that this was an important Surah in the sight of the Holy Prophet. That is why he made sure that its contents reached as many people as possible over and over again.

This reason for this importance can be easily understood by a careful study of the Surah. The theme of the entire Surah is the Hereafter. When the Holy Prophet started preaching his message in Makkah what surprised the people most was the news that people would be resurrected after death, and they would have to render an account of their deeds. They said that that was impossible; human mind could not believe that that would happen. After all, how could it be possible that when the body had disintegrated into dust the scattered particles would be reassembled after hundreds of thousands of years to make up the same body once again and raised up as a living body, Allah in response sent down this discourse. In it, on the one hand, arguments have been given for the possibility and occurrence of the Hereafter in a brief way, in short sentences, and, on the other, the people have been warned, as if to say: "Whether you express wonder and surprise, or you regard it as something remote from reason, or deny it altogether, in any case it cannot change the truth. The absolute, un-alterable truth is that Allah knows the whereabouts of each and every particle of your body that has scattered away in the earth, and knows where and in what state it is. Allah's one signal is enough to make all the scattered particles gather together again and to make you rise up once again as you had been made in the first instance. Likewise, your this idea that you have been created and left free to yourselves in the world and that you have not been made answerable to anyone, is no more than a misunderstanding. The fact is that not only is Allah Himself directly aware of each act and word of yours, even of the ideas that pass in your mind, but His angels also are attached to each one of you, who are preserving the record of whatever you do and utter. When the time comes, you will come out of your graves at one call just as young shoots of vegetable sprout up from the earth on the first shower of the rain. Then this heedlessness which obstructs your vision will be removed and you will see with your own eyes all that you are denying today. At that time you will realize that you had not been created to be irresponsible in this world but accountable to all your deeds the meeting out of the rewards and punishments, the Hell and Heaven, which you regard as impossible and imaginary things, will at that time become visible realities for you in consequence of your enmity and opposition to the Truth you will be cast into the same Hell which you regard as remote from reason today and the ones who fear the Merciful God and return to the path of righteousness, will be admitted to the same Paradise at whose mention you now express wonder and surprise.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَنَزَّلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً مُّبَارَكًا فَأَنبَتْنَا بِهِ جَنَّاتٍ وَحَبَّ الْحَصِيدِ

Sahih International

And We have sent down blessed rain from the sky and made grow thereby gardens and grain from the harvest

Indonesian

Dan Kami turunkan dari langit air yang banyak manfaatnya lalu Kami tumbuhkan dengan air itu pohon-pohon dan biji-biji tanaman yang diketam,

وَالنَّخْلَ بَاسِقَاتٍ لَّهَا طَلْعٌ نَّضِيدٌ

Indonesian

dan pohon kurma yang tinggi-tinggi yang mempunyai mayang yang bersusun-susun,

Sahih International

And lofty palm trees having fruit arranged in layers -

رِّزْقًا لِّلْعِبَادِ ۖ وَأَحْيَيْنَا بِهِ بَلْدَةً مَّيْتًا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ الْخُرُوجُ

Indonesian

untuk menjadi rezeki bagi hamba-hamba (Kami), dan Kami hidupkan dengan air itu tanah yang mati (kering). Seperti itulah terjadinya kebangkitan.

Sahih International

As provision for the servants, and We have given life thereby to a dead land. Thus is the resurrection.

كَذَّبَتْ قَبْلَهُمْ قَوْمُ نُوحٍ وَأَصْحَابُ الرَّسِّ وَثَمُودُ

Sahih International

The people of Noah denied before them, and the companions of the well and Thamud

Indonesian

Sebelum mereka telah mendustakan (pula) kaum Nuh dan penduduk Rass dan Tsamud,

وَعَادٌ وَفِرْعَوْنُ وَإِخْوَانُ لُوطٍ

Indonesian

dan kaum Aad, kaum Fir'aun dan kaum Luth,

Sahih International

And 'Aad and Pharaoh and the brothers of Lot

وَأَصْحَابُ الْأَيْكَةِ وَقَوْمُ تُبَّعٍ ۚ كُلٌّ كَذَّبَ الرُّسُلَ فَحَقَّ وَعِيدِ

Indonesian

dan penduduk Aikah serta kaum Tubba' semuanya telah mendustakan rasul-rasul maka sudah semestinyalah mereka mendapat hukuman yang sudah diancamkan.

Sahih International

And the companions of the thicket and the people of Tubba'. All denied the messengers, so My threat was justly fulfilled.

ﯿ

أَفَعَيِينَا بِالْخَلْقِ الْأَوَّلِ ۚ بَلْ هُمْ فِي لَبْسٍ مِّنْ خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ

Sahih International

Did We fail in the first creation? But they are in confusion over a new creation.

Indonesian

Maka apakah Kami letih dengan penciptaan yang pertama? Sebenarnya mereka dalam keadaan ragu-ragu tentang penciptaan yang baru.

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya Kami telah menciptakan manusia dan mengetahui apa yang dibisikkan oleh hatinya, dan Kami lebih dekat kepadanya daripada urat lehernya,

Sahih International

And We have already created man and know what his soul whispers to him, and We are closer to him than [his] jugular vein

إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ

Sahih International

When the two receivers receive, seated on the right and on the left.

Indonesian

(yaitu) ketika dua orang malaikat mencatat amal perbuatannya, seorang duduk di sebelah kanan dan yang lain duduk di sebelah kiri.

مَّا يَلْفِظُ مِن قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ

Sahih International

Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record].

Indonesian

Tiada suatu ucapanpun yang diucapkannya melainkan ada di dekatnya malaikat pengawas yang selalu hadir.

وَجَاءَتْ سَكْرَةُ الْمَوْتِ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ مَا كُنتَ مِنْهُ تَحِيدُ

Indonesian

Dan datanglah sakaratul maut dengan sebenar-benarnya. Itulah yang kamu selalu lari daripadanya.

Sahih International

And the intoxication of death will bring the truth; that is what you were trying to avoid.

ﭿ

وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْوَعِيدِ

Indonesian

Dan ditiuplah sangkakala. Itulah hari terlaksananya ancaman.

Sahih International

And the Horn will be blown. That is the Day of [carrying out] the threat.

وَجَاءَتْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّعَهَا سَائِقٌ وَشَهِيدٌ

Sahih International

And every soul will come, with it a driver and a witness.

Indonesian

Dan datanglah tiap-tiap diri, bersama dengan dia seorang malaikat penggiring dan seorang malaikat penyaksi.

لَّقَدْ كُنتَ فِي غَفْلَةٍ مِّنْ هَٰذَا فَكَشَفْنَا عَنكَ غِطَاءَكَ فَبَصَرُكَ الْيَوْمَ حَدِيدٌ

Sahih International

[It will be said], "You were certainly in unmindfulness of this, and We have removed from you your cover, so your sight, this Day, is sharp."

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya kamu berada dalam keadaan lalai dari (hal) ini, maka Kami singkapkan daripadamu tutup (yang menutupi) matamu, maka penglihatanmu pada hari itu amat tajam.

وَقَالَ قَرِينُهُ هَٰذَا مَا لَدَيَّ عَتِيدٌ

Sahih International

And his companion, [the angel], will say, "This [record] is what is with me, prepared."

Indonesian

Dan yang menyertai dia berkata: "Inilah (catatan amalnya) yang tersedia pada sisiku".

أَلْقِيَا فِي جَهَنَّمَ كُلَّ كَفَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ

Indonesian

Allah berfirman: "Lemparkanlah olehmu berdua ke dalam neraka semua orang yang sangat ingkar dan keras kepala,

Sahih International

[ Allah will say], "Throw into Hell every obstinate disbeliever,

مَّنَّاعٍ لِّلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ مُّرِيبٍ

Sahih International

Preventer of good, aggressor, and doubter,

Indonesian

yang sangat menghalangi kebajikan, melanggar batas lagi ragu-ragu,

الَّذِي جَعَلَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ فَأَلْقِيَاهُ فِي الْعَذَابِ الشَّدِيدِ

Sahih International

Who made [as equal] with Allah another deity; then throw him into the severe punishment."

Indonesian

yang menyembah sembahan yang lain beserta Allah maka lemparkanlah dia ke dalam siksaan yang sangat".

قَالَ قَرِينُهُ رَبَّنَا مَا أَطْغَيْتُهُ وَلَٰكِن كَانَ فِي ضَلَالٍ بَعِيدٍ

Sahih International

His [devil] companion will say, "Our Lord, I did not make him transgress, but he [himself] was in extreme error."

Indonesian

Yang menyertai dia berkata (pula): "Ya Tuhan kami, aku tidak menyesatkannya tetapi dialah yang berada dalam kesesatan yang jauh".

قَالَ لَا تَخْتَصِمُوا لَدَيَّ وَقَدْ قَدَّمْتُ إِلَيْكُم بِالْوَعِيدِ

Indonesian

Allah berfirman: "Janganlah kamu bertengkar di hadapan-Ku, padahal sesungguhnya Aku dahulu telah memberikan ancaman kepadamu".

Sahih International

[ Allah ] will say, "Do not dispute before Me, while I had already presented to you the warning.

مَا يُبَدَّلُ الْقَوْلُ لَدَيَّ وَمَا أَنَا بِظَلَّامٍ لِّلْعَبِيدِ

Indonesian

Keputusan di sisi-Ku tidak dapat diubah dan Aku sekali-kali tidak menganiaya hamba-hamba-Ku

Sahih International

The word will not be changed with Me, and never will I be unjust to the servants."

ﯿ

يَوْمَ نَقُولُ لِجَهَنَّمَ هَلِ امْتَلَأْتِ وَتَقُولُ هَلْ مِن مَّزِيدٍ

Indonesian

(Dan ingatlah akan) hari (yang pada hari itu) Kami bertanya kepada jahannam: "Apakah kamu sudah penuh?" Dia menjawab: "Masih ada tambahan?"

Sahih International

On the Day We will say to Hell, "Have you been filled?" and it will say, "Are there some more,"

وَأُزْلِفَتِ الْجَنَّةُ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ غَيْرَ بَعِيدٍ

Sahih International

And Paradise will be brought near to the righteous, not far,

Indonesian

Dan didekatkanlah surga itu kepada orang-orang yang bertakwa pada tempat yang tiada jauh (dari mereka).

هَٰذَا مَا تُوعَدُونَ لِكُلِّ أَوَّابٍ حَفِيظٍ

Sahih International

[It will be said], "This is what you were promised - for every returner [to Allah ] and keeper [of His covenant]

Indonesian

Inilah yang dijanjikan kepadamu, (yaitu) kepada setiap hamba yang selalu kembali (kepada Allah) lagi memelihara (semua peraturan-peraturan-Nya)

مَّنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُّنِيبٍ

Indonesian

(Yaitu) orang yang takut kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Pemurah sedang Dia tidak kelihatan (olehnya) dan dia datang dengan hati yang bertaubat,

Sahih International

Who feared the Most Merciful unseen and came with a heart returning [in repentance].

ادْخُلُوهَا بِسَلَامٍ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْخُلُودِ

Sahih International

Enter it in peace. This is the Day of Eternity."

Indonesian

masukilah surga itu dengan aman, itulah hari kekekalan.

لَهُم مَّا يَشَاءُونَ فِيهَا وَلَدَيْنَا مَزِيدٌ

Sahih International

They will have whatever they wish therein, and with Us is more.

Indonesian

Mereka di dalamnya memperoleh apa yang mereka kehendaki; dan pada sisi Kami ada tambahannya.

وَكَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُم مِّن قَرْنٍ هُمْ أَشَدُّ مِنْهُم بَطْشًا فَنَقَّبُوا فِي الْبِلَادِ هَلْ مِن مَّحِيصٍ

Indonesian

Dan berapa banyaknya umat-umat yang telah Kami binasakan sebelum mereka yang mereka itu lebih besar kekuatannya daripada mereka ini, maka mereka (yang telah dibinasakan itu) telah pernah menjelajah di beberapa negeri. Adakah (mereka) mendapat tempat lari (dari kebinasaan)?

Sahih International

And how many a generation before them did We destroy who were greater than them in [striking] power and had explored throughout the lands. Is there any place of escape?

إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَذِكْرَىٰ لِمَن كَانَ لَهُ قَلْبٌ أَوْ أَلْقَى السَّمْعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ

Sahih International

Indeed in that is a reminder for whoever has a heart or who listens while he is present [in mind].

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya pada yang demikian itu benar-benar terdapat peringatan bagi orang-orang yang mempunyai akal atau yang menggunakan pendengarannya, sedang dia menyaksikannya.

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ وَمَا مَسَّنَا مِن لُّغُوبٍ

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya telah Kami ciptakan langit dan bumi dan apa yang ada antara keduanya dalam enam masa, dan Kami sedikitpun tidak ditimpa keletihan.

Sahih International

And We did certainly create the heavens and earth and what is between them in six days, and there touched Us no weariness.

ﭿ

فَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ الْغُرُوبِ

Sahih International

So be patient, [O Muhammad], over what they say and exalt [ Allah ] with praise of your Lord before the rising of the sun and before its setting,

Indonesian

Maka bersabarlah kamu terhadap apa yang mereka katakan dan bertasbihlah sambil memuji Tuhanmu sebelum terbit matahari dan sebelum terbenam(nya).

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