VERSES
35
PAGES
502-506

Name

It is derived from the sentence idh andhara qauma-hu bil Ahqaf-i of verse 21.

Period of Revelation

It is determined by an historical event that has been mentioned in vv. 29-32. This incident of the visit of the jinn and their going back after listening to the Qur'an had occurred, according to agreed traditions of the Hadith and biographical literature, at the time when the Holy Prophet had halted at Makkah during his return journey from Ta'if to Makkah. And according to all authentic historical traditions he had gone to Ta'if three years before the Hijrah ; therefore it is determined that this Surah was sent down towards the end of the 10th year or in the early part of the 11th year of the Prophethood.

Historical Background

The 10th year of the Prophethood was a year of extreme persecution and distress in the Holy prophet's life. The Quraish and the other tribes had continued their boycott of the Bani Hashim and the Muslims for three years and the Holy Prophet and the people of his family and Companions lay besieged in Shi'b Abi Talib. The Quraish had blocked up this locality from every side so that no supplies of any kind could reach the besieged people. Only during the Hajj season they were allowed to come out and buy some articles of necessity. But even at that time whenever Abu Lahab noticed any of them approaching the market place or a trading caravan he would call out to the merchants exhorting them to announce forbidding rates of their articles for them, and would pledge that he himself would buy those articles so that they did not suffer any loss. This boycott which continued uninterrupted for three years had broken the back of the Muslims and the Bani Hashim; so much so that at times they were even forced to eat grass and the leaves of trees.

At last, when the siege was lifted this year, Abu Talib, the Holy Prophet's uncle, who had been shielding him for ten long years, died, and hardly a month later his wife, Hadrat Khadijah, who had been a source of peace and consolation for him ever since the beginning of the call, also passed away. Because of these tragic incidents, which closely followed each other, the Holy Prophet used to refer to this year as the year of sorrow and grief.

After the death of Hadart Khadijah and Abu Talib the disbelievers of Makkah became even bolder against the Holy Prophet. They started treating him even more harshly. So much so that it became difficult for him to step out of his house. Of these days Ibn Hisham has related the incident that a Quraish scoundrel one day threw dust at him openly in the street.

At last, the Holy Prophet left for Ta'if with the intention that he should invite the Bani Thaqif to Islam, for even if they did not accept Islam, they might at least be persuaded to allow him to work for his mission peacefully. He did not have the facility of any conveyance at that time, and traveled all the way to Ta'if on foot. According to some traditions, he had gone there alone, but according to others, he was accompanied by Zaid bin Harithah. He stayed at Ta'if for a few days, and approached each of the chiefs and nobles of the Bani Thaqif and talked to him about his mission. But not only they refused to listen to him, but plainly gave him the notice that he should leave their city, for they feared that his preaching might "spoil" their younger generation. Thus, he was compelled to leave Ta'if. When he was leaving the city, the chiefs of Thaqif set their slaves and scoundrels behind him, who went on crying at him, abusing him and petting him with stones for a long way from either side of the road till he became broken down with wounds and his shoes were filled with blood. Wearied and exhausted he took shelter in the shade of the wall of a garden outside Ta'if, and prayed:

"O God, to Thee I complain of my weakness, little resource, and lowliness before men. O Most Merciful, Thou art the Lord of the weak, and Thou art my Lord. To whom wilt Thou confide me? To one afar who will misuse me?Or to an enemy to whom Thou hast given power over me?If Thou art not angry with me I care not. Thy favor is more wide for me. I take refuge in the light of Thy countenance by which the darkness is illumined, and the things of this world and the next are rightly ordered, lest Thy anger descend upon me or Thy wrath light upon me. It is for Thee to be satisfied until Thou art well pleased. There is no power and no might save in Thee." (Ibn Hisham:A. Guillaume's Translation, p. 193).

Grieved and heart broken when he returned and reached near Qarn al-Manazil, he felt as though the sky was overcast by clouds. He looked up and saw Gabriel in front of him, who called out:"Allah has heard the way your people have responded. He has, therefore, sent this angel in charge of the mountains. You may command him as you please." Then the angel of the mountains greeted him and submitted :"If you like I would overturn the mountains from either side upon these people." The Holy Prophet replied : "No, but I expect that Allah will create from their seed those who will worship none but Allah, the One." (Bukhari, Dhikr al Mala'ikah ; Muslim: Kitab al-Maghazi ; Nasa'i :Al-Bauth).

After this he went to stay for a few days at Makkah, perplexed as to how he would face the people of Makkah, who, he thought, would be still further emboldened against him after hearing what had happened at Ta'if. It was here that one night when he was reciting the Qur'an in the Prayer, a group of the jinn happened to pass by and listened to the Qur'an, believed in it, and returned to their people to preach Islam. Thus, Allah gave His Prophet the good news that if the men were running away from his invitation, there were many of the jinn, who had become its believers, and they were spreading his message among their own kind.

Subject Matter and Topics

Such were the conditions when this Surah was sent down. Anyone who keeps this background in view, on the one hand, and studies this Surah, on the other, will have no doubt left in his mind that this is not at all the composition of Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace), but "a Revelation from the All Mighty, All Wise Allah." For nowhere in this Surah, from the beginning to the end, does one find even a tinge of the human feelings and reactions, which are naturally produced in a man who is passing through such hard conditions. Had it been the word of Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace) whom the occurrence of personal griefs one after the other and the countless and the recent bitter experience at Ta'if had caused extreme anguish and distress, it would have reflected in some degree the state of the mind of the man who was the subject of these afflictions and griefs. Consider the prayer that we have cited above: it contains his own language its every word is saturated with the feelings that he had at the time. But this Surah which was sent down precisely in the same period and was recited even by him under the same conditions, is absolutely free from every sign or trace of the time.

The subject matter of the Surah is to warn the disbelievers of the errors in which they were involved, and also resisted arrogantly, and were condemning the man who was trying to redeem them. They regarded the world as a useless and purposeless place where they were not answerable to anyone. They thought that invitation to Tauhid was false and stuck to the belief that their own deities were actually the associates of Allah. They were not inclined to believe that the Qur'an was the Word of the Lord of the worlds. They had a strange erroneous concept of apostleship on the basis of which they were proposing strange criteria of judging the Holy Prophet's claim to it. In their estimation one great proof of Islam's not being based on the truth was that their elders and important chiefs of the tribes and so called leaders of their nation were not accepting it and only a few young men, and some poor folks and some slaves had affirmed faith in it. They thought that Resurrection and life after death and the rewards and punishments of the Hereafter were fabrications whose occurrence was absolutely out of the question.

In this Surah each of these misconceptions has been refuted in a brief but rational way, and the disbelievers have been warned that if they would reject the invitation of the Qur'an and the Prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace) by prejudice and stubbornness instead of trying to understand its truth rationally, they would only be preparing for their own doom.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

46:6

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Sahih International

And when the people are gathered [that Day], they [who were invoked] will be enemies to them, and they will be deniers of their worship.

Urdu

اور جب لوگ جمع کئے جائیں گے تو وہ ان کے دشمن ہوں گے اور ان کی پرستش سے انکار کریں گے

46:7

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Urdu

اور جب ان کے سامنے ہماری کھلی آیتیں پڑھی جاتی ہیں تو کافر حق کے بارے میں جب ان کے پاس آچکا کہتے ہیں کہ یہ تو صریح جادو ہے

Sahih International

And when Our verses are recited to them as clear evidences, those who disbelieve say of the truth when it has come to them, "This is obvious magic."

46:8

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Sahih International

Or do they say, "He has invented it?" Say, "If I have invented it, you will not possess for me [the power of protection] from Allah at all. He is most knowing of that in which you are involved. Sufficient is He as Witness between me and you, and He is the Forgiving the Merciful."

Urdu

کیا یہ کہتے ہیں کہ اس نے اس کو از خود بنا لیا ہے۔ کہہ دو کہ اگر میں نے اس کو اپنی طرف سے بنایا ہو تو تم خدا کے سامنے میرے (بچاؤ کے) لئے کچھ اختیار نہیں رکھتے۔ وہ اس گفتگو کو خوب جانتا ہے جو تم اس کے بارے میں کرتے ہو۔ وہی میرے اور تمہارے درمیان گواہ کافی ہے۔ اور وہ بخشنے والا مہربان ہے

46:9

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Sahih International

Say, "I am not something original among the messengers, nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I only follow that which is revealed to me, and I am not but a clear warner."

Urdu

کہہ دو کہ میں کوئی نیا پیغمبر نہیں آیا۔ اور میں نہیں جانتا کہ میرے ساتھ کیا سلوک کیا جائے گا اور تمہارے ساتھ کیا (کیا جائے گا) میں تو اسی کی پیروی کرتا ہوں جو مجھ پر وحی آتی ہے اور میرا کام تو علانیہ ہدایت کرنا ہے

46:10

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Urdu

کہو کہ بھلا دیکھو تو اگر یہ (قرآن) خدا کی طرف سے ہو اور تم نے اس سے انکار کیا اور بنی اسرائیل میں سے ایک گواہ اسی طرح کی ایک (کتاب) کی گواہی دے چکا اور ایمان لے آیا اور تم نے سرکشی کی (تو تمہارے ظالم ہونے میں کیا شک ہے)۔ بےشک خدا ظالم لوگوں کو ہدایت نہیں دیتا

Sahih International

Say, "Have you considered: if the Qur'an was from Allah , and you disbelieved in it while a witness from the Children of Israel has testified to something similar and believed while you were arrogant... ?" Indeed, Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.

46:11

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Urdu

اور کافر مومنوں سے کہتے ہیں کہ اگر یہ (دین) کچھ بہتر ہوتا تو یہ لوگ اس کی طرف ہم سے پہلے نہ دوڑ پڑتے اور جب وہ اس سے ہدایت یاب نہ ہوئے تو اب کہیں گے کہ یہ پرانا جھوٹ ہے

Sahih International

And those who disbelieve say of those who believe, "If it had [truly] been good, they would not have preceded us to it." And when they are not guided by it, they will say, "This is an ancient falsehood."

46:12

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Sahih International

And before it was the scripture of Moses to lead and as a mercy. And this is a confirming Book in an Arabic tongue to warn those who have wronged and as good tidings to the doers of good.

Urdu

اور اس سے پہلے موسیٰ کی کتاب تھی (لوگوں کے لئے) رہنما اور رحمت۔ اور یہ کتاب عربی زبان میں ہے اسی کی تصدیق کرنے والی تاکہ ظالموں کو ڈرائے۔ اور نیکوکاروں کو خوشخبری سنائے

46:13

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Urdu

جن لوگوں نے کہا کہ ہمارا پروردگار خدا ہے پھر وہ (اس پر) قائم رہے تو ان کو نہ کچھ خوف ہوگا اور نہ وہ غمناک ہوں گے

Sahih International

Indeed, those who have said, "Our Lord is Allah ," and then remained on a right course - there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve.

46:14

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Urdu

یہی اہل جنت ہیں کہ ہمیشہ اس میں رہیں گے۔ (یہ) اس کا بدلہ (ہے) جو وہ کیا کرتے تھے

Sahih International

Those are the companions of Paradise, abiding eternally therein as reward for what they used to do.

46:15

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Sahih International

And We have enjoined upon man, to his parents, good treatment. His mother carried him with hardship and gave birth to him with hardship, and his gestation and weaning [period] is thirty months. [He grows] until, when he reaches maturity and reaches [the age of] forty years, he says, "My Lord, enable me to be grateful for Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents and to work righteousness of which You will approve and make righteous for me my offspring. Indeed, I have repented to You, and indeed, I am of the Muslims."

Urdu

اور ہم نے انسان کو اپنے والدین کے ساتھ بھلائی کرنے کا حکم دیا۔ اس کی ماں نے اس کو تکلیف سے پیٹ میں رکھا اور تکلیف ہی سے جنا۔ اور اس کا پیٹ میں رہنا اور دودھ چھوڑنا ڈھائی برس میں ہوتا ہے۔ یہاں تک کہ جب خوب جوان ہوتا ہے اور چالیس برس کو پہنچ جاتا ہے تو کہتا ہے کہ اے میرے پروردگار مجھے توفیق دے کہ تو نے جو احسان مجھ پر اور میرے ماں باپ پر کئے ہیں ان کا شکر گزار ہوں اور یہ کہ نیک عمل کروں جن کو تو پسند کرے۔ اور میرے لئے میری اولاد میں صلاح (وتقویٰ) دے۔ میں تیری طرف رجوع کرتا ہوں اور میں فرمانبرداروں میں ہوں

46:16

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Urdu

یہی لوگ ہیں جن کے اعمال نیک ہم قبول کریں گے اور ان کے گناہوں سے درگزر فرمائیں گے اور (یہی) اہل جنت میں (ہوں گے)۔ (یہ) سچا وعدہ (ہے) جو ان سے کیا جاتا ہے

Sahih International

Those are the ones from whom We will accept the best of what they did and overlook their misdeeds, [their being] among the companions of Paradise. [That is] the promise of truth which they had been promised.

46:17

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Sahih International

But one who says to his parents, "Uff to you; do you promise me that I will be brought forth [from the earth] when generations before me have already passed on [into oblivion]?" while they call to Allah for help [and to their son], "Woe to you! Believe! Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth." But he says, "This is not but legends of the former people" -

Urdu

اور جس شخص نے اپنے ماں باپ سے کہا کہ اُف اُف! تم مجھے یہ بتاتے ہو کہ میں (زمین سے) نکالا جاؤں گا حالانکہ بہت سے لوگ مجھ سے پہلے گزر چکے ہیں۔ اور وہ دونوں خدا کی جناب میں فریاد کرتے (ہوئے کہتے) تھے کہ کم بخت ایمان لا۔ خدا کا وعدہ تو سچا ہے۔ تو کہنے لگا یہ تو پہلے لوگوں کی کہانیاں ہیں

46:18

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Urdu

یہی وہ لوگ ہیں جن کے بارے میں جنوں اور انسانوں کی (دوسری) اُمتوں میں سے جو ان سے پہلے گزر چکیں عذاب کا وعدہ متحقق ہوگیا۔ بےشک وہ نقصان اٹھانے والے تھے

Sahih International

Those are the ones upon whom the word has come into effect, [who will be] among nations which had passed on before them of jinn and men. Indeed, they [all] were losers.

46:19

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Sahih International

And for all there are degrees [of reward and punishment] for what they have done, and [it is] so that He may fully compensate them for their deeds, and they will not be wronged.

Urdu

اور لوگوں نے جیسے کام کئے ہوں گے ان کے مطابق سب کے درجے ہوں گے۔ غرض یہ ہے کہ ان کو ان کے اعمال کا پورا بدلہ دے اور ان کا نقصان نہ کیا جائے

46:20

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Urdu

اور جس دن کافر دوزخ کے سامنے کئے جائیں گے (تو کہا جائے گا کہ) تم اپنی دنیا کی زندگی میں لذتیں حاصل کرچکے اور ان سے متمتع ہوچکے سو آج تم کو ذلت کا عذاب ہے، (یہ) اس کی سزا (ہے) کہ تم زمین میں ناحق غرور کیا کرتے تھے۔ اور اس کی بدکرداری کرتے تھے

Sahih International

And the Day those who disbelieved are exposed to the Fire [it will be said], "You exhausted your pleasures during your worldly life and enjoyed them, so this Day you will be awarded the punishment of [extreme] humiliation because you were arrogant upon the earth without right and because you were defiantly disobedient."

46:21

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Sahih International

And mention, [O Muhammad], the brother of 'Aad, when he warned his people in the [region of] al-Ahqaf - and warners had already passed on before him and after him - [saying], "Do not worship except Allah . Indeed, I fear for you the punishment of a terrible day."

Urdu

اور (قوم) عاد کے بھائی (ہود) کو یاد کرو کہ جب انہوں نے اپنی قوم کو سرزمین احقاف میں ہدایت کی اور ان سے پہلے اور پیچھے بھی ہدایت کرنے والے گزرچکے تھے کہ خدا کے سوا کسی کی عبادت نہ کرو۔ مجھے تمہارے بارے میں بڑے دن کے عذاب کا ڈر لگتا ہے

46:22

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Urdu

کہنے لگے کیا تم ہمارے پاس اس لئے آئے ہو کہ ہم کو ہمارے معبودوں سے پھیر دو۔ اگر سچے ہو تو جس چیز سے ہمیں ڈراتے ہو اسے ہم پر لے آؤ

Sahih International

They said, "Have you come to delude us away from our gods? Then bring us what you promise us, if you should be of the truthful."

46:23

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Sahih International

He said, "Knowledge [of its time] is only with Allah , and I convey to you that with which I was sent; but I see you [to be] a people behaving ignorantly."

Urdu

(انہوں نے) کہا کہ (اس کا) علم تو خدا ہی کو ہے۔ اور میں تو جو (احکام)دے کر بھیجا گیا ہوں وہ تمہیں پہنچا رہا ہوں لیکن میں دیکھتا ہوں کہ تم لوگ نادانی میں پھنس رہے ہو

46:24

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Urdu

پھر جب انہوں نے اس (عذاب کو) دیکھا کہ بادل (کی صورت میں) ان کے میدانوں کی طرف آرہا ہے تو کہنے لگے یہ تو بادل ہے جو ہم پر برس کر رہے گا۔ (نہیں) بلکہ (یہ) وہ چیز ہے جس کے لئے تم جلدی کرتے تھے یعنی آندھی جس میں درد دینے والا عذاب بھرا ہوا ہے

Sahih International

And when they saw it as a cloud approaching their valleys, they said, "This is a cloud bringing us rain!" Rather, it is that for which you were impatient: a wind, within it a painful punishment,

46:25

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Urdu

ہر چیز کو اپنے پروردگار کے حکم سے تباہ کئے دیتی ہے تو وہ ایسے ہوگئے کہ ان کے گھروں کے سوا کچھ نظر ہی نہیں آتا تھا۔ گنہگار لوگوں کو ہم اسی طرح سزا دیا کرتے ہیں

Sahih International

Destroying everything by command of its Lord. And they became so that nothing was seen [of them] except their dwellings. Thus do We recompense the criminal people.

46:26

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Sahih International

And We had certainly established them in such as We have not established you, and We made for them hearing and vision and hearts. But their hearing and vision and hearts availed them not from anything [of the punishment] when they were [continually] rejecting the signs of Allah ; and they were enveloped by what they used to ridicule.

Urdu

اور ہم نے ان کو ایسے مقدور دیئے تھے جو تم لوگوں کو نہیں دیئے اور انہیں کان اور آنکھیں اور دل دیئے تھے۔ تو جب کہ وہ خدا کی آیتوں سے انکار کرتے تھے تو نہ تو ان کے کان ہی ان کے کچھ کام آسکے اور نہ آنکھیں اور نہ دل۔ اور جس چیز سے استہزاء کیا کرتے تھے اس نے ان کو آ گھیرا

46:27

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Urdu

اور تمہارے اردگرد کی بستیوں کو ہم نے ہلاک کر دیا۔ اور بار بار (اپنی) نشانیاں ظاہر کردیں تاکہ وہ رجوع کریں

Sahih International

And We have already destroyed what surrounds you of [those] cities, and We have diversified the signs [or verses] that perhaps they might return [from disbelief].

46:28

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Sahih International

Then why did those they took besides Allah as deities by which to approach [Him] not aid them? But they had strayed from them. And that was their falsehood and what they were inventing.

Urdu

تو جن کو ان لوگوں نے تقرب (خدا) کے سوا معبود بنایا تھا انہوں نے ان کی کیوں مدد نہ کی۔ بلکہ وہ ان (کے سامنے) سے گم ہوگئے۔ اور یہ ان کا جھوٹ تھا اور یہی وہ افتراء کیا کرتے تھے

46:29

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Urdu

اور جب ہم نے جنوں میں سے کئی شخص تمہاری طرف متوجہ کئے کہ قرآن سنیں۔ تو جب وہ اس کے پاس آئے تو (آپس میں) کہنے لگے کہ خاموش رہو۔ جب (پڑھنا) تمام ہوا تو اپنی برادری کے لوگوں میں واپس گئے کہ (ان کو) نصیحت کریں

Sahih International

And [mention, O Muhammad], when We directed to you a few of the jinn, listening to the Qur'an. And when they attended it, they said, "Listen quietly." And when it was concluded, they went back to their people as warners.

46:30

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Sahih International

They said, "O our people, indeed we have heard a [recited] Book revealed after Moses confirming what was before it which guides to the truth and to a straight path.

Urdu

کہنے لگے کہ اے قوم! ہم نے ایک کتاب سنی ہے جو موسیٰ کے بعد نازل ہوئی ہے۔ جو (کتابیں) اس سے پہلے (نازل ہوئی) ہیں ان کی تصدیق کرتی ہے (اور) سچا (دین) اور سیدھا رستہ بتاتی ہے

46:31

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Sahih International

O our people, respond to the Messenger of Allah and believe in him; Allah will forgive for you your sins and protect you from a painful punishment.

Urdu

اے قوم! خدا کی طرف بلانے والے کی بات قبول کرو اور اس پر ایمان لاؤ۔ خدا تمہارے گناہ بخش دے گا اور تمہیں دکھ دینے والے عذاب سے پناہ میں رکھے گا

46:32

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Urdu

اور جو شخص خدا کی طرف بلانے والے کی بات قبول نہ کرے گا تو وہ زمین میں (خدا کو) عاجز نہیں کرسکے گا اور نہ اس کے سوا اس کے حمایتی ہوں گے۔ یہ لوگ صریح گمراہی میں ہیں

Sahih International

But he who does not respond to the Caller of Allah will not cause failure [to Him] upon earth, and he will not have besides Him any protectors. Those are in manifest error."

46:33

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Sahih International

Do they not see that Allah , who created the heavens and earth and did not fail in their creation, is able to give life to the dead? Yes. Indeed, He is over all things competent.

Urdu

کیا انہوں نے نہیں سمجھا کہ جس خدا نے آسمانوں اور زمین کو پیدا کیا اور ان کے پیدا کرنے سے تھکا نہیں۔ وہ اس (بات) پر بھی قادر ہے کہ مردوں کو زندہ کر دے۔ ہاں ہاں وہ ہر چیز پر قادر ہے

46:34

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Sahih International

And the Day those who disbelieved are exposed to the Fire [it will be said], "Is this not the truth?" They will say, "Yes, by our Lord." He will say, "Then taste the punishment because you used to disbelieve."

Urdu

اور جس روز آگ کے سامنے کئے جائیں گے (اور کہا جائے گا) کیا یہ حق نہیں ہے؟ تو کہیں گے کیوں نہیں ہمارے پروردگار کی قسم (حق ہے) حکم ہوگا کہ تم جو (دنیا میں) انکار کیا کرتے تھے (اب) عذاب کے مزے چکھو

46:35

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Urdu

پس (اے محمدﷺ) جس طرح اور عالی ہمت پیغمبر صبر کرتے رہے ہیں اسی طرح تم بھی صبر کرو اور ان کے لئے (عذاب) جلدی نہ مانگو۔ جس دن یہ اس چیز کو دیکھیں گے جس کا ان سے وعدہ کیا جاتا ہے تو (خیال کریں گے کہ) گویا (دنیا میں) رہے ہی نہ تھے مگر گھڑی بھر دن۔ (یہ قرآن) پیغام ہے۔ سو (اب) وہی ہلاک ہوں گے جو نافرمان تھے

Sahih International

So be patient, [O Muhammad], as were those of determination among the messengers and do not be impatient for them. It will be - on the Day they see that which they are promised - as though they had not remained [in the world] except an hour of a day. [This is] notification. And will [any] be destroyed except the defiantly disobedient people?