VERSES
37
PAGES
499-502

Name

It is derived from the sentence wa tartt kullu ummat- in jathiyat-un of verse 28, implying thereby that it is the Surah in which the word jathiyah has occurred.

Period of Revelation

The period of the revelation of this Surah also has not been mentioned in any authentic tradition, but its subject matter clearly shows that it was revealed consecutively after Surah Ad Dukhan. The close resemblance between the contents of the two Surahs makes them look like the twin Surahs.

Subject Matter and Topics

It answers the doubts and objections of the disbelievers of Makkah about Tauhid and the Hereafter and warns them for their attitude that they had adopted against the message of the Qur'an.

The discourse begins with the arguments for Tauhid. In this connection, reference has been made to the count- less Signs that are found in the world, from man's own body to the earth and heavens, and it is pointed out that everywhere around him man finds things which testify to Tauhid which he refuses to acknowledge. If man sees carefully the variety of animals, the day and night, the rainfall and the vegetation thereby, the winds and his own creation, and ponders over them intelligently, without prejudice, he will find these Signs sufficiently convincing of the truth that this universe is not Godless, nor under the control of many gods, but it has been created by One God, and He alone is its Controller and Ruler. However, the case of the person who is determined not to acknowledge and wants to remain involved in doubts and suspicions is different. He cannot be blessed with the faith and conviction from anywhere in the world.

A little below, in the beginning of the second section, it has been reiterated that the things man is exploiting in the world, and the countless forces and agencies that are serving his interests in the universe, did not come into being just accidentally, nor have they been provided by the gods and goddesses, but it is One God alone, Who has supplied and subjected these to him from Himself. If only a person uses his mind properly and rightly, his own intellect will proclaim that God alone is man's real Benefactor and He alone deserves that man should pay obeisance to Him.

After this, the disbelievers of Makkah have been taken to task and reproved for their stubbornness, arrogance, mockery and insistence on disbelief with which they were resisting the invitation of the Qur'an they have been warned that this Qur'an has brought the same blessing which had been granted to the children of Israel before, by virtue of which they became distinguished above all the people of the world. Then, when they failed to recognize the true worth of this blessing and disputed their religion and lost it, this blessing now has been sent to them. This is such a code of guidance which shows the clear highway of Religion to man. The people who would turn it down by their own folly, would only prepare for their own doom, and only such people would become worthy of God's succour and mercy who would adopt obedience to it and lead a life of piety and righteousness.

In this connection, the followers of the Holy Prophet have been instructed that they should forbear and pardon the absurd and foolish behavior towards them of the people fearless of God, for if they showed patience God Himself would deal with their opponents and would reward them for their fortitude.

Then, there is a criticism of the erroneous ideas that the disbelievers hold about the Hereafter. They said that life was only this worldly life there was no life hereafter. Man dies in the course of time just as a watch stops functioning suddenly. The body is not survived by any soul, which might be seized and then breathed again into the human body some time in the future. In this regard, they challenged the Holy Prophet, saying: "If you lay a claim to this, then raise our dead forefathers back to life." In answer to this, Allah has given the following arguments:

  1. "You do not say this on the basis of any knowledge but are uttering this grave thing on the basis of conjecture. Do you really have the knowledge that there is no other life after death, and the souls are not seized but are annihilated?"

  2. "Your this claim rests mainly on this that you have not seen any dead person rising back to life and returning to the world. Is this basis strong enough for a person to make a claim that the dead people will never rise to life?When you do not experience and observe a thing, does it mean that you have the knowledge that it does not exist at all?

  3. It is utterly against reason and justice that the good and the bad, the obedient and the disobedient, the oppressor and the oppressed, should be made equal ultimately. Neither a good act should bear a good result nor an evil act an evil result; neither the grievances of the oppressed be redressed nor the oppressor be punished, but everyone should meet with the same fate ultimately. Whoever has formed this view about the universe of God, has formed a patently wrong view. The unjust and wicked people adopt this view because they do not want to face the evil results of their deeds, but this world of God is not a lawless kingdom; it is rather a system based on the Truth, in which there can be no question of the injustice of regarding the good and the bad as equal.

  4. That the creed of the denial of the Hereafter is highly destructive of morals. This is adopted only by such people as are the slaves of their lusts, and for the reason that they should have full freedom to serve their lusts. Then, when they have adopted this creed, it goes on making them more and more perverse till at last their moral sense becomes dead and all avenues of guidance are closed against them.

After giving these arguments Allah says most emphatically: "Just as you did not become living of your own accord, but became living by Our power, so you do not die of your own accord, but die when We send death on you. And a time is certainly coming when you will all be gathered together. If you do not believe in this because of your ignorance and folly today, you may not; when the time arrives, you will see for yourself that you are present before your God and your whole book of conduct is ready accurately, which bears evidence against each of your misdeeds. Then you will come to know how dearly has your denial of the Hereafter and your mockery of it cost you."

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

45:6

Copy

Indonesian

Itulah ayat-ayat Allah yang Kami membacakannya kepadamu dengan sebenarnya; maka dengan perkataan manakah lagi mereka akan beriman sesudah (kalam) Allah dan keterangan-keterangan-Nya.

Pickthall

These are the portents of Allah which We recite unto thee (Muhammad) with truth. Then in what fact, after Allah and His portents, will they believe?

Muhsin Khan

These are the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, revelations, etc.) of Allah, which We recite to you (O Muhammad SAW) with truth. Then in which speech after Allah and His Ayat will they believe?

45:7

Copy

Muhsin Khan

Woe to every sinful liar,

Pickthall

Woe unto each sinful liar,

Indonesian

Kecelakaan besarlah bagi tiap-tiap orang yang banyak berdusta lagi banyak berdosa,

45:8

Copy

Muhsin Khan

Who hears the Verses of Allah (being) recited to him, yet persists with pride as if he heard them not. So announce to him a painful torment!

Pickthall

Who heareth the revelations of Allah recited unto him, and then continueth in pride as though he heard them not. Give him tidings of a painful doom.

Indonesian

dia mendengar ayat-ayat Allah dibacakan kepadanya kemudian dia tetap menyombongkan diri seakan-akan dia tidak mendengarnya. Maka beri khabar gembiralah dia dengan azab yang pedih.

45:9

Copy

Indonesian

Dan apabila dia mengetahui barang sedikit tentang ayat-ayat Kami, maka ayat-ayat itu dijadikan olok-olok. Merekalah yang memperoleh azab yang menghinakan.

Pickthall

And when he knoweth aught of Our revelations he maketh it a jest. For such there is a shameful doom.

Muhsin Khan

And when he learns something of Our Verses (this Quran), he makes them a jest. For such there will be a humiliating torment.

45:10

Copy

Indonesian

Di hadapan mereka neraka Jahannam dan tidak akan berguna bagi mereka sedikitpun apa yang telah mereka kerjakan, dan tidak pula berguna apa yang mereka jadikan sebagai sembahan-sembahan (mereka) dari selain Allah. Dan bagi mereka azab yang besar.

Muhsin Khan

In front of them there is Hell, and that which they have earned will be of no profit to them, nor (will be of any profit to them) those whom they have taken as Auliya' (protectors, helpers, etc.) besides Allah. And theirs will be a great torment.

Pickthall

Beyond them there is hell, and that which they have earned will naught avail them, nor those whom they have chosen for protecting friends beside Allah. Theirs will be an awful doom.

45:11

Copy

Indonesian

Ini (Al Quran) adalah petunjuk. Dan orang-orang yang kafir kepada ayat-ayat Tuhannya bagi mereka azab yaitu siksaan yang sangat pedih.

Muhsin Khan

This (Quran) is a guidance. And those who disbelieve in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, for them there is a painful torment of Rijz (a severe kind of punishment).

Pickthall

This is guidance. And those who disbelieve the revelations of their Lord, for them there is a painful doom of wrath.

45:12

Copy

ﯿ

Indonesian

Allah-lah yang menundukkan lautan untukmu supaya kapal-kapal dapat berlayar padanya dengan seizin-Nya dan supaya kamu dapat mencari karunia -Nya dan mudah-mudahan kamu bersyukur.

Pickthall

Allah it is Who hath made the sea of service unto you that the ships may run thereon by His command, and that ye may seek of His bounty, and that haply ye may be thankful;

Muhsin Khan

Allah it is He Who has subjected to you the sea, that ships may sail through it by His Command, and that you may seek of His Bounty, and that you may be thankful,

45:13

Copy

Muhsin Khan

And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth; it is all as a favour and kindness from Him. Verily, in it are signs for a people who think deeply.

Indonesian

Dan Dia telah menundukkan untukmu apa yang di langit dan apa yang di bumi semuanya, (sebagai rahmat) daripada-Nya. Sesungguhnya pada yang demikian itu benar-benar terdapat tanda-tanda (kekuasaan Allah) bagi kaum yang berfikir.

Pickthall

And hath made of service unto you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; it is all from Him. Lo! herein verily are portents for a people who reflect.

45:14

Copy

Pickthall

Tell those who believe to forgive those who hope not for the days of Allah; in order that He may requite folk what they used to earn.

Muhsin Khan

Say (O Muhammad SAW) to the believers to forgive those who (harm them and) hope not for the Days of Allah (i.e. His Recompense), that He may recompense people according to what they have earned (i.e. to punish these disbelievers, who harm the believers).

Indonesian

Katakanlah kepada orang-orang yang beriman hendaklah mereka memaafkan orang-orang yang tiada takut hari-hari Allah karena Dia akan membalas sesuatu kaum terhadap apa yang telah mereka kerjakan.

45:15

Copy

Indonesian

Barangsiapa yang mengerjakan amal saleh, maka itu adalah untuk dirinya sendiri, dan barangsiapa yang mengerjakan kejahatan, maka itu akan menimpa dirinya sendiri, kemudian kepada Tuhanmulah kamu dikembalikan.

Muhsin Khan

Whosoever does a good deed, it is for his ownself, and whosoever does evil, it is against (his ownself). Then to your Lord you will be made to return.

Pickthall

Whoso doeth right, it is for his soul, and whoso doeth wrong, it is against it. And afterward unto your Lord ye will be brought back.

45:16

Copy

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya telah Kami berikan kepada Bani Israil Al Kitab (Taurat), kekuasaan dan kenabian dan Kami berikan kepada mereka rezeki-rezeki yang baik dan Kami lebihkan mereka atas bangsa-bangsa (pada masanya).

Muhsin Khan

And indeed We gave the Children of Israel the Scripture, and the understanding of the Scripture and its laws, and the Prophethood; and provided them with good things, and preferred them above the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of their time, during that period),

Pickthall

And verily we gave the Children of Israel the Scripture and the Command and the Prophethood, and provided them with good things and favoured them above (all) peoples;

45:17

Copy

ﭿ

Pickthall

And gave them plain commandments. And they differed not until after the knowledge came unto them, through rivalry among themselves. Lo! thy Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection concerning that wherein they used to differ.

Muhsin Khan

And gave them clear proofs in matters [by revealing to them the Taurat (Torah)]. And they differed not until after the knowledge came to them, through envy among themselves. Verily, Your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they used to differ.

Indonesian

Dan Kami berikan kepada mereka keterangan-keterangan yang nyata tentang urusan (agama); maka mereka tidak berselisih melainkan sesudah datang kepada mereka pengetahuan karena kedengkian yang ada di antara mereka. Sesungguhnya Tuhanmu akan memutuskan antara mereka pada hari kiamat terhadap apa yang mereka selalu berselisih padanya.

45:18

Copy

Pickthall

And now have We set thee (O Muhammad) on a clear road of (Our) commandment; so follow it, and follow not the whims of those who know not.

Muhsin Khan

Then We have put you (O Muhammad SAW) on a plain way of (Our) commandment [like the one which We commanded Our Messengers before you (i.e. legal ways and laws of the Islamic Monotheism)]. So follow you that (Islamic Monotheism and its laws), and follow not the desires of those who know not. [Tafsir At-Tabari Vol. 25, Page 146].

Indonesian

Kemudian Kami jadikan kamu berada di atas suatu syariat (peraturan) dari urusan (agama itu), maka ikutilah syariat itu dan janganlah kamu ikuti hawa nafsu orang-orang yang tidak mengetahui.

45:19

Copy

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya mereka sekali-kali tidak akan dapat menolak dari kamu sedikitpun dari siksaan Allah. Dan Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang zalim itu sebagian mereka menjadi penolong bagi sebagian yang lain, dan Allah adalah pelindung orang-orang yang bertakwa.

Pickthall

Lo! they can avail thee naught against Allah. And lo! as for the wrong-doers, some of them are friends of others; and Allah is the Friend of those who ward off (evil).

Muhsin Khan

Verily, they can avail you nothing against Allah (if He wants to punish you). Verily, the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, etc.) are Auliya' (protectors, helpers, etc.) to one another, but Allah is the Wali (Helper, Protector, etc.) of the Muttaqun (pious - see V.2:2).

45:20

Copy

Muhsin Khan

This (Quran) is a clear insight and evidence for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy for people who have Faith with certainty.

Indonesian

Al Quran ini adalah pedoman bagi manusia, petunjuk dan rahmat bagi kaum yang meyakini.

Pickthall

This is clear indication for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy for a folk whose faith is sure.

45:21

Copy

Muhsin Khan

Or do those who earn evil deeds think that We shall hold them equal with those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, in their present life and after their death? Worst is the judgement that they make.

Indonesian

Apakah orang-orang yang membuat kejahatan itu menyangka bahwa Kami akan menjadikan mereka seperti orang-orang yang beriman dan mengerjakan amal saleh, yaitu sama antara kehidupan dan kematian mereka? Amat buruklah apa yang mereka sangka itu.

Pickthall

Or do those who commit ill-deeds suppose that We shall make them as those who believe and do good works, the same in life and death? Bad is their judgment!

45:22

Copy

ﯿ

Indonesian

Dan Allah menciptakan langit dan bumi dengan tujuan yang benar dan agar dibalasi tiap-tiap diri terhadap apa yang dikerjakannya, dan mereka tidak akan dirugikan.

Muhsin Khan

And Allah has created the heavens and the earth with truth, in order that each person may be recompensed what he has earned, and they will not be wronged.

Pickthall

And Allah hath created the heavens and the earth with truth, and that every soul may be repaid what it hath earned. And they will not be wronged.

45:23

Copy

Indonesian

Maka pernahkah kamu melihat orang yang menjadikan hawa nafsunya sebagai tuhannya dan Allah membiarkannya berdasarkan ilmu-Nya dan Allah telah mengunci mati pendengaran dan hatinya dan meletakkan tutupan atas penglihatannya? Maka siapakah yang akan memberinya petunjuk sesudah Allah (membiarkannya sesat). Maka mengapa kamu tidak mengambil pelajaran?

Muhsin Khan

Have you seen him who takes his own lust (vain desires) as his ilah (god), and Allah knowing (him as such), left him astray, and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allah? Will you not then remember?

Pickthall

Hast thou seen him who maketh his desire his god, and Allah sendeth him astray purposely, and sealeth up his hearing and his heart, and setteth on his sight a covering? Then who will lead him after Allah (hath condemned him)? Will ye not then heed?

45:24

Copy

ﭿ

Muhsin Khan

And they say: "There is nothing but our life of this world, we die and we live and nothing destroys us except Ad-Dahr (the time). And they have no knowledge of it, they only conjecture.

Indonesian

Dan mereka berkata: "Kehidupan ini tidak lain hanyalah kehidupan di dunia saja, kita mati dan kita hidup dan tidak ada yang akan membinasakan kita selain masa", dan mereka sekali-kali tidak mempunyai pengetahuan tentang itu, mereka tidak lain hanyalah menduga-duga saja.

Pickthall

And they say: There is naught but our life of the world; we die and we live, and naught destroyeth us save time; when they have no knowledge whatsoever of (all) that; they do but guess.

45:25

Copy

Pickthall

And when Our clear revelations are recited unto them their only argument is that they say: Bring (back) our fathers. then, if ye are truthful.

Muhsin Khan

And when Our Clear Verses are recited to them, their argument is no other than that they say: "Bring back our (dead) fathers, if you are truthful!"

Indonesian

Dan apabila dibacakan kepada mereka ayat-ayat Kami yang jelas, tidak ada bantahan mereka selain dari mengatakan: "Datangkanlah nenek moyang kami jika kamu adalah orang-orang yang benar".

45:26

Copy

Indonesian

Katakanlah: "Allah-lah yang menghidupkan kamu kemudian mematikan kamu, setelah itu mengumpulkan kamu pada hari kiamat yang tidak ada keraguan padanya; akan tetapi kebanyakan manusia tidak mengetahui.

Muhsin Khan

Say (to them): "Allah gives you life, then causes you to die, then He will assemble you on the Day of Resurrection about which there is no doubt. But most of mankind know not."

Pickthall

Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Allah giveth life to you, then causeth you to die, then gathereth you unto the Day of Resurrection whereof there is no doubt. But most of mankind know not.

45:27

Copy

Pickthall

And unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth; and on the day when the Hour riseth, on that day those who follow falsehood will be lost.

Indonesian

Dan hanya kepunyaan Allah kerajaan langit dan bumi. Dan pada hari terjadinya kebangkitan, akan rugilah pada hari itu orang-orang yang mengerjakan kebathilan.

Muhsin Khan

And to Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. And on the Day that the Hour will be established, on that Day the followers of falsehood (polytheists, disbelievers, worshippers of false deities, etc.) shall lose (everything).

45:28

Copy

Indonesian

Dan (pada hari itu) kamu lihat tiap-tiap umat berlutut. Tiap-tiap umat dipanggil untuk (melihat) buku catatan amalnya. Pada hari itu kamu diberi balasan terhadap apa yang telah kamu kerjakan.

Muhsin Khan

And you will see each nation humbled to their knees (kneeling), each nation will be called to its Record (of deeds). This Day you shall be recompensed for what you used to do.

Pickthall

And thou wilt see each nation crouching, each nation summoned to its record. (And it will be said unto them): This day ye are requited what ye used to do.

45:29

Copy

Pickthall

This Our Book pronounceth against you with truth. Lo! We have caused (all) that ye did to be recorded.

Indonesian

(Allah berfirman): "Inilah kitab (catatan) Kami yang menuturkan terhadapmu dengan benar. Sesungguhnya Kami telah menyuruh mencatat apa yang telah kamu kerjakan".

Muhsin Khan

This Our Record speaks about you with truth. Verily, We were recording what you used to do (i.e. Our angels used to record your deeds).

45:30

Copy

ﯿ

Muhsin Khan

Then, as for those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism) and did righteous good deeds, their Lord will admit them to His Mercy. That will be the evident success.

Pickthall

Then, as for those who believed and did good works, their Lord will bring them in unto His mercy. That is the evident triumph.

Indonesian

Adapun orang-orang yang beriman dan mengerjakan amal saleh maka Tuhan mereka memasukkan mereka ke dalam rahmat-Nya (surga). Itulah keberuntungan yang nyata.

45:31

Copy

Indonesian

Dan adapun orang-orang yang kafir (kepada mereka dikatakan): "Maka apakah belum ada ayat-ayat-Ku yang dibacakan kepadamu lalu kamu menyombongkan diri dan kamu jadi kaum yang berbuat dosa?"

Pickthall

And as for those who disbelieved (it will be said unto them): Were not Our revelations recited unto you? But ye were scornful and became a guilty folk.

Muhsin Khan

But as for those who disbelieved (it will be said to them): "Were not Our Verses recited to you? But you were proud, and you were a people who were Mujrimun (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, criminals)."

45:32

Copy

Muhsin Khan

And when it was said: "Verily! Allah's Promise is the truth, and there is no doubt about the coming of the Hour," you said; "We know not what is the Hour, we do not think it but as a conjecture, and we have no firm convincing belief (therein)."

Pickthall

And when it was said: Lo! Allah's promise is the truth, and there is no doubt of the Hour's coming, ye said: We know not what the Hour is. We deem it naught but a conjecture, and we are by no means convinced.

Indonesian

Dan apabila dikatakan (kepadamu): "Sesungguhnya janji Allah itu adalah benar dan hari berbangkit itu tidak ada keraguan padanya", niscaya kamu menjawab: "Kami tidak tahu apakah hari kiamat itu, kami sekali-kali tidak lain hanyalah menduga-duga saja dan kami sekali-kali tidak meyakini(nya)".

45:33

Copy

Pickthall

And the evils of what they did will appear unto them, and that which they used to deride will befall them.

Muhsin Khan

And the evil of what they did will appear to them, and they will be completely encircled by that which they used to mock at!

Indonesian

Dan nyatalah bagi mereka keburukan-keburukan dari apa yang mereka kerjakan dan mereka diliputi oleh (azab) yang mereka selalu memperolok-olokkannya.

45:34

Copy

Muhsin Khan

And it will be said: "This Day We will forget you as you forgot the Meeting of this Day of yours. And your abode is the Fire, and there is none to help you."

Pickthall

And it will be said: This day We forget you, even as ye forgot the meeting of this your day; and your habitation is the Fire, and there is none to help you.

Indonesian

Dan dikatakan (kepada mereka): "Pada hari ini Kami melupakan kamu sebagaimana kamu telah melupakan pertemuan (dengan) harimu ini dan tempat kembalimu ialah neraka dan kamu sekali-kali tidak memperoleh penolong".

45:35

Copy

Indonesian

Yang demikian itu, karena sesungguhnya kamu menjadikan ayat-ayat Allah sebagai olok-olokan dan kamu telah ditipu oleh kehidupan dunia, maka pada hari ini mereka tidak dikeluarkan dari neraka dan tidak pula mereka diberi kesempatan untuk bertaubat.

Pickthall

This, forasmuch as ye made the revelations of Allah a jest, and the life of the world beguiled you. Therefor this day they come not forth from thence, nor can they make amends.

Muhsin Khan

This, because you took the revelations of Allah (this Quran) in mockery, and the life of the world deceived you. So this Day, they shall not be taken out from there (Hell), nor shall they be Yusta'tabun (i.e. they shall not return to the worldly life, so that they repent to Allah, and beg His Pardon for their sins).

45:36

Copy

ﭿ

Pickthall

Then praise be to Allah, Lord of the heavens and Lord of the earth, the Lord of the Worlds.

Muhsin Khan

So all the praises and thanks are to Allah, the Lord of the heavens and the Lord of the earth, and the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).

Indonesian

Maka bagi Allah-lah segala puji, Tuhan langit dan Tuhan bumi, Tuhan semesta alam.

Loading...