VERSES
53
PAGES
483-489

Name

It is derived frog the sentence, wa amru-hum shura baina hum, of verse 38, implying thereby that it is a Surah in which the word shura has occurred.

Period of Revelation

Although it could not be known from any authentic traditions, yet one feels after a study of its subject matter that this Surah might have been sent down consecutively after Ha-Miim As Sajdah, for it seems to be, in a way, a supplement to it. This will become clear to every person who first studies Surah Ha-Mim As Sajdah carefully and then goes through this Surah. He will see that in that Surah the Quraish chiefs had been taken to tack for their deaf and blind opposition so that anyone in Makkah and in its out-skirts, who had any sense of morality and nobility left in him, should know how unreasonably the chiefs of the people were opposing Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace), and as against them, how serious he was in everything he said, how rational was his standpoint and how noble his character and conduct. Immediately after that warning this Surah was sent down, which did full justice to teaching and instruction, and made the truth of the Holy Prophet's message plain in such an impressive way that anyone who had any element of the love of the truth in him and who had not been blinded by the errors of ignorance, could not help being influenced by it.

Theme and Subject Matter

The discourse begins in a way as if to say:"Why are you expressing surprise and amazement at what Our Prophet is presenting before you?What he says is not new or strange, nor anything novel, which might have been presented for the first time in history: that Revelation should come down to a man from God and he should be given instructions for the guidance of mankind. Allah has been sending similar Revelations with similar instructions to the former Prophets before this. It is not surprising that the Owner of the Universe should be acknowledged as Deity and Ruler, but what is strange is that one should accept another as divine and deity in spite of being His subject and slave. You are being angry with him who is presenting Tauhid before you, where as the shirk that you are practicing with regard to the Master of the Universe is such a grave crime as may cause the heavens to break asunder. The angels are amazed at this boldness of yours and fear that the wrath of Allah might descend on you any moment."

After this the people have been told that a person's being appointed to Prophethood and his presenting himself as a Prophet does not mean that he has been made master of the people's destinies and he has come to the world with that very claim. Allah has kept the destinies in His own hand. The Prophet has come only to arouse the heedless and guide the strayed ones to the Right Path. To call to account those who do not listen to him and to punish or not to punish them is Allah's own responsibility. and not part of the Prophet's work. Therefore, they should take it out of their head that the Prophet has come with a claim similar to those that are made by their so called religious guides and saints to the effect that he who would not listen to them, or would behave insolently towards them, would be burnt to death: In this very connection, the people have also been told that the Prophet has not come to condemn them but he is their well wisher; he is warning them that the way they are following will only lead to their own destruction.

Then, an answer has been given to the question: Why didn't Allah make all human beings righteous by birth, and why did He allow the difference of viewpoint owing to which the people start following each and every way of thought and action?The answer given is this: Owing to this very fact has it become possible for man to attain to the special mercy of Allah, which is not meant for other dumb creatures, but is only meant for those endowed with power and authority, who should take Allah as Patron and Guardian not instinctively but consciously by willing choice. Allah supports the man who adopts this way and guides and helps him to do good and right and admits him into His special mercy. On the contrary, the man who misuses his option and makes his patron those who are not, in fact, the guardians, and cannot be, are deprived of divine mercy. In this connection, it has also been made clear that only Allah is the Patron of man and of all other creatures. Others are neither the patron nor have the power to do full justice to patronage. Man's success depends only on this that he should make no mistake in choosing a patron for himself by the use of his free choice, and should take only Him his Guide Who, in reality, is the real Patron.

After this, it has been explained what the Din being presented by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace) really is:

Its primary basis that as Allah Almighty is the Creator, Master and real Patron of the Universe and Man, He alone is Man's Ruler, He alone has the right to give Man Faith (Din) and Law (system of belief and practice) and judge the disputes of man and tell what is Truth and what is falsehood. No other being has any right whatever to be man's lawgiver. In other words, like the natural sovereignty, the sovereignty with regard to lawmaking also is vested only in Allah. No man or creature, apart from Allah, can be the bearer of this sovereignty. And if a person does not recognize and accept this Divine rule of Allah, it is merely futile for him to recognize the natural sovereignty of Allah.

On this very basis has Allah ordained a Din (True Religion) for Man from the very beginning. It was one and the same Religion that was vouchsafed in every age to all the Prophets. No Prophet ever founded any separate religion of his own. The same one Religion has been enjoined by Allah for all Mankind since the beginning of creation, and all the Prophets have been following it and inviting others to follow it.

This Religion and Creed was not sent so that man may rest content only with believing in it, but it was sent with the purpose and intention that it alone should be introduced, established and enforced in the world, and no man made religion be made to prevail in Allah's earth apart from His Religion. The Prophets had not been appointed only to preach this Religion but to establish it particularly in the world.

This same was the original Religion of mankind, but after the death of the Prophets, selfish people created new creeds by creating schisms for vested interests due to self conceit, vanity and ostentation. All the different religions and creeds found in the world today have resulted from corruption of the original Divine Truth.

Now, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace,) has been sent so that he may present before the people the same and original Religion in place of the various practices and artificial creeds and man made religions, and may try to establish the same. On this, if instead of being grateful, you feel angry and come out to fight him, it is your folly; the Prophet will not abandon his mission only because of your foolishness. He has been enjoined to adhere to his faith at all costs and to carry out the mission to which he has been appointed. Therefore, the people should not cherish any false hope that in order to please thee he would cater to the same whims and superstitions of ignorance which has corrupted Allah's Religion before.

You do not understand how great an impudence it is against Allah to adopt a man made religion and law instead of the Religion and Law enjoined by Allah. You think it is an ordinary thing and there is nothing wrong with it. But in the sight of Allah it is the worst kind of shirk and a grave crime whose punishment will be imposed on all those who enforced their own religion on Allah's earth and those who adopted and followed their religion.

Thus, after presenting a clear and visible concept of Religion it is said:"The best possible method that could be employed for your instruction and for bringing you to the Right Path has already been employed. On the one hand, Allah has sent down His Book, which is teaching you the truth in a most impressive way in your own language; and on the other, the lives of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace) and his Companions are present before you by which you can see for yourselves what kind of men are prepared by the guidance given in this Book. Even then if you do not accept this guidance, nothing else in the world can bring you to the Right Path. The only alternative, therefore, is that you should be allowed to persist in the same error in which you have remained involved for centuries, and made to meet with the same doom which has been destined by Allah for such wrongdoers."

While stating these truths, brief arguments have been given, here and there, for Tauhid and the Hereafter, the world worshipers have been warned of the evil consequences and their punishment in the life hereafter, and the disbelievers have been criticized for the moral weaknesses, which were the real cause of their deviation from the truth. The Surah has been concluded with two important themes.

First, that the Holy Prophet was wholly unaware of this concept of the "Book" or the True Faith during the first forty years of his life and then his sudden appearance before the people with those two things, is a manifest proof of his being a Prophet.

Secondly, his presenting his own teaching as the teaching of God does not mean that he claims to have spoken to God, face to face, but God has conveyed to him this Guidance, as in the case of all other Prophets, in three ways: He speaks to His Prophets either through Revelation, or from behind a veil, or He sends an angel with the message. This thing was clarified so that the opponents did not have an opportunity of accusing the Holy Prophet of claiming to have spoken to God, face to face, and the lovers of the truth should know by what methods Allah gave instruction to the man whom He had appointed to the mission of Prophethood.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

42:28

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Pickthall

And He it is Who sendeth down the saving rain after they have despaired, and spreadeth out His mercy. He is the Protecting Friend, the Praiseworthy.

Muhsin Khan

And He it is Who sends down the rain after they have despaired, and spreads abroad His Mercy. And He is the Wali (Helper, Supporter, Protector, etc.), Worthy of all Praise.

Indonesian

Dan Dialah Yang menurunkan hujan sesudah mereka berputus asa dan menyebarkan rahmat-Nya. Dan Dialah Yang Maha Pelindung lagi Maha Terpuji.

42:29

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Muhsin Khan

And among His Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.) is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and whatever moving (living) creatures He has dispersed in them both. And He is All-Potent over their assembling (i.e. resurrecting them on the Day of Resurrection after their death, and dispersion of their bodies) whenever He will.

Indonesian

Di antara (ayat-ayat) tanda-tanda-Nya ialah menciptakan langit dan bumi dan makhluk-makhluk yang melata Yang Dia sebarkan pada keduanya. Dan Dia Maha Kuasa mengumpulkan semuanya apabila dikehendaki-Nya.

Pickthall

And of His portents is the creation of the heaven and the earth, and of whatever beasts He hath dispersed therein. And He is Able to gather them when He will.

42:30

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Indonesian

Dan apa saja musibah yang menimpa kamu maka adalah disebabkan oleh perbuatan tanganmu sendiri, dan Allah memaafkan sebagian besar (dari kesalahan-kesalahanmu).

Muhsin Khan

And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much. (See the Quran Verse 35:45).

Pickthall

Whatever of misfortune striketh you, it is what your right hands have earned. And He forgiveth much.

42:31

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Pickthall

Ye cannot escape in the earth, for beside Allah ye have no protecting friend nor any helper.

Muhsin Khan

And you cannot escape from Allah (i.e. His Punishment) in the earth, and besides Allah you have neither any Wali (guardian or a protector) nor any helper.

Indonesian

Dan kamu tidak dapat melepaskan diri (dari azab Allah) di muka bumi, dan kamu tidak memperoleh seorang pelindung dan tidak pula penolong selain Allah.

42:32

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Muhsin Khan

And among His Signs are the ships, in the sea, like mountains.

Pickthall

And of His portents are the ships, like banners on the sea;

Indonesian

Dan di antara tanda-tanda kekuasaan-Nya ialah kapal-kapal di tengah (yang berlayar) di laut seperti gunung-gunung.

42:33

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Indonesian

Jika Dia menghendaki, Dia akan menenangkan angin, maka jadilah kapal-kapal itu terhenti di permukaan laut. Sesungguhnya pada yang demikian itu terdapat tanda-tanda (kekuasaannya) bagi setiap orang yang banyak bersabar dan banyak bersyukur,

Muhsin Khan

If He wills, He causes the wind to cease, then they would become motionless on the back (of the sea). Verily, in this are signs for everyone patient and grateful.

Pickthall

If He will He calmeth the wind so that they keep still upon its surface - Lo! herein verily are signs for every steadfast grateful (heart). -

42:34

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Pickthall

Or He causeth them to perish on account of that which they have earned - And He forgiveth much -

Muhsin Khan

Or He may destroy them (by drowning) because of that which their (people) have earned. And He pardons much.

Indonesian

atau kapal-kapal itu dibinasakan-Nya karena perbuatan mereka atau Dia memberi maaf sebagian besar (dari mereka).

42:35

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Indonesian

Dan supaya orang-orang yang membantah ayat-ayat (kekuasaan) Kami mengetahui bahwa mereka sekali-kali tidak akan memperoleh jalan ke luar (dari siksaan).

Muhsin Khan

And those who dispute (polytheists, etc. with Our Messenger Muhammad SAW) as regards Our Ayat (proofs, signs, verses, etc. of Islamic Monotheism) may know that there is no place of refuge for them (from Allah's punishment).

Pickthall

And that those who argue concerning Our revelations may know they have no refuge.

42:36

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Muhsin Khan

So whatever you have been given is but a passing enjoyment for this worldly life, but that which is with Allah (Paradise) is better and more lasting for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism) and put their trust in their Lord (concerning all of their affairs).

Indonesian

Maka sesuatu yang diberikan kepadamu, itu adalah kenikmatan hidup di dunia; dan yang ada pada sisi Allah lebih baik dan lebih kekal bagi orang-orang yang beriman, dan hanya kepada Tuhan mereka, mereka bertawakkal.

Pickthall

Now whatever ye have been given is but a passing comfort for the life of the world, and that which Allah hath is better and more lasting for those who believe and put their trust in their Lord,

42:37

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Muhsin Khan

And those who avoid the greater sins, and Al-Fawahish (illegal sexual intercourse, etc.), and when they are angry, they forgive

Indonesian

Dan (bagi) orang-orang yang menjauhi dosa-dosa besar dan perbuatan-perbuatan keji, dan apabila mereka marah mereka memberi maaf.

Pickthall

And those who shun the worst of sins and indecencies and, when they are wroth, forgive,

42:38

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Pickthall

And those who answer the call of their Lord and establish worship, and whose affairs are a matter of counsel, and who spend of what We have bestowed on them,

Muhsin Khan

And those who answer the Call of their Lord [i.e. to believe that He is the only One Lord (Allah), and to worship none but Him Alone], and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and who (conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation, and who spend of what We have bestowed on them;

Indonesian

Dan (bagi) orang-orang yang menerima (mematuhi) seruan Tuhannya dan mendirikan shalat, sedang urusan mereka (diputuskan) dengan musyawarat antara mereka; dan mereka menafkahkan sebagian dari rezeki yang Kami berikan kepada mereka.

42:39

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Muhsin Khan

And those who, when an oppressive wrong is done to them, they take revenge.

Pickthall

And those who, when great wrong is done to them, defend themselves,

Indonesian

Dan ( bagi) orang-orang yang apabila mereka diperlakukan dengan zalim mereka membela diri.

42:40

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Pickthall

The guerdon of an ill-deed isan ill the like thereof. But whosoever pardoneth and amendeth, his wage is the affair of Allah. Lo! He loveth not wrong-doers.

Muhsin Khan

The recompense for an evil is an evil like thereof, but whoever forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah. Verily, He likes not the Zalimun (oppressors, polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc.).

Indonesian

Dan balasan suatu kejahatan adalah kejahatan yang serupa, maka barang siapa memaafkan dan berbuat baik maka pahalanya atas (tanggungan) Allah. Sesungguhnya Dia tidak menyukai orang-orang yang zalim.

42:41

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Pickthall

And whoso defendeth himself after he hath suffered wrong - for such, there is no way (of blame) against them.

Muhsin Khan

And indeed whosoever takes revenge after he has suffered wrong, for such there is no way (of blame) against them.

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya orang-orang yang membela diri sesudah teraniaya, tidak ada satu dosapun terhadap mereka.

42:42

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Pickthall

The way (of blame) is only against those who oppress mankind, and wrongfully rebel in the earth. For such there is a painful doom.

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya dosa itu atas orang-orang yang berbuat zalim kepada manusia dan melampaui batas di muka bumi tanpa hak. Mereka itu mendapat azab yang pedih.

Muhsin Khan

The way (of blame) is only against those who oppress men and wrongly rebel in the earth, for such there will be a painful torment.

42:43

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Pickthall

And verily whoso is patient and forgiveth - lo! that, verily, is (of) the steadfast heart of things.

Indonesian

Tetapi orang yang bersabar dan memaafkan, sesungguhnya (perbuatan) yang demikian itu termasuk hal-hal yang diutamakan.

Muhsin Khan

And verily, whosoever shows patience and forgives that would truly be from the things recommended by Allah.

42:44

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Pickthall

He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no protecting friend after Him. And thou (Muhammad) wilt see the evil-doers when they see the doom, (how) they say: Is there any way of return?

Muhsin Khan

And whomsoever Allah sends astray, for him there is no Wali (protector) after Him. And you will see the Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, oppressors, etc.) when they behold the torment, they will say: "Is there any way of return (to the world)?"

Indonesian

Dan siapa yang disesatkan Allah maka tidak ada baginya seorang pemimpinpun sesudah itu. Dan kamu akan melihat orang-orang yang zalim ketika mereka melihat azab berkata: "Adakah kiranya jalan untuk kembali (ke dunia)?"

42:45

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Indonesian

Dan kamu akan melihat mereka dihadapkan ke neraka dalam keadaan tunduk karena (merasa) hina, mereka melihat dengan pandangan yang lesu. Dan orang-orang yang beriman berkata: "Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang merugi ialah orang-orang yang kehilangan diri mereka sendiri dan (kehilangan) keluarga mereka pada hari kiamat. Ingatlah, sesungguhnya orang-orang yang zalim itu berada dalam azab yang kekal.

Pickthall

And thou wilt see them exposed to (the Fire), made humble by disgrace, and looking with veiled eyes. And those who believe will say: Lo! the (eternal) losers are they who lose themselves and their housefolk on the Day of Resurrection. Lo! are not the wrong-doers in perpetual torment?

Muhsin Khan

And you will see them brought forward to it (Hell) made humble by disgrace , (and) looking with stealthy glance. And those who believe will say: "Verily, the losers are they who lose themselves and their families on the Day of Resurrection. Verily, the Zalimun [i.e. Al-Kafirun (disbelievers in Allah, in His Oneness and in His Messenger SAW , polytheists, wrong-doers, etc.)] will be in a lasting torment.

42:46

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ﭿ

Muhsin Khan

And they will have no Auliya' (protectors) to help them other than Allah. And he whom Allah sends astray, for him there is no way.

Indonesian

Dan mereka sekali-kali tidak mempunyai pelindung-pelindung yang dapat menolong mereka selain Allah. Dan siapa yang disesatkan Allah maka tidaklah ada baginya satu jalanpun (untuk mendapat petunjuk).

Pickthall

And they will have no protecting friends to help them instead of Allah. He whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no road.

42:47

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Indonesian

Patuhilah seruan Tuhanmu sebelum datang dari Allah suatu hari yang tidak dapat ditolak kedatangannya. Kamu tidak memperoleh tempat berlindung pada hari itu dan tidak (pula) dapat mengingkari (dosa-dosamu).

Muhsin Khan

Answer the Call of your Lord (i.e. accept the Islamic Monotheism, O mankind, and jinns) before there comes from Allah a Day which cannot be averted. You will have no refuge on that Day nor there will be for you any denying (of your crimes as they are all recorded in the Book of your deeds).

Pickthall

Answer the call of your Lord before there cometh unto you from Allah a Day which there is no averting. Ye have no refuge on that Day, nor have a ye any (power of) refusal.

42:48

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Muhsin Khan

But if they turn away (O Muhammad SAW from the Islamic Monotheism, which you have brought to them). We have not sent you (O Muhammad SAW) as a Hafiz (protector) over them (i.e. to take care of their deeds and to recompense them). Your duty is to convey (the Message). And verily, when We cause man to taste of Mercy from Us, he rejoices thereat, but when some ill befalls them because of the deeds which their hands have sent forth, then verily, man (becomes) ingrate!

Pickthall

But if they are averse, We have not sent thee as a warder over them. Thine is only to convey (the message). And lo! when We cause man to taste of mercy from Us he exulteth therefor. And if some evil striketh them because of that which their own hands have sent before, then lo! man is an ingrate.

Indonesian

Jika mereka berpaling maka Kami tidak mengutus kamu sebagai pengawas bagi mereka. Kewajibanmu tidak lain hanyalah menyampaikan (risalah). Sesungguhnya apabila Kami merasakan kepada manusia sesuatu rahmat dari Kami dia bergembira ria karena rahmat itu. Dan jika mereka ditimpa kesusahan disebabkan perbuatan tangan mereka sendiri (niscaya mereka ingkar) karena sesungguhnya manusia itu amat ingkar (kepada nikmat).

42:49

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Indonesian

Kepunyaan Allah-lah kerajaan langit dan bumi, Dia menciptakan apa yang Dia kehendaki. Dia memberikan anak-anak perempuan kepada siapa yang Dia kehendaki dan memberikan anak-anak lelaki kepada siapa yang Dia kehendaki,

Pickthall

Unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He createth what He will. He bestoweth female (offspring) upon whom He will, and bestoweth male (offspring) upon whom He will;

Muhsin Khan

To Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male (offspring) upon whom He wills.

42:50

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Pickthall

Or He mingleth them, males and females, and He maketh barren whom He will. Lo! He is Knower, Powerful.

Indonesian

atau Dia menganugerahkan kedua jenis laki-laki dan perempuan (kepada siapa) yang dikehendaki-Nya, dan Dia menjadikan mandul siapa yang Dia kehendaki. Sesungguhnya Dia Maha Mengetahui lagi Maha Kuasa.

Muhsin Khan

Or He bestows both males and females, and He renders barren whom He wills. Verily, He is the All-Knower and is Able to do all things.

42:51

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Pickthall

And it was not (vouchsafed) to any mortal that Allah should speak to him unless (it be) by revelation or from behind a veil, or (that) He sendeth a messenger to reveal what He will by His leave. Lo! He is Exalted, Wise.

Muhsin Khan

It is not given to any human being that Allah should speak to him unless (it be) by Inspiration, or from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His Leave. Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise.

Indonesian

Dan tidak mungkin bagi seorang manusiapun bahwa Allah berkata-kata dengan dia kecuali dengan perantaraan wahyu atau dibelakang tabir atau dengan mengutus seorang utusan (malaikat) lalu diwahyukan kepadanya dengan seizin-Nya apa yang Dia kehendaki. Sesungguhnya Dia Maha Tinggi lagi Maha Bijaksana.

42:52

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Pickthall

And thus have We inspired in thee (Muhammad) a Spirit of Our command. Thou knewest not what the Scripture was, nor what the Faith. But We have made it a light whereby We guide whom We will of Our bondmen. And lo! thou verily dost guide unto a right path,

Muhsin Khan

And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad SAW) Ruhan (an Inspiration, and a Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book, nor what is Faith? But We have made it (this Quran) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And verily, you (O Muhammad SAW) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path (i.e. Allah's religion of Islamic Monotheism).

Indonesian

Dan demikianlah Kami wahyukan kepadamu wahyu (Al Quran) dengan perintah Kami. Sebelumnya kamu tidaklah mengetahui apakah Al Kitab (Al Quran) dan tidak pula mengetahui apakah iman itu, tetapi Kami menjadikan Al Quran itu cahaya, yang Kami tunjuki dengan dia siapa yang kami kehendaki di antara hamba-hamba Kami. Dan sesungguhnya kamu benar-benar memberi petunjuk kepada jalan yang lurus.

42:53

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ﭿ

Indonesian

(Yaitu) jalan Allah yang kepunyaan-Nya segala apa yang ada di langit dan apa yang ada di bumi. Ingatlah, bahwa kepada Allah-lah kembali semua urusan.

Muhsin Khan

The Path of Allah, to Whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. Verily, all the matters at the end go to Allah (for decision).

Pickthall

The path of Allah, unto Whom belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Do not all things reach Allah at last?