VERSES
83
PAGES
440-445

Name

The Surah takes its name from the two letters of the alphabet with which it begins.

Period of Revelation

A study of the style shows that it was either sent down during the last stage of the middle Makkan period, or it is one of those Surahs, which were sent down during the last stage of the Holy Prophet's stay at Makkah.

Subject Matter and Theme

The object of the discourse is to warn the Quraish of the consequences of not believing in the Prophethood of Muhammad (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) and of resisting and opposing it with tyranny, ridicule and mockery. The aspect of the warning is dominant and conspicuous although along with repeatedly giving the warnings, arguments also have been given for the correct understanding by the people.

Arguments have been given for three things: (1) For Tauhid, from the signs of the universe and from common sense; (2) for the Hereafter, from the signs of the universe, from common sense and from man's own existence itself; and (3) for the Prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad, from the fact that he was facing all kinds of hardships in the preaching of his message without any selfish motive, and from this that whatever he was inviting the people to was rational and reasonable, accepting which was in the people's own interest.

On the strength of these arguments, themes of reprobation, reproof and warning have been presented repeatedly in a highly forceful manner, so that hearts are shaken up and those which have any capacity for accepting the truth left in them should not remain unmoved.

Imam Ahmad, Abu Daud, Nasai, Ibn Majah and Tabarani have related on the authority of Hadrat Ma'qil bin Yasar that the Holy Prophet said:"Surah Ya Sin is the heart of the Qur'an."This is similar to describing the Surah Al Fatiha has the Umm al Qur'an (the essence or core of the Qur'an), because Al Fatihah contains the sum and substance of the teaching of the whole Quran. The Surah Ya Sin has been called the throbbing heart of the Qur'an because it presents the message of the Qur'an in a most forceful manner, which breaks the inertness and stirs the spirit of man to action.

Again Imam Ahmad, Aba Da'ud and Ibn Majah have related from the same Ma'qil bin Yasar that the Holy Prophet said: "Recite Surah Ya Sin to the dying ones among you." The object is not only to revive and refresh the whole Islamic creed in the mind of the dying person but also bring before him, in particular, a complete picture of the Hereafter so that he may know what stages he would have to pass through after crossing the stage of this worldly life. In view of this, it would be desirable that along with the recitation of the Surah Ya Sin its translation also is made for the benefit of the person who does not know Arabic so that the purpose of the admonition is duly fulfilled.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

36:1

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Ya, Seen.

36:2

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By the wise Qur'an.

36:3

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Indeed you, [O Muhammad], are from among the messengers,

36:4

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On a straight path.

36:5

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[This is] a revelation of the Exalted in Might, the Merciful,

36:6

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ﭿ

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That you may warn a people whose forefathers were not warned, so they are unaware.

36:7

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Already the word has come into effect upon most of them, so they do not believe.

36:8

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Indeed, We have put shackles on their necks, and they are to their chins, so they are with heads [kept] aloft.

36:9

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And We have put before them a barrier and behind them a barrier and covered them, so they do not see.

36:10

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And it is all the same for them whether you warn them or do not warn them - they will not believe.

36:11

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You can only warn one who follows the message and fears the Most Merciful unseen. So give him good tidings of forgiveness and noble reward.

36:12

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Indeed, it is We who bring the dead to life and record what they have put forth and what they left behind, and all things We have enumerated in a clear register.

36:13

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And present to them an example: the people of the city, when the messengers came to it -

36:14

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When We sent to them two but they denied them, so We strengthened them with a third, and they said, "Indeed, we are messengers to you."

36:15

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They said, "You are not but human beings like us, and the Most Merciful has not revealed a thing. You are only telling lies."

36:16

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They said, "Our Lord knows that we are messengers to you,

36:17

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And we are not responsible except for clear notification."

36:18

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They said, "Indeed, we consider you a bad omen. If you do not desist, we will surely stone you, and there will surely touch you, from us, a painful punishment."

36:19

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They said, "Your omen is with yourselves. Is it because you were reminded? Rather, you are a transgressing people."

36:20

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And there came from the farthest end of the city a man, running. He said, "O my people, follow the messengers.

36:21

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Follow those who do not ask of you [any] payment, and they are [rightly] guided.

36:22

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And why should I not worship He who created me and to whom you will be returned?

36:23

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Should I take other than Him [false] deities [while], if the Most Merciful intends for me some adversity, their intercession will not avail me at all, nor can they save me?

36:24

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Indeed, I would then be in manifest error.

36:25

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Indeed, I have believed in your Lord, so listen to me."

36:26

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It was said, "Enter Paradise." He said, "I wish my people could know

36:27

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Of how my Lord has forgiven me and placed me among the honored."

36:28

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And We did not send down upon his people after him any soldiers from the heaven, nor would We have done so.

36:29

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It was not but one shout, and immediately they were extinguished.

36:30

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How regretful for the servants. There did not come to them any messenger except that they used to ridicule him.

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