VERSES
200
PAGES
50-76

Name

This Surah takes its name from v.33. Al-i-Imran, like the names of many other surahs, is merely a name to distinguish it from other surahs and does not imply that the family of Imran has been discussed in it.

The Period of Revelation

This Surah consists of four discourses:

The first discourse (vv. 1-32) was probably revealed soon after the Battle of Badr.

The second discourse (vv. 33-63) was revealed in 9 A. H. on the occasion of the visit of the deputation from the Christians of Najran.

The third discourse (vv. 64-120) appears to have been revealed immediately after the first one.

The fourth discourse (vv. 121-200) was revealed after the Battle of Uhd.

Subject

Though these discourses were revealed at different periods and on different occasions, they are so inter-linked and so inter-connected with regard to their aim, object and central theme that they make together one continuous whole. This Surah has been especially addressed to two groups--the people of the Book (the Jews and the Christians) and the followers of Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him).

The message has been extended to the Jews and the Christians in continuation of the invitation in Al-Baqarah, in which they have been admonished for their erroneous beliefs and evil morals and advised to accept, as a remedy, the Truth of the Quran. They have been told here that Muhammad (Allah's peace be, upon him) taught the same right way of life that had been preached by their own Prophets; that it alone was the Right Way, the way of Allah; hence any deviation from it will be wrong even according to their own Scriptures.

The second group, the Muslims, who had been declared to be the best Community in Al-Baqarah and appointed torch-bearers of the Truth and entrusted with the responsibility of reforming the world, have been given additional instructions in continuation of those given in the preceding Surah. The Muslims have been warned to learn a lesson from the religious and moral degeneration of the former communities and to refrain from treading in their footsteps. Instructions have also been given about the reformative work they had to perform. Besides this, they have been taught how to deal with the people of the Book and the hypocrites who were putting different kinds of hindrances in the way of Allah. Above all, they have been warned to guard against those weaknesses which had come to the surface in the Battle Uhd.

Background

The following is the background of the Surah:

  1. The Believers had met with all sorts of trials and hardships about which they had been forewarned in Al-Baqarah. Though they had come out victorious in the Battle of Badr, they were not out of danger yet. Their victory had aroused the enmity of all those powers in Arabia which were opposed to the Islamic Movement. Signs of threatening storms had begun to appear on all sides and the Muslims were in a perpetual state of fear and anxiety. It looked as if the whole Arabian world around the tiny state of Al-Madinah - which was no more than a village state at that time -- was bent upon blotting out its very existence. This state of war was also adversely affecting its economy, which had already been badly disturbed by the influx of the Muslim refugees from Makkah.

  2. Then there was the disturbing problem of the Jewish clans who lived in the suburbs of Al-Madinah. They were discarding the treaties of alliance they had made with the Holy Prophet after his migration from Makkah. So much so that on the occasion of the Battle of Badr, these people of the Book sympathized with the evil aims of the idolaters, in spite of the fact that their fundamental articles of the Faith - Oneness of Allah, Prophethood, Life-after- death -- were the same as those of the Muslims. After the Battle of Badr, they openly began to incite the Quraish and other Arab clans to wreak their vengeance on the Muslims. Thus those Jewish clans set aside their centuries-old friendly and neighborly relations with the people of Al-Madinah. At last when their mischievous actions and breaches of treaties became unbearable, the Holy Prophet attacked the Bani-Qainu-qa'a, the most mischievous of all the other Jewish clans who had conspired with the hypocrites of Al-Madinah and the idolatrous Arab clans to encircle the Believers on all sides. The magnitude of the peril might be judged from the fact that even the life of the Holy Prophet himself was always in danger. Therefore his Companions slept in their armors during that period and kept watch at night to guard against any sudden attack, and whenever the Holy Prophet happened to be out of sight even for a short while, they would at once set out in search of him.

  3. This incitement by the Jews added fuel to the fire which was burning in the hearts of the Quraish and they began to make preparations to avenge the defeat they had suffered at Badr. A year after this an army of 3,000 strong marched out of Makkah to invade Al-Madinah and a battle took place at the foot of Mount Uhd. The Holy Prophet came out of Al-Madinah with one thousand men to meet the enemy. While they were marching to the battle-field, three hundred hypocrites deserted the army and returned to Al-Madinah, but there still remained a small band of hypocrites among the seven hundred who accompanied the Holy Prophet. They played their part and did their worst to create mischief and chaos in the ranks of the Believers during the Battle. This was the first clear indication of the fact that within the fold of the Muslim Community there was quite a large number of saboteurs who were always ready to conspire with the external enemies to harm their own brethren.

  4. Though the devices of the hypocrites had played a great part in the set-back at Uhd, the weaknesses of the Muslims themselves contributed no less to it. And it was but natural that the Muslims should show signs of moral weakness for they were a new community which had only recently been formed on a new ideology and had not as yet got a thorough moral training. Naturally in this second hard test of their physical and moral strength, some weaknesses came to the surface. That is why a detailed review of the Battle of Uhd was needed to warn the Muslims of their shortcomings and to issue instructions for their reform. It should also be noted that this review of the Battle is quite different from the reviews that are usually made by generals on similar occasions.

Subject: Guidance

This Surah is the sequel to Al-Baqarah and the invitation therein is continued to the people of the Book. In Al-Baqarah the Jews were pointedly invited to accept the Guidance and in this Surah the Christians have particularly been admonished to give up their erroneous beliefs and accept the Guidance of the Quran. At the same time, the Muslims have been instructed to nourish the virtues that may enable them to carry out their obligations and spread the Divine Guidance.

Topics and their Interconnection

In these introductory verses, the fundamental truths about Allah, Revelation and Life-after-death have been reiterated to serve as fitting preliminaries, leading to the main topics discussed in the Surah. 1 - 32

This discourse is particularly addressed to the Christians and invites them to accept Islam. It clears Jesus and his mother not only from the stigma maliciously set upon them by the Jews, but also refutes the erroneous Christian creed of the Divinity of Jesus which had been formulated because of his miraculous birth. For this purpose the instances of John the Baptist to a barren woman and an extremely aged man, and that of Adam without father or mother have been cited to show that there is nothing in the birth of Jesus without a father to entitle him to Divinity. 33 - 65

In these verses the people of the Book, the Jews, have been invited to give up their sinister ways and accept the divine Guidance. At the same time the Muslims have been warned to be on their guard against their malicious intentions, erroneous ways and absurd objections. 66 - 101

The Muslims have been instructed to learn lessons from the history of the people of the Book and also to guard themselves against their machinations, and to prepare and train themselves to establish virtue and eradicate evil. 102 - 120

In this portion, a review of the Battle of Uhd has been made to teach and reassure the Muslims that the machinations of their enemies could do them no harm, if they would practice restraint and fortitude and have fear of Allah. It has been pointed out that the set-back they had suffered was due to the lack of some moral qualities and the existence of some evils. As the main cause of the defeat was the greed of the archers guarding the pass, the taking of interest has been prohibited to eradicate part of this evil (greed). 121 - 175

The main theme of the verses 109 - 120 has been resumed to reassure and encourage the Muslims against the dangerous plots of their enemies. 175 - 189

This is the conclusion of the Surah and is not directly connected with the verses immediately preceding it but with the theme of the Surah as a whole. 190 - 200

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

3:43

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O Mario! Poddaj się pokornie twemu Panu, wybijaj pokłony i skłaniaj się wraz z tymi, którzy się skłaniają!"

3:44

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To należy do opowiadań o tym, co skryte, które tobie objawiamy. Ty nie byłeś wśród nich, kiedy oni rzucali swoje trzciny, aby rozstrzygnąć, który z nich ma się opiekować Marią; i nie byłeś wśród nich, kiedy się sprzeczali.

3:45

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Oto powiedzieli aniołowie: "O Mario! Bóg zwiastuje ci radosną wieść o Słowie pochodzącym od Niego, którego imię Mesjasz, Jezus, syn Marii. On będzie wspaniały na tym świecie i w życiu ostatecznym, i będzie jednym z przybliżonych.

3:46

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I będzie przemawiał do ludzi już w kołysce, a także jako mąż dojrzały; i będzie wśród sprawiedliwych."

3:47

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Ona powiedziała: "O Panie mój ! Jakże będę miała syna, skoro nie dotknął mnie żaden mężczyzna?" Powiedział: "Tak będzie! Bóg stwarza to, co chce! Kiedy On decyduje o istnieniu jakiejś rzeczy, to tylko mówi: Bądź! - i to się staje."

3:48

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On nauczy go Księgi i mądrości, Tory i Ewangelii

3:49

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I uczyni go posłańcem do synów Izraela: "Przyszedłem do was ze znakiem od waszego Pana. Ja utworzę wam z gliny postać ptaka i tchnę w niego, i on stanie się ptakiem. Ja uzdrowię chorego i trędowatego i ożywię zmarłych - za zezwoleniem Boga. Ja wam opowiem, co jecie i co gromadzicie w waszych domach. Zaprawdę, w tym jest znak dla was, jeśli jesteście wierzącymi!

3:50

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Ja przychodzę potwierdzić prawdziwość tego, co było przede mną w Torze, i aby uczynić dla was dozwolonym część tego, co wam było zakazane. Przyszedłem do was ze znakiem pochodzącym od waszego Pana. Bójcie się Boga i słuchajcie mnie!

3:51

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Zaprawdę, Bóg jest moim i waszym Panem! Przeto czcijcie Go! To jest droga prosta!"

3:52

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A kiedy Jezus poczuł w nich niewiarę, powiedział: "Kto jest moim pomocnikiem dla sprawy Boga?" Powiedzieli apostołowie: "My jesteśmy pomocnikami Boga. My w Niego uwierzyliśmy. Daj świadectwo, iż jesteśmy całkowicie poddani!

3:53

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Panie nasz! Uwierzyliśmy w to, co zesłałeś, i poszliśmy za Posłańcem. Zapisz nas więc między tymi, którzy dają świadectwo!"

3:54

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Oni knuli podstęp i Bóg knuł podstęp; a Bóg jest najlepszy spośród knujących podstępy.

3:55

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Oto powiedział Bóg: "O Jezusie! Oto Ja powołam ciebie i wyniosę ku Sobie, oczyszczając cię od tych, którzy nie uwierzyli; i umieszczę tych, którzy poszli za tobą, ponad niewiernymi - aż do Dnia Zmartwychwstania. Następnie do Mnie powrócicie i wtedy rozstrzygnę między wami, w czym się różniliście.

3:56

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Tych, którzy nie uwierzyli, ukarzę karą straszną na tym świecie i w życiu ostatecznym; i oni nie będą mieli pomocników."

3:57

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A tym, którzy uwierzyli i którzy czynili dobre dzieła, On da w pełni należną im nagrodę. A Bóg nie kocha ludzi niesprawiedliwych!

3:58

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Oto co tobie recytujemy ze znaków i mądrego napomnienia.

3:59

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Zaprawdę, Jezus jest u Boga jak Adam: On stworzył go z prochu, a następnie powiedział do niego: "Bądź!" - i on jest.

3:60

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Prawda pochodzi od twego Pana, nie bądź więc z liczby wątpiących!

3:61

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A kto się będzie z tobą sprzeczał w jej przedmiocie po tym, jak otrzymałeś wiedzę, to powiedz: "Pozwólcie! Wezwijmy naszych synów i waszych synów, nasze kobiety i wasze kobiety, nas samych i was samych, potem będziemy się pokornie modlić i wzywać przekleństwa Boga na kłamców!"

3:62

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Zaprawdę, to jest opowiadanie prawdziwe! I nie ma boga, jak tylko Bóg! I, zaprawdę, Bóg jest Potężny, Mądry!

3:63

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Jeśli oni się odwrócą, to Bóg przecież zna doskonale tych, którzy szerzą zgorszenie!

3:64

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Powiedz: "O ludu Księgi! Dochodźcie do słowa jednakowego dla was i dla nas: abyśmy nie czcili nikogo innego, jak tylko Boga, abyśmy nie dodawali Jemu niczego za współtowarzyszy i aby jedni z nas nie brali sobie innych ' jako panów, poza Bogiem." A jeśli oni się odwrócą, to powiedzcie: "Bądźcie świadkami, że my jesteśmy całkowicie poddani!"

3:65

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O ludu Księgi Dlaczego dyskutujecie w sprawie Abrahama? Przecież Tora i Ewangelia zostały zesłane po nim. Czyż nie macie rozumu?

3:66

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Oto jacy jesteście: dyskutujecie nad tym, o czym macie wiedzę; ale dlaczego dyskutujecie nad tym, o czym nie macie żadnej wiedzy? Bóg wie, a wy nie wiecie!

3:67

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Abraham nie był żydem ani chrześcijaninem, lecz był szczerze wierzącym hanifem, całkowicie poddanym, i nie był on z liczby bałwochwalców.

3:68

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Zaprawdę, ludzie najbliżsi Abrahamowi to z pewnością ci, którzy poszli za nim. i ten Prorok, i ci, którzy wierzą. Bóg jest opiekunem ludzi wierzących.

3:69

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Pewna grupa spośród ludu Księgi chciałaby sprowadzić was z drogi; lecz oni sprowadzają z drogi tylko samych siebie i nie są tego świadomi.

3:70

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O ludu Księgi! Dlaczego nie wierzycie w znaki Boga, skoro jesteście świadkami?

3:71

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O ludu Księgi Dlaczego ubieracie prawdę w fałsz i zasłaniacie prawdę, a przecież wy wiecie?

3:72

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I powiedziała pewna grupa spośród ludu Księgi: "Wierzcie na początku dnia w to, co zostało zesłane tym, którzy uwierzyli, a wyrzeknijcie się wiary na jego końcu;

3:73

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I nie wierzcie nikomu innemu jak tylko temu, kto poszedł za waszą religią!" Powiedz: "Zaprawdę, droga prosta - droga Boga - jest taka, żeby każdemu było dane to, co wam dano, w przeciwnym razie bowiem oni będą się sprzeczać z wami przed waszym Panem." Powiedz: "Zaprawdę, łaska jest w ręku Boga! On daje ją, komu chce. Bóg jest wszechobejmujący, wszechwiedzący!

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