VERSES
69
PAGES
396-404

Name

The Surah takes its name from verse 41 in which the word Ankabut (Spider) has occurred.

Period of Revelation

Verses 56 to 60 clearly show that this Surah was sent down a little before the migration to Habash, and this is supported by the internal evidence of the subject matter as well. Some commentators have opined that since it mentions the hypocrites, and hypocrisy appeared in Madinah, the first ten verses of this Surah were revealed at Madinah and the rest of it at Makkah; whereas the people whose hypocrisy has been mentioned here are those who had adopted a hypocritical way of life because they were afraid of the oppression and extreme physical torture to which the Muslims were being subjected by the disbelievers. Evidently, this kind of hypocrisy could be there only at Makkah and not at Madinah. Similarly, some other commentators, seeing that in this Surah the Muslims have been exhorted to migrate, have regarded it as the last Surah to be revealed at Makkah, whereas the Muslims had migrated to Habash even before their migration to Madinah. These opinions are not based on any tradition but on the internal evidence of the subject matter, and this internal evidence, when considered against the subject matter of the Surah as a whole, points to the conditions prevailing in the time of the migration to Habash and not to the last stage at Makkah.

Theme and Subject matter

A perusal of the Surah shows that the period of its revelation was the period of extreme persecution of the Muslims at Makkah. The disbelievers were opposing and fighting Islam tooth and nail and the new converts were being subjected to the severest oppression. Such were the conditions when Allah sent down this Surah to strengthen and encourage the sincere Muslims as well as to put to shame those who were showing weakness of the faith. Besides, the disbelievers of Makkah have been threatened and warned not to invite for themselves the fate that the antagonists of the Truth have been experiencing in every age.

In this connection, the questions that some young men answered. For instance, their parents were urging them to abandon Muhammad (may Allah's peace be upon him), and return to their ancestral religion, for they argued: "The Qur'an in which you have put your faith, regards the rights of the parents as the uppermost; therefore, listen to what we say; otherwise you will be working against the dictates of your own Faith." This has been answered in verse 8.

Similarly, the people of some clans said to the new converts to Islam, "Leave the question of punishments, etc., to us. Listen to us and abandon this man. If God seizes you in the Hereafter, we will come forward and say, 'Lord, these people are innocent: we had forced them to give up the Faith; therefore, seize us'." This has been dealt with, in vv. 12-13.

The stories mentioned in this Surah also impress the same point mostly, as if to say, "Look at the Prophets of the past: they were made to suffer great hardships and were treated cruelly for long periods. Then, at last they were helped by Allah. Therefore, take heart: Allah's succor will certainly come. But a period of trial and tribulation has to be undergone." Besides teaching this lesson to the Muslims, the disbelievers also have been warned, as if to say, "If you are not being immediately seized by Allah, you should not form the wrong impression that you will never be seized. The signs of the doomed nations of the past are before you. Just see how they met their doom and how Allah succored the Prophets."

Then the Muslims have been instructed to the effect: "If you feel that the persecution has become unbearable for you, you should give up your homes, instead of giving up your Faith: Allah's earth is vast: seek a new place where you can worship Allah with the full peace of mind." Besides all this, the disbelievers also have been urged to understand Islam. The realities of Tauhid and the Hereafter have been impressed with rational arguments, shirk have been refuted, and drawing their attention towards the signs in the universe, they have been told that all these Signs confirm the teachings that the Prophet is presenting before them.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

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29:6

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Sahih International

And whoever strives only strives for [the benefit of] himself. Indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.

Indonesian

Dan barangsiapa yang berjihad, maka sesungguhnya jihadnya itu adalah untuk dirinya sendiri. Sesungguhnya Allah benar-benar Maha Kaya (tidak memerlukan sesuatu) dari semesta alam.

29:7

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Indonesian

Dan orang-orang yang beriman dan beramal saleh, benar-benar akan Kami hapuskan dari mereka dosa-dosa mereka dan benar-benar akan Kami beri mereka balasan yang lebih baik dari apa yang mereka kerjakan.

Sahih International

And those who believe and do righteous deeds - We will surely remove from them their misdeeds and will surely reward them according to the best of what they used to do.

29:8

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Sahih International

And We have enjoined upon man goodness to parents. But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them. To Me is your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do.

Indonesian

Dan Kami wajibkan manusia (berbuat) kebaikan kepada dua orang ibu-bapaknya. Dan jika keduanya memaksamu untuk mempersekutukan Aku dengan sesuatu yang tidak ada pengetahuanmu tentang itu, maka janganlah kamu mengikuti keduanya. Hanya kepada-Ku-lah kembalimu, lalu Aku kabarkan kepadamu apa yang telah kamu kerjakan.

29:9

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Sahih International

And those who believe and do righteous deeds - We will surely admit them among the righteous [into Paradise].

Indonesian

Dan orang-orang yang beriman dan mengerjakan amal saleh benar-benar akan Kami masukkan mereka ke dalam (golongan) orang-orang yang saleh.

29:10

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Indonesian

Dan di antara manusia ada orang yang berkata: "Kami beriman kepada Allah", maka apabila ia disakiti (karena ia beriman) kepada Allah, ia menganggap fitnah manusia itu sebagai azab Allah. Dan sungguh jika datang pertolongan dari Tuhanmu, mereka pasti akan berkata: "Sesungguhnya kami adalah besertamu". Bukankah Allah lebih mengetahui apa yang ada dalam dada semua manusia?

Sahih International

And of the people are some who say, "We believe in Allah ," but when one [of them] is harmed for [the cause of] Allah , they consider the trial of the people as [if it were] the punishment of Allah . But if victory comes from your Lord, they say, "Indeed, We were with you." Is not Allah most knowing of what is within the breasts of all creatures?

29:11

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Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya Allah benar-benar mengetahui orang-orang yang beriman: dan sesungguhnya Dia mengetahui orang-orang yang munafik.

Sahih International

And Allah will surely make evident those who believe, and He will surely make evident the hypocrites.

29:12

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Sahih International

And those who disbelieve say to those who believe, "Follow our way, and we will carry your sins." But they will not carry anything of their sins. Indeed, they are liars.

Indonesian

Dan berkatalah orang-orang kafir kepada orang-orang yang beriman: "Ikutilah jalan kami, dan nanti kami akan memikul dosa-dosamu", dan mereka (sendiri) sedikitpun tidak (sanggup), memikul dosa-dosa mereka. Sesungguhnya mereka adalah benar-benar orang pendusta.

29:13

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Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya mereka akan memikul beban (dosa) mereka, dan beban-beban (dosa yang lain) di samping beban-beban mereka sendiri, dan sesungguhnya mereka akan ditanya pada hari kiamat tentang apa yang selalu mereka ada-adakan.

Sahih International

But they will surely carry their [own] burdens and [other] burdens along with their burdens, and they will surely be questioned on the Day of Resurrection about what they used to invent.

29:14

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Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya Kami telah mengutus Nuh kepada kaumnya, maka ia tinggal di antara mereka seribu tahun kurang lima puluh tahun. Maka mereka ditimpa banjir besar, dan mereka adalah orang-orang yang zalim.

Sahih International

And We certainly sent Noah to his people, and he remained among them a thousand years minus fifty years, and the flood seized them while they were wrongdoers.

29:15

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Sahih International

But We saved him and the companions of the ship, and We made it a sign for the worlds.

Indonesian

Maka Kami selamatkan Nuh dan penumpang-penumpang bahtera itu dan Kami jadikan peristiwa itu pelajaran bagi semua umat manusia.

29:16

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Indonesian

Dan (ingatlah) Ibrahim, ketika ia berkata kepada kaumnya: "Sembahlah olehmu Allah dan bertakwalah kepada-Nya. Yang demikian itu adalah lebih baik bagimu, jika kamu mengetahui.

Sahih International

And [We sent] Abraham, when he said to his people, "Worship Allah and fear Him. That is best for you, if you should know.

29:17

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Sahih International

You only worship, besides Allah , idols, and you produce a falsehood. Indeed, those you worship besides Allah do not possess for you [the power of] provision. So seek from Allah provision and worship Him and be grateful to Him. To Him you will be returned."

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya apa yang kamu sembah selain Allah itu adalah berhala, dan kamu membuat dusta. Sesungguhnya yang kamu sembah selain Allah itu tidak mampu memberikan rezeki kepadamu; maka mintalah rezeki itu di sisi Allah, dan sembahlah Dia dan bersyukurlah kepada-Nya. Hanya kepada-Nya-lah kamu akan dikembalikan.

29:18

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Sahih International

And if you [people] deny [the message] - already nations before you have denied. And there is not upon the Messenger except [the duty of] clear notification.

Indonesian

Dan jika kamu (orang kafir) mendustakan, maka umat yang sebelum kamu juga telah mendustakan. Dan kewajiban rasul itu, tidak lain hanyalah menyampaikan (agama Allah) dengan seterang-terangnya".

29:19

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Indonesian

Dan apakah mereka tidak memperhatikan bagaimana Allah menciptakan (manusia) dari permulaannya, kemudian mengulanginya (kembali). Sesungguhnya yang demikian itu adalah mudah bagi Allah.

Sahih International

Have they not considered how Allah begins creation and then repeats it? Indeed that, for Allah , is easy.

29:20

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Indonesian

Katakanlah: "Berjalanlah di (muka) bumi, maka perhatikanlah bagaimana Allah menciptakan (manusia) dari permulaannya, kemudian Allah menjadikannya sekali lagi. Sesungguhnya Allah Maha Kuasa atas segala sesuatu.

Sahih International

Say, [O Muhammad], "Travel through the land and observe how He began creation. Then Allah will produce the final creation. Indeed Allah , over all things, is competent."

29:21

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Sahih International

He punishes whom He wills and has mercy upon whom He wills, and to Him you will be returned.

Indonesian

Allah mengazab siapa yang dikehendaki-Nya, dan memberi rahmat kepada siapa yang dikehendaki-Nya, dan hanya kepada-Nya-lah kamu akan dikembalikan.

29:22

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Sahih International

And you will not cause failure [to Allah ] upon the earth or in the heaven. And you have not other than Allah any protector or any helper.

Indonesian

Dan kamu sekali-kali tidak dapat melepaskan diri (dari azab Allah) di bumi dan tidak (pula) di langit dan sekali-kali tiadalah bagimu pelindung dan penolong selain Allah.

29:23

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Sahih International

And the ones who disbelieve in the signs of Allah and the meeting with Him - those have despaired of My mercy, and they will have a painful punishment.

Indonesian

Dan orang-orang yang kafir terhadap ayat-ayat Allah dan pertemuan dengan Dia, mereka putus asa dari rahmat-Ku, dan mereka itu mendapat azab yang pedih.

29:24

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Indonesian

Maka tidak adalah jawaban kaum Ibrahim, selain mengatakan: "Bunuhlah atau bakarlah dia", lalu Allah menyelamatkannya dari api. Sesungguhnya pada yang demikian itu benar-benar terdapat tanda-tanda kebesaran Allah bagi orang-orang yang beriman.

Sahih International

And the answer of Abraham's people was not but that they said, "Kill him or burn him," but Allah saved him from the fire. Indeed in that are signs for a people who believe.

29:25

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Sahih International

And [Abraham] said, "You have only taken, other than Allah , idols as [a bond of] affection among you in worldly life. Then on the Day of Resurrection you will deny one another and curse one another, and your refuge will be the Fire, and you will not have any helpers."

Indonesian

Dan berkata Ibrahim: "Sesungguhnya berhala-berhala yang kamu sembah selain Allah adalah untuk menciptakan perasaan kasih sayang di antara kamu dalam kehidupan dunia ini kemudian di hari kiamat sebahagian kamu mengingkari sebahagian (yang lain) dan sebahagian kamu melaknati sebahagian (yang lain); dan tempat kembalimu ialah neraka, dan sekali-kali tak ada bagimu para penolongpun.

29:26

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Sahih International

And Lot believed him. [Abraham] said, "Indeed, I will emigrate to [the service of] my Lord. Indeed, He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise."

Indonesian

Maka Luth membenarkan (kenabian)nya. Dan berkatalah Ibrahim: "Sesungguhnya aku akan berpindah ke (tempat yang diperintahkan) Tuhanku (kepadaku); sesungguhnya Dialah Yang Maha Perkasa lagi Maha Bijaksana.

29:27

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Sahih International

And We gave to Him Isaac and Jacob and placed in his descendants prophethood and scripture. And We gave him his reward in this world, and indeed, he is in the Hereafter among the righteous.

Indonesian

Dan Kami anugrahkan kepda Ibrahim, Ishak dan Ya'qub, dan Kami jadikan kenabian dan Al Kitab pada keturunannya, dan Kami berikan kepadanya balasannya di dunia; dan sesungguhnya dia di akhirat, benar-benar termasuk orang-orang yang saleh.

29:28

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Indonesian

Dan (ingatlah) ketika Luth berkata pepada kaumnya: "Sesungguhnya kamu benar-benar mengerjakan perbuatan yang amat keji yang belum pernah dikerjakan oleh seorangpun dari umat-umat sebelum kamu".

Sahih International

And [mention] Lot, when he said to his people, "Indeed, you commit such immorality as no one has preceded you with from among the worlds.

29:29

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Indonesian

Apakah sesungguhnya kamu patut mendatangi laki-laki, menyamun dan mengerjakan kemungkaran di tempat-tempat pertemuanmu? Maka jawaban kaumnya tidak lain hanya mengatakan: "Datangkanlah kepada kami azab Allah, jika kamu termasuk orang-orang yang benar".

Sahih International

Indeed, you approach men and obstruct the road and commit in your meetings [every] evil." And the answer of his people was not but they said, "Bring us the punishment of Allah , if you should be of the truthful."

29:30

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Indonesian

Luth berdoa: "Ya Tuhanku, tolonglah aku (dengan menimpakan azab) atas kaum yang berbuat kerusakan itu".

Sahih International

He said, "My Lord, support me against the corrupting people."

29:31

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Sahih International

And when Our messengers came to Abraham with the good tidings, they said, "Indeed, we will destroy the people of that Lot's city. Indeed, its people have been wrongdoers."

Indonesian

Dan tatkala utusan Kami (para malaikat) datang kepada Ibrahim membawa kabar gembira, mereka mengatakan: "Sesungguhnya kami akan menghancurkan penduduk negeri (Sodom) ini; sesungguhnya penduduknya adalah orang-orang yang zalim".

29:32

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Sahih International

[Abraham] said, "Indeed, within it is Lot." They said, "We are more knowing of who is within it. We will surely save him and his family, except his wife. She is to be of those who remain behind."

Indonesian

Berkata Ibrahim: "Sesungguhnya di kota itu ada Luth". Para malaikat berkata: "Kami lebih mengetahui siapa yang ada di kota itu. Kami sungguh-sungguh akan menyelamatkan dia dan pengikut-pengikutnya kecuali isterinya. Dia adalah termasuk orang-orang yang tertinggal (dibinasakan).

29:33

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Indonesian

Dan tatkala datang utusan-utusan Kami (para malaikat) itu kepada Luth, dia merasa susah karena (kedatangan) mereka, dan (merasa) tidak punya kekuatan untuk melindungi mereka dan mereka berkata: "Janganlah kamu takut dan jangan (pula) susah. Sesungguhnya kami akan menyelamatkan kamu dan pengikut-pengikutmu, kecuali isterimu, dia adalah termasuk orang-orang yang tertinggal (dibinasakan)".

Sahih International

And when Our messengers came to Lot, he was distressed for them and felt for them great discomfort. They said, "Fear not, nor grieve. Indeed, we will save you and your family, except your wife; she is to be of those who remain behind.

29:34

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Sahih International

Indeed, we will bring down on the people of this city punishment from the sky because they have been defiantly disobedient."

Indonesian

Sesungguhnya Kami akan menurunkan azab dari langit atas penduduk kota ini karena mereka berbuat fasik.

29:35

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Sahih International

And We have certainly left of it a sign as clear evidence for a people who use reason.

Indonesian

Dan sesungguhnya Kami tinggalkan daripadanya satu tanda yang nyata bagi orang-orang yang berakal.

29:36

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Indonesian

Dan (Kami telah mengutus) kepada penduduk Mad-yan, saudara mereka Syu'aib, maka ia berkata: "Hai kaumku, sembahlah olehmu Allah, harapkanlah (pahala) hari akhir, dan jangan kamu berkeliaran di muka bumi berbuat kerusakan".

Sahih International

And to Madyan [We sent] their brother Shu'ayb, and he said, "O my people, worship Allah and expect the Last Day and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption."

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