VERSES
93
PAGES
377-385

Name

The Surah takes its name from the phrase wad-in-naml which occurs in verse 18, implying that it is a Surah in which the story of An-Naml (the Ant) has been related.

Period of Revelation

The subject matter and the style bear full resemblance with the Surahs of the middle Makkan period and this is supported by traditions as well. According to Ibn Abbas and Jabir bin Zaid, "First the Surah Ash-Shu`araa' was sent down, then the Surah An Naml and then Al-Qasas."

Theme and Topics

The Surah consists of two discourses, the first from the beginning of the Surah to the end of verse 58, and the second from verse 59 to the end of the Surah.

The theme of the first discourse is that only those people can benefit from the guidance of the Quran and become worthy of the good promises made in it, who accept the realities which this Book presents as the basic realities of the universe, and then follow up their belief with obedience and submission in their practical lives as well. But the greatest hindrance for man to follow this way is the denial of the Hereafter. For it makes him irresponsible, selfish and given to worldly life, which in turn makes it impossible for him to submit himself before God and to accept the moral restrictions on his lusts and desires. After this introduction three types of character have been presented.

The first type is characterized by Pharaoh and the chiefs of Thamud and the rebels of the people of Lot, who were all heedless of the accountability of the Hereafter and had consequently become the slaves of the world. These people did not believe even after seeing the miracles. Rather they turned against those who invited them to goodness and piety. They persisted in their evil ways which are held in abhorrence by every sensible person. They did not heed the admonition even until a moment before they were overtaken by the scourge of Allah.

The second type of character is of the Prophet Solomon (peace be upon him), who had been blessed by God with wealth and kingdom and grandeur to an extent undreamed of by the chiefs of the disbelievers of Makkah. But, since he regarded himself as answerable before God and had the feeling that whatever he had was only due to Allah's bounty, he had adopted the attitude of obedience before Him and there was no tinge of vanity in his character.

The third type is of the queen of Sheba, who ruled over a most wealthy and well known people in the history of Arabia. She possessed all those means of life, which could cause a person to become vain and conceited. Her wealth and possessions far exceeded the wealth and possessions of the Quraish. Then she professed shirk, which was not only an ancestral way of life with her, but she had to follow it in order to maintain her position as a ruler. Therefore, it was much more difficult for her to give up shirk and adopt the way of Tauhid than it could be for a common mushrik. But when the Truth became evident to her, nothing could stop her from accepting it. Her deviation was, in fact, due to her being born and brought up in a polytheistic environment and not because of her being a slave to her lusts and desires. Her conscience was not devoid of the sense of accountability before God.

In the second discourse, at the outset, attention has been drawn to some of the most glaring and visible realities of the universe, and the disbelievers of Makkah have been asked one question after the other to the effect : "Do these realities testify to the creed of shirk which you are following, or to the truth of Tauhid to which the Qur'an invites you?" After this the real malady of the disbelievers has been pointed out, saying, "The thing which has blinded them and made them insensitive to every glaring reality is their denial of the Hereafter. This same thing has rendered every matter and affair of life non-serious for them. For, when according to them, everything has to become dust ultimately, and the whole struggle of life is purposeless and without an object before it, the truth and falsehood are equal and alike. Therefore, the question whether one's system of life is based on the right or wrong foundations, becomes meaningless for him."

But the discourse, as outlined above, is not meant to dissuade the Prophet and the Muslims from calling the obdurate and heedless people to the way of Tauhid ; it is, in fact, intended to arouse them from their slumber. That is why in vv. 67-93 certain things have been said repeatedly in order to produce in the people a sense of the Hereafter, to warn them of the consequences of being heedless of it, and to convince them of its coining, like an eye witness of something, who convinces the other person of it, who has not seen it.

In conclusion, the real invitation of the Quran that is, the invitation to serve One Allah alone, has been presented in a concise but forceful manner, and the people warned that accepting it would be to their own advantage and rejecting it to their own disadvantage. For if they deferred their faith until they saw those Signs of God after the appearance of which they would be left with no choice but to believe and submit, they should bear in mind the fact that that would be the time of judgment and believing then would be of no avail.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

27:19

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Urdu

تو وہ اس کی بات سن کر ہنس پڑے اور کہنے لگے کہ اے پروردگار! مجھے توفیق عطا فرما کہ جو احسان تونے مجھ پر اور میرے ماں باپ پر کئے ہیں ان کا شکر کروں اور ایسے نیک کام کروں کہ تو ان سے خوش ہوجائے اور مجھے اپنی رحمت سے اپنے نیک بندوں میں داخل فرما

Sahih International

So [Solomon] smiled, amused at her speech, and said, "My Lord, enable me to be grateful for Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents and to do righteousness of which You approve. And admit me by Your mercy into [the ranks of] Your righteous servants."

27:20

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Urdu

انہوں نے جانوروں کا جائزہ لیا تو کہنے لگے کیا سبب ہے کہ ہُدہُد نظر نہیں آتا۔ کیا کہیں غائب ہوگیا ہے؟

Sahih International

And he took attendance of the birds and said, "Why do I not see the hoopoe - or is he among the absent?

27:21

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Sahih International

I will surely punish him with a severe punishment or slaughter him unless he brings me clear authorization."

Urdu

میں اسے سخت سزا دوں گا یا ذبح کر ڈالوں گا یا میرے سامنے (اپنی بےقصوری کی) دلیل صریح پیش کرے

27:22

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Urdu

ابھی تھوڑی ہی دیر ہوئی تھی کہ ہُدہُد آ موجود ہوا اور کہنے لگا کہ مجھے ایک ایسی چیز معلوم ہوئی ہے جس کی آپ کو خبر نہیں اور میں آپ کے پاس (شہر) سبا سے ایک سچی خبر لے کر آیا ہوں

Sahih International

But the hoopoe stayed not long and said, "I have encompassed [in knowledge] that which you have not encompassed, and I have come to you from Sheba with certain news.

27:23

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Urdu

میں نے ایک عورت دیکھی کہ ان لوگوں پر بادشاہت کرتی ہے اور ہر چیز اسے میسر ہے اور اس کا ایک بڑا تخت ہے

Sahih International

Indeed, I found [there] a woman ruling them, and she has been given of all things, and she has a great throne.

27:24

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Sahih International

I found her and her people prostrating to the sun instead of Allah , and Satan has made their deeds pleasing to them and averted them from [His] way, so they are not guided,

Urdu

میں نے دیکھا کہ وہ اور اس کی قوم خدا کو چھوڑ کر آفتاب کو سجدہ کرتے ہیں اور شیطان نے ان کے اعمال انہیں آراستہ کر دکھائے ہیں اور ان کو رستے سے روک رکھا ہے پس وہ رستے پر نہیں آئے

27:25

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Urdu

(اور نہیں سمجھتے) کہ خدا کو آسمانوں اور زمین میں چھپی چیزوں کو ظاہر کردیتا اور تمہارے پوشیدہ اور ظاہر اعمال کو جانتا ہے کیوں سجدہ نہ کریں

Sahih International

[And] so they do not prostrate to Allah , who brings forth what is hidden within the heavens and the earth and knows what you conceal and what you declare -

27:26

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Sahih International

Allah - there is no deity except Him, Lord of the Great Throne."

Urdu

خدا کے سوا کوئی عبادت کے لائق نہیں وہی عرش عظیم کا مالک ہے

27:27

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Sahih International

[Solomon] said, "We will see whether you were truthful or were of the liars.

Urdu

سلیمان نے کہا (اچھا) ہم دیکھیں گے، تونے سچ کہا ہے یا تو جھوٹا ہے

27:28

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Urdu

یہ میرا خط لے جا اور اسے ان کی طرف ڈال دے پھر ان کے پاس سے پھر آ اور دیکھ کہ وہ کیا جواب دیتے ہیں

Sahih International

Take this letter of mine and deliver it to them. Then leave them and see what [answer] they will return."

27:29

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Urdu

ملکہ نے کہا کہ دربار والو! میری طرف ایک نامہ گرامی ڈالا گیا ہے

Sahih International

She said, "O eminent ones, indeed, to me has been delivered a noble letter.

27:30

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Sahih International

Indeed, it is from Solomon, and indeed, it reads: 'In the name of Allah , the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful,

Urdu

وہ سلیمان کی طرف سے ہے اور مضمون یہ ہے کہ شروع خدا کا نام لے کر جو بڑا مہربان نہایت رحم والا ہے

27:31

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Sahih International

Be not haughty with me but come to me in submission [as Muslims].' "

Urdu

(بعد اس کے یہ) کہ مجھے سرکشی نہ کرو اور مطیع ومنقاد ہو کر میرے پاس چلے آؤ

27:32

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Sahih International

She said, "O eminent ones, advise me in my affair. I would not decide a matter until you witness [for] me."

Urdu

(خط سنا کر) وہ کہنے لگی کہ اے اہل دربار میرے اس معاملے میں مجھے مشورہ دو، جب تک تم حاضر نہ ہو (اور صلاح نہ دو) میں کسی کام کو فیصل کرنے والی نہیں

27:33

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Urdu

وہ بولے کہ ہم بڑے زورآور اور سخت جنگجو ہیں اور حکم آپ کے اختیار ہے تو جو حکم دیجیئے گا (اس کے مآل پر) نظر کرلیجیئے گا

Sahih International

They said, "We are men of strength and of great military might, but the command is yours, so see what you will command."

27:34

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Sahih International

She said, "Indeed kings - when they enter a city, they ruin it and render the honored of its people humbled. And thus do they do.

Urdu

اس نے کہا کہ بادشاہ جب کسی شہر میں داخل ہوتے ہیں تو اس کو تباہ کر دیتے ہیں اور وہاں کے عزت والوں کو ذلیل کر دیا کرتے ہیں اور اسی طرح یہ بھی کریں گے

27:35

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Sahih International

But indeed, I will send to them a gift and see with what [reply] the messengers will return."

Urdu

اور میں ان کی طرف کچھ تحفہ بھیجتی ہوں اور دیکھتی ہوں کہ قاصد کیا جواب لاتے ہیں

27:36

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Sahih International

So when they came to Solomon, he said, "Do you provide me with wealth? But what Allah has given me is better than what He has given you. Rather, it is you who rejoice in your gift.

Urdu

جب (قاصد) سلیمان کے پاس پہنچا تو سلیمان نے کہا کیا تم مجھے مال سے مدد دینا چاہتے ہو، جو کچھ خدا نے مجھے عطا فرمایا ہے وہ اس سے بہتر ہے جو تمہیں دیا ہے حقیقت یہ ہے کہ تم ہی اپنے تحفے سے خوش ہوتے ہوگے

27:37

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Urdu

ان کے پاس واپس جاؤ ہم ان پر ایسے لشکر سے حملہ کریں گے جس کے مقابلے کی ان میں طاقت نہ ہوگی اور ان کو وہاں سے بےعزت کرکے نکال دیں گے اور وہ ذلیل ہوں گے

Sahih International

Return to them, for we will surely come to them with soldiers that they will be powerless to encounter, and we will surely expel them therefrom in humiliation, and they will be debased."

27:38

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Urdu

سلیمان نے کہا کہ اے دربار والو! کوئی تم میں ایسا ہے کہ قبل اس کے کہ وہ لوگ فرمانبردار ہو کر ہمارے پاس آئیں ملکہ کا تخت میرے پاس لے آئے

Sahih International

[Solomon] said, "O assembly [of jinn], which of you will bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?"

27:39

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Urdu

جنات میں سے ایک قوی ہیکل جن نے کہا کہ قبل اس کے کہ آپ اپنی جگہ سے اٹھیں میں اس کو آپ کے پاس لاحاضر کرتا ہوں اور میں اس (کے اٹھانے کی) طاقت رکھتا ہوں (اور) امانت دار ہوں

Sahih International

A powerful one from among the jinn said, "I will bring it to you before you rise from your place, and indeed, I am for this [task] strong and trustworthy."

27:40

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Sahih International

Said one who had knowledge from the Scripture, "I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you." And when [Solomon] saw it placed before him, he said, "This is from the favor of my Lord to test me whether I will be grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful - his gratitude is only for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever is ungrateful - then indeed, my Lord is Free of need and Generous."

Urdu

ایک شخص جس کو کتاب الہیٰ کا علم تھا کہنے لگا کہ میں آپ کی آنکھ کے جھپکنے سے پہلے پہلے اسے آپ کے پاس حاضر کئے دیتا ہوں۔ جب سلیمان نے تخت کو اپنے پاس رکھا ہوا دیکھا تو کہا کہ یہ میرے پروردگار کا فضل ہے تاکہ مجھے آزمائے کہ میں شکر کرتا ہوں یا کفران نعمت کرتا ہوں اور جو شکر کرتا ہے تو اپنے ہی فائدے کے لئے شکر کرتا ہے اور جو ناشکری کرتا ہے تو میرا پروردگار بےپروا (اور) کرم کرنے والا ہے

27:41

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Sahih International

He said, "Disguise for her her throne; we will see whether she will be guided [to truth] or will be of those who is not guided."

Urdu

سلیمان نے کہا کہ ملکہ کے (امتحان عقل کے) لئے اس کے تخت کی صورت بدل دو۔ دیکھیں کہ وہ سوجھ رکھتی ہے یا ان لوگوں میں ہے جو سوجھ نہیں رکھتے

27:42

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Urdu

جب وہ آ پہنچی تو پوچھا گیا کہ کیا آپ کا تخت بھی اسی طرح کا ہے؟ اس نے کہا کہ یہ تو گویا ہو بہو وہی ہے اور ہم کو اس سے پہلے ہی (سلیمان کی عظمت شان) کا علم ہوگیا تھا اور ہم فرمانبردار ہیں

Sahih International

So when she arrived, it was said [to her], "Is your throne like this?" She said, "[It is] as though it was it." [Solomon said], "And we were given knowledge before her, and we have been Muslims [in submission to Allah ].

27:43

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Sahih International

And that which she was worshipping other than Allah had averted her [from submission to Him]. Indeed, she was from a disbelieving people."

Urdu

اور وہ جو خدا کے سوا (اور کی) پرستش کرتی تھی، سلیمان نے اس کو اس سے منع کیا (اس سے پہلے تو) وہ کافروں میں سے تھی

27:44

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Sahih International

She was told, "Enter the palace." But when she saw it, she thought it was a body of water and uncovered her shins [to wade through]. He said, "Indeed, it is a palace [whose floor is] made smooth with glass." She said, "My Lord, indeed I have wronged myself, and I submit with Solomon to Allah , Lord of the worlds."

Urdu

(پھر) اس سے کہا گیا کہ محل میں چلیے، جب اس نے اس (کے فرش) کو دیکھا تو اسے پانی کا حوض سمجھا اور (کپڑا اٹھا کر) اپنی پنڈلیاں کھول دیں۔ سلیمان نے کہا یہ ایسا محل ہے جس میں (نیچے بھی) شیشے جڑے ہوئے ہیں۔ وہ بول اٹھی کہ پروردگار میں اپنے آپ پر ظلم کرتی رہی تھی اور (اب) میں سلیمان کے ہاتھ پر خدائے رب العالمین پر ایمان لاتی ہوں

27:45

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Urdu

اور ہم نے ثمود کی طرف اس کے بھائی صالح کو بھیجا کہ خدا کی عبادت کرو تو وہ دو فریق ہو کر آپس میں جھگڑنے لگے

Sahih International

And We had certainly sent to Thamud their brother Salih, [saying], "Worship Allah ," and at once they were two parties conflicting.

27:46

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Sahih International

He said, "O my people, why are you impatient for evil instead of good? Why do you not seek forgiveness of Allah that you may receive mercy?"

Urdu

صالح نے کہا کہ بھائیو تم بھلائی سے پہلے برائی کے لئے کیوں جلدی کرتے ہو (اور) خدا سے بخشش کیوں نہیں مانگتے تاکہ تم پر رحم کیا جائے

27:47

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Urdu

وہ کہنے لگے کہ تم اور تمہارے ساتھی ہمارے لئے شگون بد ہے۔ صالح نے کہا کہ تمہاری بدشگونی خدا کی طرف سے ہے بلکہ تم ایسے لوگ ہو جن کی آزمائش کی جاتی ہے

Sahih International

They said, "We consider you a bad omen, you and those with you." He said, "Your omen is with Allah . Rather, you are a people being tested."

27:48

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Sahih International

And there were in the city nine family heads causing corruption in the land and not amending [its affairs].

Urdu

اور شہر میں نو شخص تھے جو ملک میں فساد کیا کرتے تھے اور اصلاح سے کام نہیں لیتے تھے

27:49

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Sahih International

They said, "Take a mutual oath by Allah that we will kill him by night, he and his family. Then we will say to his executor, 'We did not witness the destruction of his family, and indeed, we are truthful.' "

Urdu

کہنے لگے کہ خدا کی قسم کھاؤ کہ ہم رات کو اس پر اور اس کے گھر والوں پر شب خون ماریں گے پھر اس کے وارث سے کہہ دیں گے کہ ہم تو صالح کے گھر والوں کے موقع ہلاکت پر گئے ہی نہیں اور ہم سچ کہتے ہیں

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