VERSES
77
PAGES
359-366

Name

The Surah takes its name "Al-Furqan" from the first verse. Though it is symbolic like the names of many other Surahs, it has a close relation to its subject matter.

Period of Revelation

It appears from its style and subject matter that, like Surah Al- Mu'minun, it was also revealed during the third stage of Prophethood at Makkah. Ibn Jarir and Imam Razi have cited a tradition of Dahhak bin Muzahim that this Surah was revealed eight years before Surah An Nisa. This also confirms our opinion as to its period of revelation. (Ibn Jarir, Vol. XIX, pp. 28-30, and Tafsir Kabir, Vol. VI,p. 358).

Subject Matter and Topics

The Surah deals with the doubts and objections that were being raised against the Qur'an, the Prophethood of Muhammad (Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) and his teachings by the disbelievers of Makkah. Appropriate answers to each and every objection have been given and the people have been warned of the consequences of rejecting the Truth. At the end of the Surah, a clear picture of the moral superiority of the Believers has been depicted as in the beginning of Surah Al-Mu'minun, as if to say, 'Here is the criterion for distinguishing the genuine from the counterfeit. This is the noble character of those people who have believed in and followed the teachings of the Holy Prophet and this is the kind of people that he is trying to train. You may yourselves compare and contrast this type of people with those Arabs, who have not as yet accepted the Message, and who are upholding "ignorance" and exerting their utmost to defeat the Truth. Now you may judge for yourselves as to which you would like to choose." Though this question was not posed in so many words, it was placed before every one in Arabia in a tangible shape. It may be noted that during the next few years, the practical answer given to this question by the whole nation, with the exception of a small minority, was that they chose Islam.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

25:13

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And when they are thrown into a narrow place therein bound in chains, they will cry out thereupon for destruction.

25:14

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[They will be told], "Do not cry this Day for one destruction but cry for much destruction."

25:15

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Say, "Is that better or the Garden of Eternity which is promised to the righteous? It will be for them a reward and destination.

25:16

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ﭿ

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For them therein is whatever they wish, [while] abiding eternally. It is ever upon your Lord a promise [worthy to be] requested.

25:17

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And [mention] the Day He will gather them and that which they worship besides Allah and will say, "Did you mislead these, My servants, or did they [themselves] stray from the way?"

25:18

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They will say, "Exalted are You! It was not for us to take besides You any allies. But You provided comforts for them and their fathers until they forgot the message and became a people ruined."

25:19

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So they will deny you, [disbelievers], in what you say, and you cannot avert [punishment] or [find] help. And whoever commits injustice among you - We will make him taste a great punishment.

25:20

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And We did not send before you, [O Muhammad], any of the messengers except that they ate food and walked in the markets. And We have made some of you [people] as trial for others - will you have patience? And ever is your Lord, Seeing.

25:21

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And those who do not expect the meeting with Us say, "Why were not angels sent down to us, or [why] do we [not] see our Lord?" They have certainly become arrogant within themselves and [become] insolent with great insolence.

25:22

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The day they see the angels - no good tidings will there be that day for the criminals, and [the angels] will say, "Prevented and inaccessible."

25:23

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And We will regard what they have done of deeds and make them as dust dispersed.

25:24

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ﭿ

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The companions of Paradise, that Day, are [in] a better settlement and better resting place.

25:25

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And [mention] the Day when the heaven will split open with [emerging] clouds, and the angels will be sent down in successive descent.

25:26

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True sovereignty, that Day, is for the Most Merciful. And it will be upon the disbelievers a difficult Day.

25:27

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And the Day the wrongdoer will bite on his hands [in regret] he will say, "Oh, I wish I had taken with the Messenger a way.

25:28

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Oh, woe to me! I wish I had not taken that one as a friend.

25:29

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He led me away from the remembrance after it had come to me. And ever is Satan, to man, a deserter."

25:30

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And the Messenger has said, "O my Lord, indeed my people have taken this Qur'an as [a thing] abandoned."

25:31

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And thus have We made for every prophet an enemy from among the criminals. But sufficient is your Lord as a guide and a helper.

25:32

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And those who disbelieve say, "Why was the Qur'an not revealed to him all at once?" Thus [it is] that We may strengthen thereby your heart. And We have spaced it distinctly.

25:33

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And they do not come to you with an argument except that We bring you the truth and the best explanation.

25:34

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The ones who are gathered on their faces to Hell - those are the worst in position and farthest astray in [their] way.

25:35

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And We had certainly given Moses the Scripture and appointed with him his brother Aaron as an assistant.

25:36

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And We said, "Go both of you to the people who have denied Our signs." Then We destroyed them with [complete] destruction.

25:37

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And the people of Noah - when they denied the messengers, We drowned them, and We made them for mankind a sign. And We have prepared for the wrongdoers a painful punishment.

25:38

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And [We destroyed] 'Aad and Thamud and the companions of the well and many generations between them.

25:39

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And for each We presented examples [as warnings], and each We destroyed with [total] destruction.

25:40

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And they have already come upon the town which was showered with a rain of evil. So have they not seen it? But they are not expecting resurrection.

25:41

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And when they see you, [O Muhammad], they take you not except in ridicule, [saying], "Is this the one whom Allah has sent as a messenger?

25:42

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He almost would have misled us from our gods had we not been steadfast in [worship of] them." But they are going to know, when they see the punishment, who is farthest astray in [his] way.

25:43

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Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire? Then would you be responsible for him?

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