VERSES
99
PAGES
262-267

Name

This Surah takes its name from v. 80.

Period of Revelation

It is clear from its topics and style that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Surah Ibrahim, for two things are quite prominent in its background. First, it appears from the repeated warnings in this Surah that in spite of the fact that the Holy Prophet had been propagating the Message for many years, his people in general had not shown any inclination towards its acceptance nay, they had become more and more obdurate and stubborn in their antagonism, enmity and ridicule with the passage of time. Secondly, by that time the Holy Prophet had begun to feel a little tired of making strenuous efforts to eradicate disbelief and opposition of his people. That is why Allah has consoled and comforted him over and over again by way of encouragement.

Topics and the Central Theme

Though the main topics of the surah are:

  1. warning to those who rejected his Message, opposed it tooth and nail, and ridiculed him, and

  2. comfort and encouragement to the Holy Prophet,

It does not mean that this Surah does not contain admonition and instructions. As a matter of fact, the Quran never confines itself to mere warning; rebuke and censure, but resorts to precept in every suitable place. Accordingly, this Surah contains brief arguments for Tauhid on the one hand, and admonition in the story of Adam and Satan on the other.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

15:7

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Why do you not bring us the angels, if you should be among the truthful?"

15:8

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We do not send down the angels except with truth; and the disbelievers would not then be reprieved.

15:9

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Indeed, it is We who sent down the Qur'an and indeed, We will be its guardian.

15:10

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And We had certainly sent [messengers] before you, [O Muhammad], among the sects of the former peoples.

15:11

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And no messenger would come to them except that they ridiculed him.

15:12

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Thus do We insert denial into the hearts of the criminals.

15:13

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They will not believe in it, while there has already occurred the precedent of the former peoples.

15:14

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And [even] if We opened to them a gate from the heaven and they continued therein to ascend,

15:15

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They would say, "Our eyes have only been dazzled. Rather, we are a people affected by magic."

15:16

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And We have placed within the heaven great stars and have beautified it for the observers.

15:17

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And We have protected it from every devil expelled [from the mercy of Allah ]

15:18

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Except one who steals a hearing and is pursued by a clear burning flame.

15:19

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And the earth - We have spread it and cast therein firmly set mountains and caused to grow therein [something] of every well-balanced thing.

15:20

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And We have made for you therein means of living and [for] those for whom you are not providers.

15:21

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ﭿ

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And there is not a thing but that with Us are its depositories, and We do not send it down except according to a known measure.

15:22

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And We have sent the fertilizing winds and sent down water from the sky and given you drink from it. And you are not its retainers.

15:23

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And indeed, it is We who give life and cause death, and We are the Inheritor.

15:24

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And We have already known the preceding [generations] among you, and We have already known the later [ones to come].

15:25

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And indeed, your Lord will gather them; indeed, He is Wise and Knowing.

15:26

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And We did certainly create man out of clay from an altered black mud.

15:27

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And the jinn We created before from scorching fire.

15:28

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And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "I will create a human being out of clay from an altered black mud.

15:29

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And when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration."

15:30

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So the angels prostrated - all of them entirely,

15:31

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ﯿ

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Except Iblees, he refused to be with those who prostrated.

15:32

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[ Allah ] said, O Iblees, what is [the matter] with you that you are not with those who prostrate?"

15:33

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He said, "Never would I prostrate to a human whom You created out of clay from an altered black mud."

15:34

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[ Allah ] said, "Then get out of it, for indeed, you are expelled.

15:35

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And indeed, upon you is the curse until the Day of Recompense."

15:36

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He said,"My Lord, then reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected."

15:37

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[ Allah ] said, "So indeed, you are of those reprieved

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