VERSES
99
PAGES
262-267

Name

This Surah takes its name from v. 80.

Period of Revelation

It is clear from its topics and style that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Surah Ibrahim, for two things are quite prominent in its background. First, it appears from the repeated warnings in this Surah that in spite of the fact that the Holy Prophet had been propagating the Message for many years, his people in general had not shown any inclination towards its acceptance nay, they had become more and more obdurate and stubborn in their antagonism, enmity and ridicule with the passage of time. Secondly, by that time the Holy Prophet had begun to feel a little tired of making strenuous efforts to eradicate disbelief and opposition of his people. That is why Allah has consoled and comforted him over and over again by way of encouragement.

Topics and the Central Theme

Though the main topics of the surah are:

  1. warning to those who rejected his Message, opposed it tooth and nail, and ridiculed him, and

  2. comfort and encouragement to the Holy Prophet,

It does not mean that this Surah does not contain admonition and instructions. As a matter of fact, the Quran never confines itself to mere warning; rebuke and censure, but resorts to precept in every suitable place. Accordingly, this Surah contains brief arguments for Tauhid on the one hand, and admonition in the story of Adam and Satan on the other.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

قَالَ رَبِّ فَأَنظِرْنِي إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُونَ

Sahih International

He said,"My Lord, then reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected."

قَالَ فَإِنَّكَ مِنَ الْمُنظَرِينَ

Sahih International

[ Allah ] said, "So indeed, you are of those reprieved

ﭿ

إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْوَقْتِ الْمَعْلُومِ

Sahih International

Until the Day of the time well-known."

قَالَ رَبِّ بِمَا أَغْوَيْتَنِي لَأُزَيِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَأُغْوِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Sahih International

[Iblees] said, "My Lord, because You have put me in error, I will surely make [disobedience] attractive to them on earth, and I will mislead them all

إِلَّا عِبَادَكَ مِنْهُمُ الْمُخْلَصِينَ

Sahih International

Except, among them, Your chosen servants."

قَالَ هَٰذَا صِرَاطٌ عَلَيَّ مُسْتَقِيمٌ

Sahih International

[ Allah ] said, "This is a path [of return] to Me [that is] straight.

إِنَّ عِبَادِي لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانٌ إِلَّا مَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ

Sahih International

Indeed, My servants - no authority will you have over them, except those who follow you of the deviators.

وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمَوْعِدُهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Sahih International

And indeed, Hell is the promised place for them all.

لَهَا سَبْعَةُ أَبْوَابٍ لِّكُلِّ بَابٍ مِّنْهُمْ جُزْءٌ مَّقْسُومٌ

Sahih International

It has seven gates; for every gate is of them a portion designated."

إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فِي جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ

Sahih International

Indeed, the righteous will be within gardens and springs.

ادْخُلُوهَا بِسَلَامٍ آمِنِينَ

Sahih International

[Having been told], "Enter it in peace, safe [and secure]."

وَنَزَعْنَا مَا فِي صُدُورِهِم مِّنْ غِلٍّ إِخْوَانًا عَلَىٰ سُرُرٍ مُّتَقَابِلِينَ

Sahih International

And We will remove whatever is in their breasts of resentment, [so they will be] brothers, on thrones facing each other.

لَا يَمَسُّهُمْ فِيهَا نَصَبٌ وَمَا هُم مِّنْهَا بِمُخْرَجِينَ

Sahih International

No fatigue will touch them therein, nor from it will they [ever] be removed.

نَبِّئْ عِبَادِي أَنِّي أَنَا الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

Sahih International

[O Muhammad], inform My servants that it is I who am the Forgiving, the Merciful.

ﯿ

وَأَنَّ عَذَابِي هُوَ الْعَذَابُ الْأَلِيمُ

Sahih International

And that it is My punishment which is the painful punishment.

وَنَبِّئْهُمْ عَن ضَيْفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ

Sahih International

And inform them about the guests of Abraham,

إِذْ دَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ فَقَالُوا سَلَامًا قَالَ إِنَّا مِنكُمْ وَجِلُونَ

Sahih International

When they entered upon him and said, "Peace." [Abraham] said, "Indeed, we are fearful of you."

قَالُوا لَا تَوْجَلْ إِنَّا نُبَشِّرُكَ بِغُلَامٍ عَلِيمٍ

Sahih International

[The angels] said, "Fear not. Indeed, we give you good tidings of a learned boy."

قَالَ أَبَشَّرْتُمُونِي عَلَىٰ أَن مَّسَّنِيَ الْكِبَرُ فَبِمَ تُبَشِّرُونَ

Sahih International

He said, "Have you given me good tidings although old age has come upon me? Then of what [wonder] do you inform?"

قَالُوا بَشَّرْنَاكَ بِالْحَقِّ فَلَا تَكُن مِّنَ الْقَانِطِينَ

Sahih International

They said, "We have given you good tidings in truth, so do not be of the despairing."

قَالَ وَمَن يَقْنَطُ مِن رَّحْمَةِ رَبِّهِ إِلَّا الضَّالُّونَ

Sahih International

He said, "And who despairs of the mercy of his Lord except for those astray?"

ﭿ

قَالَ فَمَا خَطْبُكُمْ أَيُّهَا الْمُرْسَلُونَ

Sahih International

[Abraham] said, "Then what is your business [here], O messengers?"

قَالُوا إِنَّا أُرْسِلْنَا إِلَىٰ قَوْمٍ مُّجْرِمِينَ

Sahih International

They said, "Indeed, we have been sent to a people of criminals,

إِلَّا آلَ لُوطٍ إِنَّا لَمُنَجُّوهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Sahih International

Except the family of Lot; indeed, we will save them all

إِلَّا امْرَأَتَهُ قَدَّرْنَا ۙ إِنَّهَا لَمِنَ الْغَابِرِينَ

Sahih International

Except his wife." Allah decreed that she is of those who remain behind.

فَلَمَّا جَاءَ آلَ لُوطٍ الْمُرْسَلُونَ

Sahih International

And when the messengers came to the family of Lot,

قَالَ إِنَّكُمْ قَوْمٌ مُّنكَرُونَ

Sahih International

He said, "Indeed, you are people unknown."

قَالُوا بَلْ جِئْنَاكَ بِمَا كَانُوا فِيهِ يَمْتَرُونَ

Sahih International

They said, "But we have come to you with that about which they were disputing,

وَأَتَيْنَاكَ بِالْحَقِّ وَإِنَّا لَصَادِقُونَ

Sahih International

And we have come to you with truth, and indeed, we are truthful.

فَأَسْرِ بِأَهْلِكَ بِقِطْعٍ مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ وَاتَّبِعْ أَدْبَارَهُمْ وَلَا يَلْتَفِتْ مِنكُمْ أَحَدٌ وَامْضُوا حَيْثُ تُؤْمَرُونَ

Sahih International

So set out with your family during a portion of the night and follow behind them and let not anyone among you look back and continue on to where you are commanded."

وَقَضَيْنَا إِلَيْهِ ذَٰلِكَ الْأَمْرَ أَنَّ دَابِرَ هَٰؤُلَاءِ مَقْطُوعٌ مُّصْبِحِينَ

Sahih International

And We conveyed to him [the decree] of that matter: that those [sinners] would be eliminated by early morning.

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