VERSES
99
PAGES
262-267

Name

This Surah takes its name from v. 80.

Period of Revelation

It is clear from its topics and style that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Surah Ibrahim, for two things are quite prominent in its background. First, it appears from the repeated warnings in this Surah that in spite of the fact that the Holy Prophet had been propagating the Message for many years, his people in general had not shown any inclination towards its acceptance nay, they had become more and more obdurate and stubborn in their antagonism, enmity and ridicule with the passage of time. Secondly, by that time the Holy Prophet had begun to feel a little tired of making strenuous efforts to eradicate disbelief and opposition of his people. That is why Allah has consoled and comforted him over and over again by way of encouragement.

Topics and the Central Theme

Though the main topics of the surah are:

  1. warning to those who rejected his Message, opposed it tooth and nail, and ridiculed him, and

  2. comfort and encouragement to the Holy Prophet,

It does not mean that this Surah does not contain admonition and instructions. As a matter of fact, the Quran never confines itself to mere warning; rebuke and censure, but resorts to precept in every suitable place. Accordingly, this Surah contains brief arguments for Tauhid on the one hand, and admonition in the story of Adam and Satan on the other.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

15:24

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And We have already known the preceding [generations] among you, and We have already known the later [ones to come].

15:25

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And indeed, your Lord will gather them; indeed, He is Wise and Knowing.

15:26

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And We did certainly create man out of clay from an altered black mud.

15:27

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And the jinn We created before from scorching fire.

15:28

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And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "I will create a human being out of clay from an altered black mud.

15:29

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And when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration."

15:30

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So the angels prostrated - all of them entirely,

15:31

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ﯿ

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Except Iblees, he refused to be with those who prostrated.

15:32

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[ Allah ] said, O Iblees, what is [the matter] with you that you are not with those who prostrate?"

15:33

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He said, "Never would I prostrate to a human whom You created out of clay from an altered black mud."

15:34

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[ Allah ] said, "Then get out of it, for indeed, you are expelled.

15:35

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And indeed, upon you is the curse until the Day of Recompense."

15:36

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He said,"My Lord, then reprieve me until the Day they are resurrected."

15:37

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[ Allah ] said, "So indeed, you are of those reprieved

15:38

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ﭿ

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Until the Day of the time well-known."

15:39

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[Iblees] said, "My Lord, because You have put me in error, I will surely make [disobedience] attractive to them on earth, and I will mislead them all

15:40

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Except, among them, Your chosen servants."

15:41

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[ Allah ] said, "This is a path [of return] to Me [that is] straight.

15:42

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Indeed, My servants - no authority will you have over them, except those who follow you of the deviators.

15:43

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And indeed, Hell is the promised place for them all.

15:44

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It has seven gates; for every gate is of them a portion designated."

15:45

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Indeed, the righteous will be within gardens and springs.

15:46

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[Having been told], "Enter it in peace, safe [and secure]."

15:47

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And We will remove whatever is in their breasts of resentment, [so they will be] brothers, on thrones facing each other.

15:48

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No fatigue will touch them therein, nor from it will they [ever] be removed.

15:49

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[O Muhammad], inform My servants that it is I who am the Forgiving, the Merciful.

15:50

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And that it is My punishment which is the painful punishment.

15:51

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And inform them about the guests of Abraham,

15:52

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When they entered upon him and said, "Peace." [Abraham] said, "Indeed, we are fearful of you."

15:53

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[The angels] said, "Fear not. Indeed, we give you good tidings of a learned boy."

15:54

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He said, "Have you given me good tidings although old age has come upon me? Then of what [wonder] do you inform?"

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