VERSES
30
PAGES
593-594

Name

The Surah is so designated after the word wal-fajr with which it opens.

Period of Revelation

Its contents show that it was revealed at the stage when persecution of the new converts to Islam had begun in Makkah. On that very basis the people of Makkah have been warned of the evil end of the tribes of Ad and Thamud and of Pharaoh.

Theme and Subject Matter

Its theme is to affirm the meting out of rewards and punishments in the Hereafter, which the people of Makkah were not prepared to acknowledge, Let us consider the reasoning in the order in which it has been presented.

First of all, swearing oaths by the dawn, the ten nights, the even and the odd, and the departing night, the listeners have been asked: "Are these things not enough to testify to the truth of that which you are refusing to acknowledge?" From the explanation that we have given of these four things in the corresponding notes, it will become clear that these things are a symbol of the regularity that exists in the night and day, and swearing oaths by these the question has been asked in the sense: Even after witnessing this wise system established by God, do you still need any other evidence to show that it is not beyond the power of that God Who has brought about this system to establish the Hereafter, and that it is the very requirement of his wisdom that He should call man to account for his deeds?

Then, reasoning from man's own history, the evil end of the Ad and the Thamud and Pharaoh has been cited as an example to show that when they transgressed all limits and multiplied corruption in the earth, Allah laid upon them the scourge of His chastisement. This is a proof of the fact that the system of the universe is not being run by deaf and blind forces, nor is the world a lawless kingdom of a corrupt ruler, but a Wise Ruler is ruling over it, the demand of Whose wisdom and justice is continuously visible in the world itself in man's own history that He should call to account, and reward and punish accordingly, the being whom He has blessed with reason and moral sense and given the right of appropriation in the world.

After this, an appraisal has been made of the general moral state of human society of which Arab paganism was a conspicuous example; two aspects of it in particular, have been criticized: first the materialistic attitude of the people on account of which overlooking the moral good and evil, they regarded only the achievement of worldly wealth, rank and position, or the absence of it, as the criterion of honor or disgrace, and had forgotten that neither riches was a reward nor poverty a punishment, but that Allah is trying man in both conditions to see what attitude he adopts when blessed with wealth and how he behaves when afflicted by poverty. Second, the people's attitude under which the orphan child in their society was left destitute on the death of the father. Nobody asked after the poor; whoever could, usurped the whole heritage left by the deceased parent, and drove away the weak heirs fraudulently. The people were so afflicted with an insatiable greed for wealth that they were never satisfied however much they might hoard and amass. This criticism is meant to make them realize as to why the people with such an attitude and conduct in the life of the world should not be called to account for their misdeeds.

The discourse has been concluded with the assertion that accountability shall certainly be held and it will be held on the Day when the Divine Court will be established. At that time the deniers of the judgment will understand that which they are not understanding now in spite of instruction and admonition, but understanding then will be of no avail. The denier will regret and say, "Would that I had provided for this Day beforehand while I lived in the world." But his regrets will not save him from Allah's punishment. However, as for the people who would have accepted the Truth, which the heavenly books and the Prophets of God were presenting, with full satisfaction of the heart in the world, Allah will be pleased with them and they will be well pleased with the rewards bestowed by Allah. They will be called upon to join the righteous and enter Paradise.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَأَمَّا إِذَا مَا ابْتَلَاهُ فَقَدَرَ عَلَيْهِ رِزْقَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَهَانَنِ

Sahih International

But when He tries him and restricts his provision, he says, "My Lord has humiliated me."

Urdu

اور جب (دوسری طرح) آزماتا ہے کہ اس پر روزی تنگ کر دیتا ہے تو کہتا ہے کہ (ہائے) میرے پروردگار نے مجھے ذلیل کیا

كَلَّا ۖ بَل لَّا تُكْرِمُونَ الْيَتِيمَ

Sahih International

No! But you do not honor the orphan

Urdu

نہیں بلکہ تم لوگ یتیم کی خاطر نہیں کرتے

وَلَا تَحَاضُّونَ عَلَىٰ طَعَامِ الْمِسْكِينِ

Sahih International

And you do not encourage one another to feed the poor.

Urdu

اور نہ مسکین کو کھانا کھلانے کی ترغیب دیتے ہو

وَتَأْكُلُونَ التُّرَاثَ أَكْلًا لَّمًّا

Sahih International

And you consume inheritance, devouring [it] altogether,

Urdu

اور میراث کے مال سمیٹ کر کھا جاتے ہو

وَتُحِبُّونَ الْمَالَ حُبًّا جَمًّا

Urdu

اور مال کو بہت ہی عزیز رکھتے ہو

Sahih International

And you love wealth with immense love.

كَلَّا إِذَا دُكَّتِ الْأَرْضُ دَكًّا دَكًّا

Urdu

تو جب زمین کی بلندی کوٹ کوٹ کو پست کر دی جائے گی

Sahih International

No! When the earth has been leveled - pounded and crushed -

وَجَاءَ رَبُّكَ وَالْمَلَكُ صَفًّا صَفًّا

Urdu

اور تمہارا پروردگار (جلوہ فرما ہو گا) اور فرشتے قطار باندھ باندھ کر آ موجود ہوں گے

Sahih International

And your Lord has come and the angels, rank upon rank,

وَجِيءَ يَوْمَئِذٍ بِجَهَنَّمَ ۚ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَتَذَكَّرُ الْإِنسَانُ وَأَنَّىٰ لَهُ الذِّكْرَىٰ

Sahih International

And brought [within view], that Day, is Hell - that Day, man will remember, but what good to him will be the remembrance?

Urdu

اور دوزخ اس دن حاضر کی جائے گی تو انسان اس دن متنبہ ہو گا مگر تنبہ (سے) اسے (فائدہ) کہاں (مل سکے گا)

يَقُولُ يَا لَيْتَنِي قَدَّمْتُ لِحَيَاتِي

Sahih International

He will say, "Oh, I wish I had sent ahead [some good] for my life."

Urdu

کہے گا کاش میں نے اپنی زندگی (جاودانی کے لیے) کچھ آگے بھیجا ہوتا

فَيَوْمَئِذٍ لَّا يُعَذِّبُ عَذَابَهُ أَحَدٌ

Sahih International

So on that Day, none will punish [as severely] as His punishment,

Urdu

تو اس دن نہ کوئی خدا کے عذاب کی طرح کا (کسی کو) عذاب دے گا

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