VERSES
206
PAGES
151-176

Name

This Surah takes its name from vv. 46-47 in which mention of A'araf occurs.

Period of Revelation

A study of its contents clearly shows that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Al-An'am, i. e., the last year of the Holy Prophet's life at Makkah, but it cannot be asserted with certainty which of these two was sent down earlier. Anyhow the manner of its admonition clearly indicates that it belongs to the same period. As both have the same historical background the reader should keep in view the preface to Al-An'am.

Topics of Discussion

The principal subject of this surah is "invitation to the Divine Message sent down to Muhammad" (Allah's peace be upon him), which is couched in a warning. This is because the Messenger had spent a long time in admonishing the people of Makkah without any tangible effect on them. Nay, they had turned a deaf ear to his message and become so obdurate and antagonistic that, in accordance with the Divine Design, the Messenger was going to be commanded to leave them and turn to other people,. That is why they are being admonished to accept the Message but, at the same time, they are being warned in strong terms of the consequences that followed the wrong attitude of the former people towards their Messengers. (Now that the Holy Prophet was going to" migrate from Makkah the concluding portion of the address has been directed towards the people of the Book with whom he was going to come into contact. This meant that the time of migration was coming near and the "invitation" was going to be extended to mankind in general, and was not to be confined to his own people in particular as before.

During the course of the address to the Jews, the consequences of their hypocritical conduct towards Prophethood have also been pointed out clearly, for they professed to believe in Prophet Moses but in practice opposed his teachings, disobeyed him and worshiped falsehood and consequently were afflicted with ignominy and disgrace.

At the end of the Surah, some instructions have been given to the Holy Prophet and his followers for carrying out the work of the propagation of Islam with wisdom. The most important of these is that they should show patience and exercise restraint in answer to the provocations of their opponents. Above all, they have been advised that under stress of the excitement of feeling, they should not take any wrung step that might harm their cause.

Subject: Invitation to the Divine Message

Topics and their Interconnection

In this passage, the people have been invited to follow the Message sent down to them through Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) and warned of the consequences of its rejection. 1 - 10

The story of Adam has been related with a view to warning his descendants against the evil devices of Satan who is ever ready to mislead them as he did in the case of Adam and Eve. 11 - 25

This passage contains some Divine instructions, and contrasts these with Satan's instructions, and depicts a graphic picture of the results and the consequences of the two. 26 - 53

As the Message has been sent down by Allah (Who is the Creator of the heavens and the earth and everything in them), it should be followed, for it is like the rain He sends down to give life to the dead earth. 54 - 58

Events from the lives of some well-known Prophets - Noah, Hud, Salih, Lot, Shu`aib, Moses (Allah's peace be upon them all) -- have been related to show the consequences of the rejection of the Message, and the addressees of Prophet Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) have been admonished to accept and follow the Message in order to escape perdition. 59 - 171

As the Covenant with the Israelites was mentioned at the end of the preceding passage, the whole mankind has been reminded very appropriately of the Covenant that was made at the time of the appointment of Adam as the Vicegerent of Allah so that all of his descendants should remember it and accept and follow the Message that was delivered by the Holy Prophet. 172 - 174

The example of the one who had the knowledge of the Message but discarded it, has been cited as a warning to those who were treating the Message as false; they have been exhorted to use their faculties to recognize the Message; otherwise Hell would be there abode. 175 - 179

In this concluding portion of the Surah, some deviations of those who do not use their faculties properly to understand the Message have been dealt with and they have been admonished, reproved and warned of the serious consequences of their antagonistic attitude towards the Message of the Holy Prophet. 180 - 198

In conclusion, instructions have been given to the Holy Prophet, and through him to his followers, about the attitude they should adopt towards those who reject the Message and deviate from it. 199 - 206

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

إِنَّ وَلِيِّيَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْكِتَابَ ۖ وَهُوَ يَتَوَلَّى الصَّالِحِينَ

Sahih International

Indeed, my protector is Allah , who has sent down the Book; and He is an ally to the righteous.

Turkish

"Zira benim velim, o kitabi indiren Allah'tir. Ve O, salih kullarina sahip çikar."

German

Mein Beschützer ist Gott, Allah, Der das Buch herabgesandt hat. Er beschützt die Rechtschaffenen.

وَالَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِهِ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ نَصْرَكُمْ وَلَا أَنفُسَهُمْ يَنصُرُونَ

German

Die Götzen, die ihr anstelle Gottes anbetet, können euch nicht, ja nicht einmal sich selbst, helfen.

Turkish

"Sizin Allah'tan baska taptiklariniz ise ne size yardim edebilirler, ne de kendi kendilerine yardimlari dokunur."

Sahih International

And those you call upon besides Him are unable to help you, nor can they help themselves."

وَإِن تَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَى الْهُدَىٰ لَا يَسْمَعُوا ۖ وَتَرَاهُمْ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَيْكَ وَهُمْ لَا يُبْصِرُونَ

Turkish

"Siz onlari dogru yola çagiracak olsaniz da duymazlar." Onlarin sana baktiklarini görürsün, bakarlar, ama görmezler.

Sahih International

And if you invite them to guidance, they do not hear; and you see them looking at you while they do not see.

German

Wenn ihr sie aufruft, euch rechtzuleiten, hören sie nicht. Sie scheinen dich anzuschauen, doch sie sehen nicht.

خُذِ الْعَفْوَ وَأْمُرْ بِالْعُرْفِ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْجَاهِلِينَ

Turkish

Sen yine de affa saril, iyiligi emret ve cahillerden yüz çevir.

Sahih International

Take what is given freely, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the ignorant.

German

Du sollst Nachsicht üben und das dem gesunden Menschenverstand Verständliche gebieten und dich nicht um die Törichten kümmern.

ﭿ

وَإِمَّا يَنزَغَنَّكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ نَزْغٌ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

Sahih International

And if an evil suggestion comes to you from Satan, then seek refuge in Allah . Indeed, He is Hearing and Knowing.

German

Wenn dir der Teufel Böses zuflüstern sollte, suche Zuflucht bei Gott! Er hört alles und weiß alles.

Turkish

Eger seytandan bir vesvese, bir gicik gelirse hemen Allah'a sigin. Muhakkak ki, Allah hakkiyla isiten, kemaliyle bilendir.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا إِذَا مَسَّهُمْ طَائِفٌ مِّنَ الشَّيْطَانِ تَذَكَّرُوا فَإِذَا هُم مُّبْصِرُونَ

German

Wenn eine Anwandlung des Satans die Gottesfürchtigen überkommt, vergegenwärtigen sie sich Gott, so daß sie gleichsam nach Erblindung wieder sehen.

Sahih International

Indeed, those who fear Allah - when an impulse touches them from Satan, they remember [Him] and at once they have insight.

Turkish

Allah'tan korkanlar, kendilerine seytandan bir vesvese ilistigi zaman, durup düsünürler de derhal kendi basiretlerine sahib olurlar.

وَإِخْوَانُهُمْ يَمُدُّونَهُمْ فِي الْغَيِّ ثُمَّ لَا يُقْصِرُونَ

Sahih International

But their brothers - the devils increase them in error; then they do not stop short.

Turkish

Seytanlarin kardeslerine gelince, onlar öbürlerini sapikliga sürüklerler, sonra da yakalarini birakmazlar.

German

Doch werden die Ungläubigen durch ihre satanischen Brüder unentwegt auf Irrwege geleitet.

وَإِذَا لَمْ تَأْتِهِم بِآيَةٍ قَالُوا لَوْلَا اجْتَبَيْتَهَا ۚ قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَتَّبِعُ مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ مِن رَّبِّي ۚ هَٰذَا بَصَائِرُ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

German

Wenn du den Ungläubigen nicht das von ihnen geforderte Zeichen bringst, sagen sie dir: "Du mußt es dringend von deinem Herrn fordern!" Sprich: "Ich befolge nur die Offenbarung, die mir von meinem Herrn eingegeben wird. Hier, im Koran, sind Beweise von eurem Herrn, die der gesunde Menschenverstand einsieht, Rechtleitung und Barmherzigkeit für die Gläubigen."

Sahih International

And when you, [O Muhammad], do not bring them a sign, they say, "Why have you not contrived it?" Say, "I only follow what is revealed to me from my Lord. This [Qur'an] is enlightenment from your Lord and guidance and mercy for a people who believe."

Turkish

Onlara (arzularina göre) bir âyet getirmedigin zaman, derleyip toplasaydin ya derler, sen de de ki; ben ancak Rabbimden bana ne vahyolunuyorsa ona uyarim, iste bütünüyle bu Kur'ân, Rabbinizden gelen basiretlerdir (kalp gözünü açacak beyanlardir), iman eden bir kavim için hidayettir, rahmettir.

وَإِذَا قُرِئَ الْقُرْآنُ فَاسْتَمِعُوا لَهُ وَأَنصِتُوا لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

German

Wenn der Koran vorgetragen wird, sollt ihr ihm Gehör schenken und ihm aufmerksam zuhören, auf daß Gott euch in Seine Barmherzigkeit aufnimmt.

Sahih International

So when the Qur'an is recited, then listen to it and pay attention that you may receive mercy.

Turkish

Kur'ân okundugu zaman, hemen susup onu dinleyin, umulur ki, rahmete nâil olursunuz.

وَاذْكُر رَّبَّكَ فِي نَفْسِكَ تَضَرُّعًا وَخِيفَةً وَدُونَ الْجَهْرِ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصَالِ وَلَا تَكُن مِّنَ الْغَافِلِينَ

Sahih International

And remember your Lord within yourself in humility and in fear without being apparent in speech - in the mornings and the evenings. And do not be among the heedless.

Turkish

Sabah aksam demeden, kendi içinden, korkarak ve yalvararak, alçak sesle Rabbini an ve gafillerden olma.

German

Und gedenke innig deines Herrn, demütig und ehrfürchtig, und gedenke Seiner morgens und abends ständig ohne laute Worte! Reihe dich nicht unter die Achtlosen, die sich Gott nicht ständig vergegenwärtigen!

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