The Surah takes its name Al Mu'min from verse 28, implying thereby, that it is a Surah in which Al Mu'min (the Believer of Pharaoh's people) has been mentioned.

Period of Revelation

According to Ibn 'Abbas and Jabir bin Zaid, this Surah was sent down consecutively after Surah Az-Zumar, and its present position in the order of the Surahs in the Quran is the same as its chronological order.

Background of Revelation

There are clear indications in the subject matter of this Surah to the conditions in which it was revealed. The disbelievers of Makkah at that time were engaged in two kinds of the activities against the Holy Prophet. First, they were creating every kind of suspicion and misgiving in the minds of the people about the teaching of the Quran and the message of Islam and about the Holy Prophet himself by starting many disputes and discussions, raising irrelevant objections and bringing ever new accusations so that the Holy Prophet and the believers were sick of trying to answer them. Second, they were preparing the ground for putting an end to the Holy Prophet himself. They were devising one plot after the other, and on one occasion had even taken the practical steps to execute a plot. Bukhari has related a tradition on the authority of Hadrat Abdullah bin Amr bin 'As saying that one day when the Holy Prophet was offering his Prayer in the precinct's of the Kabbah, suddenly 'Uqbah bin Abi Mu'ait, rushed forward and putting a piece of cloth round his neck started twisting it so as to strangle him to death. Hadrat Abu Bakr, who happened to go there in time, pushed him away. Hadrat Abdullah says that when Abu Bakr was struggling with the cruel man, he was saying words to the effect: "Would you kill a man only because he says: Allah is my Lord?" With a little variation this event has also been mentioned in Ibn Hisham, Nasa'i and Ibn Abi Hatim .

Theme and Topics

Both aspects of this have been clear]y stated at the very outset, and then the whole following discourse is a most effective and instructive review of them.

As an answer to the conspiracies of murder, the story of the Believer of the people of Pharaoh has been narrated (vv. 23 - 55) and through this story three different lessons have been taught to the three groups:

  1. The disbelievers have been admonished: "Whatever you intend to do against Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace), the same did the Pharaoh with his might intend against the Prophet Moses. Now, would you like to meet with the same fate with which he met by plotting such conspiracies ?"

  2. The Prophet Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace) and his followers have been taught the lesson: "These wicked people may apparently be very strong and powerful and you very weak and helpless against them, yet you should rest assured that the might of that God Whose Word you are trying to raise high is superior to every other power. Therefore, you should only seek Allah's refuge in response to every and any dreadful threat that they utter against you, and then busy yourself after this in fearlessly performing your mission. The God-worshiper has only one answer to every threat of the tyrant: `I have taken refuge in my Lord and your Lord against every arrogant person who does not believe in the Day of Reckoning.' (v. 27) Thus, if you go on performing your mission fearless of every danger and with full trust in God, His succor will ultimately reach you, and the Pharaohs of today shall be doomed just as the Pharaohs of yesterday. Till that time you will have to face and bear patiently every wave of persecution and tyranny that may be directed against you."

  3. Besides these two, there was a third group of the people also in the society, who had been convinced in their hearts that the Truth was only on the side of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace), and that the disbelieving Quraish were being unjust and cruel. But in spite of the conviction they were watching quietly and unconcerned the conflict between the Truth and falsehood. Allah here has aroused their conscience as if to say: "When the enemies of the Truth have openly plotted, in front of your very eyes, it would be a sad reflection on you if you still remained indifferent. Under such conditions, unless a person's conscience has wholly become dead, he should rise and perform the duty, which a righteous man from among the courtiers of Pharaoh himself had performed at a time when the Pharaoh had made up his mind to kill the Prophet Moses. The circumstances that prevent you from raising your voice had also obstructed the way of the Believer, but he had full faith in Allah and disregarded all expediency; then note that the Pharaoh was not able to do him any harm."

Now as for the conspiracies, which were continuing in Makkah day and night to defeat the Truth, on the one hand, arguments have been given to prove the doctrines of Tauhid and the Hereafter as true, which were the real basis of the dispute between the Holy Prophet and the disbelievers, and it has been stated plainly and openly that the disbelievers are wrangling over those truths without any knowledge. On the other, the motives which were the real cause of the Quraishite chiefs' conflict against the Holy Prophet, have been exposed. Apparently they were trying to have the common people believe that they had some genuine objections against the teaching of the Prophet and his claim to prophethood; that is why they were not prepared to listen to him. But, in fact, this was their struggle for power. In verse 56, they have been openly warned, so as to say" "The real cause of your denial is your arrogance and vanity. You think that if you acknowledge the prophethood of Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace), your power and authority will come to an end. That is why you are straining every nerve to frustrate and defeat him."

In the same connection, the disbelievers have been warned again and again to the effect:"If you do not desist from wrangling against the Revelations of Allah, you will be doomed to the same fate as the nations of the past. Much worse torment awaits you in the Hereafter. Then you will repent, but it will be too late.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran


قَالَ الَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا إِنَّا كُلٌّ فِيهَا إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ حَكَمَ بَيْنَ الْعِبَادِ

Sahih International

Those who had been arrogant will say, "Indeed, all [of us] are in it. Indeed, Allah has judged between the servants."


Orang-orang yang sombong angkuh itu menjawab: "Sebenarnya kita semua menderita bersama-sama dalam neraka (tidak ada jalan untuk kita melepaskan diri), kerana sesungguhnya Allah telah menetapkan hukumanNya di antara sekalian hambaNya "

وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ فِي النَّارِ لِخَزَنَةِ جَهَنَّمَ ادْعُوا رَبَّكُمْ يُخَفِّفْ عَنَّا يَوْمًا مِّنَ الْعَذَابِ

Sahih International

And those in the Fire will say to the keepers of Hell, "Supplicate your Lord to lighten for us a day from the punishment."


Dan berkatalah pula orang-orang yang ada dalam neraka kepada malaikat-malaikat penjaga neraka Jahannam: "Pohonkanlah kepada Tuhan kamu, supaya Ia meringankan sedikit azab seksa dari kami, barang sehari".

قَالُوا أَوَلَمْ تَكُ تَأْتِيكُمْ رُسُلُكُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ ۖ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ ۚ قَالُوا فَادْعُوا ۗ وَمَا دُعَاءُ الْكَافِرِينَ إِلَّا فِي ضَلَالٍ

Sahih International

They will say, "Did there not come to you your messengers with clear proofs?" They will say, "Yes." They will reply, "Then supplicate [yourselves], but the supplication of the disbelievers is not except in error."


Malaikat penjaga neraka menjawab: "Bukankah kamu telah didatangi Rasul-rasul kamu dengan membawa keterangan-keterangan (yang menyatakan akibat perbuatan derhaka kamu)?" Mereka menjawab: "Ya, telah datang". Malaikat itu berkata: "Jika demikian, maka berdoalah kamu sendiri. Dan doa permohonan orang-orang yang kafir pada saat ini hanya menyebabkan mereka berada dalam keadaan dukacita dan kecewa sahaja".

إِنَّا لَنَنصُرُ رُسُلَنَا وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَيَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْأَشْهَادُ

Sahih International

Indeed, We will support Our messengers and those who believe during the life of this world and on the Day when the witnesses will stand -


Sesungguhnya Kami tetap membela serta mempertahankan Rasul-rasul Kami dan orang-orang yang beriman - dalam kehidupan dunia ini dan pada saat bangkitnya saksi-saksi (pada hari kiamat)

يَوْمَ لَا يَنفَعُ الظَّالِمِينَ مَعْذِرَتُهُمْ ۖ وَلَهُمُ اللَّعْنَةُ وَلَهُمْ سُوءُ الدَّارِ


(Iaitu) pada hari yang tidak berguna bagi orang-orang yang zalim dalihan-dalihan mereka untuk melepaskan diri, dan mereka akan beroleh laknat, serta mereka beroleh seburuk-buruk tempat tinggal.

Sahih International

The Day their excuse will not benefit the wrongdoers, and they will have the curse, and they will have the worst home.


وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْهُدَىٰ وَأَوْرَثْنَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ الْكِتَابَ


Dan demi sesungguhnya! Kami telah memberikan Nabi Musa hidayah petunjuk dan Kami berikan kaum Bani Israil mewarisi Kitab Taurat,

Sahih International

And We had certainly given Moses guidance, and We caused the Children of Israel to inherit the Scripture

هُدًى وَذِكْرَىٰ لِأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ


Sebagai hidayah petunjuk dan peringatan bagi orang-orang yang berakal sempurna.

Sahih International

As guidance and a reminder for those of understanding.

فَاصْبِرْ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنبِكَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ بِالْعَشِيِّ وَالْإِبْكَارِ

Sahih International

So be patient, [O Muhammad]. Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth. And ask forgiveness for your sin and exalt [ Allah ] with praise of your Lord in the evening and the morning.


(Setelah engkau mengetahui perihal Nabi Musa dan umatnya) maka bersabarlah (wahai Muhammad, dalam perjuangan menegakkan Islam); sesungguhnya janji Allah (untuk menjayakanmu) adalah benar. Dan pohonlah ampun bagi salah silapmu, serta bertasbihlah dengan memuji Tuhanmu pada waktu pagi dan petang.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ سُلْطَانٍ أَتَاهُمْ ۙ إِن فِي صُدُورِهِمْ إِلَّا كِبْرٌ مَّا هُم بِبَالِغِيهِ ۚ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ

Sahih International

Indeed, those who dispute concerning the signs of Allah without [any] authority having come to them - there is not within their breasts except pride, [the extent of] which they cannot reach. So seek refuge in Allah . Indeed, it is He who is the Hearing, the Seeing.


Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang membantah mengenai maksud ayat-ayat Tuhanmu dengan tidak berdasarkan sebarang bukti yang sampai kepada mereka (dari pihak yang diakui benarnya), tidak ada dalam dada mereka melainkan perasaan mahukan kebesaran (untuk mengatasimu), kemahuan yang mereka tidak sekali-kali akan dapat mencapainya. Oleh itu mintalah perlindungan kepada Allah (dari angkara mereka); sesungguhnya Dia lah jua Yang Maha Mendengar, lagi Maha Melihat.

لَخَلْقُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ أَكْبَرُ مِنْ خَلْقِ النَّاسِ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Sahih International

The creation of the heavens and earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most of the people do not know.


Demi sesungguhnya, menciptakan langit dan bumi (dari tiada kepada ada) lebih besar (dan lebih menakjubkan) daripada menciptakan manusia dan menghidupkannya semula (sesudah matinya); akan tetapi kebanyakan manusia (yang mengingkari hari kiamat) tidak mengetahui.