VERSES
176
PAGES
77-106

Period of Revelation

This Surah comprises several discourses which were revealed on different occasions during the period ranging probably between the end of A.H. 3 and the end of A.H. 4 or the beginning of A.H. 5. Although it is difficult to determine the exact dates of their revelations, yet it is possible to assign to them a fairly correct period with the help of the Commandments and the events mentioned therein and the Traditions concerning them. A few instances are given below by way of illustration:

  1. We know that the instructions about the division of inheritance of the martyrs and for the safeguard of the rights of the orphans were sent down after the Battle of Uhd in which 70 Muslims were killed. Then naturally the question of the division of the inheritance of the martyrs and the safeguard of the rights of their orphans arose in many families at Al-Madinah. From this we conclude that vv. 1 -28 were revealed on that occasion.

  2. We learn from the Traditions that the Commandment about salat during war time was given on the occasion of Zat-ur-Riqa'a, an expedition which took place in A. H. 4. From this we conclude that the discourse containing v. 102 was revealed on that occasion.

  3. The last warning (v. 47) to the Jews was given before the Banu Nadir were exiled from Al-Madinah in Rabi'-ulAwwal, A. H. 4. From this it may safely be concluded that the discourse containing v. 47 must have been revealed some time before that date.

  4. The permission about tayammum (the performance of ablutions with pure dust, in case no water be available) was given during the Bani-al-Mustaliq expedition, which took place in A. H. 5.. Therefore the probable period of the revelation of the discourse containing v. 43 was A. H. 5.

Topics and Their Background

Let us now consider the social and historical considerations of the period in order to understand the Surah. All the discourses in this Surah deal with three main problems which confronted the Holy Prophet at the time. First of all, he was engaged in bringing about an all round development of the Islamic Community that had been formed at the time of his migration to Al-Madinah. For this purpose he was introducing new moral, cultural, social, economic and political ways in place of the old ones of the pre-Islamic period. The second thing that occupied his attention and efforts was the bitter struggle that was going on with the mushrik Arabs, the Jewish clans and the hypocrites who were opposing tooth and nail his mission of reform. Above all he had to propagate Islam in the face of the bitter opposition of these powers of evil with a view to capturing more and more minds and hearts.

Accordingly, detailed instructions have been given for the consolidation and strengthening of the Islamic Community in continuation of those given in Al-Baqarah. Principles for the smooth running of family life have been laid down and ways of settling family disputes have been taught. Rules have been prescribed for marriage and rights of wife and husband have been apportioned fairly and equitably. The status of women in the society has been determined and the declaration of the rights of orphans has been made laws and regulations have been laid down for the division of inheritance, and instructions have been given to reform economic affairs. The foundation of the penal code has been laid down drinking has been prohibited, and instructions have been given for cleanliness and purity. The Muslims have been taught the kind of relations good men should have with their Allah and fellow men. Instructions have been given for the maintenance of discipline in the Muslim Community.

The moral and religious condition of the people of the Book has been reviewed to teach lessons to the Muslims and to forewarn them to refrain from following in their footsteps. The conduct of the hypocrites has been criticized and the distinctive features of hypocrisy and true faith have been clearly marked off to enable the Muslims to distinguish between the two.

In order to cope with the aftermath of the Battle of Uhd, Inspiring discourses were sent down to urge the Muslims to face the enemy bravely, for the defeat in the Battle had so emboldened the mushrik Arab clans and the neighboring Jews and the hypocrites at home that they were threatening the Muslims on all sides. At this critical juncture, Allah filled the Muslims with courage and gave them such instructions as were needed during that period of war clouds. In order to counteract the fearful rumors that were being spread by the hypocrites and the Muslims of weak faith, they were asked to make a thorough inquiry into them and to inform the responsible people about them. Then they were experiencing some difficulties in offering their salat during the expeditions to some places where no water was available for performing their ablutions, etc. In such cases they were allowed to cleanse themselves with pure earth and to shorten the salat or to offer the "Salat of Fear", when they were faced with danger. Instructions were also given for the solution of the puzzling problem of those Muslims who were scattered among the unbelieving Arab clans and were often involved in war. They were asked to migrate to Al-Madinah, the abode of Islam.

This Surah also deals with the case of Bani Nadir who were showing a hostile and menacing attitude, in spite of the peace treaties they had made with the Muslims. They were openly siding with the enemies of Islam and hatching plots against the Holy Prophet and the Muslim Community even at Al-Madinah itself. They were taken to task for their inimical behavior and given a final warning to change their attitude, and were at last exiled from Al-Madinah on account of their misconduct.

The problem of the hypocrites, who had become very troublesome at that time, was involving the Believers in difficulties-- Therefore they were divided into different categories to enable the Muslims to deal with them appropriately.

Clear instructions were also given regarding the attitude they should adopt towards the non-belligerent clans. The most important thing needed at that time was to prepare the Muslims for the bitter struggle with the opponents of Islam. For this purpose greatest importance was attached to their character building, for it was obvious that the small Muslim Community could only come out successful, nay, survive, if the Muslims possessed high moral character. They were, therefore, enjoined to adopt the highest moral qualities and were severely criticized whenever any moral weakness was detected in them.

Though this Surah mainly deals with the moral and social reforms, yet due attention has been paid to propagation of Islam. On the one hand, the superiority of the Islamic morality and culture has been established over that of the Jews, Christians and mushriks; on the other hand, their wrong religious conceptions, their wrong morality and their evil acts have been criticized to prepare the ground for inviting them to the way of the Truth.

Subject: Consolidation of the Islamic Community

The main object of this Surah is to teach the Muslims the ways that unite a people and make them firm and strong. Introductions for the stability of family, which is the nucleus of community have been given. Then they have been urged to prepare themselves for defense. Side by side with these, they have been taught the importance of the propagation of Islam. Above all, the importance of the highest moral character in the scheme of consolidation of the Community has been impressed.

Topics and their Interconnection

Just, fair and equitable laws and regulations for the smooth running of family life have been laid down for the husband and wife. Detailed instructions have been given for the division of inheritance and due regard has been paid to the rights of orphans. 1 - 35

In order to inculcate the right spirit for the observance of rules and regulations, the Muslims have been enjoined to show generosity to all around them and to be free from meanness, selfishness, stinginess of mind, because this is essential for the consolidation of the Communities and helpful for the propagation of Islam. 36 - 42

The ways of the purification of mind and body for the offering of Salat have been taught because it plays the most important part in every scheme of moral and social reform. 43

After moral preparation, instructions for defense have been given. First of all, the Muslims have been warned to be on their guard against the cunning machinations and vile practices of the local Jews who were hostile to the New Movement. This caution was necessary for removing some possible misunderstanding that might have arisen on account of the pre-Islamic alliance between the people of Al-Madinah and the Jews. 44 - 57

Then they have been enjoined to place their trusts and offices of trust in the custody of honest and qualified persons, and to do what is just and right, and to obey Allah and His Messenger and those among themselves entrusted with the conduct of their affairs and to turn to Allah and His Messenger for the settlement of their disputes. As such an attitude and behavior alone can ensure consolidation, they have been strongly warned that any deviation from this path will lead to their disintegration. 58 - 72

After this pre-requisite, they have been exhorted to make preparation for defense and to fight bravely for the cause of Islam, without showing any kind of cowardice or weakness. They have also been warned to be on their guard against hypocrites. A line of demarcation has been drawn to distinguish the intentional shirkers from the helpless devotees. 73 - 100

Here again instructions have been given for the offering of Salat during military campaigns and actual fighting. This is to impress the importance of Salat even at the time of fear and danger. 101 - 103

Before proceeding on to the next topic, the Muslims have been exhorted to persevere in their fight without showing any kind of weakness. 104

In order to make the Islamic Community firm and strong for defense, the Muslims have been enjoined to observe the highest standard of justice. The Muslims are required to deal out strict justice even in case of the enemy, with whom they might be involved in war. They should also settle disputes between husband and wife with justice. In order to ensure this, they should keep their beliefs and deeds absolutely free from every kind of impurity and should become the standard bearers of justice. 105 - 135

Resuming the theme of defense, the Muslims have been warned to be on their guard against their enemies. They have been admonished to take necessary precautions against the machinations of the hypocrites and the unbelievers and the people of the Book. As belief in Allah, and Revelation and Life-after-death is the only safeguard against every kind of enemy, they should sincerely believe in and follow His Messenger, Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him). 136 - 175

Though this verse also deals with the family laws contained in verses 1 - 35, it has been added as a supplement at the end of this Surah because it was revealed long after An-Nisa was being recited as a complete Surah. 176

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ يُرِيدُونَ أَن يَتَحَاكَمُوا إِلَى الطَّاغُوتِ وَقَدْ أُمِرُوا أَن يَكْفُرُوا بِهِ وَيُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَن يُضِلَّهُمْ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا

French

N'as-tu pas vu ceux qui prétendent croire à ce qu'on a fait descendre vers toi [prophète] et à ce qu'on a fait descendre avant toi ? Ils veulent prendre pour juge le Tagut, alors que c'est en lui qu'on leur a commandé de ne pas croire. Mais le Diable veut les égarer très loin, dans l'égarement.

Chinese

難道你沒有看見嗎?自稱確信降示你的經典和在你之前降示的經典的人,欲向惡魔起訴——同時他們已奉令不要信仰他——而惡魔欲使他們深入迷誤中。

Turkish

Sunlari görmüyor musun? Kendilerinin sana indirilene ve senden önce indirilene inandiklarini ileri sürüyorlar da taguta inanmamalari kendilerine emrolundugu halde, tagut önünde muhakemelesmek istiyorlar. Seytan da onlari bir daha dönemeyecekleri kadar iyice sapikliga düsürmek istiyor.

Thai

เจ้ามิได้มองดูบรรดาผู้ที่อ้างตนว่าพวกเขาศรัทธาต่อสิ่งที่ถูกประทานลงมาแก่เจ้าและสิ่งที่ถูกประทานลงมาก่อนเจ้าดอกหรือ ? โดยที่เขาเหล่านั้นต้องการที่จะให้การแก่อัฏฏอฆูต ทั้ง ๆ ที่พวกเขาถูกใช้ให้ปฏิเสธมันและชัยฏอนนั้นต้องการที่จะให้พวกเขาหลงทางที่ห่างไกล

German

Wie seltsam sind jene Menschen, die behaupten, sie glaubten an die Offenbarung, die du erhalten hast und die Offenbarungen, die es vor dir gab, aber trotzdem auf das Urteil der bösen Mächte zurückgreifen wollen, obgleich ihnen doch befohlen worden war, sie zu leugnen. Der Satan will sie weit in die Irre führen.

Sahih International

Have you not seen those who claim to have believed in what was revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what was revealed before you? They wish to refer legislation to Taghut, while they were commanded to reject it; and Satan wishes to lead them far astray.

Polish

Czy ty nie widziałeś tych, którzy twierdzą, że uwierzyli w to, co im zostało objawione, i w to, co zostało objawione przed tobą? Oni chcą się poddać pod sąd bożka Saguta, a przecież zostało im nakazane, by w niego nie wierzyli. Szatan chce ich sprowadzić na dalekie bezdroża.

Dutch

Hebt gij hen niet gezien, die beweren, aan datgene te gelooven wat u is geopenbaard en wat vóór u werd geopenbaard? Zij verlangen voor Thagut te worden gericht, hoewel het hun verboden is, in hem te gelooven. Maar satan wil hen ver van de waarheid leiden.

Japanese

あなたは,かのあなたに下されたもの,およびあなた以前に下されたものを信じると,ただロ走っている者たちを見なかったのか。かれらは邪神を拒むよう,命じられているにも拘らず,その(争議の)裁定のため,互いに邪神に頼ろうと望んでいる。また悪魔は,かれらが(正道から)遠く迷い去るように導こうと望んでいる。

Spanish

¿No has visto a quienes pretenden creer en lo que se te ha revelado a ti y en lo que se ha revelado antes de ti? Quieren recurrir al arbitraje de los taguts, a pesar de que se les ha ordenado no creer en ellos. El Demonio quiere extraviarles profundamente.

ﭿ

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَعَالَوْا إِلَىٰ مَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ وَإِلَى الرَّسُولِ رَأَيْتَ الْمُنَافِقِينَ يَصُدُّونَ عَنكَ صُدُودًا

Dutch

En wanneer men hun zegt: Keert tot het boek terug, dat den godsgezant van boven is nedergezonden, ziet gij de goddeloozen zich met tegenzin van u afwenden.

Spanish

Cuando se les dice: «¡Venid a lo que Alá ha revelado, venid al Enviado!», ves que los hipócritas se apartan de ti completamente.

Sahih International

And when it is said to them, "Come to what Allah has revealed and to the Messenger," you see the hypocrites turning away from you in aversion.

Chinese

有人對他們說:「你們來向真主和使者起訴吧」,你會看到偽信者回避你。

German

Sagt man ihnen: "Kommt zur Offenbarung, die Gott herabgesandt hat, und zum Gesandten!", wenden sich die Heuchler, wie du siehst, entschieden von dir ab.

Turkish

Onlara: "Allah'in indirdigine ve Peygambere gelin!" denince, münafiklarin senden büsbütün uzaklastiklarini görürsün.

French

Et lorsqu'on leur dit : "Venez vers ce qu'Allah a fait descendre et vers le Messager", tu vois les hypocrites s'écarter loin de toi.

Thai

และเมื่อถูกล่าวแก่พวกเขาว่า ท่านทั้งหลายจงมายังสิ่งที่อัลลอฮฺได้ประทานลงมา และยังร่อซูลเถิด เจ้าก็ได้เห็นพวกมุนาฟิก เหล่านั้นผินหลังให้แก่เจ้าจริง ๆ

Japanese

かれらに向かって「アッラーが下されたもの,また使徒のもとに来なさい。」と告げられた時,にせ信者たちは,嫌って,きっとあなたから背き去るのを見るであろう。

Polish

A Kiedy się im mówi: "Przychodźcie do tego, co objawił Bóg, i do Posłańca!" - ty widzisz, jak obłudnicy odwracają się od ciebie całkowicie.

فَكَيْفَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ بِمَا قَدَّمَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ ثُمَّ جَاءُوكَ يَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ إِنْ أَرَدْنَا إِلَّا إِحْسَانًا وَتَوْفِيقًا

German

Wie würde es ihnen ergehen, wenn eine Plage sie wegen ihrer Untaten heimsuchte? Sie würden dich dann aufsuchen und dir bei Gott schwören: "Wir wollten nichts anderes als das Gute und das Versöhnliche."

Sahih International

So how [will it be] when disaster strikes them because of what their hands have put forth and then they come to you swearing by Allah , "We intended nothing but good conduct and accommodation."

Spanish

¿Qué harán, entonces, cuando les aflija una desgracia por lo que ellos mismos han cometido y vengan a ti, jurando por Alá: «No queríamos sino hacer bien y ayudar»?

French

Comment (agiront-ils) quand un malheur les atteindra, à cause de ce qu'ils ont préparé de leurs propres mains ? Puis ils viendrons alors prés de toi, jurant par Allah : "Nous n'avons voulu que le bien et la réconciliation".

Japanese

ところがかれらが自ら手を下したことのために,災難にあった時はどうであろう。その時かれらはあなたの許に来て,アッラーに誓けて,「わたしたちは,只好意と調停とを望んだだけだ。」と誓って言うであろう。

Dutch

Maar wat zullen zij doen, aan welke, als een gevolg van het werk hunner eigen handen, een groot ongeluk zal overkomen? Zij zullen tot u komen en bij God zweren, dat zij slechts het goede en de eendracht verlangen.

Polish

I jakże to będzie, kiedy dosięgnie ich jakieś nieszczęście za to, co pierwej uczyniły ich ręce? I kiedy oni potem przyjdą do ciebie, przysięgając na Boga: "My nie chcieliśmy niczego innego, jak tylko czynienia dobra i udzielania pomocy"?

Thai

แล้วจะเป็นอย่างไรเล่า เมื่อมีเหตุร้ายใด ๆ ประสบแก่พวกเขา เนื่องจากสิ่งที่มือของพวกเขาได้ประกอบขึ้น แล้วพวกเขาก็มาหาเจ้าโดยสาบานต่ออัลลอฮฺว่า พวกเรามิได้ต้องการนอกจากการทำดีและให้มีการปรองดองกันเท่านั้น

Turkish

Ya nasil, elleriyle yaptiklari yüzünden baslarina bir felaket gelince, hemen sana geldiler de: "Biz sadece iyilik etmek ve arayi bulmak istedik." diye Allah'a yemin ediyorlar.

Chinese

因為曾經犯了罪而遭遇災難,然後,他們會來見你而指真主發誓說:「我們只圖親善與和解。」在那時,你將怎麼辦呢?

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ وَعِظْهُمْ وَقُل لَّهُمْ فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ قَوْلًا بَلِيغًا

German

Gott weiß, was diese Menschen in ihren Herzen verbergen. Kümmere dich nicht um ihr Gerede! Belehre sie und rede mit Worten auf sie ein, die sie erreichen!

Dutch

God weet, wat in de harten dier menschen is verborgen; laat hen daarom alleen. Waarschuw hen en richt een woord tot hen, opdat hunne zielen daarvan worden doordrongen.

Spanish

Esos tales son aquéllos de quienes Alá conoce lo que encierran sus corazones ¡Apártate de ellos, amonéstales, diles palabras persuasivas que se apliquen a su caso!

Sahih International

Those are the ones of whom Allah knows what is in their hearts, so turn away from them but admonish them and speak to them a far-reaching word.

Turkish

Onlar, Allah'in kalblerindekini bildigi kimselerdir; Onlara aldirma, onlara ögüt ver ve onlarin içlerine tesir edecek güzel söz söyle!

Japanese

これらの者の心の中に抱くことを,アッラーは知っておられる。だからこれを意にとめず,かれらに訓戒し,魂に徹する言葉で呼びかけなさい。

Chinese

這等人,真主是知道他們的心事的,故你當寬恕他們,當勸戒他們,當對他們說驚心動魄的話。

Thai

ชนเหล่านี้แหละคือผู้ที่อัลลอฮฺทรงรู้สิ่งที่อยู่ในหัวใจของพวกเขา ดังนั้นเจ้าจงผินหลังให้แก่พวกเขา และจงตักเตือนพวกเขาและจงกล่าวแก่พวกเขาในเรื่องที่เกี่ยวกับตัวของพวกเขาอย่างสาแก่ใจ

Polish

To są ci, o których Bóg wie, co znajduje się w ich sercach. Odwróć się więc od nich, napominaj ich i powiedz im o nich samych słowa przekonywujące!

French

Voilà ceux dont Allah sait ce qu'ils ont dans leurs coeurs. Ne leur tiens donc pas rigueur, exhorte-les, et dis-leur sur eux-mêmes des paroles convaincantes.

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا لِيُطَاعَ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ جَاءُوكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللَّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُوا اللَّهَ تَوَّابًا رَّحِيمًا

Japanese

われが使徒を遣わしたのは,唯アッラーの御許しの許に服従,帰依させるためである。もしかれらが間違った時あなたの許に来て,アッラーの御容赦を願い,使徒が,かれらのために御赦しを祈るならば,かれらはアッラーが,度々許される御方,慈悲深い御方であられることが分かるであろう。

German

Wir haben nie einen Gesandten entboten, außer, damit ihm, mit der Erlaubnis Gottes, gehorcht werde. Wenn sie, nachdem sie sich selbst unrecht getan hatten, ihre Untat erkannt, dich aufgesucht und Gott um Vergebung angefleht hätten, und der Gesandte hätte für sie um Verzeihung gebeten, dann hätten sie Gott voller Vergebung und Barmherzigkeit gefunden.

French

Nous n'avons envoyé de Messager que pour qu'il soit obéi, par la permission d'Allah. Si, lorsqu'ils ont fait du tort à leurs propres personnes ils venaient à toi en implorant le pardon d'Allah et si le Messager demandait le pardon pour eux, ils trouveraient, certes, Allah, Très Accueillant au repentir, Miséricordieux.

Thai

และเรามิได้ส่งร่อซูลคนใดมานอกจากเพื่อให้เขาได้รับการเชื่อฟัง ด้วยอนุมัติของอัลลอฮฺเท่านั้น และแม้ว่าพวกเขานั้นขณะที่พวกเขาอธรรมแก่ตัวเอง ได้มาหาเจ้า แล้วขออภัยโทษต่ออัลออฮ์และร่อซูลก็ได้ขออภัยโทษให้แก่พวกเขาด้วยแล้วแน่นอน พวกเขาก็ย่อมพบว่าอัลลอฮฺนั้นคือผู้ทรงอภัยโทษ ผู้ทรงเมตตาเสมอ

Dutch

Wij hebben geen apostel gezonden, dan opdat hij door het verlof van God mocht worden gehoorzaamd; maar indien zij, nadat zij hunne eigen zielen hebben beleedigd, tot u komen en God vergiffenis vragen, en de godsgezant vraagt vergiffenis voor hen, zullen zij God zeker tot vergeving gezind en barmhartig vinden.

Spanish

No hemos mandado a ningún Enviado sino para, con permiso de Alá, ser obedecido. Si, cuando fueron injustos consigo mismos, hubieran venido a ti y pedido el perdón de Alá, y si el Enviado hubiera también pedido el perdón por ellos, habrían encontrado a Alá indulgente, misericordioso.

Chinese

我派遣使者,只為要人奉真主的命令而服從他。他們自欺的時候,假若他們來見你,而且向真主求饒,使者也替他們求饒,那末,他們必發現真主是至宥的,是至慈的。

Polish

Jeśli wysłaliśmy jakiegoś posłańca, to tylko po to, aby był słuchany - za pozwoleniem Boga. A gdyby oni, kiedy sami sobie wyrządzają niesprawiedliwość, przyszli do ciebie, poprosili Boga o przebaczenie i poprosiłby o przebaczenie dla nich Posłaniec, to znaleźliby Boga jako przyjmującego nawrócenie, litościwego.

Sahih International

And We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed by permission of Allah . And if, when they wronged themselves, they had come to you, [O Muhammad], and asked forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Accepting of repentance and Merciful.

Turkish

Biz hangi peygamberi gönderdikse, sirf Allah'in izni ile itaat edilmek üzere gönderdik. Eger onlar kendilerine zulmettikleri zaman sana gelseler de Allah'tan günahlarinin bagislanmasini dileselerdi ve Resul de onlarin bagislanmasini dileseydi, elbette Allah'i affedici, merhametli bulurlardi.

فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّىٰ يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِّمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا

Polish

Ale nie! Na twego Pana! Oni nie uwierzą, dopóki nie uczynią ciebie sędzią w tym, co jest przedmiotem sporu między nimi. Potem nie znajdą już w sobie sprzeciwu co do tego, co rozstrzygnąłeś, i poddadzą się całkowicie.

French

Non ! ... Par ton Seigneur ! Ils ne seront pas croyants aussi longtemps qu'ils ne t'auront demandé de juger de leurs disputes et qu'ils n'auront éprouvé nulle angoisse pour ce que tu auras décidé, et qu'ils se soumettent complètement [à ta sentence].

Japanese

だがあなたがたの主に誓けてそうではないのである。かれらは信しないであろう。かれらの間の紛争に就いてあなたの裁定を仰ぎ,あなたの判決したことに,かれら自身不満を感じず,心から納得して信服するまでは。

German

Nein, sie können gewiß nicht eher als Gläubige gelten, bis sie dich über ihre Streitfragen entscheiden lassen, deine Entscheidung willig annehmen und sich völlig fügen.

Chinese

指你的主發誓,他們不信道,直到他們請你判決他們之間的紛爭,而他們的心裡對於你的判決毫無芥蒂,並且他們完全順服,

Dutch

Ik zweer bij uwen God, zij zullen niet geloovig zijn, dan nadat zij u rechter over hunne geschillen zullen hebben gemaakt, en niets in te brengen hebbende tegen hetgeen gij hebt beslist, zullen zij zich daaraan geheel onderwerpen.

Thai

มิใช่เช่นนั้นดอก ข้าขอสาบานด้วยพระเจ้าของเจ้าว่า เขาเหล่านั้นจะยังไม่ศรัทธาจนกว่าพวกเขาจะให้เจ้าตัดสินในสิ่งที่ขัดแย้งกันระหว่างพวกเขาแล้วพวกเขาไม่พบความ คับใจใด ๆ ในจิตใจของพวกเขาจากสิ่งที่เจ้าได้ตัดสินใจ และพวกเขายอมจำนนด้วยดี

Sahih International

But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission.

Turkish

Hayir! Rabbine andolsun ki is bildikleri gibi degil, onlar aralarinda çikan çekismeli islerde seni hakem yapip sonra da senin verdigin hükme karsi içlerinde hiçbir sikinti duymaksizin, tam bir teslimiyetle boyun egmedikçe iman etmis olamazlar.

Spanish

Pero ¡no, por tu Señor! No creerán hasta que te hayan hecho juez de su disputa; entonces, ya no encontrarán en sí mismos dificultad en aceptar tu decisión y se adherirán plenamente.

وَلَوْ أَنَّا كَتَبْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَنِ اقْتُلُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ أَوِ اخْرُجُوا مِن دِيَارِكُم مَّا فَعَلُوهُ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ مِّنْهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ فَعَلُوا مَا يُوعَظُونَ بِهِ لَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَّهُمْ وَأَشَدَّ تَثْبِيتًا

Polish

Jeślibyśmy im przykazali: "Zabijajcie się!" albo też: "Wychodźcie z waszych domostw!" - uczyniliby to tylko nieliczni z nich. Gdyby uczynili to, do czego zostali napomniani, to byłoby lepsze dla nich i mocniejsze dla ich utwierdzenia.

French

Si Nous leur avions prescrit ceci : "Tuez-vous vous-mêmes", ou "Sortez de vos demeures", ils ne l'auraient pas fait, sauf un petit nombre d'entre eux. S'ils avaient fait ce à quoi on les exhortait, cela aurait été certainement meilleur pour eux, et (leur foi) aurait été plus affermie.

Dutch

Indien wij hun hadden bevolen, zich zelven te dooden, of hunne huizen te verlaten, zouden zij het, eenigen van hen uitgezonderd, niet gedaan hebben. En indien zij gedaan hadden wat hun bevolen werd, waarlijk, het zou beter voor hen zijn geweest, en meer geschikt om hun geloof te bevestigen.

Japanese

仮令われがかれらに「身命を棒げなさい。」,または,「家から出て行け。」と命じても,かれらの中少数の者の外は,そうしなかったであろう。もしかれらが,勧められるように行ったならば,きっとかれらのためにも善いことであり,もっと(信仰も)強まったのだが。

German

Wenn Wir ihnen vorgeschrieben hätten, den Tod nicht zu scheuen oder die Heimat zu verlassen, um zu kämpfen, hätten sie es nicht getan, ausgenommen wenige unter ihnen. Wenn sie das befolgt hätten, wozu sie ermahnt worden waren, wäre es für sie gut gewesen und für ihr Inneres eine starke Festigung.

Spanish

Si les hubiéramos prescrito: «¡Mataos unos a otros!» o «¡Salid de vuestros hogares!», no lo habrían hecho, salvo unos pocos de ellos. Pero, si se hubieran conformado a las exhortaciones recibidas, habría sido mejor para ellos y habrían salido más fortalecidos.

Thai

และแม้นว่าเราได้กำหนดแก่พวกเขาว่า พวกเจ้าจงฆ่าตัวของพวกเจ้าเองหรือจงออกไปจากหมู่บ้านของพวกเจ้า พวกเขาก็ไม่กระทำตามกำหนดนั้น นอกจากเพียงเล็กน้อยในหมู่พวกเขาเท่านั้น และแม้ว่าพวกเขาได้กระทำตามสิ่งที่พวกเขาได้รับคำแนะนำแล้ว แน่นอนก็เป็นสิ่งดียิ่งแก่พวกเขา และเป็นสี่งที่ทำให้มั่นคงยิ่ง

Sahih International

And if We had decreed upon them, "Kill yourselves" or "Leave your homes," they would not have done it, except for a few of them. But if they had done what they were instructed, it would have been better for them and a firmer position [for them in faith].

Chinese

假若我命令他們說:「你們自殺或離鄉吧!」他們除少數人外,都不遵命。假若他們遵行自己所受的勸戒,這對於他們必定是裨益更多的,使他們的信仰更加堅定的。

Turkish

Eger biz onlara: "Kendinizi öldürün, veya yurtlarinizdan çikin." diye yazmis olsaydik, içlerinden pek azi hariç, bunu yapamazlardi. Fakat kendilerine verilen ögütleri tutsalardi, elbette haklarinda hem daha hayirli, hem de daha saglam olurdu.

وَإِذًا لَّآتَيْنَاهُم مِّن لَّدُنَّا أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

Turkish

Ve o zaman elbette kendilerine katimizdan büyük mükafat verirdik.

French

Alors Nous leur aurions donné certainement, de Notre part, une grande récompense,

Polish

I wtedy dostaliby od Nas nagrodę ogromną

Spanish

les habríamos dado entonces, por parte Nuestra, una magnífica recompensa

Chinese

如果那樣,我必定賞賜他們從我那裡發出的重大的報酬,

German

Wir hätten ihnen einen überaus großen Lohn von Uns gewährt.

Thai

และถ้าเช่นนั้นแล้ว แน่นอนเราก็จะให้แก่พวกเขา ซึ่งรางวัลอันใหญ่หลวงจากที่เรานี้เอง

Dutch

Wij zouden hen rijkelijk beloond

Sahih International

And then We would have given them from Us a great reward.

Japanese

その時は,わが許から必ず偉大な報奨を授け,

وَلَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ صِرَاطًا مُّسْتَقِيمًا

Japanese

われは正しい道に,かれらを必ず導ぐのである。

Turkish

Ve onlari elbette dogru yola iletirdik.

Spanish

y les habríamos dirigido por una vía recta.

French

et Nous les aurions guidé certes vers un droit chemin.

Thai

และแน่นอน เราก็จะแนะนำแก่พวกเขาซึ่งทางอันเที่ยงตรง

German

Und Wir hätten sie zum geraden Weg geleitet.

Polish

I poprowadzilibyśmy ich drogą prostą.

Chinese

我必定指引他們一條正路。

Dutch

En op den rechten weg geleid hebben.

Sahih International

And We would have guided them to a straight path.

ﭿ

وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ ۚ وَحَسُنَ أُولَٰئِكَ رَفِيقًا

Dutch

Zij, die in God en den profeet gelooven, zullen onder hen zijn, die God genadig was; onder de profeten, de oprechten, de martelaars, de godvruchtigen, en dat is het uitmuntendste gezelschap.

Sahih International

And whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger - those will be with the ones upon whom Allah has bestowed favor of the prophets, the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous. And excellent are those as companions.

German

Die Gläubigen, die Gott und dem Gesandten gehorchen, gesellen sich im Jenseits zu den Propheten, zu den wahren Anhängern, Märtyrern und Rechtschaffenen, denen Gott Gnade erwiesen hat. Das sind die besten Gefährten.

Polish

A kto posłucha Boga i Jego Posłańca, będzie wraz z tymi, którym Bóg okazał dobroć: z prorokami i sprawiedliwymi, z męczennikami i świętymi. Jakże oni są piękni jako towarzysze!

Thai

และผู้ใดที่เชื่อฟังอัลลอฮฺ และร่อซูลแล้วชนเหล่านี้จะอยู่ร่วมกับบรรดาผู้ที่อัลลอฮฺทรงกรุณาเมตตาแก่พวกเขา อันได้แก่บรรดานะบี บรรดาผู้ที่เชื่อโดยดุษฏี บรรดาผู้ที่เสียชีวิตในสงคราม และบรรดาผู้ที่ประพฤติดี และชนเหล่านี้แหละเป็นเพื่อนที่ดี

French

Quiconque obéit à Allah et au Messager... ceux-là seront avec ceux qu'Allah a comblés de Ses bienfaits : les prophètes, les véridiques, les martyrs, et les vertueux. Et quels compagnons que ceux-là !

Turkish

Kim Allah'a ve Peygambere itaat ederse iste onlar, Allah'in kendilerine nimet verdigi peygamberlerle, siddiklarla, sehidlerle, iyilerle birliktedir. Bunlar ne güzel arkadastir!

Chinese

凡服從真主和使者的人,都與真主所祜祐的眾先知,忠信的人,誠篤的人,善良的人同在。這等人,是很好的伙伴。

Spanish

Quienes obedecen a Alá y al Enviado, están con los profetas, los veraces, los testigos y los justos a los que Alá ha agraciado. ¡Qué buena compañía!

Japanese

アッラーと使徒に従う者は,アッラーが恩恵を施された預言者たち,誠実な者たち,殉教者たちと正義の人々の仲間となる。これらは何と立派な仲間であることよ。

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