The Surah takes its name from the two letters of the alphabet with which it begins.

Period of Revelation

A study of the style shows that it was either sent down during the last stage of the middle Makkan period, or it is one of those Surahs, which were sent down during the last stage of the Holy Prophet's stay at Makkah.

Subject Matter and Theme

The object of the discourse is to warn the Quraish of the consequences of not believing in the Prophethood of Muhammad (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) and of resisting and opposing it with tyranny, ridicule and mockery. The aspect of the warning is dominant and conspicuous although along with repeatedly giving the warnings, arguments also have been given for the correct understanding by the people.

Arguments have been given for three things: (1) For Tauhid, from the signs of the universe and from common sense; (2) for the Hereafter, from the signs of the universe, from common sense and from man's own existence itself; and (3) for the Prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad, from the fact that he was facing all kinds of hardships in the preaching of his message without any selfish motive, and from this that whatever he was inviting the people to was rational and reasonable, accepting which was in the people's own interest.

On the strength of these arguments, themes of reprobation, reproof and warning have been presented repeatedly in a highly forceful manner, so that hearts are shaken up and those which have any capacity for accepting the truth left in them should not remain unmoved.

Imam Ahmad, Abu Daud, Nasai, Ibn Majah and Tabarani have related on the authority of Hadrat Ma'qil bin Yasar that the Holy Prophet said:"Surah Ya Sin is the heart of the Qur'an."This is similar to describing the Surah Al Fatiha has the Umm al Qur'an (the essence or core of the Qur'an), because Al Fatihah contains the sum and substance of the teaching of the whole Quran. The Surah Ya Sin has been called the throbbing heart of the Qur'an because it presents the message of the Qur'an in a most forceful manner, which breaks the inertness and stirs the spirit of man to action.

Again Imam Ahmad, Aba Da'ud and Ibn Majah have related from the same Ma'qil bin Yasar that the Holy Prophet said: "Recite Surah Ya Sin to the dying ones among you." The object is not only to revive and refresh the whole Islamic creed in the mind of the dying person but also bring before him, in particular, a complete picture of the Hereafter so that he may know what stages he would have to pass through after crossing the stage of this worldly life. In view of this, it would be desirable that along with the recitation of the Surah Ya Sin its translation also is made for the benefit of the person who does not know Arabic so that the purpose of the admonition is duly fulfilled.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran



فَلَا يَحْزُنكَ قَوْلُهُمْ ۘ إِنَّا نَعْلَمُ مَا يُسِرُّونَ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ

Dr. Ghali

So do not let their saying grieve you. Surely We know whatever they keep secret and whatever they make public.


(நபியே!) அவர்களுடைய பேச்சு உம்மை விசனப்படுத்த வேண்டியதில்லை. அவர்கள் (தங்கள் மனத்தில்) மறைப்பபதையும் அவர்கள் பகிரங்கப்படுத்துவதையும் நிச்சயமாக நாம் நன்கறிவோம்.

أَوَلَمْ يَرَ الْإِنسَانُ أَنَّا خَلَقْنَاهُ مِن نُّطْفَةٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ خَصِيمٌ مُّبِينٌ

Dr. Ghali

And has not man seen that We created him of a sperm-drop? Then, only then, is he evidently a constant adversary.


மனிதனை ஒரு துளி இந்திரியத்திலிருந்து நாமே நிச்சயமாகப் படைத்தோம் என்பதை அவன் பார்க்கவில்லையா? அவ்வாறிருந்தும், அவன் (நமக்கு) வெளிப்படையான தர்க்க வாதியாகி விடுகிறான்.

وَضَرَبَ لَنَا مَثَلًا وَنَسِيَ خَلْقَهُ ۖ قَالَ مَن يُحْيِي الْعِظَامَ وَهِيَ رَمِيمٌ

Dr. Ghali

And he has struck for Us a similitude and forgotten his creation. He has said, "Who will give life to the bones (after) they are rotten?"


மேலும், அவன் தன் படைப்பை (தான் படைக்கப்பட்டதெப்படி என்பதை) மறந்துவிட்டு, அவன் நமக்காக ஓர் உதாரணத்தையும் கூறுகின்றான்; "எலும்புகள் அவை மக்கிப் போய் விட்ட பின் அவற்றை உயிர்ப்பிப்பது யார்?" என்று.

قُلْ يُحْيِيهَا الَّذِي أَنشَأَهَا أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ ۖ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ خَلْقٍ عَلِيمٌ

Dr. Ghali

Say, "He will give them life, (He) Who brought them into being the first time, and He is Ever-Knowing of every (kind) of creation,


"முதல் முதலில் அவற்றை உண்டு பண்ணியவனே (பின்னும்) அவற்றுக்கு உயிர் கொடுப்பான். அவன் எல்லாவகைப் படைப்புகளையும் நன்கறிந்தவன்" என்று (நபியே!) நீர் கூறுவீராக!

الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنَ الشَّجَرِ الْأَخْضَرِ نَارًا فَإِذَا أَنتُم مِّنْهُ تُوقِدُونَ

Dr. Ghali

Who has made for you out of the green trees fire; then, only then, from it you do kindle."


"பசுமையான மரத்திலிருந்து உங்களுக்காக நெருப்பை உண்டாக்குபவனும் அவனே அதிலிருந்தே நீங்கள் (தீ) மூட்டுகிறீர்கள்.

أَوَلَيْسَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَىٰ أَن يَخْلُقَ مِثْلَهُم ۚ بَلَىٰ وَهُوَ الْخَلَّاقُ الْعَلِيمُ

Dr. Ghali

And is not (The One) Who created the heavens and the earth (always) Determiner over creating the like of them? Yes indeed, and He is The Superb Creator, The Ever-Knowing.


வானங்களையும் பூமியையும் படைத்தவன், அவர்களைப் போன்றவர்களபை; படைக்கச் சக்தியற்றவனா? ஆம் (சக்தியுள்ளவனே!) மெய்யாகவே, அவனே (பல வகைகளையும்) படைப்பவன்; யாவற்றையும் நன்கறிந்தவன்.

إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُ إِذَا أَرَادَ شَيْئًا أَن يَقُولَ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ


எப்பொருளையேனும் அவன் (படைக்க) நாடினால், அதற்கு அவன் கட்டளையிடுவதெல்லாம்; "குன்" (ஆகிவிடுக) என்று கூறுவதுதான்; உடனே அது ஆகிவிடுகிறது.

Dr. Ghali

Surely His Command, if He wills a thing, is only to say to it, "Be!" and it is.

فَسُبْحَانَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ مَلَكُوتُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

Dr. Ghali

So All Extolment be to Him in Whose Hand is the Dominion of everything, and to Him you will be returned. way could they be passing, nor could they return


ஆகவே, எல்லாப் பொருட்களின் ஆட்சியும் எவன் கையிலிருக்கிறதோ அவனே மிகத் தூய்மையானவன், அவனிடமே நீங்கள் மீள்விக்கப்படுவீர்கள்.