VERSES
54
PAGES
428-434

Name

The Surah takes its name from verse 15 in which the word Saba has occurred, which implies that it is the Surah in which mention has been made of Saba (i. e. the Sabaeans).

Period of Revelation

The exact period of its revelation is not known from any reliable tradition. However, the style shows that it is either the middle or the early Makkan period. If it is the middle period, it was probably its initial stage when the persecution had not yet become tyrannical and the Islamic movement was being suppressed only by resort to derision and ridicule, rumor mongering, false allegations and casting of evil suggestions in the people's minds.

Theme and Subject Matter

The Surah deals with those objections of the disbelievers, which they were raising against the Holy Prophet's message of Tauhid and the Hereafter, and about his Prophethood itself, mostly in the form of absurd allegations and taunts and mockery. These objections have been answered, sometimes by citing them and sometimes without citing them, and the discourse itself shows which objection is being answered at a particular place. The answers mostly take the form of instruction and admonition and argument, but at some places the disbelievers have been warned also of the evil consequences, of their stubbornness. In this connection, the stories of the Sabaeans and the Prophets David and Solomon have been related to impress this lesson: "You have both these historical precedents before you. On the one hand, there were the Prophets David and Solomon, who had been blessed by Allah with great powers and such grandeur and glory as had been granted to hardly any people before them. In spite of this, they were not proud and arrogant, but remained grateful servants of their Lord. They were never rebellious. On the other hand, there were the people of Saba, who, when blessed by Allah, became proud, and were consequently so thoroughly destroyed and dispersed as to be remembered only in myths and legends. With these precedents in view, you may see and judge for yourselves as to which bind of the life is better: that which is built on belief in Tauhid and the Hereafter and the attitude of gratefulness to Allah, or that which is based on disbelief and shirk and denial of the Hereafter and the worship of the world."

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

قُل لَّكُم مِّيعَادُ يَوْمٍ لَّا تَسْتَأْخِرُونَ عَنْهُ سَاعَةً وَلَا تَسْتَقْدِمُونَ

Sahih International

Say, "For you is the appointment of a Day [when] you will not remain thereafter an hour, nor will you precede [it]."

Urdu

کہہ دو کہ تم سے ایک دن کا وعدہ ہے جس سے نہ ایک گھڑی پیچھے رہوگے اور نہ آگے بڑھو گے

ﯿ

وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَن نُّؤْمِنَ بِهَٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ وَلَا بِالَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ ۗ وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذِ الظَّالِمُونَ مَوْقُوفُونَ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ يَرْجِعُ بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَىٰ بَعْضٍ الْقَوْلَ يَقُولُ الَّذِينَ اسْتُضْعِفُوا لِلَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا لَوْلَا أَنتُمْ لَكُنَّا مُؤْمِنِينَ

Sahih International

And those who disbelieve say, "We will never believe in this Qur'an nor in that before it." But if you could see when the wrongdoers are made to stand before their Lord, refuting each other's words... Those who were oppressed will say to those who were arrogant, "If not for you, we would have been believers."

Urdu

اور جو کافر ہیں وہ کہتے ہیں کہ ہم نہ تو اس قرآن کو مانیں گے اور نہ ان (کتابوں) کو جو ان سے پہلے کی ہیں اور کاش (ان) ظالموں کو تم اس وقت دیکھو جب یہ اپنے پروردگار کے سامنے کھڑے ہوں گے اور ایک دوسرے سے ردوکد کر رہے ہوں گے۔ جو لوگ کمزور سمجھے جاتے تھے وہ بڑے لوگوں سے کہیں گے کہ اگر تم نہ ہوتے تو ہم ضرور مومن ہوجاتے

قَالَ الَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ اسْتُضْعِفُوا أَنَحْنُ صَدَدْنَاكُمْ عَنِ الْهُدَىٰ بَعْدَ إِذْ جَاءَكُم ۖ بَلْ كُنتُم مُّجْرِمِينَ

Sahih International

Those who were arrogant will say to those who were oppressed, "Did we avert you from guidance after it had come to you? Rather, you were criminals."

Urdu

بڑے لوگ کمزوروں سے کہیں گے کہ بھلا ہم نے تم کو ہدایت سے جب وہ تمہارے پاس آچکی تھی روکا تھا؟ (نہیں) بلکہ تم ہی گنہگار تھے

ﭿ

وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ اسْتُضْعِفُوا لِلَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا بَلْ مَكْرُ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ إِذْ تَأْمُرُونَنَا أَن نَّكْفُرَ بِاللَّهِ وَنَجْعَلَ لَهُ أَندَادًا ۚ وَأَسَرُّوا النَّدَامَةَ لَمَّا رَأَوُا الْعَذَابَ وَجَعَلْنَا الْأَغْلَالَ فِي أَعْنَاقِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۚ هَلْ يُجْزَوْنَ إِلَّا مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Sahih International

Those who were oppressed will say to those who were arrogant, "Rather, [it was your] conspiracy of night and day when you were ordering us to disbelieve in Allah and attribute to Him equals." But they will [all] confide regret when they see the punishment; and We will put shackles on the necks of those who disbelieved. Will they be recompensed except for what they used to do?

Urdu

اور کمزور لوگ بڑے لوگوں سے کہیں گے (نہیں) بلکہ (تمہاری) رات دن کی چالوں نے (ہمیں روک رکھا تھا) جب تم ہم سے کہتے تھے کہ ہم خدا سے کفر کریں اور اس کا شریک بنائیں۔ اور جب وہ عذاب کو دیکھیں گے تو دل میں پشیمان ہوں گے۔ اور ہم کافروں کی گردنوں میں طوق ڈال دیں گے۔ بس جو عمل وہ کرتے تھے ان ہی کا ان کو بدلہ ملے گا

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا فِي قَرْيَةٍ مِّن نَّذِيرٍ إِلَّا قَالَ مُتْرَفُوهَا إِنَّا بِمَا أُرْسِلْتُم بِهِ كَافِرُونَ

Urdu

اور ہم نے کسی بستی میں کوئی ڈرانے والا نہیں بھیجا مگر وہاں کے خوش حال لوگوں نے کہا کہ جو چیز تم دے کر بھیجے گئے ہو ہم اس کے قائل نہیں

Sahih International

And We did not send into a city any warner except that its affluent said, "Indeed we, in that with which you were sent, are disbelievers."

وَقَالُوا نَحْنُ أَكْثَرُ أَمْوَالًا وَأَوْلَادًا وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمُعَذَّبِينَ

Urdu

اور (یہ بھی) کہنے لگے کہ ہم بہت سا مال اور اولاد رکھتے ہیں اور ہم کو عذاب نہیں ہوگا

Sahih International

And they said, "We are more [than the believers] in wealth and children, and we are not to be punished."

قُلْ إِنَّ رَبِّي يَبْسُطُ الرِّزْقَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ وَيَقْدِرُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Urdu

کہہ دو کہ میرا رب جس کے لئے چاہتا ہے روزی فراخ کردیتا ہے (اور جس کے لئے چاہتا ہے) تنگ کردیتا ہے لیکن اکثر لوگ نہیں جانتے

Sahih International

Say, "Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it], but most of the people do not know."

وَمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُكُم بِالَّتِي تُقَرِّبُكُمْ عِندَنَا زُلْفَىٰ إِلَّا مَنْ آمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَأُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ جَزَاءُ الضِّعْفِ بِمَا عَمِلُوا وَهُمْ فِي الْغُرُفَاتِ آمِنُونَ

Sahih International

And it is not your wealth or your children that bring you nearer to Us in position, but it is [by being] one who has believed and done righteousness. For them there will be the double reward for what they did, and they will be in the upper chambers [of Paradise], safe [and secure].

Urdu

اور تمہارا مال اور اولاد ایسی چیز نہیں کہ تم کو ہمارا مقرب بنا دیں۔ ہاں (ہمارا مقرب وہ ہے) جو ایمان لایا اور عمل نیک کرتا رہا۔ ایسے ہی لوگوں کو ان کے اعمال کے سبب دگنا بدلہ ملے گا اور وہ خاطر جمع سے بالاخانوں میں بیٹھے ہوں گے

وَالَّذِينَ يَسْعَوْنَ فِي آيَاتِنَا مُعَاجِزِينَ أُولَٰئِكَ فِي الْعَذَابِ مُحْضَرُونَ

Sahih International

And the ones who strive against Our verses to cause [them] failure - those will be brought into the punishment [to remain].

Urdu

جو لوگ ہماری آیتوں میں کوشش کرتے ہیں کہ ہمیں ہرا دیں وہ عذاب میں حاضر کئے جائیں گے

ﯿ

قُلْ إِنَّ رَبِّي يَبْسُطُ الرِّزْقَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ وَيَقْدِرُ لَهُ ۚ وَمَا أَنفَقْتُم مِّن شَيْءٍ فَهُوَ يُخْلِفُهُ ۖ وَهُوَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ

Sahih International

Say, "Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts [it] for him. But whatever thing you spend [in His cause] - He will compensate it; and He is the best of providers."

Urdu

کہہ دو کہ میرا پروردگار اپنے بندوں میں سے جس کے لئے چاہتا ہے روزی فراخ کردیتا ہے اور (جس کے لئے چاہتا ہے) تنگ کردیتا ہے اور تم جو چیز خرچ کرو گے وہ اس کا (تمہیں) عوض دے گا۔ اور وہ سب سے بہتر رزق دینے والا ہے

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