VERSES
34
PAGES
411-414

Name

The Surah has been named Luqman after Luqman the Sage, whose admonitions to his son have been related in vv. 12-19 of this Surah.

Period of Revelation

A perusal of the subject matter shows that it was sent down in the period when persecution to suppress and thwart the invitation to Islam had begun and every sort of machination had started being employed for the purpose. This is borne out by vv. 14-15, in which the young converts to Islam have been told that although the rights of the parents are the uppermost after God, they should not listen to them if they prevented them from accepting Islam, or compelled them to revert to the creed of shirk and polytheism. The same thing has been said in Surah Al-Ankabut, which indicates that both these Surahs were sent down in the same period. A study of the style and subject matter of the two Surahs on the whole, however, shows that Surah Luqman was sent down earlier, for one does not see any sign of the antagonism in its background though, contrary to this, while studying Surah Al-Ankabut one can clearly feel that the Muslims were being severely persecuted during the period of its revelation.

Theme and Subject matter

In this Surah the people have been made to understand the meaninglessness and absurdity of shirk and the truth and reasonableness of Tauhid, and they have been invited to give up blind imitation of their forefathers, consider with a cool mind the teachings which the Prophet Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace and blessings) is presenting from the Lord of the worlds, and see with open eyes the manifest Signs found in the universe around them and in their own selves, which bear evidence to its truth.

In this connection, it has also been pointed out that this is not a new teaching which might have been, presented in the world, or in the land of Arabia, for the first time, and with which the people might be unfamiliar. The learned and wise people of the past ages said and taught the same thing which Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace) is teaching today. It is as if to say, "O people! In your own country there has lived a wise man, named Luqman, whose wisdom has been well known among you, whose proverbs and wise sayings are cited in your daily conversation and who is often quoted by your poets and orators. Now you should see for yourselves what creed and what morals he used to teach."

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

هُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّلْمُحْسِنِينَ

Sahih International

As guidance and mercy for the doers of good

Urdu

نیکوکاروں کے لئے ہدایت اور رحمت ہے

الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُم بِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ

Urdu

جو نماز کی پابندی کرتے اور زکوٰة دیتے اور آخرت کا یقین رکھتے ہیں

Sahih International

Who establish prayer and give zakah, and they, of the Hereafter, are certain [in faith].

أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

Urdu

یہی اپنے پروردگار (کی طرف) سے ہدایت پر ہیں اور یہی نجات پانے والے ہیں

Sahih International

Those are on [right] guidance from their Lord, and it is those who are the successful.

ﭿ

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِي لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ

Urdu

اور لوگوں میں بعض ایسا ہے جو بیہودہ حکایتیں خریدتا ہے تاکہ( لوگوں کو) بےسمجھے خدا کے رستے سے گمراہ کرے اور اس سے استہزاء کرے یہی لوگ ہیں جن کو ذلیل کرنے والا عذاب ہوگا

Sahih International

And of the people is he who buys the amusement of speech to mislead [others] from the way of Allah without knowledge and who takes it in ridicule. Those will have a humiliating punishment.

وَإِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِ آيَاتُنَا وَلَّىٰ مُسْتَكْبِرًا كَأَن لَّمْ يَسْمَعْهَا كَأَنَّ فِي أُذُنَيْهِ وَقْرًا ۖ فَبَشِّرْهُ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ

Sahih International

And when our verses are recited to him, he turns away arrogantly as if he had not heard them, as if there was in his ears deafness. So give him tidings of a painful punishment.

Urdu

اور جب اس کو ہماری آیتیں سنائی جاتی ہیں تو اکڑ کر منہ پھیر لیتا ہے گویا اُن کو سنا ہی نہیں جیسے اُن کے کانوں میں ثقل ہے تو اس کو درد دینے والے عذاب کی خوشخبری سنادو

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتُ النَّعِيمِ

Sahih International

Indeed, those who believe and do righteous deeds - for them are the Gardens of Pleasure.

Urdu

جو لوگ ایمان لائے اور نیک کام کرتے رہے اُن کے لئے نعمت کے باغ ہیں

خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۖ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقًّا ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

Sahih International

Wherein they abide eternally; [it is] the promise of Allah [which is] truth. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.

Urdu

ہمیشہ اُن میں رہیں گے۔ خدا کا وعدہ سچا ہے اور وہ غالب حکمت والا ہے

خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ بِغَيْرِ عَمَدٍ تَرَوْنَهَا ۖ وَأَلْقَىٰ فِي الْأَرْضِ رَوَاسِيَ أَن تَمِيدَ بِكُمْ وَبَثَّ فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ دَابَّةٍ ۚ وَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَنبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ زَوْجٍ كَرِيمٍ

Sahih International

He created the heavens without pillars that you see and has cast into the earth firmly set mountains, lest it should shift with you, and dispersed therein from every creature. And We sent down rain from the sky and made grow therein [plants] of every noble kind.

Urdu

اُسی نے آسمانوں کو ستونوں کے بغیر پیدا کیا جیسا کہ تم دیکھتے ہو اور زمین پر پہاڑ (بنا کر) رکھ دیئے تاکہ تم کو ہلا ہلا نہ دے اور اس میں ہر طرح کے جانور پھیلا دیئے۔ اور ہم ہی نے آسمانوں سے پانی نازل کیا پھر (اُس سے) اس میں ہر قسم کی نفیس چیزیں اُگائیں

هَٰذَا خَلْقُ اللَّهِ فَأَرُونِي مَاذَا خَلَقَ الَّذِينَ مِن دُونِهِ ۚ بَلِ الظَّالِمُونَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

Sahih International

This is the creation of Allah . So show Me what those other than Him have created. Rather, the wrongdoers are in clear error.

Urdu

یہ تو خدا کی پیدائش ہے تو مجھے دکھاؤ کہ خدا کے سوا جو لوگ ہیں اُنہوں نے کیا پیدا کیا ہے؟ حقیقت یہ ہے کہ یہ ظالم صریح گمراہی میں ہیں

وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا لُقْمَانَ الْحِكْمَةَ أَنِ اشْكُرْ لِلَّهِ ۚ وَمَن يَشْكُرْ فَإِنَّمَا يَشْكُرُ لِنَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ حَمِيدٌ

Sahih International

And We had certainly given Luqman wisdom [and said], "Be grateful to Allah ." And whoever is grateful is grateful for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever denies [His favor] - then indeed, Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy.

Urdu

اور ہم نے لقمان کو دانائی بخشی۔ کہ خدا کا شکر کرو۔ اور جو شخص شکر کرتا ہے تو اپنے ہی فائدے کے لئے شکر کرتا ہے۔ اور جو ناشکری کرتا ہے تو خدا بھی بےپروا اور سزاوار حمد (وثنا) ہے

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