VERSES
112
PAGES
322-331

Name

The name of this Surah has not been taken from any verse but it has been called Al-Anbiyaa because it contains a continuous account of many Anbiyaa (Prophets). Nevertheless, it is a symbolic name and not a title.

Period of Revelation

Both the subject matter and the style of the Surah indicate that it was sent down in the third stage of the life of the Holy Prophet at Makkah.(Sea Introduction to Chapter VI).

Subject and Topics

This Surah discusses the conflict between the Holy Prophet and the chiefs of Makkah, which was rampant at the time of its Revelation and answers those objections and doubts which were being put forward concerning his Prophethood and the Doctrines of Tauhid and the Hereafter. The chiefs of Makkah have also been rebuked for their machinations against the Holy Prophet and warned of the evil consequences of their wicked activities. They have been admonished to give up their indifference and heedlessness that they were showing about the Message. At the end of the Surah, they have been told that the person whom they considered to be a "distress and affliction" had in reality come to them as a blessing.

Main Themes

In vv. 1-47, the following themes have been discussed in particular :

  1. The objection of the disbelievers that a human being could not be a Messenger and therefore they could not accept Muhammad (peace be upon him) as a Prophet, has been refuted.

  2. They have been taken to task for raising multifarious and contradictory objections against the Holy Prophet and the Qur'an.

  3. Their wrong conception of life has been proved to be false because it was responsible for their indifferent and heedless attitude towards the Message of the Holy Prophet. They believed that life was merely a sport and pastime and had no purpose behind or before it and there was no accountability or reward or punishment.

  4. The main cause of the conflict between the disbelievers and the Holy Prophet was their insistence on the doctrine of shirk and antagonism to the Doctrine of Tauhid. So the doctrine of skirk has been refuted and the Doctrine of Tauhid reinforced by weighty and impressive though brief arguments.

  5. Arguments and admonitions have been used to remove another misunderstanding of theirs. They presumed that Muhammad (peace be upon him) was a false prophet and his warnings of a scourge from God were empty threats, just because no scourge was visiting them in spite of their persistent rejection of the Prophet.

In vv. 48-91, instances have been cited from the important events of the life stories of the Prophets to show that all the Prophets, who were sent by God, were human beings and had all the characteristics of a man except those which were exclusive to Prophethood. They had no share in Godhead and they had to implore Allah to fulfill each and every necessity of theirs.

Along with these two other things have also been mentioned:

  1. All the Prophets had to pass through distress and affliction; their opponents did their worst to thwart their mission, but in spite of it they came out successful by the extraordinary succor from Allah.

  2. All the Prophets had one and the same "way of life', the same as was being presented by Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him), and that was the only Right Way of Life and all other ways invented and introduced by mischievous people were utterly wrong.

In vv. 92-106, it has been declared that only those who follow the Right Way, will come out successful in the final judgment of God and those who discard it shall meet with the worst consequences.

In vv. 107-112, the people have been told that it is a great favor of Allah that He has sent His Messenger to inform them beforehand of this Reality and that those, who consider his coming to be an affliction instead of a blessing, are foolish people.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

قَالُوا يَا وَيْلَنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ

Sahih International

They said, "O woe to us! Indeed, we were wrongdoers."

Malay

(Akhirnya) mereka berkata: "Aduhai celakanya kami! Sesungguhnya kami adalah orang-orang yang berlaku zalim!"

فَمَا زَالَت تِّلْكَ دَعْوَاهُمْ حَتَّىٰ جَعَلْنَاهُمْ حَصِيدًا خَامِدِينَ

Sahih International

And that declaration of theirs did not cease until We made them [as] a harvest [mowed down], extinguished [like a fire].

Malay

Maka demikianlah seterusnya jeritan dan keluhan mereka, sehingga Kami jadikan mereka hancur lebur dan sunyi-sepi.

ﭿ

وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاءَ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا لَاعِبِينَ

Sahih International

And We did not create the heaven and earth and that between them in play.

Malay

Dan (ingatlah) tidaklah Kami menciptakan langit dan bumi serta segala yang ada di antaranya, secara main-main.

لَوْ أَرَدْنَا أَن نَّتَّخِذَ لَهْوًا لَّاتَّخَذْنَاهُ مِن لَّدُنَّا إِن كُنَّا فَاعِلِينَ

Sahih International

Had We intended to take a diversion, We could have taken it from [what is] with Us - if [indeed] We were to do so.

Malay

Sekiranya Kami hendak mengambil sesuatu untuk hiburan, tentulah Kami akan mengambilnya dari sisi Kami; Kami tidak melakukannya.

بَلْ نَقْذِفُ بِالْحَقِّ عَلَى الْبَاطِلِ فَيَدْمَغُهُ فَإِذَا هُوَ زَاهِقٌ ۚ وَلَكُمُ الْوَيْلُ مِمَّا تَصِفُونَ

Malay

Bahkan Kami sentiasa mengarahkan yang benar menentang yang salah, lalu ia menghancurkannya, maka dengan serta-merta hilang lenyaplah dia. Dan (tetaplah) kecelakaan akan menimpa kamu disebabkan apa yang kamu sifatkan (terhadap Kami).

Sahih International

Rather, We dash the truth upon falsehood, and it destroys it, and thereupon it departs. And for you is destruction from that which you describe.

وَلَهُ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَمَنْ عِندَهُ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِهِ وَلَا يَسْتَحْسِرُونَ

Malay

Dan (ingatlah) segala yang ada di langit dan di bumi adalah milik kepunyaan Allah jua; dan malaikat-malaikat yang ada di sisiNya tidak membesarkan diri dan tidak enggan daripada beribadat kepadaNya, dan tidak pula mereka merasa penat dan letih.

Sahih International

To Him belongs whoever is in the heavens and the earth. And those near Him are not prevented by arrogance from His worship, nor do they tire.

يُسَبِّحُونَ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ لَا يَفْتُرُونَ

Malay

Mereka beribadat malam dan siang, dengan tidak berhenti-henti.

Sahih International

They exalt [Him] night and day [and] do not slacken.

أَمِ اتَّخَذُوا آلِهَةً مِّنَ الْأَرْضِ هُمْ يُنشِرُونَ

Sahih International

Or have men taken for themselves gods from the earth who resurrect [the dead]?

Malay

Adakah benda-benda dari bumi yang mereka jadikan tuhan-tuhan itu, dapat menghidupkan semula sesuatu yang mati?

لَوْ كَانَ فِيهِمَا آلِهَةٌ إِلَّا اللَّهُ لَفَسَدَتَا ۚ فَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَرْشِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ

Sahih International

Had there been within the heavens and earth gods besides Allah , they both would have been ruined. So exalted is Allah , Lord of the Throne, above what they describe.

Malay

Kalau ada di langit dan di bumi tuhan-tuhan yang lain dari Allah, nescaya rosaklah pentadbiran kedua-duanya. Maka (bertauhidlah kamu kepada Allah dengan menegaskan): Maha Suci Allah, Tuhan yang mempunyai Arasy, dari apa yang mereka sifatkan.

لَا يُسْأَلُ عَمَّا يَفْعَلُ وَهُمْ يُسْأَلُونَ

Sahih International

He is not questioned about what He does, but they will be questioned.

Malay

Ia tidak boleh ditanya tentang apa yang Ia lakukan, sedang merekalah yang akan ditanya kelak.

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