VERSES
128
PAGES
267-281

Name

The name, An-Nahl, of this Surah has been taken from v. 68. This is merely to distinguish it from other Surahs.

Period of Revelation

The following internal evidence shows that this Surah was revealed during the last Makkan stage of Prophethood:

  1. v. 41 clearly shows that persecution had forced some Muslims to emigrate to Habash before the revelation of this Surah.

  2. It is evident from v. 106 that at that time the persecution of the Muslims was at its height. Therefore a problem had arisen in regard to the utterance of a blasphemous word, without actual disbelief, under unbearable conditions. The problem was that if one did so how he should be treated.

  3. vv. 112-114 clearly refer to the end of seven year famine that had struck Makkah some years after the appointment of the Holy Prophet as Allah's Messenger.

  4. There is a reference to v. 116 of this Surah in VI: 145, and v. 118 of this Surah contains a reference to VI: 146. This is a proof that both these Surahs (VI and XVI) were sent down in the same period.

The general style of the Surah also supports the view that this was revealed during the last stage at Makkah.

Central Theme

All the topics of the Surah revolve round different aspects of the Message, ie., refutation of shirk, proof of Tauhid, and warning of the consequences of the rejection of and opposition and antagonism to the Message.

Topics of Discussion

The very first verse gives direct and strict warning to those who were rejecting the Message outright, as if to say, "Allah's decision has already been made concerning your rejection of the Message. Why are you then clamoring for hastening it? Why don't you make use of the respite that is being given to you!" And this was exactly what the disbelievers of Makkah needed at the time of the revelation of this Surah. For they challenged the Holy Prophet over and over again: "Why don't you bring that scourge with which you have been threatening us! For we have not only rejected your Message but have been openly opposing it for a long time." Such a challenge had become a by-word with them, which they frequently repeated as a clear proof that Muhammad (Allah's peace be upon him) was not a true Prophet.

Immediately after this warning they have been admonished to give up shirk, for this false creed was the main obstacle in the way of the Message. Then the following topics come over and over again, one after the other:

  1. Very convincing proofs of Tauhid and refutation of shirk have been based on the plain signs in the universe and in man's own self.

  2. The objections of the disbelievers have been answered, their arguments refuted, their doubts removed and their false pretexts exposed.

  3. Warnings have given of the consequences of persistence in false ways and antagonism to the Message.

  4. The moral changes which the Message of the Holy Prophet aims to bring practically in human life have been presented briefly in an appealing manner. The mushriks have been told that belief in Allah, which they also professed, demanded that it should not be confined merely to lip service, but this creed should take a definite shape in moral and practical life.

  5. The Holy Prophet and his companions have been comforted and told about the attitude they should adopt in the face of antagonism and persecution by the disbelievers.

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Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

الَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ

Sahih International

[They are] those who endured patiently and upon their Lord relied.

Malay

Mereka itu ialah) orang-orang yang bersabar (menanggung kezaliman) dan berserah diri kepada Tuhannya.

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ إِلَّا رِجَالًا نُّوحِي إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ فَاسْأَلُوا أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إِن كُنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

Sahih International

And We sent not before you except men to whom We revealed [Our message]. So ask the people of the message if you do not know.

Malay

Dan tidaklah Kami mengutus Rasul-rasul sebelummu (wahai Muhammad), melainkan dari kalangan orang-orang lelaki, yang Kami wahyukan kepada mereka. Oleh itu bertanyalah kamu (wahai golongan musyrik) kepada orang-orang yang berpengetahuan ugama jika kamu tidak mengetahui.

بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالزُّبُرِ ۗ وَأَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الذِّكْرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

Sahih International

[We sent them] with clear proofs and written ordinances. And We revealed to you the message that you may make clear to the people what was sent down to them and that they might give thought.

Malay

(Kami utuskan Rasul-rasul itu) membawa keterangan-keterangan yang jelas nyata (yang membuktikan kebenaran mereka) dan Kitab-kitab Suci (yang menjadi panduan); dan kami pula turunkan kepadamu (wahai Muhammad) Al-Quran yang memberi peringatan, supaya engkau menerangkan kepada umat manusia akan apa yang telah diturunkan kepada mereka, dan supaya mereka memikirkannya.

ﭿ

أَفَأَمِنَ الَّذِينَ مَكَرُوا السَّيِّئَاتِ أَن يَخْسِفَ اللَّهُ بِهِمُ الْأَرْضَ أَوْ يَأْتِيَهُمُ الْعَذَابُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ

Sahih International

Then, do those who have planned evil deeds feel secure that Allah will not cause the earth to swallow them or that the punishment will not come upon them from where they do not perceive?

Malay

(Setelah diterangkan yang demikian) maka adakah orang-orang yang merancang dan melakukan kejahatan-kejahatan itu merasa aman daripada ditimbuskan oleh Allah akan mereka ke dalam bumi, atau mereka didatangi azab dari arah yang mereka tidak menyedarinya?

أَوْ يَأْخُذَهُمْ فِي تَقَلُّبِهِمْ فَمَا هُم بِمُعْجِزِينَ

Malay

Atau Ia membinasakan mereka secara mengejut dalam masa mereka berulang alik melakukan kerja masing-masing? Kerana sebenarnya mereka tidak akan dapat melemahkan kuasa Allah.

Sahih International

Or that He would not seize them during their [usual] activity, and they could not cause failure?

أَوْ يَأْخُذَهُمْ عَلَىٰ تَخَوُّفٍ فَإِنَّ رَبَّكُمْ لَرَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Malay

Atau Ia membinasakan mereka (dan harta benda mereka) sedikit demi sedikit? Kerana sesungguhnya Tuhan kamu Amat melimpah belas kasihan dan rahmatNya.

Sahih International

Or that He would not seize them gradually [in a state of dread]? But indeed, your Lord is Kind and Merciful.

أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا إِلَىٰ مَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ مِن شَيْءٍ يَتَفَيَّأُ ظِلَالُهُ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَالشَّمَائِلِ سُجَّدًا لِّلَّهِ وَهُمْ دَاخِرُونَ

Malay

Tidakkah mereka melihat dan memikirkan segala yang telah dijadikan oleh Allah, yang beredar (berpindah-randah) bayang-bayangnya ke kanan dan ke kiri (pada pagi dan petang), dengan keadaan tunduk menurut peraturan dan kehendak Allah, sedang mereka merendah diri?

Sahih International

Have they not considered what things Allah has created? Their shadows incline to the right and to the left, prostrating to Allah , while they are humble.

وَلِلَّهِ يَسْجُدُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ مِن دَابَّةٍ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ وَهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ

Sahih International

And to Allah prostrates whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth of creatures, and the angels [as well], and they are not arrogant.

Malay

Dan bagi Allah jualah tunduk sujud apa yang ada di langit dan yang ada di bumi, dari makhluk-makhluk yang bergerak serta malaikat; sedang mereka (malaikat-malaikat itu) tidak berlaku sombong takbur (daripada beribadat dan sujud kepadaNya).

يَخَافُونَ رَبَّهُم مِّن فَوْقِهِمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ ۩

Sahih International

They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.

Malay

Mereka takut kepada Tuhan mereka yang mengatasi mereka (dengan kekuasaanNya), serta mereka mengerjakan apa yang diperintahkan.

وَقَالَ اللَّهُ لَا تَتَّخِذُوا إِلَٰهَيْنِ اثْنَيْنِ ۖ إِنَّمَا هُوَ إِلَٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۖ فَإِيَّايَ فَارْهَبُونِ

Sahih International

And Allah has said, "Do not take for yourselves two deities. He is but one God, so fear only Me."

Malay

Dan Allah berfirman: "Janganlah kamu bertuhankan dua tuhan, kerana sesungguhnya Tuhan itu hanyalah Tuhan yang satu; maka kepada Akulah sahaja hendaknya kamu gerun gementar.

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