VERSES
99
PAGES
262-267

Name

This Surah takes its name from v. 80.

Period of Revelation

It is clear from its topics and style that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Surah Ibrahim, for two things are quite prominent in its background. First, it appears from the repeated warnings in this Surah that in spite of the fact that the Holy Prophet had been propagating the Message for many years, his people in general had not shown any inclination towards its acceptance nay, they had become more and more obdurate and stubborn in their antagonism, enmity and ridicule with the passage of time. Secondly, by that time the Holy Prophet had begun to feel a little tired of making strenuous efforts to eradicate disbelief and opposition of his people. That is why Allah has consoled and comforted him over and over again by way of encouragement.

Topics and the Central Theme

Though the main topics of the surah are:

  1. warning to those who rejected his Message, opposed it tooth and nail, and ridiculed him, and

  2. comfort and encouragement to the Holy Prophet,

It does not mean that this Surah does not contain admonition and instructions. As a matter of fact, the Quran never confines itself to mere warning; rebuke and censure, but resorts to precept in every suitable place. Accordingly, this Surah contains brief arguments for Tauhid on the one hand, and admonition in the story of Adam and Satan on the other.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَالْأَرْضَ مَدَدْنَاهَا وَأَلْقَيْنَا فِيهَا رَوَاسِيَ وَأَنبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مَّوْزُونٍ

Sahih International

And the earth - We have spread it and cast therein firmly set mountains and caused to grow therein [something] of every well-balanced thing.

Japanese

またわれは大地を伸ベ広げて,山々をその上に堅固に据えつけた。そこで凡てのものを(妥当な)均衡の下に,生長させる。

وَجَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ فِيهَا مَعَايِشَ وَمَن لَّسْتُمْ لَهُ بِرَازِقِينَ

Sahih International

And We have made for you therein means of living and [for] those for whom you are not providers.

Japanese

われはあなたがたのためにも,またあなたがたが決して養育者たりえないものにも生計の道を与えた。

ﭿ

وَإِن مِّن شَيْءٍ إِلَّا عِندَنَا خَزَائِنُهُ وَمَا نُنَزِّلُهُ إِلَّا بِقَدَرٍ مَّعْلُومٍ

Sahih International

And there is not a thing but that with Us are its depositories, and We do not send it down except according to a known measure.

Japanese

どのようなものでも,われにその(無尽の)蓄えのないものはない。(必要に応した)一定の分量以外には下さないだけである。

وَأَرْسَلْنَا الرِّيَاحَ لَوَاقِحَ فَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمُوهُ وَمَا أَنتُمْ لَهُ بِخَازِنِينَ

Sahih International

And We have sent the fertilizing winds and sent down water from the sky and given you drink from it. And you are not its retainers.

Japanese

またわれは豊沃にする風を送り,天から雨を降らせて,それをあなたがたに飲ませる。だがあなたがたはその(宝庫の)管理者ではない。

وَإِنَّا لَنَحْنُ نُحْيِي وَنُمِيتُ وَنَحْنُ الْوَارِثُونَ

Japanese

本当にわれは,あなたがたを生かし,また死なせる。われはまた相続者である。

Sahih International

And indeed, it is We who give life and cause death, and We are the Inheritor.

وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْنَا الْمُسْتَقْدِمِينَ مِنكُمْ وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْنَا الْمُسْتَأْخِرِينَ

Japanese

われはあなたがたの中で率先する者を,知っている。また遅れをとる者も,知っている。

Sahih International

And We have already known the preceding [generations] among you, and We have already known the later [ones to come].

وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ يَحْشُرُهُمْ ۚ إِنَّهُ حَكِيمٌ عَلِيمٌ

Japanese

あなたの主は,かれらを(審判の日に)一斉に召集なされる。本当にかれは英明にして全知であられる。

Sahih International

And indeed, your Lord will gather them; indeed, He is Wise and Knowing.

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ مِن صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَإٍ مَّسْنُونٍ

Sahih International

And We did certainly create man out of clay from an altered black mud.

Japanese

本当にわれは人類を,泥で形作って陶土から創った。

وَالْجَانَّ خَلَقْنَاهُ مِن قَبْلُ مِن نَّارِ السَّمُومِ

Sahih International

And the jinn We created before from scorching fire.

Japanese

またわれは先に燃え盛る炎から幽精〔ジン〕を創った。

وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ إِنِّي خَالِقٌ بَشَرًا مِّن صَلْصَالٍ مِّنْ حَمَإٍ مَّسْنُونٍ

Sahih International

And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "I will create a human being out of clay from an altered black mud.

Japanese

あなたの主が,天使たちに向かって仰せられた時を思え。「本当にわれは人間を泥で形作って,陶土から創ろうとするのである。

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