VERSES
123
PAGES
221-235

Name

This Surah has been named after Prophet Hud whose story has been related in vv. 50-60.

Period of Revelation

If we consider its theme deeply, we come to the conclusion that it was revealed during the same period as Surah Yunus and most probably followed it immediately.

Subject

The Surah deals with the same subject as Surah Yunus, that is, invitation to the Message, admonition and warning, with this difference that the warning is sterner. This is also supported by a Tradition:

It is related that after its revelation, once Hadrat Abu Bakr said to the Holy Prophet, "Of late I have been noticing that you are growing older and older. What is the cause of it?" The Holy Prophet replied, "Surah Hud and the like Surahs have made me old." This shows that it was a very hard time for the Holy Prophet and these stern warnings added greatly to his anxieties that were caused by the persecution from the Quraish, who were doing their worst to crush down the Message of Islam. For it was obvious to the Holy Prophet that the last limit of the respite given by Allah was approaching nearer and nearer and he was afraid lest the term of the respite should expire and his people be seized by the torment.

The invitation is this: Obey the Messenger of Allah; discard shirk, and worship Allah and Allah alone: establish the entire system of your life on the belief that you shall be called to account in the Hereafter.

The admonition is this: Remember that those people who put their faith in the outward appearance of this worldly life and rejected the Message of the Prophets met with dire consequences. Therefore you should consider it seriously whether you should follow the same way that history has proved to be the path to ruin.

The warning is this: You should not be deluded by the delay in the coming of the punishment: it is because of the respite that Allah has granted you by His grace so that you might mend your ways: if you do not make use of this opportunity, you shall be inflicted with an inevitable punishment that will destroy you all except the Believers.

Instead of addressing the people directly, the Quran has used the stories of the people of Noah, Hud, Salih, Lot, Shu'aib and Moses to achieve the above mentioned objects. What is most prominent in their stories is that when Allah passes His judgment on the people, He does not spare anyone whatsoever, even if he be the nearest relative of the Prophet of the time. Only that one is rescued who had believed in the Prophet, and none else, not even his own son or wife. More than that: the Faith demands from each and every Believer that he should totally forget his relationships when that judgment comes and remember only the relationship of the Faith. For it is against the spirit of Islam to show any regard whatsoever for the relationships of blood and race. And the Muslims demonstrated these teachings practically in the Battle of Badr, four years after the revelation of this Surah.

Source: Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Tafhim al-Qur'an - The Meaning of the Quran

ﭑﭒﭓ

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا مُوسَىٰ بِآيَاتِنَا وَسُلْطَانٍ مُّبِينٍ

Sahih International

And We did certainly send Moses with Our signs and a clear authority

Turkish

Andolsun Musa'yi da âyetlerimizle ve apaçik bir belge ile gönderdik.

German

Wir entsandten einst Moses mit Unseren Zeichen und einem eindeutigen unwiderlegbaren Beweis

ﯿ

إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ وَمَلَئِهِ فَاتَّبَعُوا أَمْرَ فِرْعَوْنَ ۖ وَمَا أَمْرُ فِرْعَوْنَ بِرَشِيدٍ

German

zu Pharao und seinen Notabeln. Diese aber folgten Pharaos Entscheidungen. Die Befehle Pharaos waren alles andere als weise.

Sahih International

To Pharaoh and his establishment, but they followed the command of Pharaoh, and the command of Pharaoh was not [at all] discerning.

Turkish

Firavun'a ve cemaatine. Bunlar Firavun'un emrine uydular. Halbuki Firavun'un emri hak degildir.

يَقْدُمُ قَوْمَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَأَوْرَدَهُمُ النَّارَ ۖ وَبِئْسَ الْوِرْدُ الْمَوْرُودُ

German

Er wird seinem Volk am Jüngsten Tag vorangehen und sie ins Feuer führen. Welch schlechte Tränke, zu der die nach einem Trunk suchenden Durstigen geführt werden!

Sahih International

He will precede his people on the Day of Resurrection and lead them into the Fire; and wretched is the place to which they are led.

Turkish

Kiyamet günü, kavminin önüne düser. Artik o bunlari atese götürmüstür. O varilan yer, ne kötü bir yerdir.

وَأُتْبِعُوا فِي هَٰذِهِ لَعْنَةً وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۚ بِئْسَ الرِّفْدُ الْمَرْفُودُ

Sahih International

And they were followed in this [world] with a curse and on the Day of Resurrection. And wretched is the gift which is given.

Turkish

Hem burada, hem de kiyamet gününde lanetle izlendiler. Onlara verilen bu karsi destek ne fena bir destektir!

German

Ihnen folgte ein Fluch im Diesseits und im Jenseits. Das ist ihre Gabe. Welch schreckliche Gabe wird ihnen zugeteilt!

ذَٰلِكَ مِنْ أَنبَاءِ الْقُرَىٰ نَقُصُّهُ عَلَيْكَ ۖ مِنْهَا قَائِمٌ وَحَصِيدٌ

Sahih International

That is from the news of the cities, which We relate to you; of them, some are [still] standing and some are [as] a harvest [mowed down].

Turkish

Iste bu helâk olmus memleketlerin önemli haberlerindendir. Sana onu kissa olarak anlatiyoruz. Onlardan yerinde duranlar da var, biçilenler (yok olup gidenler) de.

German

Das sind Nachrichten, die Wir dir berichten über Städte, die teils noch bestehen, teils wie abgemähte Pflanzen untergegangen sind.

ﭿ

وَمَا ظَلَمْنَاهُمْ وَلَٰكِن ظَلَمُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ ۖ فَمَا أَغْنَتْ عَنْهُمْ آلِهَتُهُمُ الَّتِي يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مِن شَيْءٍ لَّمَّا جَاءَ أَمْرُ رَبِّكَ ۖ وَمَا زَادُوهُمْ غَيْرَ تَتْبِيبٍ

German

Nicht Wir haben ihnen unrecht getan, sondern sie haben sich selbst unrecht getan. Ihnen haben ihre Götzen, die sie anstatt Gott angebetet haben, nicht im geringsten geholfen, als Unsere Entscheidung fiel. Sie erhöhten lediglich ihren Verlust.

Turkish

Biz onlara zulmetmedik, onlar kendi kendilerine zulmettiler. Allah'i birakip da taptiklari tanrilar, Rabbinin emri gelince kendilerine hiçbir fayda saglayamadilar. Hasarlarini arttirmaktan baska bir seye yaramadilar.

Sahih International

And We did not wrong them, but they wronged themselves. And they were not availed at all by their gods which they invoked other than Allah when there came the command of your Lord. And they did not increase them in other than ruin.

وَكَذَٰلِكَ أَخْذُ رَبِّكَ إِذَا أَخَذَ الْقُرَىٰ وَهِيَ ظَالِمَةٌ ۚ إِنَّ أَخْذَهُ أَلِيمٌ شَدِيدٌ

Turkish

Iste Rabbin, zalim memleketleri cezalandirdigi zaman böyle cezalandirir. Çünkü O'nun cezasi çok aci, çok çetindir.

Sahih International

And thus is the seizure of your Lord when He seizes the cities while they are committing wrong. Indeed, His seizure is painful and severe.

German

So bestraft Gott die Völker der Städte, wenn sie ungerecht sind. Seine Strafe ist qualvoll und unerbittlich.

إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً لِّمَنْ خَافَ عَذَابَ الْآخِرَةِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمٌ مَّجْمُوعٌ لَّهُ النَّاسُ وَذَٰلِكَ يَوْمٌ مَّشْهُودٌ

Turkish

Ahiret azabindan korkanlar için bunda muhakkak ki, bir ibret vardir. O, öyle bir gündür ki, bütün insanlar onun için toplanacaktir ve o, öyle bir gündür ki, mutlaka görülecektir.

Sahih International

Indeed in that is a sign for those who fear the punishment of the Hereafter. That is a Day for which the people will be collected, and that is a Day [which will be] witnessed.

German

Darin liegt ein Zeichen für jeden, der die Strafe im Jenseits fürchtet. Der Jüngste Tag ist gewiß ein Tag, an dem alle Menschen zusammengeführt werden, ein Tag des Zeugnisablegens.

وَمَا نُؤَخِّرُهُ إِلَّا لِأَجَلٍ مَّعْدُودٍ

Sahih International

And We do not delay it except for a limited term.

German

Wir schieben ihn bis zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt hinaus, doch lange läßt er nicht auf sich warten.

Turkish

Biz onu sadece belli bir süreye kadar geciktiriyoruz.

يَوْمَ يَأْتِ لَا تَكَلَّمُ نَفْسٌ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ ۚ فَمِنْهُمْ شَقِيٌّ وَسَعِيدٌ

German

Wenn er kommt, wird keine Seele ohne Seine Erlaubnis sprechen dürfen. Die Menschen teilen sich dann in Unglückliche und Glückliche.

Sahih International

The Day it comes no soul will speak except by His permission. And among them will be the wretched and the prosperous.

Turkish

O gün gelince Allah'in izni olmadan hiç kimse konusamaz. Onlarin kimi bedbaht, kimi de mutludur.

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